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Listing 93 - 20 of 1962 results.

Do Teachers Attitudes, Perception of Usefulness, and Perceived Social Influences Predict their Behavioral Intentions to Use Gamification in EFL Classrooms? Evidence from the Middle East

Research Article
Author(s): Mohammed J. Asiri
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
To motivate learners, teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) are encouraged to use gaming elements, which can stimulate students take a more active role in the learning process. There are many free and informal online applications now available to support this model, but not all EFL teachers, particularly female ones, are inclined to introduce gamification. Three essential variables that may influence their behavioral intentions to use gamified applications are attitude, perceived usefulness, and perceived social influence, which this study aims to investigate. This is a quantitative study based on a sample of 157 female EFL teachers. The data was collected through a questionnaire, the results of which indicate that attitude, perceived usefulness, and perceived social influence are significant predictors of teachers’ behavioral intentions to use gamification.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of only a few that has investigated the factors influencing female teachers’ behavioral intentions to use gamified applications in Saudi schools. It contributes to the existing body of literature by providing empirical evidence on how the expectations of those around us, together with our attitudes and perceived usefulness, affect our decisions.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso

Research Article
Author(s): Nabaloum Moumouni, Belem Mamounata, Ouoba Pounyala Awa, Yameogo Josephine, Da Dapola Evariste Constant
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
This study carries out in three villages belonging to the two phytogeographical zones (South-Sudanian and North-Sudanian sectors) in Burkina Faso. It intends to describe the floristic composition and calculate three main woody species density of the agroforestry parks in those two phytogeographical zones. The methodology consisted, on the one hand, to measure the area of fields and, on the other hand, the floristic species inventory. The results show that parklands in Bala (South-Sudanian phytogeographical zone) contains 14 species from 14 genus and 9 botanical families: Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae, Fabaceae-Faboideae-Mimosoideae, Bombacaceae, Anacardiaceae, Meliaceae Combretaceae, Sapotaceae, Moraceae, and Verbenaceae. The parklands of Toessin and Bonogo (North-Sudanian sector) are rich of 51 species, 36 genus and 22 families which are, in additional to those cited in Bala Rubiaceae, Fabaceae-Faboideae, Ebenaceae Rhamnaceae, Balanitaceae, Anonnaceae, Myrtaceae, Bignoniaceae, Moringaceae, Apocynaceae, Sterculiaceae and Lythraceae. The calculation of trees density showed that the dominant woody species in the parks of Bala are in order of importance Vitellaria paradoxa, Parkia biglobosa and Tamarindus indica. Their maximum densities are respectively 66; 8 and 1 trees/ha. On the other hand, in Toessin and Bonogo, north-sudanian sector Lannea microcarpa, Vitellaria paradoxa, Parkia biglobosa predominate with maximum densities respectively from 34, 38 and 3 trees/ha.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature concerning floristic composition and density of the ligneous in the parklands. This study uses a new estimation methodology: measure, survey. This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated in these aspects. This study documents the knowledge on the ligneous and distribution.
Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 2

Developing ICT Competences in Bachelors of Engineering and Technology in a Multilingual Environment

Research Article
Author(s): Raushan Sailauovna Kuanysheva, Almagul Zhayakovna Asainova, Marina Ivanovna Ragulina, Mikhail Pavlovich Lapchik
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
While the Republic of Kazakhstan is integrating into a global educational space, the information and communication (I&C) competence of technical personnel becomes vital. This trend is connected with the rapid development of information and communication technologies. Based on the analysis of literary sources and the conducted empirical study, the authors present and substantiate the structure of I&C competences of Bachelors in Engineering and Technology in the Republic of Kazakhstan, including user activity, substantive work, drawing-and-designing and experimental-research components. In this research, the authors aim to determine the level of I&C competences and analyze the data obtained during the experiment. The study used a specially designed questionnaire to investigate the distinctive features of user activity of future engineers and to identify the extent of their use of I&C technologies in the subject, design, experimental and research activities during university studies. The authors have successfully formed the structure of I&C competences in various fields of application. The experiment has demonstrated that currently, most students have an average level of I & C technologies competences. The development of I&C competences in the conditions of multilingualism will effectively influence the quality of professional training of future engineers.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is first of its kind to examine the requirements of information and communication competences of future graduates in engineering and technology in the context of a multilingual environment. The study shows that a majority of future engineering graduates lack I&C competence required for working in a multilingual environment. The study recommends that an internship can serve as an effective form of raising the level of I &C competence.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

