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Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice

Abdul-Kahar Adam


Ebi Shahrin Bin Suleiman


Nasser Salim Moh. Alsadi

Abdul-Kahar Adam 1

Ebi Shahrin Bin Suleiman 2 Nasser Salim Moh. Alsadi 2 

  1. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Azman Hashim International Business School, Skudai, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia; University of Education, Winneba, Business School, Central Region, Ghana 1

  2. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Azman Hashim International Business School, Skudai, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia 2

Pages: 12-22

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2019.61.12.22

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Article History:

Received: 16 October, 2018
Revised: 19 November, 2018
Accepted: 12 December, 2018
Published: 21 January, 2019


This is a qualitative paper which is to present the facts and literature findings on the causes of good governance practice in Ghana conceptually. It is noted that discipline and probity are the backbone of good governance. Every country in this modern era want to achieve good governance so that there will be improvement in the economic fortunes but this cannot be achieved if there is lack of discipline and lack of probity in the practice. Hence, literature reveals that there are some relationships between discipline (independent variable), probity (mediating variable) and good governance (dependent variable). Good governance is the main important factor to eradicating poverty and advancing development, said by the UN former Secretary General – Kofi Annan (Court, 2001). This research is purely a conceptual research and a model/conceptual framework has been proposed for future scientific research. Hypothesis has been proposed which need to be developed and tested for effective and efficient conclusion in future findings as such. This research only proposes the concepts that are associated with good governance practice – discipline and probity; the methods used are the secondary sources of data findings were analyzed. Future research findings, analysis and recommendation is eminent on this proposed concept model for future researchers. Therefore, a strong methodology is needed to support all the findings and interpretations of the hypothesis. In this instance, quantitative and qualitative study as a mixed method would be suitable for future research to test relationships and hypothesis that are been identified in the proposed conceptual model.
Contribution/ Originality
The aim of this conceptual paper is to contribute to the burning issues of the lack of discipline and probity as a deterrent in the developing world from achieving good governance. This study contributes in the existing literature of the concepts needed in practice to improve good governance for development.


Good governance, Discipline, Probity, Transparency, Fairness, Trustworthy, Integrity, Ghana.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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