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Listing 62 - 20 of 2473 results.

On the Numerical Solution of Two Dimensional Schrodinger Equation

Research Article
Author(s): Murat SUBASI, Seda Igret ARAZ, Hakki GUNGOR
Journal: International Journal of Mathematical Research

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Abstract
This paper includes a MAPLE® code giving numerical solution of two dimensional Schrödinger equation in a functional space. The Galerkin method has been used to get the approximate solution. The results have been examined with numerical examples.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated to obtain an efficient computation tool for numerical examinations of two dimensional Schrödinger Equation.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Mathematical Research » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Serum Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Asthmatic Libyan Children

Research Article
Author(s):
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Aim:To study lipid profile and leptin levels in non-obese Libyan children with asthma.. Materials and Methods:70 Libyan children from Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya were included for the present study (from 2013 to 2014). Group I formed the normal control group (N: 30 Children) and  Group II is 40  Libyan children with asthma. Their age group varied from 4 to 12 years old. Serum lipid profile and leptin were measured by routine standard methods. Results and discussion: The Libyan children with asthma showed an increase in serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Serum Leptin levels did not show marked changes between the two groups. The presence of hypercholesterolemia could be a triggering factor for generation of proinflammatory response in these children. Though leptin levels did not show marked response further studies may be necessary to study the role of leptin in obese asthmatic Libyan children.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper tries to bring out the relationship between serum leptin and lipid levels in non-obese asthmatic Libyan children and relate it to serum leptin level.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 08-2016 Issue: 8

Profile of Physiotherapist Educators in Anglophone West African Countries: A Cross-Sectional Study

Research Article
Author(s): Joseph Balogun, Chidozie Mbada, Adetutu Balogun, Ajediran Bello, Udoka Okafor
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Background: In the last two decades, physiotherapy profession in many countries has transitioned their entry-level education to a Master’s or doctoral degree levels. Given these changes, there is a new need to discern the profile of physiotherapist educators in different countries.  Objectives: This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate the profile of the physiotherapist lecturers from Anglophone West African countries and to compare the data with their USA counterparts. Methods: The Head of Department of all the physiotherapy programs in West African universities (N = 14) completed a questionnaire that sought information on the University’s debut date and ownership, faculty gender, educational qualification and academic rank. Results: The vast majority (93%) of the physiotherapy programs surveyed are located in public universities. There were 126 lecturers employed in the programs surveyed (average of 9 lecturers per program). In Nigeria, 72% of the lecturers were men, but in Ghana there was an equal (50:50) split between men and women. Fifty-nine percent (59%) of the lecturers in Nigeria had a Ph.D. and 32% were with MS degree. Thirty-four percent (34%) were a Senior lecturer, 19% Lecturer I, 10% Associate Professor/Reader and 10% Professor. More Nigerian lecturers attained higher (p<.05) educational qualification and academic rank than their Ghanaian peers. Conclusions: In Nigeria, the physiotherapy faculty workforce is dominated by men. The educational qualification and academic rank of the faculty in Nigeria is at par with their counterparts from the USA. The findings in this study have implication for faculty exchange/employment, and program development in West Africa.
Contribution/ Originality
This comparative study is the first empirically-based investigation of the physiotherapist lecturers from Anglophone West African countries.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 09-2016 Issue: 9

A Rare Histological Entity- Oral Fibrolipoma

Research Article
Author(s): Priyanka Debta, F.M. Debta, Ruchi Bhuyan, Saswati Siddhartha, Prashant Kumar Goyal, Sandeep Mohanty
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Among lipoma of oral cavity, fibrolipoma is one of the rare histopathological variant. Intraoral lipomas are rare lesions which may be discovered during routine dental examinations since they present as slow growing, painless and asymptomatic masses. For definite diagnosis histopathological examination plays a significant role in providing successful treatment and preventing any malignant transformation. Prognosis is generally good as recurrence is very rare. Here we present a case of oral fibrolipoma of buccal mucosa.
Contribution/ Originality
This case report is one of the rare presentation of lipoma. So more cases should be documented to make dental professionals aware of its features.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 10-2016 Issue: 10