Investigating Factors Influencing Grade 9 and 12 Learner-Performance in Science – Views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners: The Case of Eastern Province, Zambia

Research Article
Author(s): Thumah Mapulanga
Journal: World Journal of Vocational Education and Training

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Abstract
This study investigated the factors that contribute to poor performance in science among grade 9 and 12 learners in the Eastern province of Zambia. The study employed a cross-sectional research design involving 137 participants attending the Zambia Association for Science Education (ZASE) Eastern Provincial Conference held in February 2019 and 74 (24 boys, 50 girls) grade 12 learners. Data were collected using open-ended questions that participants discussed in groups before presenting their findings at the conference. Data were also collected using a document analysis of the Eastern Province Strategic Plan for 2018 - 2021. The data were analysed using thematic qualitative methods and while other data were quantified for further analysis. The findings indicated that factors that influence performance in science fell into six categories namely (a) Administrative (b) Teacher (c) Learner (d) Time allotted to science teaching and learning (e) Assessment and (f) Curricular factors. More specifically, the study revealed that lack of resources such as laboratory apparatus, inadequate preparation by teachers, irregular assessment and a lack of adequate scientific knowledge were among factors that contribute to poor performance in science by learners. The study also revealed that conducting practicals, enhancing assessment, motivating learners and providing teaching and learning materials can improve learner performance in science. Therefore, it is recommended that stakeholders follow-up on the proposed strategies in order to improve learner performance in science. Further, action research needs to be conducted focusing on addressing teacher and learner factors that influence performance in science subjects.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the factors that influence performance in science subjects among learners. The study is unique in that it brings together the views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners and proposes a model for improving learners’ performance in the sciences.
Arts and Education » World Journal of Vocational Education and Training » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Factors Influencing the Decision of the People of Kisii Town to Consume Domestic Tourism Products

Research Article
Author(s): Maureen Kangu, Alexander Katuta Kyule, Bernadette Mutinda
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
Kenya is naturally gifted with a variety of wildlife, spectacular scenery, renowned beaches and famous sporting activities that rely on the natural environment, in addition to a world class hospitality industry. These have contributed a lot to making tourism a major economic activity. Socio-culturally, tourism gives economic meaning to traditional wear, carvings and traditional regalia. Local entertainment is also showcased to visitors. This study aimed to determine if the promotion strategies employed by the tourism industry to encourage Kenyan citizens to visit tourist attraction sites have had an impact on local residents living far from tourist attraction sites. The specific objective was to determine the factors influencing the decisions of the people of Kisii Town to consume domestic tourism products. The target population consisted of all the 37,531 residents of Kisii Town. Five-point Likert scale questionnaires were distributed among the residents to collect primary data which was then analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study found that distance, transportation costs, and affordability, were factors that influenced the consumption of tourism products in Kisii. The study concludes that distance is one of the factors highly influencing the residents’ decision to consume domestic tourism products; therefore, the relationship between the distance from Kisii town and visits to the site was noted to be significant. The tourism industry thus needs to strike alliances with transport companies to ferry people to the sites since they may not be able to relocate the sites themselves.
Contribution/ Originality
The study will help the Ministry of Tourism in Kenya understand consumer behavior towards tourism products in Kisii town and other towns in Kenya since it can be generalized to account for other parts of Kenya. This will help them come up with suitable strategies to sell their products. In addition, the study adds to the models, literature and theory on domestic tourism products in Kenya, since this is an area that has not so far not generated much research.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Impact of Network Finance Development on Inflation: Evidence from Chinese Market

