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Listing 90 - 20 of 2211 results.

Improving the Methodology for Organizing Financial Results in Tourism

Research Article
Author(s): Temirkhanova Mutabar Jurayevna
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
The article discusses the issues that are divided into two types: accounting and accounting of financial results, based on international experience and perspective development of the accounting. There are no clear boundaries between the two types of accounting records. As a result, the rapidly changing and rapidly developing market economy has a number of specific functions of both types of accounting. It envisages the establishment and refinement of financial and financial reporting information in tourist companies in accordance with the principles and principles. This will result in the recording of your financial account, the evaluation of the items, and the settlement of the related accounts.
Contribution/ Originality


Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: inpmonth-0000 Issue: 0

Sectoral Credit Allocation of Deposit Money Banks and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Monogbe Tunde, G., Achugbu Austin, Uzowuru Lawrence, N., Edori, Daniel, S.
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The nature of relationship between deposit money banks loan to certain sector of the economy and its possible effect of reducing poverty rate in Nigeria is controversial and significant. As such, this study set out to examine the extent to which deposit money bank loan and advances to SMEs, agricultural, and manufacturing sectors in Nigeria has helped in reducing poverty rate. To achieve the objective of the study, unit root test, auto regressive distributive lag estimate and causality test were employed. Result shows that deposit money bank loan to SMEs and agricultural sector seem to be inversely related to poverty rate in Nigeria while sectoral allocation to the manufacturing sector is not capable of reducing poverty rate in Nigeria. This inherent relationship between loans to manufacturing sectors and poverty reduction in Nigeria could be attributed to some structural factors cited in the body of the paper. In the light of these findings, this study concluded that (i) Poverty rate in Nigeria is significantly sensitive to deposit money bank credit to agricultural sector; (ii) Within the context of the study, deposit money bank allocation to SMEs has helped in reducing poverty rate in Nigeria to the tune of 1.821 unit. On this premises, it is recommended that bank ordinances and financial institution act should be review to ensure that more credit is allocated to agricultural and SMEs sector as this will help in reducing the ever teaming trend of poverty in Nigeria through the window of job creation.
Contribution/ Originality
Having subjected our data set to rigorous analysis, it is established within the context of this study that sectoral allocation of deposit money banks loan and advances to small and medium scale enterprises has significantly contributed to economic growth such that poverty trend is being reduce to the tune of 1.82135 unit all things being equal. Further, deposit money bank allocation to the manufacturing sector does not seem to be significant in boosting economic output, as such poverty trends remain unchanged.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development

Research Article
Author(s): Obiekwe, Onyebuchi, Obibhunun, Lucky
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

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Abstract
This paper examined the roles of labour union in Nigeria industrial harmony and development. It notes that strong and united labour unions are pre-requisites to industrial and national development of any nation. Some objectives of trade unions such as negotiation, representative body, maintenance of employee-employer relationship, and promotion of member’s welfares were noted and discussed. The paper also observed that workers join union because of job security, need for adequate wages and benefits, power in group for collective bargaining and need to associate with others. Some challenges facing labour unions in Nigeria such as disunity, financial weakness, weak collective bargaining process and dishonest attitude of trade union leaders were identified. The paper concluded that disunity and politicization of trade union are major obstacles for the development of strong and stable trade unions which is an integral part of cordial industrial relations. In addition, a strong and enlightened labour union is vital for good industrial relations system and help to promote the interest of labour union. It is recommended, among others, that unions should identify current trend in industrial relations and educate their members to anticipate for the changes brought about by environmental forces affecting industries. Trade unions should create a level playing ground for all members to take part in the decision making machinery of their unions. Union members should ensure that only qualified, tested and trusted leaders who are truly workers should be voted into offices both at the local, state and national level. In addition, union leaders should be properly trained and educated to know the basic labour and industrial laws of the country in order to plan their actions within the provisions of the laws. Trade unions should also provide for the adequate training of their members in order to give room for advancement of their members.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributed new knowledge to existing management literature. It examined the roles, objective and challenges of labour union in Nigeria. The primary contribution is finding that a united and proactive labour union is vital in maintaining a progressive and harmonious management-worker relationship which drives industrial harmony and development.
Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Genotype-Environment Interactions and Yield Stability of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp) in Lomami Province, Central Part of Democratic Republic of Congo

