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Listing 80 - 20 of 1962 results.

Vaccine Development Strategies, Progresses and Challenges for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): A Review

Research Article
Author(s): Tekeba Sisay, Deepak Verma, Mesfin Tsegaw, Nega Berhane
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
Human immunodeficiency virus is classified under the Retroviridae family and identified as a causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Since Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is identified as causative agent of AIDS, about 39 million people have been died and 78 million people have been infected worldwide. Despite tremendous efforts are being made to develop successful diagnosis, treatment and prevention methods, and to develop HIV vaccine the effort remains great challenge for researchers, due to extreme genetic variability of the virus. Even though vaccination of HIV is the most promising, cost effective and feasible intervention strategy to control and eradicate HIV disease route and transmission, still now we are struggling to find an elusive vaccine after thirty years and disappointing results are recorded from previous clinical trials, except the promising RV144 HIV vaccine which is phase III clinical trial with the modest vaccine efficacy. The contribution of this study is to reveal the challenges to found potent HIV vaccine during the last decades, significant lessons learnt about the basic virology, pathogenesis, immunology, HIV/AIDS treatment and HIV infection prevention and significant findings and clinical trials progresses which are currently open the way to some extent to hope that HIV vaccine development is possible.
Contribution/ Originality
The contribution of this study is to reveal the challenges to found potent HIV vaccine during the last decades, significant lessons learnt about the basic virology, pathogenesis, immunology, HIV/AIDS treatment and HIV infection prevention and significant findings and clinical trials progresses which are currently open the way to some extent to hope that HIV vaccine development is possible.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on the Muscle Stem Cells Fibers

Research Article
Author(s): Dao Chanh Thuc
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Satellite cells are indispensable for skeletal muscle repair and regeneration and are associated with muscle growth in humans [1]. Aerobic exercise training results in improved skeletal muscle health also translating to an increase in satellite cell pool activation. We postulate that aerobic exercise improves satellite cell function in skeletal muscle.
Contribution/ Originality


Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA

Research Article
Author(s): Romanus Osabohien
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This study examined how effective implantation of social protection programmes in the agricultural sector will induce youth participation, thereby creating employment for the youths and reduce the incidence of households’ poverty in Nigeria. The study engaged a qualitative discuss methodology from the Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Households Panel Survey on agriculture for two farming seasons (post-planting and post-harvest seasons). Results showed that, out of the three main activities (agricultural, non-farm enterprise and wage employment) engaged by the Nigerian households, for the post-planting interview, agriculture remains the most engaged activity, this is because; about 38.5% of the rural households engaged in agriculture; 17.9% engaged in nonfarm enterprise, while 7.8% engaged in wage employment. It was also noted that; more of the women engaged in a household-nonfarm activities (25%) than men; however, fewer youths engaged in both agriculture (21.8%) in the post-planting visit. The farmers revealed that, one of the reasons for less youth participation in the agricultural activities is due to the low attractiveness of the sector to the youths. Therefore, the study recommended that the agricultural activities should be made attractive through the implementation of social protection programmes to induce youth participation as this will boost rural opportunities and reduce the rural-urban migration and its attendant challenges.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Feature Analysis of Ship Emission Under China’s ECA Policy: A Perspective from Shanghai

Research Article
Author(s): Yibing Zhu, Jiawei Ge, Xuefeng Wang, Zhipeng Xu
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The prosperity of maritime commerce brings economic benefits to port cities; however, the air pollution along with the calling of ships undermines the local environment. Being conscious of this, the Chinese government officially issued its agenda on emission control areas (ECA) along her coastal areas at the end of 2015. This paper measures the features of ship emission via an activity-based approach based on AIS data. The air pollutant emission from 24 filtered ocean-going vessels calling the port of Shanghai are calculated, where the emission reduction rates are identified and classified through ship type, engine model and sailing conditions. Findings show that the ECA scheme has an effective impact on reducing the ship emission. The average emission reduction rates of oil tankers/chemical ships, container ships, bulk carriers, liquefied gas ships, general cargo ships, cruise ships and roll-on-roll-off ships are 30.52%, 23.28%, 20.65%, 14.23%, 13.84%, 12.66% and 12.30% respectively. Implications for the next phase of ECA Act are proposed in enacting stricter emission control standards and expanding the scope of ECA after 2020.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of few studies which analyze the feature of ship emission with AIS data. The primary contribution is combining ship activity with the implementation of China’s ECA Act, implying the formation of future ECA scheme.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya

Research Article
Author(s): D.K. Langat, E.K. Maranga, A.A. Aboud, J.K. Cheboiwo
Journal: Journal of Forests

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Abstract
The ecosystem services from Kenya’s forest ecosystems have remained largely unmeasured and undervalued. Consequently, the benefits they provide are ignored in most forest management and conservation decisions. This has led to degradation and conversion to alternative uses. To provide a sound basis for decision making in forest management, it is important to estimate economic values provided by East Mau. This study relied on data collected from households using structured interviews and secondary data from published and unpublished sources. The total indirect use values (soil functions, hydrological functions, climate regulation values) from East Mau forest ecosystem was about US$219 million (KES 20billion). The economic values of nutrient cycling, erosion control, water flow and quality regulation were US$13.30, US$ 4.50 ha-1yr-1, US$ 1421.03 ha-1yr-1 and US $12.83 HH-1yr-1 respectively. The annual value for carbon sequestration and oxygen generation was US$3308.05 ha-1yr-1 and 1365.13 ha-1yr-1 respectively. These results provide valuable information on the magnitude of the selected ecosystem services that could be relevant in decision-making concerning conservation and management of East Mau forest ecosystem for enhanced ecosystem services and livelihoods.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have quantified indirect use values of forest ecosystem in Kenya. The study has provided valuable information on the magnitude of the selected ecosystem services relevant to sustainable conservation and management of forest ecosystems for enhanced ecosystem services and livelihoods
Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Forests » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Entrepreneurial Networking and Women Entrepreneurs’ Contribution to Employment Creation in Rivers State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): ADIM, Chidiebere Victor, ADELAIYE, M.B.O., ADUBASIM, Ikechukwu Ernest
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial networking and women entrepreneurs’ contribution to employment creation in Rivers State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design to solicit responses from women entrepreneurs in Rivers state, using simple random. The target population of Women Entrepreneurs in Rivers State was 329 obtained from the 2017 Directory of the Rivers State Ministry of Women Affairs and Rivers State Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The sample size was 181 using the Taro Yamen’s formula. After data cleaning, only data of 153 respondents were finally used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation were used for data analysis and hypothesis testing. Findings revealed that entrepreneurial networking has a significant relationship with women entrepreneurs to employment .The study thus concluded that entrepreneurial networking bears a positive and significant influence on women entrepreneurs’ contribution to employment creation. We recommend that women should be engaged in entrepreneurial education to develop right competencies, skills and needed entrepreneurial capacities.
Contribution/ Originality
This study sought to empirically examine the impact of the entrepreneurial networking (EN) construct and its impact on women entrepreneurs in Rivers State, Nigeria. This is because there has been paucity of empirical works that has examined the predicting impact of (EN) on the contribution of women entrepreneurs to employment creation.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

Participatory Processes in Planning for Self-Help Housing Provision in South Africa: Policies and Challenges

Research Article
Author(s): Sithembiso Lindelihle Myeni, Bongekile YC Mvuyana
Journal: International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

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Abstract
In contemporary post-apartheid a number of housing policies have been made since the 1994 democratic dispensation in an attempt to solve housing problems especially for poor and low-income population in South Africa. The most recent policy has been the Comprehensive Housing Plan for the Development of Integrated Sustainable Human Settlements commonly known as the Breaking New Ground (BNG) housing plan of 2004. The aims of this paper are to present an overview and empirical analysis on research and emerging legitimisation of the participation of informal institutions in planning phase for housing development in rural areas. This paper analyses public participatory processes in the planning phase of rural housing project(s) in Jozini Municipality in KwaZulu-Natal. Since the establishment of a fully-fledged local government institutions and the promulgation of the BNG in 2004, inhabitants have experienced materialisation of new housing opportunities for community members. These opportunities created during the planning phase which results to community members benefiting in housing development excludes the poor in the process of self-help subsidy administration and housing allocation. Grounded on the works of Foucauldian scholars especially the ‘discourse of power’ in participation, the paper argues that the local community members not only embody the local knowledge to be accessed, but their participation presents an important entry point to the political decision-making needed for collecting differing viewpoints and interests but also for initiating the negotiations needed that would lead to coordination, if not cooperation for housing development. We propose that participatory processes that are beneficiary to the poor are best understood when traced over time as a dynamic response to a constantly unfolding-project related intervention.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on self-help housing and applies Foucauldian approach in order to present how the participation of informal institutions in the planning phase for housing development in rural areas was legitimated.
Economics » International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

