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German Exports, Economic Growth and Foreign Demand: An Analysis of the Period 2000–2017

Joaquim Carlos Racy


Pedro Raffy Vartanian


Bruno Dalle Piagge Vendruscolo

Joaquim Carlos Racy 1 Pedro Raffy Vartanian 1 ,
Bruno Dalle Piagge Vendruscolo 3

  1. Adjunct Professor of Economics, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Brazil. 1

  2. Master in Economics, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Brazil. 3

Pages: 335-354

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2019.66.335.354

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Article History:

Received: 02 September, 2019
Revised: 07 October, 2019
Accepted: 13 November, 2019
Published: 11 December, 2019


Taken as a model of economic success expressed as a position of leadership achieved in an environment of economic integration, Germany has shown a growth based to a large extent on its exports. In this sense, this study aims to identify to what extent – and if – the exports of goods from Germany are conditioned by foreign demand between 2000 and 2017. According to the applied methodology, using an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model and the bounds test for cointegration, the estimated coefficients indicate, for both short and long run, an elastic behavior of German exports relative to the external demand changes. Additionally, in the same period, the results corroborated the positive hypothesis of a long-term relationship between the variables. However, although the statistics and historical analysis point to the weakness of a growth model that relies heavily on exports as a fundamental source of demand, the discussion raised forces reflection on the institutional characteristics that may actually contribute to a better understanding of the aspects that define the evolution of recent German economic history.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by identifying to what extent – and if – the exports of goods from Germany are conditioned by foreign demand between 2000 and 2017.


German exports, Economic growth, Foreign demand, German reunification, Labor market, Economic liberalization.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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