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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

March 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 14-31

Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana

Strike Mbulawa

Strike Mbulawa 1

  1. Faculty of Business and Accountancy, Department of Accounting and Finance, Botho University, Gaborone, Botswana 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 14-31

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2017.41.14.31

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Article History:

Received: 19 December, 2016
Revised: 16 February, 2017
Accepted: 03 March, 2017
Published: 15 March, 2017


The need to diversify the economy so as to ensure sustainable economic growth has been of great concern. Accelerating productivity in agriculture is seen as one of the alternatives to support the diversification initiatives by the government and drive growth in Botswana. This study discusses the factors contributing to increased long term agricultural productivity and hence its subsequent impact on growth in the short. The study employs the vector error correction model and annual data to explain the connection between key variables. This paper concludes that there is unidirectional causality from agricultural productivity to growth. This study shows that economic growth can be improved in the short term by improvements in agricultural productivity. Agricultural productivity can be enhanced by providing adequate infrastructure, additional farming machinery per hectare of arable land and having a targeted approach in the provision of funding towards agricultural oriented initiatives.

Contribution/ Originality
This study’s primary contribution is the finding that the agricultural led growth hypothesis applies to Botswana. The study is one of the few that use the vector error correction model to analyze the determinants of long term agricultural productivity.


Agricultural productivity, Economic growth, Infrastructure, Causality, VECM, Botswana.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


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( 128 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 129 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 130 ) Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh
( 132 ) Reduction of Aflatoxins and Microorganisms in the Koura-Koura Produced in Burkina Faso with Spices and Aromatic Leaves
( 133 ) Ovitrap Surveillance of the Dengue Vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Selected Endemic Areas in Sandakan, Sabah
( 134 ) Effect of Photoperiod on Estrus Cycle and Reproductive Organs in Female African Giant Rat (Cricetomys Gambianus: Waterhouse)
( 135 ) Azotobacter and Total Bacterial Population in Enriched Compost: Preliminary Study
( 136 ) Construction of Sustainable Frugal Innovations Index for the Agriculture Sector
( 137 ) Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 138 ) Heat Tolerance Stability of Bread Wheat Genotypes under Early and Late Planting Environments through Stress Selection Indices
( 139 ) Bacteriological Quality and Cyanide Contents of Different Cassava Products Processed in Benue State for Use as Food for Man or Feedstock for Animals
( 140 ) Alleviating Climate Change Effect using Environmentally Friendly Process to Preserve Wood against Biodeteriaorating Agent
( 141 ) Penicillium and Aspergillus Species Characterization: Adaptation to Environmental Factors and Sensitivity to Aqueous Medicinal Plants Extracts
( 142 ) Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Using Selected Plant Extracts
( 143 ) Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria
( 144 ) Phytogeographic of Bromelia L. (Bromeliaceae) in the State Paraiba Brazil
( 145 ) A Survey of Wood Borer Apate terebrans Tunnels on Terminalia mantaly in Nigeria with Special Reference to the Niger Delta Region
( 146 ) Effect of Desiccation and Storage Environment on Longevity of Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Seeds
( 147 ) Factors Determining the Smallholder Milk Producers Participation in Contractual Agreements: The Case of North-West Bangladesh
( 148 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 151 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 153 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 154 ) Monosex Barb (Osteochilus Hasselti ) Culture with Reduction Feed on Economic Efficiency and Cost Reduction at Net Cage in Cirata Reservoir
( 158 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 160 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 161 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 162 ) Socio Economic Determinant and Profitability of Bari Mungbean Variety in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 163 ) Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria