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Listing 91 - 20 of 1962 results.

Factors that Influence Profitability of General Insurance Issuers in Indonesia

Research Article
Author(s): Ermy Elisabeth, Bambang Mulyana
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
This research aims to examine and to analyze factors that influence profitability of general insurance issuers in Indonesia. Factors that are examined consist of activity (working capital turnover), liquidity (current ratio), solvency (risk based capital) and profitability (net profit margin, return on investment and return on equity). Research data is quarterly data for five year period (March 2012 to December 2016). The purposive sampling method was used from a population comprising 14 general insurance issuers with outcome of 5 issuers that met the criteria. Using the multiple linear regression method of analysis for panel data, the results revealed that the variables of the working capital turnover, current ratio and risk based capital simultaneously influenced profitability (net profit margin, return on investment, return on equity) while working capital turn over influenced profitability (net profit margin, return on investment and return on equity) only partially. Current ratio also influenced profitability ratio (net profit margin and return on equity) however, Risk Based Capital did not influence all profitability ratios. The results of the study indicate that Insurance companies should increase their sales in order to get a higher working capital, maintain a liquidity ratio and achieve solvency ratio according to the regulations.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the first empirical studies to analyze factors that influence profitability of general insurance issuers in Indonesia. The findings of the study reveal such factors and their significance for the insurance companies to earn profitability.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Edu-Tourism Destination Selection Process in an Emerging Economy

Research Article
Author(s): Bello Yekinni Ojo, Raja Nerina Raja Yusof
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
International Edu-tourists seeking university education outside of their countries of origin was 4.1 million in 2010 and the figure is forecasted to hit 7.2 million by the year 2020, thus creating a market value worth US$342billion. Exporting university education services contributed US$6.6billion to Malaysia’s Gross National Income (GNI) in 2009. Malaysia plans to earn US$14.67 billion yearly from 2020, including, creating 536,000 jobs. This highlights the importance of international Edu-tourists for Malaysian Edu-tourism industry promotion. Explaining the stages international Edu-tourists go through to select Malaysia as their preferred Edu-tourism destination, including validating factors that contribute to this tourist travel decision form the basis of this study. The study is based on the push-pull theory and 500 international Edu-tourists in 13 Malaysian universities were sampled. Results of confirmatory factor analysis revealed that Edu-tourists’ socio-cultural factors, the quest for career development, and economy status of their country of origin all contributed to Edu-tourists’ decision to study abroad. The socio-cultural and economic factors of Malaysia attract Edu-tourists to Malaysia, while the institutional and internationalisation attributes of Malaysian universities encourage them to choose these universities. It is suggested that tourism operators in Malaysia make the most of the attractive socio-economic environment in Malaysia for the effective positioning strategy of Malaysia in the global Edu-tourism market. Edu-tourism destination marketing strategies should be designed for Malaysia, using her socio-economic attributes. The reputation of Malaysian universities as essential Edu-tourism assets should be promoted to develop the Malaysian tourism industry. Tourism destinations in Malaysia should encourage social interaction between Edu-tourists and host destinations.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to tourism literature by branding university education as tourism product. It validates factors that influence the choice behaviour of international Edu-tourists in selecting Edu-tourism destinations in emerging economies. The present study helps to increase the explanatory power of the push-pull theory in explaining contemporary Edu-tourist mobility trends.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Geo-Portal Implementation with a Combined Approach of AHP and SWOT

Research Article
Author(s): Zahra Mousavi, Saeed Behzadi
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
In order to achieve the goals of sustainable development, reliable and more quality spatial data is required in the decision-making and planning process. In other words, the existence of an appropriate infrastructure of spatial data is necessary for the sustainable development of the community. Recently, the creation of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is in the program of many states at various national, provincial and local levels. SDI can be defined from a variety of perspectives; however, the geoportal design and implementation play a key role as a platform for providing spatial services. In this regard, various software exists as a geoportal platform, which is a necessity to choose an appropriate software tool among them. To achieve this goal, a set of related software products should be investigated and compared. Then, the criteria that are important from the perspective of the user and the developer are selected for software comparison, and ultimately software packages which support SDI (for geo-portal) are selected. In this regard, attempts to select one software with emphasis on environmental activities among four open source software for geo-portal implementation. In this article, the combination of AHP and SWOT is used to achieve this goal with an emphasis on environmental activities. Therefore, the criteria are first weighed using the AHP method, then, the SWOT method is used to select the appropriate software based on identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature that helps organization to choose the best software according to their internal and external factor which exist in their factory. This study uses new estimation methodology for choosing the best open source software for geoportal. Different organs can use it according to the criteria that important for choosing the best software and implementation of geoportal.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Agronomic Practices of Maize and Farm Nutrient Status in Bako Tibe District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia: Lesson from Agronomic Panel Survey