The Superinfection of Dermoid Cysts in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Wilson Onuigbo, Timothy Nwabunike, Joseph Ojukwu
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary may be complicated by torsion, rupture, and malignant change, but is rarely complicated by infection. Here we report two cases. One was associated with subumbilical hernia operation, and the other followed appendectomy. In all probability, the complication was due to nosocomial infection in this developing community. This is of forensic importance.
Contribution/ Originality
TN and WO operated. WO took care of the literature.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 11-2016 Issue: 11

Empirical and Practical Implementation Methodology for Clinical Integration of E-Health Iot Technology

Research Article
Author(s): Abel Garai
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
This paper structures empirical and practical implementation methodologies for clinical integration of eHealth IoT smart device technology embedded in Cloud service architecture. The results and findings of this two-year research program are summarized from mathematical, system architectural and software engineering perspective. The research takes place in the European Union, in Hungary. The program is the manifestation of the trilateral industry-university collaboration of the University of Debrecen Faculty of Informatics, T-Systems Healthcare Competence Center Central and Eastern Europe and Semmelweis University 2nd Pediatric Clinic Department of Pulmonology. The paper presents the mathematical model for the system architecture optimization. Selected system-architectural solution plans are mapped into directed graphs and converted into adjacency and availability matrices for optimization. Adequate technologies are collected and identified for the research based on industry megatrends. The experiment establishes multidirectional interoperability among eHealth smart devices, telemedicine instruments and clinical information systems. The Open Telemedicine Interoperability Hub, interoperability core module, was developed and embedded into Cloud service architecture. This module transposes and transmits the captured bio-sensory data stream from the eHealth IoT smart-devices and from the telemedicine instrument into the clinical information system. Dominant international healthcare interoperability standards are reviewed and selected for the research. The research program defined different interoperability levels and mapped these against the open systems interconnection model layers. The international interoperability standard, Health Level Seven, was selected for the research. The research explicitly tested interoperability among eHealth consumer electronic sensor-enabled smart-device, spirometer telemedicine instrument and cloud-based hospital information test system.  The research proved that universal interoperability between IoT eHealth smart devices and clinical information system technology is from technical perspective absolutely possible. The paper describes the lessons learned, drawbacks and achievements of this research program. An insight is also given into the forthcoming research phase.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper contributes the first logical analysis for clinical integration of the eHealth IoT technology. This study uses new determination method for mathematically optimized healthcare service architecture. The research originates new mathematic formula for healthcare systems integration. The paper’s primary contribution is validating the empirical results in real clinical environment.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 12

The Right to Dignity and Consensus in the Psychiatric Health Treatment

Research Article
Author(s): Milena Marinic
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Theoretical frameworks: Health workers in practice obtain the informed consent of the patient where there is an invasion of privacy. Health data are processed without consent, health treatment is carried out without informed consent, and is taken to the patient the possibility of an appeal, does not receive information about what to do and where to seek help, if necessary. Methods: Based on the long-term observation of conduct of healthcare workers, the analysis of legal acts and synthesis of statutory provisions for informed consent based arguments. Results Health workers against health interventions with greater impact on privacy and the integrity of the body does not obtain informed consent, offer a preprinted form. The patient is given an explanation focus, which is the duty doctor. Interpretation duty is not subject recording in health documentation which makes it impossible to trace back. Discussions Health professionals legislature requires compliance with legal rules, education in terms of knowledge of the law, it does not reach a satisfactory level. Health workers do not know the laws, and the patient's rights not exercised. In order to ensure the legal documentation is necessary to inform all health professionals with the laws and knowledge documentation.
Contribution/ Originality


Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Profile of Patients Visiting a Tertiary Eye Hospital and their Perception Regarding Barrier for Eye Care Services in the Western Saudi Arabia

