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Listing 60 - 20 of 1962 results.

Effects of Two Methods of Instruction on Students’ Critical Response to Prose Literature Text in English in Some Secondary Schools in Benin City

Research Article
Author(s): Ezeokoli, F.O, Igubor Patience
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
This study investigated the effects of two methods of instruction on secondary school students’ critical response to Prose Literature text. The study adopted a pretest, posttest, control group quasi experimental design. The participants in the study were 84 Senior Secondary II students of Literature-in-English purposively selected from four Schools in Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. Two intact classes were randomly assigned to each of the treatment and control groups. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level. The instruments used were: Critical Response to Prose Literature Test (r = .75), Questionnaire on Home Background of Students (r = .82), and Critical Response to Prose Literature Test Marking Guide. Data obtained were subjected to Analysis of Covariance and graph. The results showed significant main effect of treatment on students’ critical response to Prose Literature (F (1, 77) = 44.731; p < .05). Students exposed to Engagement Strategies Method performed better than those exposed to the Conventional Method of instruction. Further, home background of students had no significant effect on students’ critical response to Prose Literature text (F (2, 77) = 4.902; p < .05). There was significant interaction effect of treatment and home background of students on students’ critical response to Prose Literature text (F (2, 77) = 3.508; p < .05). It was concluded that Engagement Strategies Method is effective in promoting students’ critical response to Prose Literature text. Teachers of Literature-in-English should employ Engagement Strategies Method in teaching Prose Literature to students in Senior Secondary Schools.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to existing literature by revealing that critical response to literature could be fostered in students through the use of engagement strategies. The study is one of the very few ones that aimed at facilitating students’ critical response to literature rather than teaching to pass examination.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 05-2016 Issue: 5

Skills that Matter and Will Last a Lifetime

Research Article
Author(s): Robert W. Service, James P. Reburn
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Much of the academic and popular press is correctly stressing the need for students to obtain STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) degrees to meet shortages as well as for the good of societal advancement.  To those ends, you will find an extension that details attributes that most executives are looking for in new hires.  Detailing the individual contribution needs works well as a foundation to realizing that executive replacement demands people who are technical, but can build and keep relationships as they co-create a new future through humanistic understandings. This manuscript is prescriptive and descriptive through identifying and addressing: 1) what are key issues surrounding reality, and becoming and remaining an “in reality” relational leader? 2) what are emotional intellect concerns and implications for relational leaders? 3) What is communication and how can we improve it in light of the abundance of technology available? 4) What is a people person; and what are prescripts useful in teaching, measuring and enhancing people person skills? It is clear that most fail at higher levels because they pay attention to issues that are not critical to their success.  The chief intent of this article is to help rectify that by guiding readers toward preparing themselves for expanded managerial and leadership roles.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature related to STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) degrees. Most studies call for more STEM degrees and stress the value of hard math and science skills.  This article specifies soft skills that are required for STEM graduates to become organizational managers and leaders. 

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 05-2016 Issue: 5

Managing Academic Service Delivery in South-South Nigerian Universities for National Education Transformation

Research Article
Author(s): Basil A. Akuegwu, Felix D. Nwi-ue
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
This survey-designed study investigated managing academic service delivery in South-South Nigerian universities for national education transformation. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the investigation. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted to draw a sample size of 200 subjects made up of 46 Deans of Faculties and 154 Heads of Departments, from a population of 322 subjects (46 Deans and 276 HODs) in 4 Federal Universities. Data were collected with the use of “Academic Service Delivery Management Questionnaire (ASDMQ)”. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using Population t-test of single mean and Independent t-test statistical techniques. Results disclosed that managing academic service delivery at the departmental level is significantly low; managing academic service delivery at the faculty level is significantly low; there is no significant difference in managing academic service delivery between departments and faculties in south-south universities. On the strength of these findings, it was recommended that Deans of Faculties and Heads of Departments should give priority attention to academic service delivery to enhance students’ academic outcomes, quality education and national education transformation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated managing academic service delivery in south-south Nigerian universities for national education transformation, with results showing that this all important aspect of institutional administration is poorly managed. There is need for proper management of this for quality learning outcomes.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 06-2016 Issue: 6

Role of Attitude, Interest and Peer Pressure in Academic Outcomes of Girls in Gem Sub - County, Kenya