Research Article
Author(s): Remy Tshibingu Mukendi, Antoine Lubobo Kayenga, Louis Longanza Baboy, David Mugisho Bugeme, Adrien Mbuyi Kalonji, Theodore Mushambanyi Munyuli
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The genotype environment interaction (GEI) has always been considered as an important issue by researchers involved in varietal selection and yield performance assessment. The objective of this study was to identify stable genotypes of cowpea in the Greater Kasai region. The current study was undertaken in 3 locations in the Ngandajika territory of Lomami Province (central part of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) with 12 improved cowpea genotypes obtained from the National Institute for Agricultural Research and Studies. The experiments were conducted following the randomized block design with 3 replicates and 12 treatments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and AMMI model were applied to identify main effects and GEI. The genotype yield stability across different locations was determined using the stability value of AMMI (ASV) rank of the AMMI model. ANOVA test indicated that there was performance inconsistencies in the yield of the 12 genotypes tried across the environments retained in this study. However, AMMI model revealed genotypes with stable yields across the different environment considered in the study. For the determination of the specificity of adaptability of genotypes to specific environments, the stability value of AMMI and diagram plot techniques were used for the discrimination of the genotypes versus the different environments considered. The genotypes Mujilanga (V2), CNGKASA7-2-M (V3) and CNGKASC2-1-1-T (V9) were identified as the most stable across different environments studied. Their yields were significantly higher (P<0.05) since they oscillated between 260 and 369 kg / ha as compared to the overall average of 312 kg / ha.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated yield stability and adaptability of cowpea genotype in central part of DR Congo. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that stability value of AMMI (ASV) rank and diagram plot discriminated three cowpea genotypes for dissemination in central part of DR Congo.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Using Refined Phosphogypsum to Replace Natural Gypsum in Portland Cement Production in Vietnam

Research Article
Author(s): Viet-Thien-An Van, Van-Binh Nguyen
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research

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Abstract
This study assessed the effects of different contents of two refined phosphogypsums (PG1, PG2) on standard consistency, setting times, compressive strength and sulfate resistance of cement. PG2 possesses higher water-soluble impurities such as P2O5, F content than PG1. The results were compared to those of cement containing natural gypsum (NG). The results showed that water demand of cement reduces when the content of the gypsums increases, especially with PG1 and NG. The phosphogypsums prolong the setting times of cement. The higher the gypsum content is, the more the 3-d compressive strength of cement can obtains. The low impurity phosphogypsum (PG1) accelerates the 3-d strength but lowers the 91-d strength of cement compared to the high impurity phosphogypsum (PG2). The strength of cement containing NG is always between those of the phosphogypsums at the ages of 3 and 91 days. There is a suitable content of gypsum to produce the highest strength of the cement at the ages of 28 and 91 days. Deterioration of the cement in sodium sulfate solution (50g/l) is more severely when increasing gypsum content. The sulfate resistance of cement containing PG1 is lower than that of cement containing PG2 or NG.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies in Vietnam to investigatewhich have investigated the potential for using refined phosphogypsum to replace natural gypsum in cement for environmental protection in Vietnam. This study has reported that phosphogypsum content and impurities of P2O5 and F- significantly affect the properties of Portland cement.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Classification Ensemble Based Anomaly Detection in Network Traffic

Research Article
Author(s): Ramiz M. Alıguliyev, Makrufa Sh. Hajirahimova
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
Recently, the expansion of information technologies and the exponential increase of the digital data have deepened more the security and confidentiality issues in computer networks. In the Big Data era information security has become the main direction of scientific research and Big Data analytics is considered being the main tool in the solution of information security issue. Anomaly detection is one of the main issues in data analysis and used widely for detecting network threats. The potential sources of outliers can be noise and errors, events, and malicious attacks on the network. In this work, a short review of network anomaly detection methods is given, is looked at related works. In the article, a more exact and simple multi-classifier model is proposed for anomaly detection in network traffic based on Big Data. Experiments have been performed on the NSL-KDD data set by using the Weka. The offered model has shown decent results in terms of anomaly detection accuracy.
Contribution/ Originality
This study proposed multi-classifier model for increasing anomaly detection accuracy in network traffic. The model consists of the J48, LogitBoost, IBk, AdaBoost, RandomTree classifiers. This work performed a comparative analysis of used classifiers and their combination to see which one will give the best result In study classifiers and their combination have been implemented on NSL-KDD open source dataset using WEKA tool. The results show that the ensemble classifiers provide the better result than using these classifiers individually. The computer network traffic analysis with employment of our model can help network engineers and administrators to create a more reliable network, avoid possible discharges and take precautionary measures.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Foreign Direct Investment in Zimbabwe: The Role of Uncertainty, Exports, Cost of Capital, Corruption and Market Size