Research Article
Author(s): Tesfaye Balemi, Tolcha Tufa
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
Agronomic panel survey was conducted in Bako Tibe district to assess current farmers maize agronomic practices and associated actual maize grain yields. The survey was conducted using 100 households. Most of the maize farms (90%) were characterized as having strongly to strongly acidic soils, low to medium SOC, medium to high TN, very low to low av.P, high to very high exch. K, low to medium exch.Ca, and medium to high exch. Mg, high av. Zn and Fe and very high Mn contents. Most farmers (94%) grow improved maize varieties and 80% of them grew a pioneering hybrid Limu and Bako hybrids BH540 and BH543. Most farmers (97%) apply different inorganic fertilizers and of them >70% of them applied NPS+Urea or NPS alone. Farmers rarely retain crop residue. Most farmers (81%) maintain lower plant density at harvest than the recommended density and the density declined from vegetative to harvesting stage. About 99% of the farmers grow sole maize, 57% rotate maize with other. Percent weed cover of the farms were 25% on average but reached as high as 80%. About 87.5%, 86%, 75% of farmers harvested grain yield that was higher than the national, regional and zonal average, respectively. Since most maize farms (90%) were very strongly to strongly acidic, there is a need to apply lime to improve maize productivity and nutrient use efficiency in the area. The poor weed and crop residue management, sole cropping of maize and lower plant densities practiced by farmers were among the gaps observed that potentially reduce maize productivity in the study area unless the extension sector intervenes. However, the current trend improved maize varieties and inorganic fertilizers use is promising and needs to be encouraged for intensification of maize production in the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper serves as the most recent study on maize agronomy in Ethiopia in giving sight to the nutrient status of soils of the best maize growing district in the region. It also gives an insight into what the maize agronomic practices (cropping system, crop residue management fertilizer, and improved maize variety use) look like in the distinct.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 2

Introducing an Appropriate Geoportal Structure for Managing Wildlife Location Data

Research Article
Author(s): Zahra Mousavi, Saeed Behzadi
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
In recent years, access to spatial data, and also exchange them to achieve sustainable development in the country has been more and more in attention. Because with these spatial data and awareness of their existence, re-work and reproduction of data, the cost of time, and the cost to produce data are prevented. Environmental spatial data is one of the most important data that is very useful for planning and management. In this paper, we tried to show how to collect spatial information that is distributed in different organizations and databases, then we can provide this spatial information through geo-portal services based on managing wildlife. Knowing about the existence of such data and the ability to search and access them with a spatial geoportal, the user can have an important role in spatial data infrastructure. In addition, the user can make a decision that formed on environmental protection. Users can also search and access their spatial environment information with a geoportal if they exist. In addition, they will use spatial services of the layers. The spatial data is created in the form of standard spatial services, and is located in geo-portal to search and access to these layers. As a result, other organs can use these services or spatial data if necessary.
Contribution/ Originality


Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

An Investigation of the Impact of Organisational Structure on Organisational Performance

Research Article
Author(s): Sinqobile W. Nene, Alan S. Pillay
Journal: Financial Risk and Management Reviews

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Abstract
Organisational structure is one of the core aspects that contribute to organisational performance. It can thus be said that it is the single most critical part of ensuring that the organization achieves its organisational objectives. This study examined the impact of organisational structure on the organisational performance of the Property Administration Services Department (PAS) within an organisation located at the Rosherville Industrial Area in Johannesburg South, South Africa. The study intended to give a practical perspective on the impact of a complex organisational structure on elements of personnel job satisfaction and departmental performance. The research instrument was designed to establish the elements that influence the composition of the organisational structure. Data analysis was done through descriptive and inferential statistics. The conclusion showed the inference between these elements and the actual aim of this study. The study did not directly compare the analysis of performance and organisational structure influence on it but rather aimed at establishing the general consensus by the participants on the likelihood of them accepting suggestions and recommendations of the study. It was evident that the organisational structure is ineffective. The ineffectiveness of the structure was observed to have been a contributing factor to the low job satisfaction levels within the participants. The context of the study identified staff morale as the main contributor to poor performance. Therefore, it could be concluded that since the organisational structure negatively impacted staff morale, it also inadvertently negatively affected the performance of the department.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature in the field of organisational structure effectiveness. The study results are based on practically evaluated current existing organisational structure within the organisation used for this study.
Economics » Financial Risk and Management Reviews » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Optical Solitary Wave Solutions of the Space-Time Fractional Modified Equal-Width Equation and their Applications

