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Awareness on Air Pollution and Risk Preparedness among Residents in Kigali City of Rwanda

Lamek Nahayo


Deborah Nibagwire


Gabriel Habiyaremye


Egide Kalisa


Madeleine Udahogora


Abias Maniragaba

Lamek Nahayo 1

Deborah Nibagwire 2
Gabriel Habiyaremye 3

Egide Kalisa 4 Egide Kalisa 4 

Madeleine Udahogora 6 Madeleine Udahogora 6 Abias Maniragaba 8

  1. State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 818 South Beijing Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830011, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; Uni 1

  2. University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali-Rwanda; Zhejiang Normal University, 688 Yingbin Avenue, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province, 321004, China 2

  3. Lancaster Environmental Center, Library Avenue, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom 3

  4. School of Sciences, University of Rwanda, College of Science and Technology, Kigali, Rwanda 4

  5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 6

  6. University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Kigali-Rwanda 8

Pages: 1-9

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2019.81.1.9

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Article History:

Received: 13 November, 2018
Revised: 20 December, 2018
Accepted: 24 January, 2019
Published: 08 March, 2019


The rapid human population growth, industrialization, urbanization, agricultural expansion and other development activities are gradually polluting the quality of air with severe effects on the human health and environment as well. This is particularly, exacerbated by lack information sharing which limits the risk assessment, and community approach to identify the key sources and the mitigation or adaptation strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of air pollution risk awareness in order to enhance its preparedness and adaptation in Kigali City of Rwanda. The authors conducted an interview with 225 respondents randomly selected among the residents in May 2018. The results indicated that the primary air pollution sources are automobile highlighted by 45 percent of respondents, followed by stationery sources at 36 percent. However, the air pollution risk related information is mainly provided at television (50%), owned by 32 percent in contrast of radio possessed by 49% of residents, but used at low extent (36%). This consequently, leads to health problems, acid rain and natural resources depletion as stated by the informants. Accordingly, the air pollution risk awareness is at low level, as respondents highlighted that the related education/training is delivered at low extent (9.3 percent), despite its role in risk awareness and preparedness among the community. While the car free day (32.4%) and forestland expansion (42%) are practiced at large extent than education. The relevant community air pollution risk awareness and reduction measures are suggested.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the awareness on air pollution and the degree of preparedness to the risk in Kigali city of Rwanda. Thus, its findings will help policy makers to better set up air pollution abatement measures under consideration of the residents’ wellness.


Air pollution, Kigali city, Preparedness, Risk awareness, Rwanda, Wellness.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Authors greatly thank all respondents who provided their time in responding to the interview, which led to the successful completion of this study.

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