Research Article
Author(s): J. Muzurura
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
Most of developing countries such as Zimbabwe see foreign direct investment as a panacea for augmenting domestic savings, generating employment, eradicating poverty and stimulating economic growth. Foreign direct investment also is associated with significant positive spillover benefits such as; facilitating technological progress, enhancing production efficiencies, promoting skills and knowledge diffusion and increasing international competitiveness. The paper investigated the role of cost of capital, uncertainty, exports, market size and other macro factors in attracting FDI in Zimbabwe. This paper relied on a time series analysis using Ordinary Least Regression equation for the period 1998-2017. Uncertainty and cost of capital were found to be negative and statistically significant whilst market size and lagged exports were found to be positive and statistically significant. The paper recommends adoption of policies that improve domestic absorptive capacity such as the elimination of uncertainties in the economy, promoting more trade openness, improving market size and liberalisation of credit and financial markets to reduce firm borrowing costs.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on foreign direct investment by demonstrating the role of macro-uncertainty and cost of capital in attracting FDI. In addition, this study utilizes a new estimation methodology of FDI that is based on the modification of the flexible accelerator model of investment behaviour.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Climate Change Vulnerability in Rwanda, East Africa

Research Article
Author(s): Lamek Nahayo, Jean Baptiste Nsengiyumva, Christophe Mupenzi, Richard Mindje, Enan Muhire Nyesheja
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
This study aims to spatially assess the flood vulnerability then suggests appropriate vulnerability lessening and adaptation mechanisms in Rwanda. Six vulnerability factors namely the rainfall and temperature, total population, access to communication tools, poverty level and number of schools were analyzed. The Weighting Linear Combination (WLC) method in ArcGIS is used to analyze these factors and spread the resulting flood vulnerability countrywide. The results showed high flood vulnerability within the northern, western and southern provinces and Kigali city of Rwanda. This vulnerability is likely to rise due to the noticed low possession of communication tools and education delivery, which could help to enhance the risk awareness and preparedness among the vulnerable communities. The results of this study can help policy makers to understand the required community’s vulnerability lessening measures and ensure spread of mitigation and adaptation policies as per vulnerability extent within Rwanda.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper primary contribution is finding that climate change risk, mainly the flooding are gradually causing severe losses and damages in Rwanda. Thus, the mapped flood vulnerability can be useful to policy makers to better recognize the required vulnerability lessening policies based on the actual circumstances.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Profitability of Commercial Bank on Interest Rate Deregulation

Research Article
Author(s): Tijjani Muhammad, Abatcha Melemi
Journal: Financial Risk and Management Reviews

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Abstract
This study focuses on impacts of deregulation policy of interest rate on the profitability of commercial bank, which will create competition among conventional financial institution for their traditional activities of banks (Deposits, loans and other financial institutions activities). The demand and supply will increase to encourage fund mobilization based on interest rate. Sanity becomes significant in the financial institution as utilization of fund is been judiciously encouraged and invests it to the most profitable ventures. The study explored the survey questionnaire by selecting five financial institutions and distributes twenty (20) questionnaires for each financial institution to their respective managers (experts) for their input. The simple description analysis and correlation were considered for variables comparison to achieve the research objectives. The research findings indicate that the deregulation significantly contributed to the profitability of commercial financial institution and promote competition among their counterpart. The study also reveals that the deregulation in interest rate leads to an increase in profit maximization. The study recommended the changes in the discount rate will reflect a stipulated range depending on how monetary policy pursued and the relation of a current market economy with interest rate, the sufficient control of the institutions and regulatory bodies to ensure the forces driving the economy as adequately managed and controlled.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the interest rate deregulation. The study uses a new estimation methodology as a structural survey questionnaire which used correlation and descriptive analyses. The study is one of the very few studies based on deregulation of the interest rate on commercial bank.
Economics » Financial Risk and Management Reviews » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Organisational Predators of Workplace Deviant Behaviour in Hotel Industry

