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Listing 77 - 20 of 1965 results.

Community Involvement and Teacher Attendance in Basic Schools: The Case of East Mamprusi District in Ghana

Research Article
Author(s): Anthony Kudjo Donkor, Biliman Izal Waek
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The purpose of the study was to investigate the extent of community members’ involvement in school activities to enhance teacher attendance in the East Mamprusi District of Northern Ghana. The research design was a survey. Stratified sampling method was employed to group the study population into five (5) strata of teaching staff, SMC/PTA executive members, District Education Officers, and community members. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 150 participants. The Statistical Product for Service Solution (SPSS) version 20.0 was used to analyze the data collected. The purpose of the study was made known to participants. The findings depicted that though the level of community involvement in the activities of the schools was encouraging it had limited influence on teacher attendance. Characteristics such as age, gender, ethnicity, language, wealth, weak democracy, illiteracy, work and time served as barriers to community involvement in monitoring teacher attendance. Recommendations of the study include, the training or sensitization of SMC and PTA executives as well as community members on their rights and privileges to be involved in school activities, especially monitoring of teachers’ attendance. In addition, they should be equipped with skills and knowledge to exercise their duties and responsibilities. The study will benefit all stakeholders of education and policy makers.
Contribution/ Originality


Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Modeling, Simulation and Stability Analysis Using MATLAB of a Hybrid System Solar Panel and Wind Turbine in The Locality of Puntahacienda-Quingeo In Ecuador

Research Article
Author(s): D. Icaza, S. Sami
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The modeling, simulation and analysis of the energy conversion equations describing the behavior of a hybrid system PV and wind turbine, and hybrid system for electrical power generation are presented. A numerical model based on the aforementioned equations was developed, coded and results were presented, discussed compared to experimental data reported in the literature. The model is intended for optimization and as design tool for such hybrid systems. The model predicted results compared fairly to experimental data under various conditions. A stability analysis was also performed by the mathematical modeling for the hybrid system. It is important to point out that this analysis has been carried out so that in the near future one of these power generation systems to be exploited to a great extent in the locality of Quingeo-Puntahacienda.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the optimization of hybrid systems PV-Wind and that can be used as design tool for hybrid systems intended for implementation in remote zones without access to the grid. It is important to point out that this study has been carried out so that in the near future remote areas localities such as Quingeo-Puntahacienda can benefit from renewable energy technologies.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

The Relationship between Sport Organizational Management Practices and Coaching Leadership Style of Primer League Football Clubs in Ethiopian

Research Article
Author(s): Biruk Hundito, N.Vijay Mohan
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sport organizational management practices and coaching leadership style of Ethiopian primer league football clubs. To this end descriptive survey method were employed. The data collected by two Questionnaires the first one from sport organizational management practices and the second one Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS) from selected football club players. Assess the validity and reliability of the questionnaires by areas of professional expertise. The target population of this study were all 14 Ethiopian primer league football club players. Based on Ethiopian football federation rules and regulations 25 players registered for one year computation 25x14(N=350).The researcher selected only 4(28.57%) top two and bottom tow clubs from 2015/2016 computation year by using purposive sampling techniques. The total number of participants in this study was 4x25(N=100). The research approach applied for this study were quantitative approach in nature. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20 used for data analysis Depending on the nature of the basic questions, appropriate statistical techniques such as mean, standard deviation, ANOVA (analysis of variance) ,and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis. The level of significance is set at 0.05. The researcher assumption/hypothesis was: - There is no significant difference in sport organizational management practices, Perceive and Prefer of coaching leadership behaviour of player’s indices in Ethiopian premier league football clubs. The study findings indicated that, there is significant difference between clubs and sport organizational management practice, there is significant difference between clubs and perceive coaching leadership style and there is no significant difference between clubs and prefer coaching leadership style. Finally there was positive relationship in sport organizational management practice, perceive and prefer of coaching leadership behaviour.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of develop positive relationship between management, coaching staff and players. The study revealed the existing lapses in sports organizational management practices in the area of human, physical, fiscal and resources management which could promote positive participation and performance in football sports.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

The Profitability of Momentum Strategies: Empirical Evidence from Damascus Securities Exchange (DSE)