Research Article
Author(s): James Ochieng Sika, Constantine Wasonga Opiyo
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Girls in secondary schools have been recording a low academic outcomes in mathematics and it is due to this that the study investigated the relationship between academic outcomes of girls in mathematics and other subjects in secondary schools in Gem Sub-County. Specifically the study, determined the relationship between attitude, interests, and academic outcomes of girls, established role of peer pressure in academic outcomes of girls in mathematics in comparison with other subjects. The study was guided by social theory developed by Bandura in 1967. The study adopted correlation survey and used stratified sampling to 6 select schools and respondents from a population of 1770 secondary girls and purposive sampling to select 66 subject teachers and 6 head teachers. The correlation coefficient (r = .530, p₌.003) computed showed high positive correlation between academic outcomes and attitudes and interest among female students in secondary schools. The correlation coefficient (r =0.640, p=.042) computed revealed a weak but statistically significant relationship between peer pressure and differences in academic outcomes in mathematics and other subjects among female students in secondary schools from Gem Sub-County. The study concluded that lack of interests, attitudes and peer pressure contributed to difference in academic outcomes between mathematics and other subjects therefore the study recommended that Mathematics subject teachers and the school administration should find a way of creating awareness on important of mathematics.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes in the existing literature on pertinent issues involving girl child education. The paper’s primary contribution is that academic outcomes are highly correlated with attitudes and interest and that there is a weak but statistically significant relationship between peer pressure and difference in academic outcomes of girl child.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 07-2016 Issue: 7

The Ethics of Teachers’ Practices During Evaluations at University Level: The Case of the University of Maroua

Research Article
Author(s): Bachir Bouba
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
University is more and more faced with the question of ethics these days, especially with regard to student assessment. Some deontologically reprehensible teachers’ practices seem to persist in a setting where the student is in a weak position in the face of a lecturer with a great deal of control and a great capacity for harm. This paper examines the ethics of teachers’ practices during students’ evaluation from a systemic perspective through strategic analysis. Such practices include mark-buying, sexual harassment, and unfair subtraction of marks. The main question in this work is what can explain the persistence of this plight. The data collection process involved the interview of twenty (20) informants, comprising students’ representatives and victims, and personal observations. After having taken stock of the most reported breaches from some lecturers at the University of Maroua, Cameroon, the work scrutinises the reason for their recurrence from three main points: impunity due to the poor application of regulatory provisions, the absence of a moral code in the recruitment procedure of lecturers, and the lecturer’s freedom of impression.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the unethical behavior of teachers in Cameroon universities. It explains the persistence of this unethical behavior trough the weak enforcement of regulations, non-requirement of moral code during recruitment and the feeling free impression of lecturers.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 08-2016 Issue: 8

Technological Skills in the Academic Performance of Students

Research Article
Author(s): Urbano Luna-Maldonado, Hector Flores-Breceda, Juan Antonio Vidales-Contreras, Humberto Rodriguez-Fuentes, Alejandro Isabel Luna-Maldonado
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of technological competence (teacher, Internet, smart classroom), to obtain academic performance of students of higher level of the Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine at the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon. We applied qualitative and quantitative methods, and simultaneously, a statistical design allowed us to make more reliable calculations. We also used two instruments: surveys and assessment  test the research question.
Contribution/ Originality
This study shows how much academic performance is generated from the use of technological competence in the classroom, and how the financing institutions to provide results in a benefit to the student. There is a needed to develop technical competence to opens up new educational possibilities in the classroom and critical thinking.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 09-2016 Issue: 9

An Investigation into the Challenges Faced by a Funding Agency in Designing and Implementing a Succession Planning Programme

Research Article
Author(s): Teboho Jackson Monareng, Rory Dunn
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Succession planning is a key component in talent management and it is defined broadly as a strategic process within an organisation focusing on identifying, training and developing, mentoring and preparing potential talent for future leadership positions. This study sought to understand the succession planning activities at the agency and the challenges associated with the implementation thereof. The theoretical models of succession planning will form the basis for recommending necessary improvements to the agency. A qualitative research approach was adopted for this study using a self-administered questionnaire to collect primary data from the participants. Secondary data was used as a triangulation strategy to enhance validity and reliability of this study. The scope of this study is limited to the agency and the findings cannot be generalised. The target population in this study was limited to HR managers and managing directors at business units. Therefore there is a potential for further research by extending the target population to include all levels of employees within the agency. This dissertation is the first of its kind within the agency. It will provide ideas for other researchers to expand on this study within the agency.
Contribution/ Originality


Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 10-2016 Issue: 10

Benchmarking in Physical Education Teacher Education Program

Research Article
Author(s): Sharma, Kalpana, Ajit, K, Mann, Jyoti
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The study was designed towards institutional analysis for clear understanding of process involved in function and layout of determinants influencing physical education teacher education program in India, which further can be recommended for selection of parameters for sector benchmarking of physical education teacher training institutions delivering physical education programs across different states on India. Seven institutions and universities from seven different states of India were assessed on the basis of identified seven broad parameters which were associated with post graduate physical education program in India. The data was collected from the stake holders of the selected institutions through Physical Education Program Assessment Tool (PEPAT). The results revealed that, the universities do not have similar functional and delivery process related to the physical education teacher training program. The study reflects towards need for Physical Education universities and institutions to identify the best practices to be followed regarding functioning of delivery of physical education programs at various institutions through strategic management studies on the identified parameters before establishing strict standards and norms for achieving excellence in physical education in India.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of benchmarking in physical education. It analyses process involved in function and layout of determinants influencing physical education teacher education program in India. It focuses benchmarking as an essential component for the growth and development of physical education.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 11-2016 Issue: 11

Repositioning School Based Teacher Management in Kenya: Global Practices and Approaches

Research Article
Author(s): Mercy M. Mugambi, Robert Joseph Ochieng
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Teacher resource is major in influencing the quantity and quality of teaching and learning in an educational institution. To achieve educational goals, effective management of this resource is vital. There is therefore need to move from emphasis on centralized teacher management to school level management of teachers. School based management of teachers is one  of the most significant trend in education reform geared towards facilitating effective decision making, improving internal processes and utilizing resources in teaching and learning to meet school goals. Various practices to this effect have been expounded in this paper to include: competitive reward, rigorous recruitment and selection,  induction and support for new teachers, continuous learning and development, teacher evaluation, teacher motivation, self- managed teams, reduction of status differentials by ensuring equity and fairness and also ensuring employee involvement communication to give employees a say in decision making.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to existing literature on school based teacher management with specific reference to Kenya based on theoretical reviews and documentary analysis. This is one of the studies that have looked at how teacher management can be repositioned for effective delivery of services to learners.

Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 12

Impact of Classroom Environment on Childrens Social Behavior

Research Article
Author(s): Samuel O. Obaki
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The primary contribution of this paper is the finding that lack of activities and interesting learning areas prepared by the teacher in the classroom may negatively impact children’s social behavior. Classroom design and the teacher’s careful selection of materials to be displayed in each of the learning areas do engage young children in learning activities during learning sessions and their free time. When children group themselves according to their interests in different learning areas, they develop various skills and positive attitude towards each other in their groups and all members of the class. Children engagement in different learning areas in their classroom develop and improve language skills, reading skills, listening skills especially during dramatization, numerical skills, acquire general knowledge in various subjects including sciences and their  mother tongues. In a participative classroom, children learn how to share and take care of the materials in their learning areas. While in their learning centers, children develop manipulative skills, leadership and managerial skills, learn how to tell simple stories, and learn how to work together as a team. A friendly classroom develops an environment that creates a desired children’s social behavior.
Contribution/ Originality


Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Advanced Education and Training Programs to Support Renewable Energy Investment in Africa

Research Article
Author(s): Daniel Kimuli, Resty Nabaterega, Noble Banadda, Isa Kabenge, Adipala Ekwamu, Paul Nampala
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
African countries have initiated programs to generate electricity from renewable sources such as; wind, solar, biomass and hydropower. These initiatives are intended to reduce the carbon footprint of these countries in the wake of heavy dependency on fossil fuels and also provide cheap and accessible electricity to rural areas. These renewable energy programs are expected to deliver regional development and economic empowerment. However, the lack of trained manpower for repair and maintenance of renewable energy technologies devices is likely to result in failure of these technologies, cause losses in revenue and reduction in consumer faith in renewable energy technologies. African universities must be at the core of solving these challenges by training specialized professionals in renewable energy at graduate level and through short courses to meet the increasing demands for qualified human resource to support the sector. Thus to establish the “readiness” of Universities in Africa to offer advanced education and training in renewable energy, a review of all Masters Courses, Ph.D. programs and short courses was carried out. The results identified 21 English-language Masters courses, 3 providers of Ph.D. studies and 9 short courses in or with significant renewable energy content. Generally, there is inadequate advanced training in renewable energy especially at Ph.D. level in Africa thus the need to attract more African Universities to offer such programs at both masters and Ph.D. levels.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper contributes to efforts geared towards underscoring the need for capacity building in renewable energy in Africa. Energy-poverty remains a key issue in Africa with a critical need for capacity building particularly at higher degree level.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