Research Article
Author(s): Feng Junwen, Wang Gang, Wu Yuchen
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
With the rapid development of computer, communications, Internet and database technology, the society entered the era of the Internet economy. At present, as the impacts on the development of network finance, the three elements of technology, economic and social are in rapid change and development, at the same time, the financial network has also been considerable development, a variety of online banking, so-and-so Bao everywhere, P2P net loan platform as sprung up in public view. The flourishing financial network has attracted a lot of money from reality to the network platform, the currency in circulation had seen a considerable impact, as a monetary phenomenon whether this change will have an impact on inflation, this article is to discuss the problem. This article from the perspective of a qualitative and quantitative study of the network of financial development of inflation, respectively, will eventually make some recommendations lying on the conclusions of this paper to the monetary policy under the influence of the inflationary effects.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses new estimation methodology to analyze and study the quantitative and qualitative factors affecting the inflation of financial network, and finds out the operating mechanism inside. Finally, according to the research content, the study puts forward some suggestions on monetary policy under the influence of inflation.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Habitat Selection and Threats of Red Fox (Vulpes Vulpes) in Rara National Park, Nepal

Research Article
Author(s): Suresh Kumar Thapa Magar, Man Kumar Dhamala
Journal: Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

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Abstract
Habitat selection is an important aspect of ecology to understand the relationship between the animals, its habitat and its resources. In an effort to understand the habitat selection by red fox and to explore its threats in relation to the people, the present study was conducted in Rara National Park, Nepal. Habitat variables were recorded in presence and absence plot (based on the signs of scat) along the elevation transect walk with associated topographic features (elevation, slope, aspect, distance to water, distance to a village) and vegetation features (tree species, shrub species, herb species and canopy cover). Using the Principal Component Analysis and Partial Least Square Regression model it was found that habitat variables such as distance to water, distance to village, major trees and major shrubs explained the presence and distribution of red fox in the study area. Data were collected from Key Informant Interview and schedule survey employing a convenience sampling method to know the cause of conflict and people's perceptions towards red fox in the study area. Of the 35 respondents, 33 (94.2%) perceived that crop and livestock depredation was the major problem caused by the wild animals where most destructive wild animals were Sus scrofa (27.27%), Presbytis entellus (12.12%), Hystrix brachyura (15.15%) and Canis aureus (21.21%) followed by the red fox (12.12%). Threats ranking was conducted by questionnaire survey through purposive sampling method. Relative Importance Index (RII) technique was used to rank the threats.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies which have investigated baseline information about its status, an important factor for habitat selection and threats in the higher altitude of Nepal. It contribute valuable Knowledge in the field of wildlife management to develop species strategic conservation plan.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » Review of Environment and Earth Sciences » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions

Research Article
Author(s): Yasir E. Mohammed, Ahmed M. El Naim, Tarig E. Ahmed, Abdelatif A. Sulaiman, Omer A. Bakhit, Khalid A. Ibrahim
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
A field experiment was conducted at two locations, in North Kordofan under rainfed conditions for two consecutive seasons (2005/06 and 2006/07), to study the physiological aspects of yield variation among seven groundnuts (Araichis hypogaea L.), genotypes (Barberton, Sodiri, Gubiesh, ICGV89171, ICGV93296, ICGV86744 and ICGV92126). The parameters related to morpho-physiological traits were measured: growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR), specific leaf area (SLA), net assimilation rate (NAR), leaf area (LA), leaf area (LAI) and yield. The results of the combined analysis showed that there were no significant (p =0.05) differences among varieties for the measured morpho-physiological traits throughout the season. Mean seasonal pattern of these traits indicated that the maximum LAI, SLA, CGR, RGR and NAR were attained 65 days after planting. Significant varietal differences were observed for pod yield, hay yield, 100-seed weight and pod maturity. The highest pods yields of 551, 545 and 540 kg ha-1 were recorded by Barberton, ICGV89171 and Sodiri, respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the effect of genotypes on growth and yield of groundnut related to morpho-physiological traits in the traditional rain-fed sector of North Kordofan, Sudan
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2019 Issue: 3