Research Article
Author(s): Oubay Mahmoud, Almougheer I. Wardeh
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the profitability of Momentum based- trading strategies and investigate the causes of such profitability in Damascus Securities Exchange (DSE) market. The study analyzed 16 Momentum strategies based on full rebalancing and equally weighted techniques using monthly data from January 2010 to December 2016. The findings of the study showed low but significant Momentum effect, where the returns of Momentum portfolios were statistically positive only in 1 out of 16 strategies. Our findings suggest that Momentum strategy is applicable for winner portfolios whereas contrarian strategy is more appropriate for loser portfolios. We also adopted Market Model in order to investigate the possible risk-based explanations of Momentum profits, but we found that market risk is unable to explain the Momentum profitability in DSE market.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the literature related to financial market efficiency by finding the link between Momentum strategies and abnormal returns. Consequently, providing an evidence about the link between Momentum effect and market efficiency in emerging markets.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Determinants of Rural Residential Solid Waste Collection Services in Lagos State

Research Article
Author(s): Olatomide.W. Olowa
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
In the wake of increased investment in and new policies regarding Residential Solid Waste Management (RSWM) in Lagos state and the attendant consequence of inefficiencies currently observed with the system, this study describe the state and determinants of waste management services in rural Lagos State. A well-structured questionnaire, which consist of two sections, was used to elicit demographic and residential solid waste collection information from 200 household heads sampled using the multi-stage sampling in 3 Local Council Development Areas (LCDAs). Data were analysed using both descriptive and Dprobit, an advanced probit logistic model. Results show that the mean and standard deviation for whether a ward/neighborhood has RSW collector was 0.23 and 0.42. Similarly, mean and standard deviation for Private Sector Participation (PSP) operator employing RSWC workers was 0.22 and 0.41. Among demographic and residential solid waste collection characteristics, income, population, PSP charges or rates and distance to dump site are found to be determinants of RSWC services in rural areas of Lagos state. The analysis shows that a one thousand increase in Mean income would increase the possibility of providing waste Transportation services by 0.20 percent and the possibility of employing waste workers by only 0.17 percent. Conversely, a one Kilometre increase in distance to dumpsite would reduce the possibility of PSP operator acquiring a compactor. Government incentivisation of rural residential solid waste collection would go a long way to eliminate poor RSWC in rural areas of Lagos State.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Nutrient Compositions of Different Grains for Use in the Formulation of Bacteriological Media

Research Article
Author(s): Istifanus Boyi Maikasuwa, Charles Chidozie Iheukwumere, Innocent Okonkwo Ogbonna
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
Some grains were analysed for their nutrient compositions for use in the formulation of bacteriological media in consideration of cheap and effective alternative to the conventional media. The media were respectively formulated using Acha (Digitaria exilis), Maize (Zea mays), Rice (Oryza sativa), Guinea corn (Sorghum species) and Millet (Pennisetum glaucum). Proximate analyses of the grains showed reasonable amounts of carbohydrates (55.0 to 73.9%), moisture contents (9.92 to 11.25%) and crude proteins (7.39 to 11.77%). Crude fibre and ash had the least % in the five grains used. Amongst the macro-elements, carbon is the most abundant followed by nitrogen. Using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS), Zn, Co, Cu and Mo were not detectable in the grains, whereas Mn was present in minute quantities (? 0.015%). All the bacteria assessed grew on the formulated media. Statistical analysis of the data indicated homogeneity in growth rates of the test bacteria on most of the media formulated. However higher microbial counts observed on millet extract agar (MIEA) suggests that the medium could serve as an alternative growth medium for bacteria in place of the conventional nutrient agar (NA) with reduced cost.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated nutrient compositions of different grains for use in the formulation of bacteriological media.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Effects of Technological Treatments of Dietary Palm Kernel Meal on Feed Intake, Growth and Body Composition of Oreochromis Niloticus Reared in Concrete Tanks

Research Article
Author(s): Amakoe Adjanke, Kokou TONA, Ibrahim IMOROU TOKO, Messanvi GBEASSOR
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of treated palm kernel meal in diets on production parameters of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared in concrete tanks. Fingerlings of Tilapia with an average initial weight 6.22 ± 0.25 g and an average size 7.58 ± 0.21 cm were fed four isonitrogenous diets each containing 30% palm kernel meal treated one-hour or not. So we have NT (untreated), DW (dipped in water), CW (cooked in water) and SW (steamed). These diets were compared with a commercial fish feed, Raanan (RA), all about 32% crude protein. After 8 weeks of experiment the final body weight varied between 29.57 and 43.01 g according to the tested treatments. The best growth rate and food conversion ratio were obtained with diet CW containing palm kernel meal cooked in water with specific growth rate (SGR) of 3.24 %/d and food conversion ratio (FCR) of 1.97 against a SGR of 3.44%/d and a FCR of 1.72 obtained with commercial feed (RA). Moreover, the tested diets do not seem to have any effect on the intestine size but the cooking seems to act on fish liver weight and body composition. The production parameters were improved with the diet containing palm kernel meal cooked in water which seems to be the interest food for O. niloticus on growing.
Contribution/ Originality
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests in relation to this original article. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated on palm kernel meal in diet in order to reduce the cost of fish feed.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

