Animal Review

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2409-6490
Print ISSN: 2412-3382
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No. 1

Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition

Pages: 8-20
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Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.ar.2017.41.8.20

H.M. Gado , A. Khusro , A.Z.M. Salem

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H.M. Gado , A. Khusro , A.Z.M. Salem (2017). Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition. Animal Review, 4(1): 8-20. DOI: 10.18488/journal.ar.2017.41.8.20
The anaerobic probiotic technology (ZAD) is a patented technique. The products are in two forms either liquid or powder. The powder products are coated so it can handle the pressure and the temperature of the extruders. They are fed as follows; 10 gm/head /day for large animals or 1 kg/ tone of fed (for ZADO). In case of Liquid (ZAD); it is fed 10 ml/head/day for large animals and 1.5 ml liter for poultry and rabbits. It decreases the aflatoxins less than 11% by inclusion rate of 7% of ZAD in 7 hours. They are helping the animals to cope with heat stress. Their ability to decrease the cholesterol and triglycerides are noticed by 21 and 19%, respectively. The birds and animal immunity is elevated too. Animal performances are improved in animals fed either form. Milk production increased in dairy cattle (1.5 kg/animal/day) and dairy buffaloes (1kg/head/day). The same trend was recorded for meat production in cattle, buffaloes, and sheep (220, 180 and 90 gm/head/day, respectively as an average daily gain). For poultry, it helped in decreasing the fattening period by 5 days. In fish, the final weight increased by 18%. For rabbits, it increased the milk production, decreased the mortality rate, increased the average daily gain, and improved all over physiological aspects of rabbits.

Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the impact of probiotics on the growth performances and nutritional aspects of dairy animals, poultry, rabbit, fish, and beef. The primary contribution of this review article is to analyze the influence of anaerobic probiotic technology on the performances and other physiological aspects of ruminant and non-ruminant animals.

Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production

Pages: 1-7
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Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.ar.2017.41.1.7

Citation: 1

Jaime Cuauhtemoc Negrete

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Jaime Cuauhtemoc Negrete (2017). Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production. Animal Review, 4(1): 1-7. DOI: 10.18488/journal.ar.2017.41.1.7
For México, the base projection shows that the demand for this meat grows at rates faster than the production, reason why an increase in the imports in the long term is expected. The base projection shows that purchases abroad will reach a level close to 390 thousand tons in 2018.In Mexico, the deficit in the milk market is  complemented by imports. For 2009, an import of 1.0 billion liters is estimated and in 2018 these are hoped to fall to 946 million liters [1]. According to these projections makes it necessary to analyze the pressure for increased food production of animal origin, leading to review technologies applied in the rest of the world to carry out such an increase, a technology is the application of mechatronics to animal production, which is also known as livestock farming precision. Being the objective of the present article the revision of the state of the art in the world and in Mexico of this technology. In Mexico it is possible to increase the productivity of Livestock Farming,  if the  decision to guide and formed human capital and training are taken at all three levels ; Bachelor , Masters and Ph D ,  to the research and  application of livestock mechatronics, results in developed countries so it evidence Mexico cannot be  left behind in this regard , besides that is the only way to increase food production, applying mechatronics in animal production .So previously treated the perspectives for the precision  animal production in the country are very big.

Contribution/ Originality
The Precision livestock farming is important in the social and economic environments of Mexican animal production and has been Kept in oblivion for many   years . Being that at present, as verified by the mentioned references is the only way to alleviate the needs of animal food in the country. This paper provides the first overview of the Precision Livestock Farming and the application of mechatronics to animal production in Mexico.