Understanding the Impact of Determinants in Game Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Study

Research Article
Author(s): Untung Rahardja, Taqwa Hariguna, Qurotul Aini
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
This study aimed to integrate Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT) and Expectation Confirmation Model (ECM) on user intention of game learning. This study framed 10 hypotheses to investigate the objectives of this study. The results of 8 hypotheses were positive and had a significant impact on students’ behavior in the use of game learning. The method used in this research was empirical, with 164 valid respondents. The results found in this research was students’ continued intention in the use of game learning (CI), which was directly influenced by student perceived usefulness (PU), student satisfaction (SAT) and student habitual (HAB) while student satisfaction (SAT) was influenced by student perceived usefulness (PU) and triability (TRA). In addition, the findings of this research were predicted to offer useful validation from the antecedents involved in the process of deciding the user continuous intention in game learning. This research also provided a theoretical framework and understanding of the field of user behavior intention for academia and practitioners, who will benefit from the findings of this study and develop applications/software for a more adequate and competent game learning.
Contribution/ Originality
This study aimed to integrate IDT and ECM on user’s intention of game learning. It assessed the impact of various theoretical determinants on customer’s delight and continuous intentions of use of game learning and identified processes that made influences on them. Unlike the previous research which assessed ECM and IDT separately, this study has combined the two models in the context of game learning.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

An Examination of the Methods of Increasing Software Efficiency Based on Soft Computing Technology

Research Article
Author(s): Shafagat Mahmudova
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
This paper examines the methods of increasing software efficiency based on soft computing technology by analyzing the benefits and challenges of the components used in software development. The functions and features of machine learning, comprising neural networks, perceptron, support vector machines, and fuzzy logic are highlighted and explained, along with those of evolutionary computation (e.g., evolutionary and genetic algorithms) and probability. Recommendations are presented in conclusion.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper is one of only a few to investigate and analyze the problems of soft computing technologies. By reviewing the utilization of new estimation methodologies, it contributes to the existing literature and comparative analyses.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Profitability Behavior of Plastic Industries in Indonesia

Research Article
Author(s): Erwin Mangaratua Pardosi, Bambang Mulyana
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
This study aims to analyze the effects on the profitability (net profit margin, return on assets and return on equity) of plastic companies by internal influences (current ratio, debt to equity ratio and total asset turnover) and external influences (exchange rate, petroleum price and inflation). The object of the research is the plastic industries registered in the Indonesian stock exchange with a total of 9 industries and in the period 2012 - 2017. The methodology used is descriptive quantitative research and causality with purposive sampling technique and panel data regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that the current ratio has a partially positive effect, particularly significant in terms of net profit margin. Current ratio and total asset turnover also have a partially positive effect, with significant return on assets. Debt to equity ratio partially has a partially negative effect, but a significant return on equity.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few that has investigated the causal relationship between internal and external influences on profitability. Consequently, it highlights the importance of identifying financial ratios and macroeconomics with a view to increasing profitability.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

A Review: Role of Inulin in Animal Nutrition

Research Article
Author(s): Muhammad Waseem Birmani, Aamir Nawab, Muhammad Waseem Ghani, Guanghui Li, Mei Xiao, Lilong An
Journal: Journal of Food Technology Research

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Abstract
Inulin is an oligosaccharide which can be used in the animal diet as a functional fiber. Among other natural plant-derived fructans, inulin has so many beneficial effects on the immune system, lipid metabolism, and helps in mineral absorption and has the ability to balance the intestinal microbiota of animals. Increasing global meat demand and ban of antibiotics as growth promoters in animal feed due to its residual effects in human food are the factors driving the growth of inulin as a feed additive. As feed additive in animal feed inulin has a positive effect on intestinal health and have the potential to improve the immunity of livestock and poultry. From few years, inulin has been making headlines in animal nutrition, but it remains a little-known feed ingredient and is even less used in the feed industry. Therefore, the objective of this review is to provide recently applied knowledge to the researchers about the general beneficial functions of inulin in the animal body and its application in the animal feed industry.
Contribution/ Originality
Present study has much contribution of inulin use in animal nutrition. Before that lot of studies available on inulin in human. In our study we focus on inulin use in animal diet. It is considered a functional plant-based ingredient that effectively boosts digestion and other processes. From this study scientists and nutritionists get idea to use inulin in livestock and other animal feed.
Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Food Technology Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Effects of Municipal Abattoir Waste on Water Quality of Woji River in Trans-Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable Urban Environmental Management