The Rwandan Secondary School Competence-Based Curriculum: Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes to Incorporate in the University of Rwanda-College of Education Programs to Align them with the Current Curriculum

Research Article
Author(s): Cyprien TABARO
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Since its insertion in 1998, Kigali Institute of Education, currently known as College of Education under the University of Rwanda, henceforth ‘The University of Rwanda-College of Education (UR-CE)’, it`s first mission has been training and producing teachers for secondary schools in Rwanda. To a certain extent, bearing in mind that Rwanda Education Board (REB), an institution in charge of education in Rwanda from kindergarten to secondary education, in designing its programmes, UR-CE curricula from Rwanda Education Board (REB) were taken into account. Recently, REB has introduced a new Competence-Based Curriculum (CBC) replacing the knowledge-based one that has been in practice for many years. Hence, the UR-CE is also obliged to revise its programmes and align them with the new CBC designed for secondary schools so that the UR-CE graduates are equipped with required knowledge and practical skills to cope with the demands of the newly introduced secondary school competence-based curriculum. Relying on existing documentation supported with our observations and critical analysis, this analytical paper attempts to highlight some of the knowledge, skills and attitudes deemed important to be incorporated in new UR-CE revised programmes in a way to align them with the secondary school Competence-based curriculum designed by REB. It also seeks to point out some of the challenges that might be associated with the teaching of such suggested knowledge, skills and attitudes; and provide measures to mitigate such challenges.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper`s primary contribution is highlighting the gaps in the UR-CE existing programs, how to adjust those programs and align them with the current competence-based curriculum designed for secondary schools in Rwanda. It describes aspects, skills and skills to incorporate in the new programs taking into account the CBC requirements.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya

Research Article
Author(s): John Nganga Gathagu, Benedict M. Mutua, Khaldoon A. Mourad, Brian Omondi Oduor
Journal: International Journal of Hydrology Research

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Abstract
Despite their imperative role in water resources management, distributed hydrological models like SWAT require calibration that can be challenging due to uncertainties of parameters involved. Prior to modelling of hydrological processes, these parameters and their uncertainty range need to be identified. The objective of this study was to conduct uncertainty analysis of hydrological processes and to calibrate the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) for stream flow and sediment yield modelling in Thika River catchment. Sequential Uncertainty Fitting program (SUFI-2) was used to conduct sensitivity and uncertainty analysis. Stream flow was calibrated and validated between the years 1998 to 2013 for gauging stations 4CB05 and 4CB04. Manual sediments calibration was achieved by constraining the MUSLE parameters using the bathymetric survey data. Two uncertainty indices, p and r factor, were obtained as 0.72 and 0.65, 0.65 and 0.45 during calibration and validation, respectively. Statistical performance indicators showed a good match between the observed and simulated values which indicated that the model was well calibrated for simulation of stream flow and sediments yield in the catchment.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the estimation of base scenarios using sequential uncertainty fitting algorithm. The study outlines the analysis of parameter uncertainties and calibration for estimating impacts of conservation methods on stream flow and sediment yield.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Hydrology Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink

