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Multivariate Analysis in Formulation of the Benefit-Cost Index Related to the Sugarcane Production System in the Quirinopolis Municipality Productive Center, Goias, Brazil

Jean Marc Nacife


Frederico Antonio Loureiro Soares

Jean Marc Nacife 1

Frederico Antonio Loureiro Soares 2

  1. Department of Technical and Technological Education, Goiano Federal Institute (IF Goiano), Rio Verde, Brazil. 1

  2. Postgraduate Program in Agricultural Sciences, Goiano Federal Institute (IF Goiano), Rio Verde, Brazil. 2

Pages: 355-368

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2019.66.355.368

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Article History:

Received: 05 September, 2019
Revised: 09 October, 2019
Accepted: 18 November, 2019
Published: 16 December, 2019


Food and bioenergy agriculture are growing demands of the global population. The problem of rural production facilities resides in gross revenue and not in issues related to production scale, since the price is determined by the market. The performance measure indicators, whether financial or not, have helped managers to focus their actions on long-term perspectives of sustainable socioeconomic production in rural production facilities. It is proposed to validate an equation model composed of social and economic indicators as a parameter for monitoring the development of sugarcane production in agricultural production facilities by means of multivariate analysis techniques and to characterize the socioeconomic factors different profiles in rural production facilities studied. The methodological approach was quantitative, applying techniques of inferential statistics and multivariate analysis by test for normality, test of the Friedman hypothesis, Categorical Principal Components Analysis, adjustment of multiple linear regression model and profile segmentation. The statistical tests showed statistical significance (P<0.05), CATPCA presented 2 dimensions with Cronbach's alpha adequate and a linear regression model was adjusted with adequate R2 of 0.90. The results by profile show that the IBCcane was the best of the smallholdings with 24.39 ha-1, (100% of the lessors). The IBCcane by establishments profile was: 424.39 (smallholding); 174.66 (small); 827.34 (medium); and 2,765.96 (large). The multivariate analysis determined the equation validity for the proposed indicators, it was proven that the smallholdings have the best benefit-cost index and the benefit-cost by profile showed that the large ones have a greater financial gain due to the productive scale.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural economy, Production rates, Regional development, Rural development, Socioeconomic index, Sugarcane agroindustry.



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This research was supported by the Association of Cana Goias Suppliers (APROCANA Quirinopolis), Departments of Agriculture and Environment, Industry and Commerce and Tourism of the Quirinopolis City Hall, Quirinopolis College and led by the Postgraduate Program in Agricultural Sciences of the Federal Goian Institute (IF GOIANO), Rio Verde Campus.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Authors are especially grateful for the institutional support of the Federal Institute of Goiás (IF GOIANO), Campus Rio Verde. The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinions of their supporters or partners. CAPES, for authorizing the IF Goiano - Campus Rio Verde to manage the Graduate Program in Agricultural Sciences - Agronomy, Doctorate level.

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( 201 ) The Effect of Disruptive Factors on Inventory Control as a Mediator and Organizational Performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan
( 202 ) Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption of Soil Conservation Development
( 203 ) Factors Affecting Profitability of General Insurance Companies in Indonesia
( 205 ) Panel Data Estimators in the Presence of Serial and Spatial Correlation with Panel Heteroscedasticity: A Simulation Study
( 206 ) The Impact of Data Frequency on the Level of Exchange Rate Pass-through to Consumer Prices in Nigeria
( 207 ) What Explains the Overwhelmingly Positive Perception towards Microfinance Institutions? Application of Firth’s Logistic Regression in a Small Sample
( 208 ) Financial Risks in Turkish Banking Industry: A Panel Data Analaysis on Istanbul Stock Exchange
( 209 ) Human Capital Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach
( 212 ) Contribution of Domestic Direct Investment and Direct Foreign Investment to Economic Growth in Indonesia Era Joko Widodo
( 213 ) The Euribor and EONIA Reform: Achieving Regulatory Compliance while Protecting Financial Stability
( 214 ) Creative Marketing and Innovative Branding: An Effective Way to Attract Customers
( 215 ) The Reasons Behind the Shift of Patients from Public to Private Hospitals: Evidence from Public Hospitals in Cumilla City Corporation
( 216 ) Assessing Access to Comprehensive HIV Treatment Services for Men Who Have Sex with Men and Female Sex Workers in the Bamenda Health District
( 217 ) The Promise and Reality of Public Sector Reform – A Case Study of the Implementation of Trinidad and Tobagos Health Sector Reform
( 219 ) Modelling Stock Returns Volatility and Asymmetric News Effect: A Global Perspective
( 220 ) A Study on Financial Performance of Transport & Warehouses Firms Listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange
( 221 ) IT Governance as Drivers of Dynamic Capabilities to Gain Corporate Performance Under the Effects of Environmental Dynamism
( 222 ) Are the Predictions of the Mundell-Fleming Model Applicable to Mexico?