Research Article
Author(s): Collins H. Wizor, Hycienth O. Nwankwoala
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
This research provides a spatial analytical framework for sustainable urban environmental management. It examines the effects of abattoir wastes on water quality of the Woji River in the Trans-Amadi industrial area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The research was premised on the fact that untreated wastes from the Trans-Amadi abattoir are discharged directly into open drainage which flows into the river. Water samples were collected from nine points along the stream (upstream; 3 samples, downstream; 3 samples, fallout; 3 samples) and subjected to physico-chemical laboratory analysis for total dissolved solids (TDS), temperature, pH, turbidity, hardness, iron content, nitrate, sulphate, magnesium, nickel, copper as well as some biological parameters. The results obtained from these parameters were at variance with the allowable limits of WHO standards for human use and aquatic life. The result further showed that the abattoir effluent has lowered the quality of the receiving Woji River particularly at fallout point and downstream. There is, therefore, need to stop the discharge of effluents into the receiving Woji River by upgrading the wastewater and urban waste management techniques of the abattoir to international standard.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the spatial analytical framework on abattoir wastes on water quality. This study uses a new estimation methodology of Peason’s Coefficient to represent the relationship between microbiological and physico-chemical parameters of the river.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 02-2019 Issue: 2

Pre-Service Teachers Professional Development through Four-Step Problem-Solving Model: A Seminar Method

Research Article
Author(s): Luis Miguel Dos Santos
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Effective teaching and learning strategy is one of the most important topics in the field of teachers’ professional development. Teachers’ education and pre-service teachers’ training programmes provide necessary coursework, field experience, and student teaching internship experience to pre-service, potential, and second career teachers who are seeking initial license status. Due to the rapid developments in Hong Kong, China, school teachers face challenges, difficulties, and social problems due to excess enrolment of teachers from different backgrounds. The regular curriculum and material also fail to cover all these issues. The current study applied the seminar technique as recommended in Polya’s Four-Step Problem-Solving Model with targeted discussion topics and engaged 12 STEM pre-service teachers at one of the Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) programmes. The results indicated that beyond regular coursework, field experience, and internship experiences embedded in the curriculum, additional seminars allowed the participants to establish inter-disciplinary teaching strategies and critical thinking skills. The results of this study serve as a blueprint for teachers’ education programme leaders and school administrators to establish similar seminars and conduct such sessions for their pre-service and in-service teachers to refresh and advance their teaching and learning strategies.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature on teachers’ education programmes, teachers’ training, and teachers’ professional development. The primary contribution of this article is also to provide directions for school leaders and administrators to establish professional training to their in-service and pre-service teachers in K-12 school environments.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

Effects of WebQuest on Secondary School Biology Students Achievement in Cell Division in Ilorin

Research Article
Author(s): Saheed T. Badmus, Ganiyu Bello, Abdulrasaq Hamzat, Musa M. Sulaiman
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
This study investigated the effects of the WebQuest Instructional Package (WQIP) on senior secondary school biology students’ achievement in cell division in Ilorin, Nigeria. A quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Two classes from two secondary schools were purposively sampled. The instruments used were the Cell Division Achievement Test (CAT) and the WebQuest Instructional Package on Cell Division (WQIPC). Four research questions guided the study and four corresponding research hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 significance level. The study observed that using the WQIP significantly improved students' achievement in cell division. However, no significant difference was found between the achievements of male and female students taught cell division using WQIP. There was also a significant difference in the achievement of high, medium and low scoring students taught cell division using WQIP in favour of the low scorers. There was no significant interaction effect among WebQuest, gender and score levels on students’ achievement in cell division. It was recommended, among others, that biology teachers should tryto use the WebQuest Instructional Package (WQIP) in the teaching of cell division and other similar hard to teach concepts in biology.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature and discourse on the integration of modern ICTs in the teaching and learning of biology at the secondary school level. The study’s primary contribution is the finding that the WebQuest Instructional Package significantly enhanced students’ achievement in cell division, a hard-to-teach and hard-to-learn biology topic.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2019 Issue: 2