Research Article
Author(s): Ineke PUTRI, Antonius HINTONO, Siti SUSANTI
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
Extract of Elephant Foot Yam (EFY) is known to contain flavonoid that is an antioxidant compound and thus has the potential to be utilized as functional food in the form of beverages. Functional drinks made from plants are usually presented as healthy drinks, which in this case is in the form of syrup. This study aims to determine the antioxidant activity, pH value, viscosity and sensory properties of EFY extract syrup with different extract formulas and find out which of the formulated syrup produced is best based on its antioxidant activity and physical characteristics. The syrups produced were derived from 3 different types of formulas determined which were F1 (0.6% extract), F2 (2% extract) and F3 (4% extract). The parameters observed in this study were antioxidant activity, pH value, viscosity, and sensory properties of the syrup. The results obtained show that variations of the extract concentration in the formula have effects on the antioxidant activity, pH value, viscosity, aroma, and consumers’ preference of the syrup. The syrup formula with a concentration of 4% extract (F3) was found to have favorable properties as it has the highest antioxidant activity of 71.39 ppm; pH value of 4.97; and viscosity 0.265 c. In terms of consumer’s preference, the syrup with 0.6% extract (F1) is most preferably in color, flavor, and aroma. Thus EFY potentially as antioxidant source that can be added into the healthy drink in the form of syrup.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies that have investigated the potency of a tropical tuber grown primarily in Southeast Asia namely Elephant Foot Yam (EFY) as a functional baverage in the form of syrup preparation.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Evaluation of the Goals of Art Education Programme in the North-East, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Nkem Udeani, Femi Kayode
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
One fundamental way of ensuring success in workplaces is to set the goal to be actualized. Education industry is not an exception. This study evaluated the goals of art education programme in the unity schools of the North eastern zone of Nigeria. Three out of the six states in that zone were selected. The research design is survey. The target population is the entire teachers and students of the art education programme in Federal Unity Schools. Four hundred and ten constituted the elements in the population; in which case, there were twenty art teachers and three hundred and ninety were students. A sample size of two hundred and seventy-six was taken from both the art teachers and the Senior Secondary students using the purposive sampling technique. Two objectives and two research questions were set to guide the study. Statistical tool in the like of percentage and Table of frequency distribution were used for data analysis and presentation. Findings show that though Art Education goals are achieved, poor performance, inadequacy of infrastructural facilities and instructional materials were also observed.
Contribution/ Originality
The study reveals the current state of art education programme in North-eastern Nigeria and gave insight to the significance of its goals to the mental development of learners in that zone. The study has also served as an impetus for creating students’ and parents’ interest in art education.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Can Gamified Assessment Replace Traditional Tests?

Research Article
Author(s): Filomachi Spathopoulou
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
This paper analyzes the potential of gamified tests as a replacement for conventional tests, and the benefits and challenges of the application of gamification in universities and colleges. It looks into the pros and cons of the use of gamification in higher education, reviews the application of gaming elements in assessments and suggests that the incorporation of gamified activities in some of the practical tasks in the classroom helps to develop and nurture the students’ practical competences. The article concludes that although the potential of gamified assessment cannot be ignored, the idea that gamification can result in the mastering of the theoretical concepts has not been proven.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the application of serious games in the context of higher education by focusing on assessment. It is one of very few studies which looks into the possibility of replacing traditional assessment tools with game-based tests.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Disrupting Digital Future of Product Lifecycle

Research Article
Author(s): A. Seetharaman, Nitin Patwa, A.S. Saravanan, Shital Vakhariya
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
Fast changing digital technologies are disrupting and changing business, product life cycles are becoming shorter and putting pressure on companies to bring a new product to market quick still cheaper and better this new technological wave warrant companies to put product innovation and development at the forefront. Data has become vital for business leaders across every industry; they are looking for a digital model to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of product lifecycle. These new trends in digital technology are shaping future of product lifecycle, Big data, Internet of things, cognitive and text analytics has come forward to the new edge of digital enabled innovation over the past few years. Big data analytics has become vital for business leaders across every industry sector. While many companies have used it to extract new insights and create new forms of value, other companies have yet to leverage big data to extend the life cycle of their products.
Contribution/ Originality


Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Probable Deep Erosion by Continental Ice Sheet Melt Water Floods: Chalk Buttes Area of Carter County, Montana, USA

Research Article
Author(s): Eric Clausen
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Topographic maps are used to determine erosional landform origins along the Little Missouri River-Powder River drainage divide in the Chalk Buttes areas of Carter County, Montana. Asymmetric drainage divides, drainage divide gaps, and isolated erosional remnants are used to determine a sequence of erosion events beginning with headward erosion of northeast-oriented Little Missouri River tributary valleys and ending with headward erosion of the deeper north-northeast and north-northwest oriented Powder River valley. Gaps notched into present day drainage divides and orientations of valley heads on either side of those gaps suggest many closely spaced southeast-oriented streams flowed across the region immediately prior to being captured by headward erosion of deeper north-oriented valleys. Buttes capped by horizontal Miocene Arikaree sandstones stand 500 feet (152 meters) or more above surrounding Little Missouri River tributary drainage basin elevations while the Powder River valley floor elevation is as much as 800 feet (244 meters) below those surrounding elevations. A water source could not be determined from the map evidence, however the study area is located to the south and west of a known continental ice sheet margin and large southeast-oriented ice-marginal melt water floods should have logically crossed the region.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents how large volumes of southeast-oriented water of probable continental ice sheet melt water origin deeply eroded the Chalk Buttes area of Carter County in southeast Montana and suggests that at least one continental ice sheet deeply eroded the North American continent.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Domiciliary Care Providers Views on Provision of Palliative Care for their Cancer Patients