Research Article
Author(s): Dianchen Lu, Shenghui Ye
Journal: International Journal of Mathematical Research

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Abstract
The space-time fractional modified equal-width equation is a class of fractional partial differential equations which have been used widely in nonlinear optics, solid state physics. In this article, the improved (G/G)- expansion method has been proposed to construct more new exact solutions of the space-time fractional modified equal-width equation in the sense of modified Riemann-Liouville derivative. The traveling wave transform has been extended to convert the fractional order partial differential equation into an ordinary differential equation. In the end, three families of exact analytical solutions are obtained and expressed them in terms of the hyperbolic, trigonometric, and rational functions with arbitrary parameters, Which reveals that the improved (G/G)-expansion method is very effective and reliable for solving fractional order partial differential equations. Moreover, the graphical representation of solution is given at different values of a, Which is helpful for people to better study the physical structure of solutions and to analyze the nonlinear optical problems in nonlinear systems.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature through the improved (G/G) -expansion method. By applying this method, more new exact solutions of the space-time fractional modified equal-width equation are obtained. The resulting solutions are useful for analyzing nonlinear optics problems.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Mathematical Research » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 1

Influence of Biochar and Poultry Manure on Weed Infestation and Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seedlings

Research Article
Author(s): Samuel Fru Billa, Ajebesone Francis Ngome, Tata Precillia Ngome, Tsi Evaristus Angwafo
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
Young coffee plants at nursery particularly after transplanting are very sensitive to weed infestation. Therefore, timely weeding is necessary to boost seedling vegetative growth. A pot experiment was conducted from 2017-18 at IRAD, Foumbot multipurpose research station, Cameroon. The main objective was to assess the influence of biochar and poultry manure on weed infestation and growth of arabica coffee seedlings. The biochar was produced using an Elsa pyrolysis barrel at 450 0C with 58 min carbonisation time from corncobs. The biochar were milled to < 2mm and mixed at the rate of 20, 30 and 40t/ha-1 with 40t/ha-1 poultry manure and soil before applying to 0.01 m2 polythene bags with five replications. Results showed that the 20t/ha-1 biochar + 40t/ha-1 poultry manure treatment significantly (P < 0.05) increased plant height, stem girth, number of leaves, and leaf area compared to control (poultry manure only). Treatments with 30t/ha-1 and 40t/ha-1 biochar had the lowest weed fresh weight and dry weight. Cyperus rotundus, Oxalis cornoculata and Cynodon nlemfuensis were most economically important weeds scored for their abundance and persistence. Overall, weed control efficiency was lowest in sole 40t/ha-1 poultry manure and 20t/ha-1 biochar treatment with 18% and 20% compared to 40t/ha-1 and 30t/ha-1 biochar treatment with 35% and 24% respectively. The results demonstrated that combined application of poultry manure and biochar appears essential for a sustainable coffee seedling production in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. However, to enhance coffee seedling growth using biochar, the use of recommended doses is paramount.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literature that biochar; a product of pyrolysis contains some important plant nutrients and properties which can significantly affect soil fertility and crop growth. It further seeks to assess how the growth of arabica coffee seedlings is affected by different types of organic fertilizers.
Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Cola Nitida (Kola-Nut) Enhances Gastric Ulceration and Secretion Via Ileum Motility Increase

Research Article
Author(s): Umoh. IU, Jimmy EO, Inyang, P.S.
Journal: Journal of Diseases