The Moderating Effect of Governance Mechanisms on the Relationship Between Innovation Strategy and the Performance

Research Article
Author(s): Mouna REKIK
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The aim of this research is to examine the effect of innovation strategy on firm’s performance and investigate the moderating effect of ownership structure and board of directors’ characteristics, as governance attributes, on this relationship. Based on a sample of 29 Tunisian companies over a period from 2008 to 2013, we show that innovation strategy has no effect on firm’s performance. However, some corporate governance attributes are likely to affect this relationship which turns significant. Overall, the independence of board members, CEO duality, audit quality and the independence of audit committee members have moderating effects on the relationship between the innovation strategy and performance. These results illustrate the crucial role played by the board of directors in determining the relationship between the innovation strategy and firm performance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature both theoretical and empirical reconciliations between these two corpuses: source of performance and value creation. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of internal mechanisms of governance (ownership structure and board of directors) on the relationship between the innovation strategy and the firm performance.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

An Investigation of the Relationship between Manufacturing Output and Economic Growth : Evidence from Nigerias Data Set

Research Article
Author(s): Mouna REKIK
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This paper examined the relationship between manufacturing output and economic growth using Nigeria's data set for empirical testing. The study adopts cointegration technique, error correction mechanism and granger causality test to investigate the long run, short run dynamics and causal relationship between manufacturing output and economic growth. The key variables employed in the estimation are technology, domestic investment, lending rate to private investors, foreign direct investment inflows, capacity utilization rate, foreign exchange rate and price movement. The cointegration tests suggests that long run relationship exists among the variables employed in the estimation. Findings from the long run and short run estimation shows that gross fixed capital formation, capacity utilization rate, foreign direct investment inflows, price movement, technology and lending rate to private investors are credible determinants of manufacturing output in Nigeria. The causality test suggests a unidirectional relationship between economic growth and observed manufacturing output. Policy direction is instructive towards achieving sustainable industrial growth and development.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by pooling together all the credible variables identified as determinants of manufacturing output and also establish the relationship between economic growth and manufacturing output in Nigeria. The study uses new econometrics techniques to analyze the variables used in the model and also originates new formula for generating observed manufacturing output in Nigeria.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 04-2018 Issue: 4

Smart Campus: An Implementation of a Cloud-Based Mobile Learning Application

Research Article
Author(s): Olutayo Boyinbode
Journal: Journal of Information

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Abstract
A cloud-based mobile learning application allows access to learning resources stored in the cloud. The limitations of the traditional mobile learning such as insufficient storage, limited power have made mobile learning applications inefficient, hence the need to integrate mobile learning with cloud computing. This paper focuses on providing a smart platform where instructors or lecturers can upload learning resources to the cloud, and learners can access these resources with their mobile devices, after they have been successfully uploaded. Also the concepts, technologies, and tools used for the implementation were also discussed.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper contributes a smart campus initiative using the concepts of Cloud Computing and Mobile Learning.
Computer Sciences » Journal of Information » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Survey of Image Processing Based Applications in AMR

Research Article
Author(s): K. Karthick, M. Premkumar, R. Manikandan, R. Cristin
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
The ability to use computer and human based interaction would make things easier for the user, but would be challenging for the researchers. More sophisticated imaging systems can handle inter plot the results of image analysis and describe the various objects and their connections in the scene. The electricity, gas, and water metering instruments may employ the Automatic meter reading (AMR) system for automation of bill generation process. The image processing implementation may ease the process of AMR. In this paper, we discussed the image processing applications in AMR.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the applications of image processing in automatic meter reading.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers

Research Article
Author(s): Muhammad Shoaib, Ijaz Ashraf, Khalid Mahmood Chaudhary, Umair Talib, Muhammad Usman, Awais Ali Khan
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
Commercial poultry farming is one of the key sector around the world especially in Pakistan due to its adaptability in different factors such as, low investment per unit, high growth rate, and agro-climatic conditions and also due to short generation interval. Unfortunately its progress is not enough to meet the demanding level due to the rate of high population. Therefore, the study was proposed to assess the farm and diseases management by commercial poultry farmers. Tehsil Faisalabad was selected purposively and the data were collected from randomly selected 120 commercial poultry farmers. The findings of the study revealed that majority of poultry farmers showed high level of knowledge on poultry housing management about spacing and watering equipment’s (70.0%). However their awareness of bedding or litter management (52.5%) and its changing was low. They also had low level of knowledge about quality of feed and water (52.5%), identification of affected birds (54.2%) but they were well known about the vaccination of birds (60.8%) with the help of their traditional experiences. They were also well known about common diseases like bird flu (68.3%) and gumboro (65.0%) however they had lower level of knowledge about Vent gleet (53.3%) and Coccidiosis (41.7%). Therefore, it is recommended that the private extension agents should be encouraged to focus their extension activities on the poultry farmers who are not getting proper and relevant information about the management of housing, disease and their control.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Under-Utilization of Female Capital: A Quantitative Study in Pakistani Perspective

Research Article
Author(s): Nisar Ahmad Bazmi, Nadia Javed
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This article examines the main obstacles faced by graduate females in Pakistan in pursuing their career due to which Pakistan is facing the critical situation like underutilization of female capital in Pakistan. This article explores the main hurdles that restrict the career development of graduated females in Pakistan and this is very important female capital goes wasted. The main purpose of this paper is to get to know why there is underutilization of female capital in Pakistan. The purpose of this paper is to explore the obstacles faced by Pakistani women in pursuing their careers because due to this reason there is underutilization of female capital in Pakistan. Respondents are graduate females who are not doing job after earning their graduate degree from well renowned universities. Sample size taken is of 300 respondents. The questionnaire were distributed and collected personally by the researcher. Some of the questionnaires were also emailed but it was assured that privacy will be maintained and names of the respondents will never be disclosed as this questionnaire is used for research purpose only. SPSS software is used for data analysis in this paper. Descriptive statistics is done in SPSS software. The findings show that male’s attitude words female at workplace or out of the workplace is the main obstacle in purposing job career in Pakistan. Whereas at workplace such as the administration of government agencies men treat female in different way on contrast to their male colleagues (McElwee and Al-Riyami, 2003) even sometimes females are teased, bad comments are passed over them. Due to this reason many of the families do not allow their daughters, wives and sisters to go outside for job. Other obstacles that are hindering the way of female job career development are culture, families and obviously workplace environment or job requirements. Others variables like lack of confidence and religion’s results showed that these variables are no hindering females anymore from doing job in Pakistan. Due to time constraints sample of only 300 respondents was taken but this issue needs to be took into consideration at broader and macro level as it is a micro level study. Recommendations It is suggested that Government of Pakistan, different NGOs, private and public organizations should create a favorable workplace environment for female employees. It is also suggested that different awareness campaigns should be established so that males’ attitude i.e. a very big obstacle for females in pursuing their career should be minimized or eliminated. Originality/value – This paper fulfils an identified need to study how female capital could be utilized at its full potential so that economy of Pakistan could be boasted up.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 04-2018 Issue: 4

Climate Variability, Incidences and Mitigation Strategies among Poultry Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Odok G.N, Unaeze H.C, Ogueri E.I, Essien U.A, Ukpong C.A, Bassey J.E, Onini M.T, Ezebuike I.R, Ohajianya D.O
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
This paper investigated climate variability, incidences and mitigation strategies among poultry farmers in Abia State, Nigeria. It specifically analysed the trend of climate variables over the period of 30 years, the perception of poultry farmers as regards the impact of climate variability on poultry production in the study area, and examined the different mitigation strategies adopted by these farmers. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed in choosing the required sample of 120 poultry farmers. Data were collected with validated structured questionnaire, and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result showed a high inter-annual variability in the volume of rainfall from 1983 to 2012 with insignificant correlation (0.0781) between rainfall volume and time. Also, the result showed reduction in number of rainy days and sunshine duration between 1983 and 2012 with correlation coefficients of 0.146 and 0.132respectively. Temperature had significant positive relationship with time with correlation coefficient 0.638.High mortality rate, disease outbreak, smallness of egg size, poor quality of egg shell, heat stress and reduced feed intake actually impacted on poultry production in the study area. Climate variability was therefore found to have affected poultry production in the study area and this has serious environmental and food policies implication. The respondents identified the use of climate resilient breeds, closeness to hatchery, feed improvement, mixed farming, use of artificial cooling system and stocking less during harsh season as major mitigation strategies to climate variability. It is therefore recommended that the government should come up with appropriate policy that will assist the poultry farmer to be more resilient and able to cope with effect of climate variability. Policies should also be formulated to reduce the emission and accumulation of green-house gases in our environment.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated climate variability, incidences and mitigation strategies among poultry farmers in Nigeria. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that mortality rate, disease, egg size, quality of egg shell, heat stress and feed intake impacted on poultry production in Nigeria.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2018 Issue: 3

The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in Pakistan and its Impact on Economy

Research Article
Author(s): Mubeen Asif, Faisal Asghar, Amna Younis, Amir Mahmood, Li Zheng Wang
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
Social entrepreneurship is the fastest growing field in the world. Social entrepreneurship is a fundamental kind of enterprise that helps to boost the society along with the economy of any nation. Social entrepreneurship is gaining attention in Pakistan as well; however, the development is still moderate. It has gotten a progressive modification in Pakistan up to some extent, in term of innovation in the market, enhancing the social investment or trade, creating job opportunities and alleviation of poverty. Social entrepreneurship is crucial to open the growth and economic inclusion, for rising economies such as Pakistan. Economy and social models of Pakistan demands to revamp it. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate that what are the essential confronts and difficulties faced by social entrepreneurship in the limits of Pakistan and how social entrepreneurship could add in building up the economy of Pakistan?. Social business enterprise is a part of the social economy whereas social economy is a part of economic realism.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the role of social entrepreneurship and its impact on economy in the context of Pakistan.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 05-2018 Issue: 5

Challenges for Sustainability in Critical Raw Material Assessments

Research Article
Author(s): Arnaud DIEMER, Eduard NEDELCIU, Marie SCHELLENS, Johanna GISLADOTTIR
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The commonly-used methodologies for raw material criticality assessments produce lists based on economic parameters. However, they do not provide qualitative guidance or recommendations as to how to reduce criticality. Paradoxically, publishing these lists impacts the system in a way that can make critical resources become even more critical, because markets may react by increasing prices for critical raw materials, and conflict for these resources may increase. We propose a complementary methodology, System Dynamics Modelling, which provides better guidance for policy makers because of its insights into the driving forces behind the criticality of raw materials. Also, this methodology allows us to take into account the biophysical limits and the social dynamics which underpin the system, and thus enables us to understand the context in which raw materials become critical. The clarification of the drivers of criticality of raw materials, provided by our research method, can enhance the recommendations and guidance for policy- and decision-makers to respond to warning signals in their management. The applicability of our approach is illustrated by two case studies, on phosphorus and indium. We conclude that the externalities (social and environmental) of raw material extraction, both for production and consumption, should be considered by policy makers in order to account for the true cost of critical raw materials.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on critical raw materials. It uses logical methodology – system dynamics (CLD) – to understand social and economic drivers for phosphore and Indium. This methodology could be helpful for the economists who work on Economy of natural resources or Economy of Environment.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

Factors Affecting Joint Stock Price Index (CSPI) and the Impact of Foreign Capital Investment (PMA) Period 2009 to 2016

