June 2019, Volume 5, 2, pp 32-47
Ethiopia, Malle cattle, Morphometrical traits, South Omo, Structural indices.
 CSA, "Federal democratic republic of Ethiopia: Agricultural sample survey 2017: Report on livestock and livestock characteristics," Statistical Bulletin-585, April 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, vol. 2, p. 194, 2017.
 H. Berhane, "Ethiopian cattle genetic resource and unique characteristics under a rapidly changing production environment. A review," International Journal of Science and Research, vol. 6, pp. 1959-1968, 2017.
 R. Mantovani, M. Cassandro, B. Contiero, A. Albera, and G. Bittante, "Genetic evaluation of type traits in hypertrophic Piemontese cows," Journal of Animal Science, vol. 88, pp. 3504-3512, 2010.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2667.
 P. Archana, J. Aleena, P. Pragna, M. Vidya, P. A. Niyas, M. Bagath, G. Krishnan, A. Manimaran, V. Beena, E. Kurien, V. Sejian, and R. Bhatta, "Role of heat shock proteins in livestock adaptation to heat stress," Journal of Dairy, Veterinary & Animal Research, vol. 5, pp. 13-19, 2017.Available at: https://doi.org/10.15406/jdvar.2017.05.00127.
 J. Cerqueira, J. Araújo, P. Vaz, J. Cantalapiedra, I. Blanco-Penedo, J. Niza-Ribeiro, and J. Araujo, "Relationship between zoometric measurements in Hosltein-Fresian cow and cubicle size in dairy farms," International Journal of Morphology, vol. 31, pp. 55-63, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95022013000100008.
 M. Lukuyu, J. Gibson, D. Savage, A. Duncan, F. Mujibi, and A. Okeyo, "Use of body linear measurements to estimate liveweight of crossbred dairy cattle in smallholder farms in Kenya," SpringerPlus, vol. 5, pp. 1-14, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1698-3.
 J. Maciejowski and J. Zieba, Genetics and animal breeding, part A: Biological and genetic foundations of animal breeding vol. 2. Amsterdam- Oxford- New York: Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co.: PWN- Polish Scientific Publishers, 1982.
 A. Salako, "Application of morphological indices in the assessment of type and function in sheep," International Journal of Morphology, vol. 24, pp. 13-18, 2006.Available at: https://doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95022006000100003.
 G. Alderson, "The development of a system of linear measurements to provide an assessment of type and function of beef cattle," Animal Genetic Resources, vol. 25, pp. 45-55, 1999.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s1014233900005782.
 S. Banerjee, M. Beyan, and H. Bekele, "Some traditional livestock selection criteria as practiced by several indigenous communities of Southern Ethiopia," Animal Genetic Resources, vol. 54, pp. 153-162, 2014.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s2078633614000083.
 E. Terefe, T. Dessie, A. Haile, W. Mulatu, and O. Mwai, "Husbandry and breeding practices of cattle in Mursi and Bodi pastoral communities in Southwest Ethiopia," African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 7, pp. 5986-5994, 2012.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar12.1566.
 G. Mekete, "Studies on some morphological traits and structural indices of woyito-guji goats reared at Nyangatom and Malle woredas of SNNPRS, Ethiopia," MSc. Thesis, College of Agriculture, Haramya University, Haramya, 2016.
 M. Goe, J. Alldredge, and D. Light, "Use of heart girth to predict body weight of working oxen in the Ethiopian highlands," Livestock Production Science, vol. 69, pp. 187-195, 2001.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-6226(00)00257-8.
 E. Terefe, T. Dessie, A. Haile, W. Mulatu, and O. Mwai, "On-farm phenotypic characterization of Mursi cattle in its production environment in South Omo Zone, Southwest Ethiopia," Animal Genetic Resources, vol. 57, pp. 15-24, 2015.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s2078633615000132.
 G. Aman, "Studies on structural, functional traits and traditional breeding practices of Arsi cattle in East Showa and West Arsi Zone of Oromia Reginal State Ethiopia," MSc. Thesis, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Ethiopia, 2018.
 G. Tewelde, Y. Sintayehu, and B. Sandip, "Some morphometrical, production and reproduction traits of Begait cattle reared in Tigray region of Ethiopia," Wayamba Journal of Animal Science, vol. 9, pp. 1571-1585, 2017.