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Abstract
Ileum motility, gastric ulceration and secretion were studied in thirty albino rats in the administration of the ethanolic extract of cola nut. The acute toxicity study in 27 mice showed the LD50 of 1118.03mg/kg established through 100% mortality in group with 5000mg/kg and 0% mortality with 1000mg/kg. Three orthodox drugs for ulcer treatment: cimetidine ranitidine and omeprazole were used in the study to compare motility, gastric ulceration and secretion with cola-nut. The motility of the ileum expressed as basal height of contraction was significantly higher (P <0.05) in groups administered with low, medium and high dosages of the extract compared with control groups using distilled water and atropine. However, there was a significant decrease ((P <0.05) in the ileum motility in the group administered with medium dose, extract of omeprazole than in cimetidine and ranitidine. Motility was significantly (P <0.05) higher in groups administrated with the extract plus ranitidine and cimetidine than groups administered with the medium extract dose and omeprazole. Gastric acid output was increased in the group administered with a high dose of the extract of cola nut and was significant (P <0.05) among the groups. Gastric ulceration was significantly higher (P <0.05) in the groups administered with the extract than in the omeprazole, cimetidine and ranitidine control groups. It is concluded that cola nut is very ulcerogenic i.e. it can lead to ulcer in its consumption and should be avoided particularly in gastric ulcer patients.
Contribution/ Originality
This study has added to existing literature in ileum motility. The study uses a modified method used in the study. A new approach was originated by the use of kola nut. The investigation is new Logical analysis; ileum motility enhancement by kola nut. It offers a primary contribution on the positives and negatives of kola nut consumption. It documents the roles of kola nut in GIT.
Medical Sciences » Journal of Diseases » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach

Research Article
Author(s): Yenibehit, N., Murshed, M., Islam, M. J.
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
This study used a Cobb-Douglas functional form of the stochastic production model to assess the technical efficiency of layer producers under commercial production system in the Mampong Municipality of Ghana. The study captures thirty (30) randomly selected layer poultry farms within the Asante Mampong enclave for the study. This study utilized the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) criteria to obtain farm specific technical efficiencies as well as their determinants of output and inefficiency. The study revealed that output was positively correlated to the number of birds, medication and quantity of water which all have significant coefficients at 5% and 10% levels of significance. The significant estimated gamma value of 0.99 implied that 99% of the total variation in layer output in the study area is due to the technical inefficiency. The study also showed that age, education, experience, extension contact, credit and type of poultry housing were related to socioeconomic characteristics influencing technical inefficiency. It is recommended for egg producers to observe the proper routine medication and add other supplementary drugs to boost the laying performance of their birds while intensifying stock size and increasing water usage to maximize production and close up the production gap. Poultry policies should consider motivating and increasing extension contact between extension agents and poultry farmers in the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that it captures thirty randomly selected layer poultry farms within the Asante Mampong enclave for the study by utilizing the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) criteria to obtain farm specific technical efficiencies as well as their determinants of output and inefficiency in the context of this municipality of Ghana.
Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil

Research Article
Author(s): Wijaya, V. T, Teo, S. S
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
Food waste, for example, eggshell has been piling up on earth through the years. On the other hand, home-gardening has been a trend that encouraged by the government. The focus in this study is to decrease and use the eggshell waste by utilizing it as fertilizer. Eggshell has potential to become fertilizer for plants due to its nutrient content. The eggshell fertilizer used in this study was in liquid/foliar and solid form. The comparison of eggshell fertilizer and commercial fertilizer effectiveness was conducted to see their compatibility in basil’s growth. The chemical analysis was conducted on eggshell tea fertilizer to see the nutrient content. The result from this study shows that eggshell fertilizer in liquid/foliar form is compatible with commercial fertilizer. The compatibility might be achieved due to nutrients, such as nitrogen, potassium and chloride in eggshell tea fertilizer. However, the eggshell fertilizer in liquid form performed better than in its solid form. Further studies could be focusing on the effectiveness of crushed eggshell fertilizer in a more controlled environment. In conclusion, eggshell fertilizer can be used as an alternative for fertilizer in home-gardening due to its compatibility to commercial fertilizer. The result of this study might contribute to reducing food waste, specifically eggshell waste. The result of this study might lead to more utilization of eggshell waste, especially as fertilizer, thus decrease the cost of using commercial fertilizer.
Contribution/ Originality
This study might contribute to supporting household practice in using eggshell as fertilizer as eggshell indeed has significant effect to plants growth.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 2

Impact of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on Selected Economic Sectors of the Nigerian Economy