The Extent to Which Parental Involvement Influences Transition of Pupils from Lower to Upper Primary in Manga District Schools

Research Article
Author(s): Charles Mangera Abaya, Evans Nyagaka Nyaboga, Peterson Ondieki Osero, Thomas Omao Getabu
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which parental involvement influences transition of pupils from lower to upper primary in Manga district schools in Nyamira County, Kenya. The objective of the study was to find out whether parental involvement activities influenced transition of pupils from lower to upper primary. Survey design was used for the study. The study population comprised of 19880 pupils, 590 teachers, 57 School Management Committee members, 57 and Head teachers. All the six Quality Assurance Officers were interviewed. The research instruments were the questionnaires which were filled by pupils and teachers, interview schedule for head teachers, SMC members and Education Officers. Piloting, involving two schools in the district was carried out and used test re-test technique to ascertain its reliability. The researcher visited all sampled schools and educational offices to collect data. Sampled teachers and pupils were given questionnaires to fill and head teachers and officers were interviewed by the researcher. Data was analyzed using statistical methods for analyzing and quantifying data. Statistical values in tables were used to compare the calculated value with tabulated value. It was observed that there was a strong correlation between parental involvement in school activities and performance of their children which in turn influenced their transition from one level to another. The study recommended that parents should involve themselves in school activities as it motivates their performance and enabled them to transit from one learning level to another.
Contribution/ Originality
The papers primary contribution is finding that parental involvement in learner’s educational activities, encourage and motivate them to perform well. This influences their transition from one level of learning to the next. 
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 02-2017 Issue: 2

Entrepreneurial Behavior amongst Students of Community Colleges in Malaysia

Research Article
Author(s): Rasmuna Hussain
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The government has strategised initiatives to organize an education system that improve the training and skills quality wise, as well as enhancing the lifelong learning programs. In the field of education and training, interests and apprehensions on the entrepreneurship subject is the highlight of today’s higher learning institutions. This study aims to measure the implementation of Basic Entrepreneurship Module (BEM), by using the Stufflebeam’s CIPP Evaluation Model. The achievement level of entrepreneurial behaviors in terms of cognitive, non-cognitive, commercial skills and the early initiative is assessed as product evaluation. The strated sampling is used for a large scattered population in Malaysia. Data obtained from 105 students in the Business Accounting Certificate program from six community colleges. This study used questionnaires as research instrument. The questionnaires were then analyzed by using descriptive statistics method.  Overall, the findings indicated that respondents agreed that the implementation of BEM has given impact to the product evaluation that consists the aspects of cognitive, non-cognitive, commercial skills and early initiative at the high levels.
Contribution/ Originality
This study shows the existing entrepreneurship education especially in the higher education institutions. It is one of very few studies which have evaluated on the entrepreneurial skills amongst students of community colleges in Malaysia. This paper's primary contribution is the finding that the entrepreneurial behaviors are vital in cultivating the young entrepreneurs in the community colleges.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 02-2017 Issue: 2

Challenges and Opportunities Associated with Supervising Graduate Students Enrolled in African Universities

Research Article
Author(s): Bacwayo, K. E., Nampala, P., Oteyo, I. N.
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
In a globalizing economy, education is key to competitiveness and economic growth.  Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is playing catch up in terms of investing in the human capital needed to participate effectively in the world economy.  The Sub-Saharan region is currently engaged in what has been termed as a “catch-up” period as is reflected in rapid growth in investment in education at all levels, with an increased recognition over the last decade of the need for increased number of graduates at the tertiary level. This expansion has implications on the quality of training and research. Key among the factors that can help enhance quality is supervision. Currently, in many countries in SSA, graduate training and research is largely self-paid and students make significant sacrifices to obtain advanced degrees with the expectation that they would finish on time and secure lucrative careers. With this expectation, supervisors have an enormous task of ensuring quality mentoring. It is a privilege to hold a faculty position and supervise students; nonetheless, this comes with a great responsibility associated with great expectations from the students. The expectations are targeted to supervisors and the institutions of learning.  Although there is still an imbalance on power relationships between supervisors and students, especially in developing countries, supervisors still need to understand and know the student expectations. This way, they can build professionally and healthy long lasting relationships than can spread beyond the supervision period. This paper discusses the issue of supervision, with a focus on different approaches to delivering quality supervision, students’ needs and expectations, and how these can be addressed based on authors’ experiences working at universities from a developing country perspective.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper presents an extensive review that faculty and students will find handy as part of quality graduate training. With the increasing number of graduate students, higher education institutions must hone their role and provide both ethical and leadership to mold excellence in graduate students. 
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 3