 A. Ebadu, G. Tegbaru, R. Chernet, Z. Bereket, and M. Metsafe, "Phenotypic characterization and production system of Bonga cattle in its production environment of Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia sky," Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 6, pp. 62-72, 2017.
 H. Kebede, G. Addisu, A. Getiso, and Z. Bereket, "Characterization of Gofa cattle population, production system, production and reproduction performance in Southern Ethiopia," Journal of Fisheries and Livestock Production, vol. 5, pp. 1-12, 2017.
 N. Minuye, G. Abebe, and T. Dessie, "On-farm description and status of Nuer (Abigar) cattle breed in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia," International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 10, pp. 292-302, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5897/ijbc2017.1168.
 H. Kubkomawa, "The use of artificial insemination (AI) technology in improving Milk, Beef and reproductive efficiency in tropical Africa: A review," Dairy and Veterinary Sciences Journal, vol. 5, p. 555660, 2018.
 K. Seo, T. R. Mohanty, T. Choi, and I. Hwang, "Biology of epidermal and hair pigmentation in cattle: A mini-review," Veterinary Dermatology, vol. 18, pp. 392-400, 2007.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3164.2007.00634.x.
 D. Maurizio, "Nomad aesthetic: Cattle modifications among the Northern Turkana of North West Kenya," Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice, vol. 8, pp. 1-10, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13570-017-0110-4.
 L. R. Porto-Neto, D. M. Bickhart, A. J. Landaeta-Hernandez, Y. T. Utsunomiya, M. Pagan, E. Jimenez, P. J. Hansen, S. Dikmen, S. G. Schroeder, and E.-S. Kim, "Convergent evolution of slick coat in cattle through truncation mutations in the prolactin receptor," Frontiers in Genetics, vol. 9, p. 57, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2018.00057.
 F. Mulugeta, "Production system and phenotypic characterization of Begait cattle and effects of supplementation with concentrate feeds on milk yield and composition of Begait cows in Humeraranch,Western Tigray," Ph.D Thesis, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 2015.
 B. Dereji, "On farm phenotypic characterization of indigenous cattle in and their production system in Bakotibe and Gobusayo districts of Oromia region," MSc. Thesis, College of Agriculture, Haramya University, Ethiopia, 2015.
 G. Mekuriaw, W. Ayalew, and P. Hegde, "Growth and reproductive performance of Ogaden cattle at Haramaya University, Ethiopia," Ethiopian Journal of Animal Production, vol. 9, pp. 1607-3835, 2009.
 M. Ftiwi and B. Tamir, "On-farm phenotypic characterization of indigenous begait cattle in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia," Journal of. Animal Production Advances, vol. 5, pp. 718-732, 2015.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5455/japa.20150725122859.
 M. Alsiddig, S. Babiker, M. Galal, and A. Mohammed, "Phenotypic characterization of Sudan Zebu cattle (Baggara type)," Research Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, vol. 5, pp. 10-17, 2010.
 M. Worku, "Assessment of type function and traditional selection practices of indigenous cattle reared in Shaka Zone South West Ethiopia," MSc. Thesis, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Ethiopa, 2017.
 C. L. Stull, M. A. Payne, S. L. Berry, and P. J. Hullinger, "Evaluation of the scientific justification for tail docking in dairy cattle," Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 220, pp. 1298-1303, 2002.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.2002.220.1298.
 J. M. Mwacharo, A. Okeyo, G. Kamande, and J. Rege, "The small East African shorthorn zebu cows in Kenya. I: Linear body measurements," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 38, pp. 65-74, 2006.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-006-4266-y.
 K. Sumena, K. Lucy, J. Chungath, N. Ashok, and K. Harshan, "Regional histology of the subcutaneous tissue and the sweat glands of large white Yorkshire pigs," Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 128-135, 2010.
 E. Chacón, F. Macedo, F. Velázquez, S. R. Paiva, E. Pineda, and C. McManus, "Morphological measurements and body indices for Cuban Creole goats and their crossbreds," Brazilian Journal of Animal Science, vol. 40, pp. 1671-1679, 2011.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1516-35982011000800007.
 S. Ozkaya and Y. Bozkurt, "The relationship of parameters of body measures and body weight by using digital image analysis in pre-slaughter cattle," Archives Animal Breeding, vol. 51, pp. 120-128, 2008.