Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Online ISSN: 2312-4318
Print ISSN: 2312-5659
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Instructions for Authors

There is no submission fee.


Manuscripts must be written in good English. 


Manuscripts must be unpublished. The title page must include an abstract that is no longer than 250 words  and  key words. Full contact information for all authors must also be provided on a separate page. References must strictly meet the journal’s style requirements.


Author(s) will need to write abstract briefly and clearly the main aims and findings/conclusions of the work; it should provide the reader a clear idea of what has been achieved. The length of the abstract should be within 150-250 words.


Any word or words to be abbreviated should be written in full when first mentioned followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis.


All illustrations of any kind should be submitted as sequentially numbered figures, illustrations should  be inserted in the main body of the text. 

Tables and Supplementary Material:

Data must be kept to a minimum. Tables should be numbered and headed with short titles. As with illustrations, they should insert in the main manuscript text.


Acknowledgements should appear at the end of the text.


References should be cited in the text as name and year and listed at the end of the paper alphabetically. Where reference is made to more than one work by the same author published in the same year, identify each citation in the text as follows: (Kashif, 1998a), (Kashif, 1998b). Where three or more authors are listed in the reference list, please cite in the text as (Hye et al., 1998). All references must be complete and correct. If essential, cite unpublished or personal work in the text but do not include it in the reference list. Where possible the DOI for the reference should be included at the end of the reference. Online citations should include date of access. References should be listed in the following style:

Journal Article
Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. 1993. The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45(2), 10-36.
Baharumshah. Z. and D. Borsic, 2008. Purchasing power parity in central and eastern european. Economics Bulletin 6(32): 1-8.

Advance online article
Jung, T. I., Hoffmann, F., Glaeske, G., & Felsenberg, D. 2009. Disease-specific risk for an osteonecrosis of the jaw under bisphosphonate therapy. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. Advance online publication.

Newspaper Article
Heinlein, G. 2007, July 24. Michigan smoking ban takes big step. Detroit News. Retrieved from

Newsletter article
Dowd, N., O’Donnell, P., & Snoek-Brown, J. 2007, Winter. WeLead and academic libraries: A bright future. Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians WAAL Newsletter, 24(1). Retrieved from

Web page: Organization as author, no update year
Milwaukee Public Museum. (n.d.). Stockbridge-Munsee history. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from /ICW-158.html

Photographs, drawings, etc. copied or adapted from a Web Page
Florida Hospital. (n.d.). [Untitled photograph of a woman.] Retrieved March 11, 2013, from

Books & Reports
Electronic version of print book, retrieved from  PAS eBook Collection 
Vogel, C. G. 1999. Legends of landforms: Native American lore and the geology of the land [PAS Reader version]. Retrieved from 

Electronic version of book chapter from an edited book
Symonds, P. M. 1958. Human drives. In C. L. Stacey & M. DeMartino (Eds.), Understanding human motivation (pp. 11-22). doi:10.1037/11305-002 

Report/Document available on the web, authored by individual(s)--not agency, has publication date & report number
Russo, C. A., & Jiang, H. J. 2006. Hospital stays among patients with diabetes, 2004 (Statistical Brief No. 17). Retrieved from Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality website:

Report/Document available on the web, no author identified, no publication date (provide title first)
Elementary school math instruction questionnaire results. Most significantly improved schools. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Report/Document from institutional archive or university department web site
Trapp, Y. U. 2005. Multiple intelligences: The learning process in our students. Retrieved from Yale University, Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute website:

Books, retrieved print source
Book, one author
McKibben, B. 1992. The age of missing information. New York, NY: Random House.

Book, multiple authors
Larson, G. W., Ellis, D. C., & Rivers, P. C. 1984. Essentials of chemical dependency counseling. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Edited book (editor in place of author)
Inness, S. A. (Ed.). 1998. Delinquents and debutantes: Twentieth-century American girls’ cultures. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Book, subsequent edition (2nd, 3rd, etc.)
Stanfield, P., Cross, N., & Hui, Y. H. 2012. Introduction to the health professions (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Article or chapter in a book where each chapter is written by a Contributor, and book has authors (not editors), subsequent edition
Landis, C. A., & Heitkemper, M. M. 2011. Sleep and sleep disorders. In S. L. Lewis, S. R. Dirksen, M. M. Heitkemper, L. Bucher, & I. M. Camera, Medical-surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (8th ed., pp. 112-125). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Article or chapter a book where each chapter is written by author(s), and publisher is book author (not editor), subsequent edition
Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. 2007. The five practices of exemplary leadership. In Jossey-Bass, The Jossey-Bass reader on educational leadership (2nd ed., rev. ed., pp. 63-72). San Francisco, CA: Author.