Research Article
Author(s): NDUBUAKU Victor C., ONWUKA Kizito, ONYEDIKA Chukwuka, CHIMEZIE Isabella Chinonye
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
The study investigated the impact of exchange rate fluctuation on selected economic sectors of the Nigerian economy. The study covered the agricultural (AGDP), manufacturing (MGDP), petroleum (PGDP) and service sector (SGDP) of the Nigerian economy. The petroleum sector represented the oil sector while the agricultural (AGDP), manufacturing (MGDP), and service sector (SGDP) represented the non-oil sector. The main objective of the study was to determine whether exchange rate fluctuations had a significant impact on the selected sectors of the economy. These sectors were invariably the largest contributors to the GDP. The time scope covered 1981-2016. Data for the study were obtained specifically from CBN statistical bulletin (2016). The data were analysed using the Auto Regressive Distributed Lagged (ARDL) model. The study concluded that there was no significant impact of exchange rate on AGDP, MGDP and SGDP respectively. However, there was a positive and significant impact of exchange rate on PGDP. The study recommended that Nigeria’s economy should be diversified to enable the non-oil sector to become significant foreign exchange earners.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by unbundling Nigeria’s economy into its component sectors and determining the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on each sector. This study uses a relatively new estimation methodology of Auto-Regressive Distributed Lagged model (ARDL). This study originates a new formula which integrates lagged variables into the model.
Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Dutch Disease: Myth or Reality? An Analysis of the ARDL Model

Research Article
Author(s): Yakubu Joy Asmau, Michael Samuel Agility, Abarshi Jemimah Amina
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The theory of Dutch disease has existed in literatures since the 1960’s. The concept has developed and has been attributed to the increase in pernicious distributive struggle of resources and rent seeked by various equally powerful groups, which resulted in a decline in investment levels and growth rates. This concept is applicable to the Nigerian economy as Nigeria is a mono-product economy depending solely on crude oil. This paper differs from others as a different model (ARDL model) is used to analyze the extent of Dutch disease prevalent in Nigeria. The methodology can be applied irrespective of whether the time series is I(0), I(1) or frictionally integrated; the problem of endogeneity is avoided while the short run and long run parameters are estimated simultaneously. Data used spans the years 1980-2016, as it captures both long run and short run relationships effectively. The stationarity test depicts stationary at I(1) taking into consideration two lags. In addition, the long run and short run relationships were established through the bound test since the computed F statistic is higher than the upper boundary. Analysis suggests that the relationship between effects of oil production on the balance of payments and exchange rate in Nigeria extends to the long run. The results showed that for every unit change resulting from the balance of payment, oil price increased by 90% and for every unit change resulting from the exchange rate, oil price fell by 59%. This study supports the fact that the balance of payment and exchange rates are veritable ingredients to raise economic growth if maintained for the benefit of all. Therefore, the option of economic diversification should be seriously considered by the Nigerian government.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is to contribute by applying different model (ARDL model) in order to analyze the scope of Dutch disease in case of Nigeria.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

Molecular Identification of Gut Microflora of Bacillus coagulans Supplemented Feed Fed Macrobrachium rosenbergii Post-Larvae Using 16S rRNA

