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Amyloidosis is the term used for a group of diseases characterized by extracellular deposition of fibrillar proteinaceous substance called amyloid, in a β- pleated sheet conformation. Amyloidoma or amyloid tumor is a tumor-like localized deposit of amyloid encountered occasionally in association with multiple myeloma, various chronic inflammatory diseases and primary amyloidosis. Soft tissue amyloidoma is rare, and soft tissue amyloidoma without evidence of systemic amyloidosis is even rarer. We report a rare case of primary AL type localized amyloidoma with a clinicopathological review and particular attention to its head and neck manifestation.
Evaluation of Techniques for the Diagnosis of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Paediatric Patients
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Obi R.K , Oke, B.O , Anjorin, A.A , Bidmos, I.K , Salu, O.B , Omilabu, S.A (2015). Evaluation of Techniques for the Diagnosis of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Paediatric Patients. Genes Review, 1(1): 6-27. DOI: 10.18488/journal.103/2015.1.1/126.96.36.199
Rotavirus is the major etiology of acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. It has been estimated that about 39% of childhood diarrhoea hospitalizations are caused by the virus and nearly half a million children die from the infections each year especially in developing countries on the Asian subcontinent, Africa, and Latin America where health care facilities are in short supply. Stool specimens collected from the first to fourth days of illness are optimal for detection of the infection. Diagnosis was originally performed using electron microscopy, which is still occasionally used in centers where it is available. Routine diagnosis is however, now performed by antigen detection on feces using commercially available, simple, rapid immunochromatographic dipstick style kits which have superseded the earlier latex agglutination and enzyme immunoassay methods whose usefulness in diagnosis is still relevant. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of feces is also available in some reference and research centers, and is particularly useful for identification of outbreaks due to serogroups other than group A. Similarly viral culture and serology are also available but do not play much roles in diagnosis of acute disease. Rotavirus infection is indeed a public health problem and early, rapid, accurate and reliable diagnostic techniques are essential for effective patient management and infection control.
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Introduction: Chryseobacterium gleum is an uncommon pathogen in humans. It is a gram negative, nonfermenting bacterium distributed widely in soil and water. We present a case of urinary tract infection caused by Chryseobacterium gleum in a patient with right lower ureteric calculi. Case presentation: This case describes a 62- year-old male admitted for ureteric calculi to the Department of Urology in a tertiary care hospital in Kerala. A strain of Chryseobacterium gleum was isolated and confirmed by MALDI-TOF MS .The bacterium was sensitive to Piperacillin-Tazobactum (100/10µg ), Cefotaxime(30µg),Ceftazidime(30 µg ) and Ofloxacin(30 µg). It was resistant to Nitrofurantoin (300µg),Tobramycin(10µg),Gentamicin(30µg),Nalidixic acid(30µg) and Amikacin(30µg). Conclusion: Chryseobacterium gleum should be considered as a potential opportunistic and emerging pathogen. Resistance to a wide range of antibiotics such as aminoglycosides, penicillin, cephalosporins has been documented. In depth studies on Epidemiological, virulence and pathogenicity factors needs to be done for better diagnosis and management.
This study documents the first case of Chryseobacterium gleum associated UTI in South India.