Research Article
Author(s): Moustafa Magliyah, Ali Alsaedi, Nawwaf Alqahtani, Mohammed Almalki, Adel Alharthi, Weam Qutub, Rajiv Khandekar
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Introduction: King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC) is a tertiary health care hospital in western Saudi Arabia. We present the profile of eye patients visiting this institution and their perceived barriers for the access to eye care. Methodology: This case series type of study was conducted between January and June 2014. Close-ended questions were used to collect the responses of patients. Results: Our series had 165 eye patients. The proportion of male and female population in the study area was 57:43. The sex ratio of eye patient was 59:41. Sixty patients (37%) needed more than one-hour car-drive to reach hospital. Majority of eye patients were referred from Al-Noor specialist hospital 53(32%) and Hiraa General Hospital 40 (24%) of Makkah. Conclusion: Eye patients of KAMC reside mainly in Makkah. Female gender was not while distance was a barrier for accessing tertiary eye care. The workload in eye unit of KAMC was low.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents that there are barriers to access Tertiary Eye care in Western Saudi Arabia.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Multi-User Searchable Encryption Scheme with User Revocation

Research Article
Author(s): Chia-Chi Wu, Iuon-Chang Lin, Ya-Hui Liu
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
We improve the previous method to add the function of user revocation in searchable encryption scheme. When document owner doesn’t want to share someone he had shared, he can revoke the user who can’t retrieve the specific document. More importantly, the revocation process must not affect other authorized users, the scheme has to keep a low maintenance cost.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature are to provide a searchable keyword encryption scheme and the document owner can dynamically authorize a user to retrieve documents or revoke the authorization. The maintenance cost of the revocation process is low.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 04-2016 Issue: 4

Efficiency of Plastic Fibres Waste on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Mortars in Hot-Dry Conditions

Research Article
Author(s): Khadra Bendjillali, Mohamed Chemrouk
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
This experimental study was aimed at evaluating the effect of plastic fibres waste on the physical and mechanical performances of mortars prepared and conserved under hot-dry conditions. The used fibres are recycled polypropylene fibres coming from industrial waste. Two dosages of fibres are used 0.5 and 1 % by weight. The results showed that the exposition of mortars to hot-dry conditions reduces their long-term mechanical strength and increases their shrinkage. Under hot-dry conditions, the reinforcement of mortars by plastic fibres waste has a positive effect on their flexural and compressive strength. The shrinkage of mortars conserved under these conditions is reduced by the addition of plastic fibres waste.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to enrich the fibres mortars researches. For technico-economical and environmental interests, we used local materials coming from natural and industrial waste, such as the sand and fibres. It is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of hot-dry conditions on the properties of mortars.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 04-2016 Issue: 4

The Effect of Impulse Denoising on Geometric Based Hyperspectral Unmixing

Research Article
Author(s): Bilal KOCAKUSAKLAR, Nihan KAHRAMAN
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
Hyperspectral unmixing is a process to find number of spectral component (called endmember), estimation of endmember signatures and their abundance fractions in each pixel on the scene. Geometric based algorithms are developed for hyperspectral unmixing problem in the literature. The distribution of spectra (points in n-dimensional scatterplot) can be used to estimate endmember signatures geometrically. Impulse denoising before unmixing process can help getting better results for endmember extraction. For this reason, General Prior Algorithm (GAP) is used before unmixing process. Experiments using real data demonstrate that this preprocessing step provided better results for endmember estimation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes better estimation of endmember signatures on geometric based unmixing algorithms by applying spatio-spectral correlation for impulse denoising.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 05-2016 Issue: 5

Moving Target Tracking in Infrared Image Sequences Based on Differential Kernel Covariance Descriptor

Research Article
Author(s): Burak ALPTEKIN, Hamidullah BINOL, Huseyin CUKUR
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
Forward looking infrared (FLIR) imaging has been used in many areas of research and everyday life, but it has been mostly employed in military and security domains. In these fields, remote infrared target tracking is a crucial element for surveillance. However, long-range captured IR image sequences generally have poor contrast, variable illumination, and high background clutter. These challenges make target tracking difficult. This paper suggests a technique for target tracking in different ranges in challenging FLIR image sequences, based on Differential Kernel Covariance Descriptor (DKCD). This new method diminishes rotation and illumination variation effects. The proposed technique calculates the differential kernel matrix of reference target by using various statistical and spatial features such as first and second derivatives, location information, and the intensity value of pixels. Later, the differential covariance matrix is constructed by using different pixel features and applying the appropriate kernel function to the matrix. Thanks to the kernel functions, the algorithm redefines the target's differential spatial features in Hilbert space. This process makes the descriptor non-linear. The predicted position of the target is calculated with the nearest neighbor algorithm in the candidate regions in the sub-frame. The performance of the suggested single target tracking system is then tested on challenging real-life video sequences.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper proposes a new nonlinear descriptor which mainly uses kernel covariance matrix based on difference of features. The technique minimizes the effect of pose variation, illumination, size, and background changes.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 05-2016 Issue: 5