Research Article
Author(s): S. Manjula, P. Saravana Bhavan, R. Udayasuriyan, D. Anitha, R. Kalpana, T. Manjula
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
Probiotics yield numerous health benefits to the host. In this way the probiotic bacterium, Bacillus coagulans has competitively been excluded the pathogenic bacteria, Streptococcus spp., and Klebsiella spp., from the gut of Macrobrachium rosenbergii post-larvae when given through feed (Manjula et al., 2018). The elimination of these two pathogenic bacteria indicated the fact that B. coagulans improved the disease resistance capacity of M. rosenbergii. The present paper deals with 16S rRNA sequence analysis of gut microbial diversity of M. rosenbergii fed with B. coagulans (CFU, 2.28x10-7) supplemented feed, which revealed the presence of B. coagulans (1541 bp), Lactobacillus fermentum (1516 bp), Lactobacillus lactis (1499 bp), Lactobacillus acidophilus (1507 bp), Escherichia coli (1465 bp) and Staphylococcus aureus (1476 bp). The BLAST of these sequences showed almost 100% similarities with the same species retrieved from the NCBI database. The MAS showed 920 identical amino acids residues, 119 similar amino acids residues and 461 variable amino acids sites. The nucleotide sequence divergence and the calculated phylogenetic information clearly discriminate these bacterial species.
Contribution/ Originality
This study indicates that the probiotic, Bacillus coagulans used as a feed supplement helped in the exclusion of two pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus spp., and Klebsiella spp., from the gut of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The gut microflora identified have been barcoded and authenticated.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Assessment of Haemoglobin Polymorphism as a Potential Protein Marker in Selection for Genetic Improvement of the West African Dwarf Goat Population in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Gwaza, D.S., Ukwu, H.O., Ogbole, P.A.
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
This study was conducted to ascertain the level of genetic diversity at the haemoglobin (Hb) locus and to assess its potential as a protein marker-assisted selection for genetic improvement of Nigerian West African Dwarf goat populations. Haemoglobin genotyping was performed on forty (40) West African Dwarf goat obtained from Okpokuu local government area of Benue state, Nigeria, using cellulose acetate electrophoresis. Data on Haemoglobin genotypes were also subjected to chi-square test. Two co-dominant haemoglobin alleles HbA and HbB observed controlled three haemoglobin genotypes (HbAA, HbAB and HbBB). The genotypic frequencies were Hb AA 0.42, HbAB 0.50 and HbBB 0.08 for does populations, while that in the bucks population were HbAA 0.38, HbAB 0.44 and HbBB 0.19 respectively. The most frequent haemoglobin genotype observed in the study was HbAB. The heamoglobin genes (allelic) frequencies observed in this study were 0.64 and 0.36 for HbB and HbA respectively. The result of chi-square test was not significant (P>0.05), critical value was 3.84 at 1degree of freedom. Which implies that the oberseved and the expected genotypic frequencies at the heamoglobin locus in west African dwarf goat populations in okpokwu local government area were in handy-Weinberg proportion. Since protein molecules are easily accesseble through electrophoresis, heamoglobin blood protein polymorphism can be used as a potential biochemical marker in selection for genetic improvement of the West African Dwarf goat populations among rural farming communities in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
The study indicated that two co-dominant haemoglobin alleles HbA and HbB controlled three haemoglobin genotypes. Genotypic frequencies at the heamoglobin locus in West African dwarf goat populations in the area were in handy-Weinberg proportion. Heamoglobin blood protein polymorphism through electrophoresis can be use as a potential biochemical marker in selection for genetic improvement of the West African Dwarf goat populations among rural farming comunities in Nigeria.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Determinants of Banks Profitability & Liquidity and the Role of BASEL III in Islamic & Conventional Banking Sector of Pakistan: A Case Study of NBP

Research Article
Author(s): Sitara Bibi, Fatima Mazhar
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
This study aimed to examine and compare the performance of Islamic and Conventional banking sector of Pakistan in terms of the impact of BASEL III reforms on the profitability and liquidity of Islamic and conventional banks of Pakistan. For this purpose, National bank of Pakistan has been taken as a unit of analysis and eight year’s financial data has been collected from the official website of NBP. BASEL III standard’s ratios including CAR, CER and LCR have been used as an independent variable while the bank’s profitability and liquidity have been taken as a dependent variable. Descriptive statistics have been performed first to examine and compare the performance of both Islamic and conventional banking sector before and after the induction of BASEL III. After that T-Test has been performed to investigate the differences between the impact of BASEL III on the profitability and liquidity of Islamic and conventional banking sector. The regression analysis has been performed to examine whether BASEL III has a strong relationship with Islamic or conventional banking sector. The results found that BASEL III has a significant positive relationship with the profitability and liquidity of the Islamic sector. Islamic banks are higher in terms of the impact of BASEL III on profitability and liquidity. They are more profitable, more liquid and highly capitalized with BASEL III standards. While Conventional banking sector needs to redesign their policies and make them more compliant with BASEL III to generate more profit and be more liquid as Islamic banks are.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the impact of BASEL III on the profitability and liquidity of Islamic and Conventional banking sector through comparative analysis. The results reveal that Islamic banks are more profitable, more liquid, more compliant and highly capitalized with BASEL III standards.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Attitude of Youths to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Nlerum, F. E., Babatunde, F. J.
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The study determined the attitude of youths to agriculture as a career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria. The sample size of the study was 90 youths who were randomly selected from the clans of the study area. The questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Data were analyzed with mean and t-test. Results showed that the attitude of youths to agriculture as a career in the study area was negative as indicated by grand means of 2.44 and 2.47 in Iwo and Aiyedire respectively. The variable with the highest negative response in Iwo with a mean of 2.32 was that agriculture is a gold mine for young entrepreneurs. For Aiyedire the variable with the highest negative response of 2.42 was that agriculture is attractive and decent. The major constraints of the youths to the choice of agriculture as a career in Iwo were insufficient land to start (3.02) and use of crude tools for farming (3.02). Lack of funds to begin (2.91) and insufficient career guidance by agricultural extension workers and rural sociologists (2.79) were the major constraints for youths in Aiyedire. In order to attract more youths into having a positive attitude to agriculture as a career, the study recommends provision for sufficient land and fund for young farmers and engagement of more agricultural extension workers and rural sociologists for career guidance to youths in the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the attitude of youths to agriculture as a career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria. Results showed that the attitude of youths to agriculture as a career in the study area was negative.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 2