Research Article
Author(s): Bello Yekinni Ojo, Dan-Jumbo Comfort Tamunoipiriala
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
Counterproductive behaviour exhibited by hotels workers in Port Harcourt is alarming. Despite the consequences of deviant acts, operators of the hotel industry in Port Harcourt are less minded on the organizational antecedents of workplace deviant behaviour. This study proposed an integrated model that explains the relationship between organizational predators and workplace deviant behaviour (OP-WDB) in the hotel industry in Port Harcourt. The study used a structured questionnaire and sampled 138 hotel staff in Port Harcourt. Pearson Moment Correlation analysis was used. The result shows that four of the six organisational predictors have a positive and significant relationship with deviant behaviour in respect of hotels in Port Harcourt. The F- statistic was statistically significant indicating a valid model. It is recommended that hotel managers should promote the cordial relationship between managers and their subordinates for enhanced employee's civility behaviour. In addition, hotel owners and managers should formulate policies that can forestall a positive hotel work climate for employees. Once more, hotel managers should ensure that daily employee's activities are scientifically measured to avert cases of work overload. Finally, hotel managers should lead by example and ensure that employees' trust in management is total.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the literature on workplace deviance in the hotel industry. The research proposed and validated an integrated model that explains the relationship between organisational predators and workplace deviant behaviour (OP-WDB) in an emerging country. The study increased the explanatory power of the OP-WDB model in explaining the social exchange theory.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Factors Affecting Garments Employees Perception on Job Performance: Evidence from Bangladesh

Research Article
Author(s): Md. Rahat Khan, Sanjoy Kumar Roy, S. M. Khaled Hossain
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
It is proved from the literatures that, perceptual factors have a great influence on employees’ job performances in organization. The current study tried to sort out some crucial perceptual factors affecting employees’ job performance. The study developed 28 perceptual items based on FGD and literature analysis such as decision making, learning, orientation, training, engagement, evaluation policy etc. Then a proposed perceptual model had been developed. A structured questionnaire was surveyed among the selective respondents (n=500); then tested the items’ reliability and passed (? = .789); after that, the study went for exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Total seven (7) factors (Perceived HR practice; Perceived performance appraisal; Perceived supervisor’s quality & leadership; Perceived work environment & climate; Perceived organizational support; Perceived work pressure; and Perceived compensation plan) were identified. Finally, in confirmatory factors analysis (CFA) testing, one of those factors named Perceived compensation plan (PCP) fall short to pass the validity from the model.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated a perceptual model based on any under developing & developing country whose labor markets are unstructured and chaotic. So the paper will provide a fare idea to the entrepreneurs and managers who are interested to deal with such labor markets like Bangladesh.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Disciplinary Management in Public Primary Schools and Teachers Job Effectiveness in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Owan, Valentine J., Ekpe, Mercy Bassey
Journal: World Journal of Vocational Education and Training

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Abstract
The study examined disciplinary management in public primary schools and teachers' job effectiveness in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State. Three null hypotheses were formulated accordingly to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Census technique was adopted in selecting the entire population of 98 primary school managers which comprised of 49 head teachers and 49 deputy head teachers across 49 public primary schools available in the area. A questionnaire tagged: "Disciplinary Control in Public Primary Schools and Teachers' Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (DCPPSTJEQ)" designed and administered by the researcher was used as an instrument for data collection. The null hypotheses were all tested at .05 level of significance using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. Findings from the study revealed that warning, suspension, and dismissal have significant relationships respectively, to primary school teachers' job effectiveness. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended among others that; there should be fairness in the administration of suspension to all teachers through well-documented procedures.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by providing evidence on the relationship between disciplinary management variables and teachers job effectiveness. The uniqueness of this study is based on the variables: warning, suspension and dismissal that were used which seems to be rare in earlier studies, thus filling the gaps.
Arts and Education » World Journal of Vocational Education and Training » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Study of Graphene-MoS2 Based SPR Biosensor with Graphene Based SPR Biosensor: Comparative Approach

Research Article
Author(s): Md. Mortuza Habib, Ruddro Roy, Md. Mojidul Islam, Mehedi Hassan, Md. Muztahidul Islam, Md. Biplob Hossain
Journal: International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

