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Nizamettin Dogar (2016). Culture and Security Relations on the Basis of Hofstede’s Cultural Perspective. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 4(2): 54-61. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73/2016.4.2/22.214.171.124
Aim of this paper is to find out answers to the questions; if culture has an effect on security, and the way of relations between personal and national security after 9/11. Hofstede’s cultural perspective is used for the research and individualism-collectivism dimension is applied. Results show that there is a strong relation between culture and security and also there is a transformation in security perception after 9/11, pointing out a direction from personal security to national security.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated culture - security relations from Hofstede’s cultural perspective and effect of 9/11 attacks on security paradigms. By using Hofstede’s individualism-collectivism dimension to search for the relations between culture and security, paper makes an important contribution to literature.
The Dimensions of Adaption to Marital Violence in Saudi Society “A Field Study on a Sample of the Marital Women’s in Jeddah City”
Seham Ahmed Al-Azab (2016). The Dimensions of Adaption to Marital Violence in Saudi Society “A Field Study on a Sample of the Marital Women’s in Jeddah City”. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 4(2): 36-53. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73/2016.4.2/126.96.36.199
This study aims to determine the role of certain dimensions that compels a wife to adapt with marital violence thus elect to continue in such a turbulent marriage. The study adapted the descriptive approach and the measurement of adaption with marital violence for data collection from a sample of 114 battered women whom members of the Family Protection Foundation situated at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The results of major factors that compels a battered wife to adapt with marital violence were: The wife's below average appearance, obesity and below average beauty as to the dimension of the wife's personality aspects. Increased divorced process cost and lengthy divorce process as to the dimension of the divorce process and child custody. The wife's inability to control her children' behaviors, difficulty to fulfill her children' needs, depending on the father for extending such orientation and guidelines to children as to the dimension of caring for children. The wife's family's inadequate support as a result of the family's hard economic condition and lack of social status, the family's rooted conception that the husband has the right to discipline his wife as to the dimension of the family support. Inadequate social security for the wife and her children, the wife's total financial dependence on the husband, inadequate financial support (designated by a competent court) for both of the mother and children after divorce, inadequate financial support from the wife's family as to the dimension of financial dependence on the husband. However, the physical, health, sex and economic violence are the major types of violence adapted by battered wives.
This study contributes, in the existing literature, the role of certain dimensions that compels a wife to adapt with marital violence thus elect to continue in such a turbulent marriage in spite of violence.