Research Article
Author(s): M. Noor Salim, Nancy Megawati Hariandja
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
This study aims to analyze Factors Affecting Composite Stock Price Index (IHSG) and Its Impact on Foreign Investment (PMA) Period 2009 Up By 2016. Based on the sample requirements, there are 32 samples in each research variable during the first Quarter 2009 until the fourth Quarter of 2016. Data analysis was performed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that the exchange rate and Dow Jones Index gave positive and significant influence to the Composite Stock Price Index (IHSG), Inflation and BI Rate did not significantly affect the Composite Stock Price Index (IHSG), Composite Stock Price Index (IHSG) Significant and significant impact on the Stock Price Index (IHSG), Exchange Rate and Dow Jones Index have a positive and significant impact on Foreign Direct Investment (PMA), Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, BI Rate and Dow Jones Index simultaneously Foreign Direct Investment (PMA), the BI Rate has a negative and significant effect on Foreign Investment (PMA), the Inflation Rate has no significant effect on Foreign Investment (PMA), Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, BI Rate, Dow Jones Index, and Price Index Joint Stocks (JCI) simultaneously (simultaneously) have a significant effect on Foreign Investment (PMA)
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the influence of macroeconomic variables on the Composite Stock Price Index (IHSG) and its impact on foreign investment (PMA)
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 09-2018 Issue: 3

I am a College Graduate: Postsecondary Experiences as Described by Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Research Article
Author(s): Michelle Lizotte
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
As the number of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) attending postsecondary education increases, so does the need for first-hand information regarding experiences and barriers. This study uses phenomenological methodology to examine the postsecondary education experiences of adults with ASD who obtained a college degree. Previous research identified that individuals with ASD enrolled in college at lesser rates than individuals with other types of disabilities. This pilot qualitative study examined the experiences of six college graduates with ASD as they described their experiences in PSE. Participants described their academic, social, and sensory experiences. Study results indicate that PSE students with ASD benefitted from academic accommodations such as preferential seating or extended time on tests. Implications for professionals and suggestions for future research are included.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literature by providing first hand descriptions of the postsecondary experience directly from individuals with ASD who have successfully completed postsecondary education.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 04-2018 Issue: 4

The Influence of Perfectionism on Academic Self-Concept

Research Article
Author(s): Michael A. DeDonno, Karla Rivera-Torres
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
In today’s academic environment, there is a tenacious effort to better educate our children. Unfortunately, federal and local budget constraints often limit our ability to create highly effective learning environments. As educators, it becomes our task to identify cost effective activities that will have a positive impact on our student’s education. A child’s academic self-concept is an important factor to academic success. Further, the rating of performance and desire for perfection are activities found in most every academic situation. The purpose of the present study was to explore the influence of perfectionism on academic self-concept. From a sample of one hundred and thirty five college students, the present study found evidence that a student’s academic self-concept is positively influenced by high personal standards, being organized, and low self-doubt. Educators could consider incorporating cost effective activities known to influence organization skills, personal standards, and self-doubt into education curriculum.
Contribution/ Originality
The present study contributes to existing literature related to college students’ academic self-concept. The study provides evidence of factors that may impact academic self-concept. Educators should consider these factors when developing curriculum designed to optimize student performance.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 04-2018 Issue: 4

Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains

Research Article
Author(s): Paul Chima, Umar Kasim
Journal: International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

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Abstract
African countries have joined other continents across the globe to embrace e-governance as a strategy to provide with ease public services to her citizens. The quest for e-governance stems from the fact that the traditional means of providing public services have not yielded the utmost results needed. Thus, the earnest desires to use electronic means to provide public services for Africans. Making available these services effectively using ICTs demands the existence of some critical success factors. One of these factors to successfully accomplish the goals of e-governance projects is funding. However, e-governance projects are highly capital intensive and hence, often knotty for governments to foot the expenditures through the normal annual operating expenditure (budget). Financing e-governance using the normal annual budgetary approach rarely guarantees solid funding. In view of the global financial and economic crisis facing many countries which have actually affected their budget execution, most government the world over have resorted to financing e-governance using several alternatives such as public private partnership (PPP). Although, no robust statistical analysis was done as the article relied qualitative approach with emphasis on archival analysis of relevant literature on the subject matter and inferences drawn from it. This paper infers from the documentary analysis that PPP has numerous potential gains to cushion the effects of the financial and economic crisis and that it is capable of making the implementation of e-governance projects a reality in African. However, the paper also reveals that despite its viability as an alternative measure to financing e-governance projects in Africa just as obtainable in other climes, it is imperative to address some latent limitations of PPP in order to seamlessly enhance its implementation in e-governance projects in Africa.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper is one of the few studies that investigated how public-private partnership was used to finance e-governance projects in some selected African countries.
Economics » International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2