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Impact of Participatory Decision Making on Organisational Goal Attainment

Nwanah Chizoba P.


Ofobruku Sylvester Abomeh


Okafor Chika M.


Mba Njide M

Nwanah Chizoba P. 1 Ofobruku Sylvester Abomeh 2

Okafor Chika M. 1 Mba Njide M 1 

  1. Faculty of Business Administration, University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria 1

  2. Faculty of Humanities Social and Management Sciences. Edwin Clark University, Delta State, Nigeria 2

Pages: 1-15

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2019.61.1.15

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Article History:

Received: 10 October, 2018
Revised: 13 November, 2018
Accepted: 21 December, 2018
Published: 16 January, 2019


The study centred on participatory decision making and organizational goal attainment. This study investigated the extent to which participative decision making affects the organizational goal attainment. The study had a sample size of 136 obtained using the Cochran statistical formula. The study employed a survey research design. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire. The data from the responses were presented in frequencies, simple percentages. Three hypotheses were tested using the chi-square X2 and t-test statistical tools. The study found out that: Employee participation in decision making significantly improves job productivity (X2 cal = 2.554 > X2 0.5 = 0.6763); employee participation in decision, making relates to employee motivation (Fc – test = 21 .56 > ft 1 = 2.01); the policy of employee participation in decision-making is significant in organizational goal attainment (X2 Cal = 1.887 > X2 0.5 = 0.6763) The study, based on the above findings, concluded that for the goal attainment of any organization to be achieved successfully depended on the extent to which the organization integrated the workers into the policy formulation and implementation. The study recommends that organizations should adopt the ring show management theory as a way of survival.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated employees’ participatory decision making and organisational goal attainment. Currently there are paucity studies in Abuja that examine organisational goal attainment. This study contributes an important additional dimension in the search for sustainable organisational goal attainment in Nigeria.


Decision making, Participatory decision, Workers participation, Employee motivation, Employee productivity, Goal attainment.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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