Improving Cloud System Performances by Adopting Nvram-Based Storage Systems

Research Article
Author(s): Jisun Kim, Yunjoo Park, Sunhwa A. Nam, Hyunkyoung Choi, KyungWoon Cho, Hyokyung Bahn
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
NVRAM is being considered as an additional memory/storage component of future cloud computing systems. This paper investigates how much performance improvement can be obtained if we add NVRAM as the memory/storage media of cloud systems. As NVRAM is put on DDR slots, it is byte-accessible and hence can be used as a memory medium like DRAM. It can also be utilized as swap or journal devices if we use it as a block I/O device. We first consider NVRAM as a storage cache, and then, we measure the performance of systems that additionally use NVRAM as memory, swap, and journal devices. We use two workloads, I/O and memory intensive workloads. Our experiments show that using NVRAM as a journal device performs the best in I/O-intensive workload as it performs journaling I/O on NVRAM instead of slow storage. Using NVRAM as memory or swap devices does not show good results in I/O-intensive workload. However, in case of memory-intensive workload, NVRAM memory significantly improves the performance, and NVRAM swap also gains a certain level of improvement. We expect that our experiments will be helpful in the design of NVRAM-based cloud systems for memory or I/O intensive workload situations.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding the NVRAM’s effectiveness on the performance of future cloud systems. Specifically, we show the effectiveness of NVRAM if it is used as storage cache, main memory, journal device, or swap device in the memory hierarchy of cloud computing systems.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 06-2016 Issue: 6

Structural Design of A Linear-Motion Type Semi-Active Damper by Finite Element Method

Research Article
Author(s): Takahito ADACHI, Kenji TAKAHARA
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to design a structure of a linear-motion type semi-active damper which can reduce the vibration caused by an earthquake. This paper proposes the more effective structure of the linear motion semi-active damper by magnetic-structure interaction analysis of finite element method using ANSYS. The semi-active damper has a simple structure that a linear mover, a magnet bar, reciprocates in coils of a stator. The size of the coils and the size of the magnetic material cover which can produce the maximum damping force are simulated under the condition that the size of the mover is fixed. The electromotive force is calculated based on the change of the produced magnetic field according to the change of the given velocity of the mover in a short time. The damping force is calculated according to the electric current which the electromotive force supplies to the connected resistance. By the simulations, more than 120 [N s/m] of the maximum damping coefficient is acquired in the case that the coil is wound up from 28.0[mm] of the inner diameter to 60.0 [mm] of the outer diameter.
Contribution/ Originality


Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 06-2016 Issue: 6

Fuzzy Control of Hydrogen Generation by the Reaction of Activated Aluminum Particles and Water

Research Article
Author(s): Bui Trong Giap, Kenji Takahara, Toshinori Kajiwara, Koji Maekawa
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to design a fuzzy control system for generating hydrogen at a desired level by a reaction between water and activated aluminum particles. The activated aluminum particles are produced shredded aluminum sawdust. It is difficult to characterize the reaction quantitatively because the characteristics of hydrogen generating reaction vary as depending on the samples, the environment of the reaction and so on. The experimental system consists of a fuel cell (FC) of 100[W], a water tank, a reaction vessel, pressure sensors, a water pump, a radiator and a one-chip microcomputer. The fuzzy control system is designed to determine the quantum of water which is supplied to the activated aluminum particles. The error forms a desired value of the pressure of the reaction vessel and the change of the error are chosen as the labels of the fuzzy membership functions. The proposed fuzzy control system is applied to maintain the pressure of the reaction vessel of the developed hydrogen generation system at a certain level. The developed hydrogen generation system is confirmed to provide hydrogen to the FC by experiments under various conditions.
Contribution/ Originality


Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Ohajianya D.O, Okwara M.O, Ugwu J.N, Tim Ashama A., Mbah R.O, Dike N.F
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
This study analyzed productivity of farmland values in food crop production in natural disasters prone areas of Imo State, Nigeria.  The study specifically determined farmland   values, productivity of food crop farmers by farmland values, and factors influencing food crop farmers productivity in the different farmland values. Data were collected with questionnaire from 280 proportionately and randomly selected food crop farmers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, farmland value model, productivity model, and multiple regression techniques. Results showed that farmland suitability index ranged from < 0.499 to 0.948 with a mean of 0.350.Majority (72.1%) of the farmers cultivated on non-suitable farmlands, 22.9% of them cultivated on marginally suitable farmlands while few (5%) of the farmers cultivated on suitable farmlands, implying that majority of the farmlands cultivated for food crop production in the study area are not suitable. Food crop farmers’ productivity increases with suitability of farmland and the productivity of farmland increases from 1.35 to 2.25 and 3.14 as farmland moves from non-suitable to marginally suitable and suitable values respectively, thus making marginally suitable and suitable farmlands about 48% and 133% higher in farmland  productivity than non-suitable farmlands. Farmland rent, quantity of fertilizer applied, quantity of organic manure applied, education  level, quality of planting materials, and distance of farmland from  farmer’s home have significant influence on marginally suitable farmlands productivity. Farm size, quantity of fertilizer applied, quantity of organic manure applied, farming experience, and quality of planting materials significantly influenced suitable farmlands productivity. Crop farmers cultivating non-suitable farmland should explore measures to improve the fertility of their farmlands or minimize wastage of production resources through reduction in the size of farmlands, cultivated.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents productivity of farmland values in food crop production in the natural disaster prone areas, using farmland value and productivity models. The paper’s major contribution is finding that the majority of farmlands cultivated by the farmers is non-suitable due to the influence of natural disasters.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 06-2016 Issue: 2

Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production

Research Article
Author(s): Betty Natalie Fitriatin, Tualar Simarmata, Hersanti ., Tienturmuktini .
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
Problems using straw directly include the contamination of germs on the straw from the previous crop.  Alternatives that can be done are giving inoculant of biological decomposers The purpose of the research to test isolates decomposer in the rate of straw decomposition in soil and to test isolates biofertilizer on rice plants in soil treated straw compost. Greenhouse experiment was conducted for selecting isolates and formulations decomposer consortium and biological agents as well as the selection and formulation of biological fertilizers isolates. This experiment was consisted of treatments, i.e. incubation time composting (1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks) and inoculant (formulation A containing microbes T. harzianum, Bacillus subtililis, Cytophaga sp. and Bacillus licheniformis; i2 = Formulation B containing microbes B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp., and B. licheniformis, Streptomyces sp.) The field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of straw compost and biofertilizer inoculants (nitrogen fixation bacteria and phosphate solubilizing bacteria) on rice. Research at this stage using split plot experimental design was repeated three times. The main plot was the doses of straw compost + biofertilizer consisting of 8 treatments (0; 2.5; 5.0; 7.5 t ha-1 without and with biofertilizer 400 g ha-1). The subplot was doses of  inorganic fertilizer N, P and K consisting of 5 levels   (100%, 90%, 80%, 70% and 60% of recommendations dosages). The results showed that the A formulation containing T. harzianum, B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp. and B. Licheniformis whereas B formulation contains B. subtililis, Cytophaga sp., and B. Licheniformis, Streptomyces sp. B formulation capable of decomposing straw is better than A formulation. Application of straw compost and biofertilizer (5,0  t ha-1 + 400 g ha-1) could increase the yield of rice to 13.3%  and  substitute 20% of inorganic fertilizer (N, P and K).
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated to obtain decomposers consortium formulation which can be effective to straw composting and to study the effect of biofertilizer inoculants on rice plants in soil treated with straw compost.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2016 Issue: 3

Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)