Research Article
Author(s): Meegoda MKDL, Fernando DMS, Sivayogan S, Atulomah, NOS, Marasinghe, RB
Journal: Cancers Review

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Abstract
A qualitative study was conducted to describe views and life experiences of domiciliary care providers in meeting the palliative care needs of adult cancer patients at the National Cancer Institute, Maharagama, Sri Lanka. The target population for this study was Domiciliary Care Providers (DCPs) who were the family care givers of patients at National Institute of Cancer, Maharagam (NICM), Cancer Home (CH), Maharagama, Shantha Sevana Hospice (SSH) and Ceylinco Oncology Unit (COU), Colombo, Sri-Lanka. Purposive sampling technique was used to select participants for the study. In-depth interviews were conducted using validated semi-structured interviewer guide. Data saturation was reached after 15 in-depth interviews with DCPs. Trustworthiness of the study was maintained. Phenomenological-hermeneutic approach was followed to analyze qualitative data and thematic analysis was performed. Data analysis was done concurrently with data gathering. Being reassured, having more expectations, need psychosocial help and inadequate knowledge were the key themes identified. They expect knowledge improvement to provide better care. As patients’ level of satisfaction on domiciliary care provided by DCPs was high, improving their knowledge on palliative care may be a cost effective method of improving palliative care.
Contribution/ Originality
This study makes the distinct contribution to existing body of knowledge on the effectiveness of an educational intervention on cancer palliative care for nurses. This study uses new estimation methodology of implementing a user friendly intervention delivered through hybrid delivery. This study originates new formula in palliative care nursing. It used printed material on cancer palliative care, supplemented with face to face interactive sessions, DVD, telephone and online communications. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated improvement of nurses’ skills in cancer palliative care using quasi experimental design. The paper's primary contribution is finding that nurses skills improved significantly from the baseline to outcome evaluation and compared to the control group there was a 7.9 fold increase in the skills of nurses following the intervention. This study documents the effectiveness of an educational intervention on cancer palliative care delivered through a hybrid model.
Medical Sciences » Cancers Review » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

In Vitro Antibacterial Effects of Chloroform, Methanol and Water Extracts of Croton Macrostachyus Stem Bark Against Escherichia Coli and Staphylococcus Aureus Standard and Clinical Strains

Research Article
Author(s): Tigist Minyamer, Getnet Belay
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
In Ethiopia, different parts of Croton macrostachyus (C. macrostachyus) are used as a traditional medicine to take care of infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles, but there is no documented report on the antibacterial activity of stem bark of this plant in Ethiopia. C. macrostachyus stem bark was extracted using chloroform, methanol, and water extraction solvents and tested for their antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli (E. coli), clinical isolates and standard, and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), clinical isolates and standard, using agar well diffusion and broth dilution methods. The positive control was Chloramphenicol, while dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was served as negative control. The present study showed the potent antibacterial activity of the C. macrostachyus stem bark extract against all tested bacterial pathogens. The methanol extract of C. macrostachyus stem bark showed the highest zone of inhibition (17+1mm) against S. aureus (standard) and the lowest zone of inhibition (12+1) against E. coli (clinical isolate). In this study, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of 500 & 500 mg/ml, 62.5 & 125 mg/ml and 250 & 500mg/ml were obtained for water, methanol, and chloroform extracts of C. macrostachyus stem bark against clinically isolated E. coli respectively. C. macrostachyus stem bark extracts have confirmed antibacterial effects, mainly on E. coli and S. aureus. Thus, C. macrostachyus stem bark could be effective for prevention of bacterial infections and may be considered as an option to antibiotic regimens. But further studies should be conducted with different extraction solvents and toxicity and phytochemical analysis must be performed on these plants to use as sources and templates for the synthesis of drugs.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by providing basic information for other researchers regarding the antibacterial potential of Ethiopian C. macrostachyus stem bark so that C. macrostachyus stem bark may be considered as an option to antibiotic regimens.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

The Impact of Land Use on Spatial Variations of Begging in District Lahore_Pakistan