Mortalities Profile among Dubai Population 2017, Utilizing Breakdown Fractions for Intervention and Forecasting of Future Epidemiologic Transition - Dubai, UAE 2019

Research Article
Author(s): Hamid Yahya Hussain, Nazar Salim, Massoumeh Zadeh, Amna Al Mehairi, Kaltar Das
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Background: Mortalities and morbidities are recognized as a major statistics for health and disease measurements at any given population setting. Health care system performance is often linked to morbidity and mortality measurement as a direct quantitative outcome, Objectives: To study the mortality distribution among Dubai population. To study future interventions and forecasting of population mortalities in Dubai. Methodology: A retrospective record review of the Dubai Annual Statistical Report for the year 2017 has been carried out. All secondary data collected from 2008- 2017 related to outpatient and inpatient visits at Dubai Health Authority, Dubai Health Care City, Ministry of Health and private sector facilities in Dubai were included. Results: The current study revealed that almost one third of mortalities among Dubai Population or 30.4% were due to cardiovascular relevant causes. While 11.3% of mortalities was due to respiratory related diseases such as Pneumonia, COPD and others 6.9% were injuries related mortalities, 19.8% were neoplastic related diseases, 6.4% were accounted to perinatal period diseases and 1.2% were due to septicemia.. Conclusions: Mortality interventions and forecasting in the Population of Dubai can be made through Projections that represents a set of three visions for the future population health, based on certain explicit assumptions. Although, the wide uncertainty ranges around future projections, they enable health care system decision and policy makers to appreciate better the implications for health and health policy of currently observed trends, and the likely impact of future trends, such as the ageing population.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by studying the mortality distribution among Dubai population.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Articulation between the Websites of the City Hall and the City Council of Tourism in Porto Seguro-BA / BR: The Importance of the Virtual City for Tourist Communication

Research Article
Author(s): Moabe Breno Ferreira Costa
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
This study present a case study on the virtual tourist city, referring to the connection between the sites of the City of Porto Seguro-BA and the City Council of Tourism Development. It is a qualitative case study, following the trans-methodological rationality, using both retroductive and critical-dialectic methods. The methodological procedure analyzing both the structure and content of the websites. The characteristics and categories of attitudes defined by Levy (1999) served as parameters for analyzing the structure. Pertinent content was defined through questionnaires sent to high school and university students who live in Porto Seguro. This research has concluded that the articulation between the City of Porto Seguro-BA and the City Council of Tourism Development websites does not yet constitute an informational environment in keeping with the demands of tourism in cyberculture.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing tourism promotion literature as it generates new qualitative research procedures through a critical-dialectic methodology. As one of the few research studies on the tourist cybercity concept, it contributes to the first systematic analysis of the destination, offers an integrated promotion model and documents online tourist communication.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