Strategic Management of Rural Tourism Towards Gender - Sensitive Planning

Research Article
Author(s): Fazileh Dadvar-Khani, Mansour Ghanian
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Gender blind tourism management, eventually will lead to unsustainable development. This Qualitative research has established to explore the  gender  needs and opinions related to tourism development, via strategic management The statistical population of this research is elite people that has been involved in tourism activities in rural areas of Kan district in the North- West of Tehran- Capital city of Iran .Two focus group including 23 men and 16 women had attended  in separate workshops .The technique of SWOT had been used .The result shows there are convergence between the views of men and women about strengths of tourism.  Meanwhile the divergence appears in the case of weaknesses and threat points, as that women are more concerned about environmental degradation. However, men think about physical facilities. As opportunities, men emphasis on economic prosperity, but women believe that  tourism promotes them a higher social status in the family and society.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies in Iran, which have investigated the differences and similarities between gender’s perceptions about tourism in their village. The primary purpose of this paper is to contribute towards decision making in order to promote tourism via strategic management based on gender – sensitive planning.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 11-2016 Issue: 11

The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran

Research Article
Author(s): Fereshteh Ghaseminia, Jahanbakhsh Daneshian, Bahman Soleimany, Massih Afghah
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
The growth strata in the Middle-Late Cretaceous deposits including Kazhdumi, Sarvak and Ilam formations and Lafan Shale in the Well 1 located between Qatar-Iran height and Hormuz Strait in Persian Gulf was studied. The present work is based on the lithostratigraphic analysis and distribution of microfossils. Based on the microfossils content, the age of studied successions is Albian to Campanian. Comparison of seismic points, lithostratigraphic analysis and distribution of microfossils show that growth and generation of anticlines are occurred in the Middle-Late Cretaceous. As of results, the Kazhdumi, Sarvak and Ilam formations and Lafan Shale have potential reservoir and oil trap.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the growth strata in the Middle-Late Cretaceous deposits in Persian Gulf, south west of Iran with using the lithostratigraphic and biostratigraphic analysis and seismic interpretation. The basic information of this manuscript are provided by National Iranian Oil Company.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 12

Is the Sosiani River Healthy? Investigating the Relationship between Water Quality Indicators and Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Sosiani River

Research Article
Author(s): Oruta Joash Nyakora
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
The health of rivers is of great concern to governments and communities worldwide due to their important ecological functions. Numerous studies have established that water quality indicators have a positive effect on river health. However, only a few studies have examined equatorial rivers, and, to date, there has been no study on the Sosiani River in Kenya. As such, this study explored the health of the Sosiani River by considering how its aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages were affected by various water quality parameters. The research considered whether there was a relationship between water quality indicators and macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Sosiani River. This knowledge is of paramount importance to the communities and decision makers of the Sosiani catchment, and Kenya as a whole, since there is need to understand the relationship between the water quality indicators and the health of the river in order to allocate resources for its rehabilitation and maintenance. This study examined 10 sites, nine being “test” sites and one a “reference” site. The study established a significant relationship between water quality parameters and macroinvertebrate assemblages. The sites with natural riparian zone vegetation conditions were found to have more Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera macroinvertebrates when compared to those without or with exotic vegetation. In terms of absolute numbers of surface aquatic macroinvertebrates, sites characterised by dense stream bank vegetation had more macroinvertebrates than those characterised by forest with eroded, bare stream banks. From the study, it was therefore concluded that Sosiani River is healthier at head waters where there was natural forests compared to downstream where there was plantations, intensive farming and urban area. The study recommends that more detailed studies classify macroinvertebrates to gunus level and include microinvertebrates, since this may give a more accurate assessment of the river’s health. The study further recommends that identification keys for East African macroinvertebrates be developed.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by establishing the relationship between the condition of riparian zone vegetation and indicators of river health in the equatorial region. Much of the literature in this field is based on studies from outside of the equatorial region.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 12-2016 Issue: 12

The Role of Handicrafts in the Sustainable Development of Rural Tourism with an Emphasis on Indigenous Knowledge