Research Article
Author(s): Adeyeye, A.S, Akanbi W.B, Sobola, O.O, Lamidi, W.A, Olalekan, K.K
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The experiment was conducted at the teaching and Research farm of the Federal University Wukari Taraba State, Nigeria to assess, evaluate and compare the effect of organic fertilizers such as poultry manure, cow dung, organic manure and in-organic fertilizers such as NPK and urea on the growth and tuber yield of sweet potato. The recommended rates of cow dung (10t/ha) poultry manure (10t/ha), organic manure (10t/ha) NPK15:15:15 (400kg/ha) and urea (200kgN/ha) were applied as treatment to sweet potato with a control at (0kg/ha). These were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Measurement were taken on the growth and tuber yield at harvest such as the length of primary vein, number of secondary vein number of leaves, number of tuber and tuber weight. Data collected were analyzed using (ANOVA) and the significant means separated using Duncan multiple difference at 5% probability level. The result revealed or showed that numbers of leaves were significant in all the treatments. Application of urea fertilizer produced the highest number of tuber per plant, while tuber weight was not significantly different, but poultry manure application had the higher mean value of (2.34kg). It was concluding that application of poultry manure as organic fertilizer are better and can compare readily with inorganic fertilizer (urea) in the production of sweet potato.
Contribution/ Originality
Sweet potato is one of the most important field crop in the world and many studies have been carried out on the growth, productivity and nutritional properties including the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers applications.The study therefore compares the effectiveness of available organic and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and tuber yield of the crop.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2016 Issue: 3

Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland

Research Article
Author(s): T.A. Masuku, M.B. Masuku, J.P.B. Mutangira
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
A multi-purpose cooperative is a business that is a mixture of two or more different types of cooperatives. The study examined the performance of multi-purpose cooperatives in Swaziland. The objectives of the study were to; establish the performance of multi-purpose-cooperatives, identify factors influencing the performance of multi-purpose cooperatives, and identify constraints faced by multi-purpose cooperatives. A descriptive research design was used where quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to collect and analyse data. The target population was all registered and active multi-purpose cooperatives in the Shiselweni region. A sample (n=120) was drawn using a two-stage stratified random sampling procedure and it comprised of 80 cooperative members, 35 committee members and 5 cooperative officers who were purposely selected. Face to face personal interviews were used to collect the data. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20). The study found that the performance of multi-purpose cooperatives was influenced by gender and accountability. The study further found that cooperative officers educated and trained cooperative members once a year. Major constraints included poor capital base, most members being too old to perform cooperative activities, and poor record-keeping. The study concluded that cooperatives were not performing well financially, since there were making losses. It is recommended that cooperatives should ensure the financial statements were prepared on time and audited. There is need to encourage young farmers to join multi-purpose cooperative since most of the farmers were old. The frequency of training provided to members need to be improved. The study also recommends that other studies be carried out to cover the whole of Swaziland in order to generalise the findings.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literature by analyzing the performance of multipurpose Cooperatives. The study not only established the performance of multi-purpose cooperatives, but also identified the factors affecting the performance of multi-purpose cooperatives, especially in Swaziland. The study used primary data, hence it is original.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 4

Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career

Research Article
Author(s): Saliu O.J., Onuche . U., Abubakar . H.
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
This study examined the perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on farming as a career. Primary data were collected using structured interview schedule to pick 150 students in the study area. Stratified random sampling technique was used to pick 30 students from each level (100-500). Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency count, percentage and mean score on a 3 point likert-type of scale. The result of the study indicated that a large percentage (42.7%) of students were from household size of 4 to 6 which is fairly large for the needed labour force for agricultural activities. Many (56%) of the students had no farming experience before their enrolment into the university. The study further showed that most of the students had negative attitude when they resumed in 100 level mean score (X) (2.30) but are now greatly influenced by agricultural education impacted by trained agricultural experts (X) (2.67). Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) programme had also positively changed the students attitude to farming (2.25). Most respondents (X) (2.58) 86% showed willingness to engage in practical agricultural enterprise if supplied with the necessary agricultural inputs. Also willingness to embark on poultry farming had (X) (2.73), fish farming had ms (2.49), cash crop farming had (X) (2.19) and arable crop farming had (X) (2.12) which represented a popular perception among the respondents. Piggery farming with (X) (1.47) and beekeeping with (X) (1.33) had the least indication of interest by the students. Implementation of government agricultural policies that will ensure regular input and attractive market price could motivate agricultural graduates to embrace farming as a career.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 4