Research Article
Author(s): Imran Khan
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Begging has seen more critical social issue in most urban centers of developing states. The present study explores the relationship between begging and land use in District Lahore_Pakistan. This study is based both primary as well as secondary data. To determine the spatial variations of begging, well-developed questionnaires were designed to get relevant information from randomly selected beggars. The study which used z-score to compare the concentration of begging in the study area verified that the occurrence of begging is a function of land use activities. It recommends that more research works should be done on the problem of begging to observe more relationships between begging, land uses and other social issues such as urbanization, socio-economic background, poverty and culture.
Contribution/ Originality
This study used a new technique of GIS hot spot analysis through which different hot spots and cold spots of beggars were explored. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated and verified a relationship between begging and different land use.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Umoh F. O, Osodeke, V. E, Akpan, U. S
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
This study was conducted to asses Potassium leaching behavior of six (6) selected parent materials in Eastern Nigeria. The soils were formed from Shale, Coastal Plain Sand, Alluvium, Sandstone, Basement Complex and Basalt. A treatment solution containing O, 50, 100, 150 and 200mg/l of K prepared from KCl were added to 20g of soil samples in duplicated cups, the upper cup perforated, mixed thoroughly and allowed to dry. The cups were carefully covered and allowed to incubate for 1, 7, 30, 90 and 180 days, respectively. A total of 180 experimental units were generated and the treatment combinations were fitted into a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), with 6 soil types representing the blocks for each of the incubation periods. The soil samples were kept moist with deionized water at weekly interval throughout the duration of incubation. At the set days, the concentrations of K in the leachate were measured using flame photometry. The K concentrations with days of incubation were plotted against rates of addition. The result shows that the leaching behavior of K in the parent materials varies under similar experimental conditions. Coastal Plain Sand, Sandstone and Basaltic Soil with high sand content exhibits highest amount of leaching compared to shale, alluvium and basement complex with high clay content. A higher K losses with high rates of K addition was observed and K decreased with time (days) of incubation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses incubation methodology in assessing leaching potential of different soil types. This study is one of the very few studies which investigated leaching behaviour of soils of southeastern Nigeria. The paper’s primary contribution is the finding that soils with high sand content exhibits high K leaching than others.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Is Alumni Salary an Appropriate Metric for University Marketers?

Research Article
Author(s): Tanya A. Masciantonio, Paul D. Berger
Journal: Journal of Social Economics Research

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Abstract
This paper considers ethnicity variables and financial variables to study what impact they have on alumni salaries six and ten years after graduation, for colleges and universities in the United States. We find that certain ethnic groups earn less salary both six years out and ten years out, while other ethnic groups earn more salary both six and ten years out. The same is true for selected financial variables, such as median household income. We perform our study primarily using stepwise-regression analyses. Since many colleges and universities use future salary of alumni as a marketing tool, this study cautions that there is a danger to the diversity of a college campus, and a corresponding harm to students on such a campus, if the college or university places too much emphasis on future alumni salary and makes admissions decisions in a way that emphasizes that criterion.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by pointing out a potentially unintended consequence of an economically-motivated decision made by colleges and universities that is, arguably, bad for society. The danger is that of reducing the diversity of the undergraduate student-body, and the corresponding harm done to said student body.
Economics » Journal of Social Economics Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Landslide Hazard Evaluation and Zonation of Karaj-Chalus Road (North of Iran)

Research Article
Author(s): Ali Sorbi, Alireza Farrokhnia
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Mass wasting, one of the major natural disaster, have resulted into significant injury and loss to the human life and damaged Property and infrastructure throughout the world. The studied area is located in the Alborz mountains Range from Karaj to Chalus, central Alborz mountain range, Iran; where is frequently affected by several different mass wasting types and needs to be considered and immediate attention. In this study 9 causative factors, include: drainage density, aspect, slope, vegetation density, lineation density, main fault buffer, landuse, lithology and seismic activity was considered. The studies have shown that the northern part of the rout falls under very low to low risk except near the MarzanAbad city because of the KalarDasht heights. Increasing vegetation density is one of the reasons for reducing the risk in the northern part of the rout. Very high risk zones are mainly concentrated between Aderan and Nesa cities that explained by the presence of steep slopes and the effect of the faults which affected this section of rout. There are significant risk reducing by getting away from the road. In general, most of the areas on this rout are zones that have the medium to high instability.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses new estimation methodology in landslide hazard zonation in Karaj-Chalus Road and the results of this study will help to preventing slope instability by enhancing the high risk areas.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2