Research Article
Author(s): Elham Hosseinnia, Baharak Shoja
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Tourist is a process that had been existed a long period of time with different forms in human societies and   has gradually solved its historical and evolutionary processes. As the tourism has influenced in the economic, social and cultural countries that economists have called it as an invisible export. On the other hand, rural tourism is one of the most important subgroups of the development of tourism in each region that nowadays is considered one of the most popular forms of tourism and in the form of tourist activity takes place in the village. Descriptive and analytic study based on library studies and documents. At first, we evaluated the quality and importance of Indigenous knowledge and sustainable development with the approach of tourism and with regard to conceptual framework and fundamental issues related to rural handicrafts and tourism. Then, findings from the study In relation to effects of Socio - economic Handicrafts tourism development in Iran were extracted and analyzed by the research subject. And the results show, by combining "Indigenous knowledge" and "modern knowledge “and regarding to existence  of  rural conditions such as  Indigenous areas , taking into account the resources , the potential and conditions of each region can be acquired grounds for an favorable model from sustainable rural development. Despite the frequency of human resources in rural areas, the Lack of water and land push on farmland and cause to migration of labor efficient from rural to urban areas where efficiency is reduced because of lack of expertise. Therefore, in rural areas where there are no grounds for agriculture that can be used the non-farm economy, "such as local industries, etc.”
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes the roll of indigenous knowledge to the development of rural tourism and preservation of  handicrafts Which leads to creating employment so that it is caused to prevent migration from rural settlements. Therefor rural environment is considerd as National treasure that  it can help sustainable development.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Paleoecology of Permo-Triassic Boundary According to Palynoflora in Shourjestan, Iran

Research Article
Author(s): B Mostafa Yousefi Rad, Hamideh Noroozpour
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Using palynoflora findings, the present study was conducted to determine paleoecology of Permo-Triassic boundary in Shourjestan Region in north of Fars Province. Permo-Triassic boundary in this region is gradational (transitional) and continuous. Four stratigraphic sections were selected and 7 spore and pollen instances were identified after sampling and performing needed experiments for separation of palynomorph samples. Based on the achieved palynomorphs on pyroclastic deposits in the studied sections, it can be concluded that Coniferophyta, Equisetopsids, Filicopsids, Progymnosperms and Cordaitales had probably higher relative frequency in plant tissue around the basin environment. According to relatively high frequency of land palynomorphs in the studied deposits and on the basis of association of land and marine palynomorphs in the studied palynoflora, it can be concluded that pyroclastic deposits of upper Permian are formed in shallow marine setting. Regarding studies on the identified palynomorphs of Elika Formation equivalent deposits, one might infer that probably in plant tissue around these deposits, Triassic seed ferns and Coniferophyta had higher frequency and distribution and also the aforementioned deposits are settled in shallow marine settings.
Contribution/ Originality


Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 01-2017 Issue: 1

Dimension Effect on the Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity

Research Article
Author(s): Hasan Arman, Sadieh Khosravi, Mawadah Abdullah Osman, Fatema Mohamed Alnaqbi, Aishah Abdullah AlYammahi
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
Ultrasonic pulse velocity test is non-destructive and relatively simple to carry out at both in-situ and laboratory conditions. The sonic velocity (SV) test has been used to determine the dynamic properties of rocks in different applications of rock and geotechnical engineering. In the laboratory conditions, the SV tests determine the velocity of propagation of elastic waves through the rock samples. The velocities of P (Vp) and S (Vs) waves are calculated from the measured travel times and distance between transmitter and receiver. The SV values of rocks are influenced and controlled by different factors such as rock type, density, grain size and shape, etc. This study focuses on the possible dimensional, sample diameter and sample length to sample diameter ratio, effect on the mean Vp, mean dynamic elastic modulus, Ed, mean shear modulus, Gd, mean Poisson’s ratio, υd and mean dry density, ρ. For sample preparation and the SV tests, the representative rock blocks of Upper Eocene-aged limestone, Dammam Formation, is collected from Jabal Hafeet in Al Ain City, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and taken to the laboratory. Forty-nine SV tests was carried out on the prepared core samples having different dimensions. The study reveals that the Vp, Ed, Gd, υd and ρ of limestone can be estimated using the simple linear mathematical equations. Even though the obtained equations are useful and practical, but it still needs better ratification with more samples having different dimensions in order to use confidently in engineering applications.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the dynamic properties of Upper Eocene limestone in the Hafit mountain, a prominent feature located in the eastern region of United Arab Emirates and it focuses on the possible dimensional effect on the ultrasonic pulse velocity.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 02-2017 Issue: 2