Impact of Asymmetric Government Spending on Real Balances Demand

Research Article
Author(s): Tersoo Shimonkabir SHITILE, Gylych JELILOV
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
This paper uses time series technique on Nigeria’s data spanning over 20 years, 1995Q1 to 2018Q1 in order to examine the impact of asymmetric government spending on money demand. Taking into account the recent empirics and methodological approach in money demand function such as income decomposition in public and private sectors, an augmented empirical model of real balances demand was applied which underscores the positive and negative changes in government. The empirical results show a positive value of real government spending accounting for 30 per cent changes in long-term demand for real balances. However, the negative value of real government spending influence accounts for 20 per cent real balances demand in the long-term. This inquiry, thus contributes to the literature on the demand for real balances by focusing on the cyclical behavior of fiscal policy in Nigeria that has not so far been systematically tested. The findings on real government spending effect also suggest that bureau de change exchange rate and financial innovation have a negative and significant impact on money demand, which is consistent with findings of existing literature. The degree and direction of asymmetry provide a novel dimension to fiscal policy shock toward improving the outcome of stabilization policies.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few investigations to consider the influence of the cyclical behaviour of government expenditure on demand for real balances using the ARDL model in Nigeria from 1995 to 2018.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Design of Automated Departmental Lecture Timetable System

Research Article
Author(s): Etuh, Emmanuel, Ajodoh, Onoja Friday, Yusuf, Serah Omolola
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
A lecture timetable is a tabular list showing the times which a particular lecture is scheduled to hold and the venue in each day of the week. Its content includes the course code for each course, the coded lecture venue, and the time for each lecture. A lecture timetable is designed every semester. In this era of technological advancement, virtually every aspect of human enterprise has been automated (the use of machines especially computers instead of human to accomplish a task). Now students can pay their school fee, register their courses and even check their results on the internet. This is the drive that gave birth to this research work: the design of an automated lecture timetable for the department of mathematical sciences, Kogi State University Anyigba. The project presents the automated design of lecture timetable. The principle of operation is simple and employs the use of computer technology. A program is written in Visual Basic which produces the output in an error free tabular form displaying the courses/venues for each particular lecture schedule.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is the eradication of double scheduling, time clashing, and poor resources’ utilization in timetabling. The implementation employs the use of ICT to reduce the cost and time taken to design a timetable, eliminates the drawback of human error. Every semester, the application only needs an update of courses, and venues.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Identification of Privacy and Security Risks of Internet of Things: An Empirical Investigation

Research Article
Author(s): Muhammad Hamza, Muhammad Azeem Akbar, Muhammad Shafiq, Tahir Kamal, Ali Mahmoud Baddour
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
The internet of things (IOT) is a phenomenon of connected devices over the internet to ease human life. It is a system where a separate computing device embedded with sensors is connected to other devices or to the cloud through the different infrastructures of the Internet. The implication of the IOT is still challenging in a geographically distributed environment. Particularly, the main challenges are associated with data privacy and security. In this study, we investigate in the report the risks/issue related to IoT data privacy and security from the existing literature for the last two years and provide a review. We identify a total of seven issues related to IoT data privacy and security. The findings revolved that Privacy, Security, confidentiality, and integrity are the most significant issues for IoT in the current era. The findings of this study provide the researchers with a body of knowledge about the critical issues faced by the users and practitioners of IOT across the globe.
Contribution/ Originality
In this paper, we conducted the literature review to find out the main challenges that are being faced by challenges related to privacy and security mainly, authentication and access control, confidentiality and integrity IOT devices users and as well as for IOT manufacturer. We highlighted seven, privacy, trust on the device and conducted a questionnaire survey from different organizations and from different research experts and ranked it accordingly.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1