An Empirical Evaluation of Cashless Systems Implementation in Ghana

Research Article
Author(s): Richard Apau, Ernest Obeng, Akonnor Nana Darko
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This study aims to evaluate cashless systems as a means of payment and receipt in Ghana. Specifically, the study sought to identify the modes of cashless systems in use and evaluate the level of implementation. A quantitative approach was adopted and primary data was gathered from 345 respondents knowledgeable in cashless systems using a structured questionnaire. Secondary data on cashless systems transactions between 2013 and 2017 were obtained from the Bank of Ghana. Data were analysed quantitatively using SPSS and presented using tables and charts. The findings reveal that the value of transactions made through cashless systems is on the rise. The use of cheques continues to be the dominant system in place at the end of 2017. The study found that mobile money services are penetrating the market at a pace faster than all other cashless payment and receipt modes. Internet banking is another emerging area that is also fast gaining ground. Debit/credit cards, E-zwich and Electronic funds transfers are not fully used in day to day transactions. Point of Sale terminals are rarely available at local shops to promote the use of cards in making purchases. The study found convenience, time savings and security from physical attacks to be the key benefits of cashless systems. Low literacy serves as major challenge to cashless system implementation. Based on these findings, it is recommended that local shops and supermarkets be assisted to adopt cashless receipt systems. The ease of finding shops that accept e-payments for items will reduce the desire in carrying cash for transactions.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of few studies that have assessed the effectiveness of cashless system implementation in Ghana. The study adopted a mix of research approaches and strategies aimed at exploring the level of implementation, benefits, drivers and challenges of cashless systems as a means of transaction.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 3

The Effects of Using Assessment Rubrics on the Assessment and Grading of Pupils Conceptual Understanding of Algebra

Research Article
Author(s): Eustasy Mwamba, Leonard Mubila
Journal: World Journal of Vocational Education and Training

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Abstract
In an effort to improve performance in mathematics, this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-test post-test study was designed to establish the effects of using assessment rubrics on the assessment and grading of pupil’s conceptual understanding of algebra. This was done using Algebra Achievement Test (?=0.9) and Attitude Questionnaire Math (?=0.832) as data collection instruments. In the study, two groups of pupils (control, n=30 and experimental, n=34) doing 10th grade ordinary level mathematics were randomly selected at Muyombe Boarding Secondary School. Both groups received Problem Based classroom instructions on the topic. Then the experimental group was assessed using assessment rubrics. Data collected were analyzed using statistical tests through SPSS version 16. The independent t-test results showed that the experimental group exhibited a statistical significance with higher Mean Achievement Score (? =62.76 SD=21.844) than the control group (? =49.72SD=14.027), t (62, 0.05) =3.590, p<0.05). The Manny Whitney U test also showed that the experimental group (?=92.92, SD=3.11) had a statistical significance with a higher positive attitude toward mathematics than the control group (?=84.35, SD=8.59), p<0.001. The results of the study showed that assessment rubrics could serve as a powerful tool for assessment and grading of pupils’ work that led to improved performance in mathematics. The study recommended that teacher educators should consider including assessment rubrics in their respective methodologies and assessment courses for pre-service teachers, and suggestions were provided for further research studies.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the effects of using assessment rubrics on the assessment and grading of pupils’ conceptual understanding of algebra, and also how to design and use rubrics in a mathematics classroom.
Arts and Education » World Journal of Vocational Education and Training » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

A Framework for Digital Forensic in Joint Heterogeneous Cloud Computing Environment

Research Article
Author(s): Zayyanu Umar, Etuh Emmanuel
Journal: Journal of Future Internet

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Abstract
The cloud computing is nowadays an embracing computing technology by many organizations, academic institutions and business centers. Resources availability, resources capacity, security are among the factors that subscriber consider while rating Cloud Service Providers when subscribing. Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) are limited in some resources, lacking some resources requested by their customers, this gave rise to the need for interconnecting multiple clouds to interoperate and share resources. The interconnected clouds can be in different features and schemes and the system can be prone to insecurity or intrusion. The architectural modeling system was used in developing framework. In this paper, a Digital Forensic Framework that can detect intrusion within heterogeneous joint clouds was developed with the architectural model and algorithm that can handle the joint clouds heterogeneity and complexity during inter-clouds resources management. This study originates a new framework and an algorithm that enable detecting crime and locating a scene of a crime for digital investigation (digital forensic) in a joined different configured cloud service providers (CSPs) platforms.
Contribution/ Originality
This study originates a new framework and an algorithm that enable detecting crime and locating a scene of a crime for digital investigation (digital forensic) in a joined different Configured cloud service providers (CSPs) platforms.
Computer Sciences » Journal of Future Internet » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1