Report from a private organization (author & publisher same)
National League for Nursing. 1990. Self-study report for community health organizations (Pub. No. 21-2329). New York, NY: Author.

Dissertations & Theses
Smith-LaBrash, S. 2010. Influence of learning styles, gender, self-rated computer experience, and age on preference for computer assisted learning versus traditional learning (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. (UMI No. 1483122)

Naylor, S. M. 2007. Understanding graduate student constructs for finding meaning in the advising experience: A qualitative case study of incoming master’s of social work students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Government Documents
Government documents, retrieved online source
U.S. Government executive document, authored by agency, with report number. Note that the agency publication number may appear on the web document or in the library 
catalog.U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999. Smog-Who does it hurt? What you need to know about ozone and your health (EPA Publication No. EPA-452/K-99-001). Retrieved from

Government Report/Document, authored by individual(s)--not agency, has publication date & report number.
Werner, C. A. 2011. The older population: 2010 (2010 Census Briefs, No. C2010BR-09). Retrieved from U.S. Census Bureau website:

Russo, C. A., & Jiang, H. J. 2006. Hospital stays among patients with diabetes, 2004 (Statistical Brief No. 17). Retrieved from Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality website:

Government report, no document number
U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2011. Food safe families: Four steps to keep your family safer from food poisoning. Retrieved from

Government documents, retrieved print source
Lindeman, D. A. 1984. Alzheimer’s disease handbook (DHHS Publication No. OHDS 84-20813). Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office.

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 2004. Pictured rocks national lakeshore: Final general management plan, wilderness study, environmental impact statement. Washington, DC: Author.

Michigan Government executive document
Michigan Department of Community Health. 2003. Michigan dementia plan summary: Reducing the burdenof dementia in Michigan. Lansing, MI: Author.

Conferences & Presentations, retrieved online source
Paper in proceedings published regularly
Rissman, J., Greely, H. T., & Wagner, A. D. 2010. Detecting individual memories through the neural decoding of memory states and past experience. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107, 9849-9854. doi:10.1073/pnas.1001028107

Paper in proceedings published regularly, more than seven authors
Brem, S., Bach, S., Kucian, K., Guttorm, T. K., Martin, E., Lyytinen, H., ... Richardson, U. 2010. Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107, 7939-7944. doi:10.1073/pnas.0904402107 

Conference presentation slides
Clumpner, K. E. 2007, April. Interdisciplinary blog for liaisons [PowerPoint slides]. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians, Wisconsin Dells, WI. Retrieved from

Conference panel abstract
Freier, M., Bennett, T., & Riley, A. C. 2009, March. Gender, generation, and toxicity: The implications for academic libraries of gender and generational attitudes toward competition and workplace behavior. Panel presented at the ACRL 14th National Conference, Seattle, WA. Abstract retrieved from

Published Proceedings
Capitalize the name of the symposium.
Barlow, D. H., Chorpita, B. F., & Turovsky, J. 1996. Fear, panic, anxiety, and disorders of emotion. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 43. Perspectives on Anxiety, Panic, and Fear (pp. 251-328). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Proceedings published regularly (format similar to periodicals)
Wassenaar, L. I., & Hobson, K. A. 1998. Natal origins of migratory monarch butterflies at wintering colonies in Mexico: New isotopic evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 95, 15436-15439.

Poster presented at conference
Raspe, P. D.1991, April. Relationship among given names in the Scilly Isles. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Milwaukee, WI.

Personal Communications
Personal communications do not appear in the reference list, but are cited within text as follows:
D. Walch (personal communication, January 19, 2007). 
(L. Brothen, personal communication, June 6, 2004).


These should be numbered consecutively in the text.


At the end of paper