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Abstract
In this paper, we compare the sensitivity of graphene-MoS2 based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor to graphene based SPR biosensor. Here, graphene is used as biomolecular recognition element (BRE) because of its high adsorption ability and optical characteristics which helps to improve sensor sensitivity, on the other hand MoS2 is used for it has larger band gap, high fluroscence quenching ability, higher optical absorption efficiency which improves further sensor sensitivity. In DNA hybridization event, numerically achieved results show that single layer of graphene-MoS2 based SPR biosensor is 175% more sensitive than single layer of graphene coated SPR biosensor. Surface plasmon resonance angle and spectrum of reflected power are numerically investigated for different concentrated complementary DNA strands. The variations of SPR angle is significantly computable for complementary DNA strands whereas these parameters are varied negligibly for mismatched DNA strands. Thus the proposed sensor effectively differentiates hybridization and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) by examining the level of changes in SPR angle and reflected power spectrum.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated numerically the performance parameters in terms of sensitivity with adding only graphene and other hand adding graphene with MoS2 layers based surface plasmon resonance biosensor.
Engineering » International Journal of Natural Sciences Research » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Demographic Factors Influence on the Tendency to Become Entrepreneur: Estimating the Antecedents and Consequences of Entrepreneurial Tendency

Research Article
Author(s): Mohammad Rashed Hasan Polas, Amitab Bhattacharjee, Valliappan Raju, Mohammad Imtiaz Hossain
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The essence of this study deals with identifying the major demographic factors for the tendency to become an entrepreneur. Our survey data from 132 randomly selected respondents were used to investigating the factors for the tendency to become an entrepreneur. In this study, a quantitative method was used to improve research strength. This study identified some major factors which increase an individual’s entrepreneurial tendency. The study found a significant relationship between educational degree specialization, nationality, gender, entrepreneur parent, child position, marital status, age towards the tendency to become an entrepreneur. Moreover, the study further didn’t find any relationship between performance (CGPA), religion and abroad experience towards the tendency to become an entrepreneur than earlier findings. Moreover, the entrepreneur is the combination of risk and willingness to find success but it’s not easy to be like that because of both effects of internal and external business environments and therefore this study is conducted to identify core factors, which may influence on the willingness of an individual for being an entrepreneur. It is truly noticed the business-oriented scope for female compared to male in the same region that supports the other major factor called nationality. However, this study is conducted over postgraduate students studying in Malaysia that may focus a limitation but its overall results will fairly demonstration tendency to become an entrepreneur based on the international business environment perspective.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the relationship between demographic factors of students and their tendency to become an entrepreneur through empirical analysis and analyses whether students become influenced to become an entrepreneur through the core demographic factors.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Simultaneous Growth of Rutile TiO2 Nanorod on FTO Plate by One-Step Hydrothermal Process for CdS Sensitized Solar Cell Applications

Research Article
Author(s): Vignesh Ravi, Arjun Kumar Bojarajan, Vetrivelan Vaithiyanathan, Ragupathi Chinnadurai, Kaviyarasu Kasinathan, Ramalingam Gopal
Journal: International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research

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Abstract
The rutile TiO2 of nanoparticles and microrods were simultaneously grown on FTO glass slide using a one-step hydrothermal process. CdS semiconducting nanocrystals were deposited on the surface of TiO2 surface using SILAR method. Moreover, the SEM micrograph studies, TiO2 nanorods were almost uniformly explored on FTO glass slide pattern. The photovoltaic performances, as-prepared semiconductor sensitized solar cells (SSSCs) were studied and the maximum efficiency of FTO/TiO2/CdS-8/ZnS-2 sample was 0.78% were confirmed by sun solar simulator, overall the solar cell efficiency was determined with an increasing pattern of CdS deposition is reported in detail.
Contribution/ Originality
In this work, contribute to the development of Ti02 unidirectional growth nanorods on FTO glass slide and its act as a photoanode was prepared hydrothermal method. The semiconductor (CdS) quantum dots were prepared using SILAR method. These quantum dots acts as dye molecule for the fabrication solarcell. In the present studies gives an idea of semiconductor sensitized solar cells (SSSCs).
Chemistry & Materials Sciences » International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research » Month: 01-2019 Issue: 1

Agric Financing and its Impact on Agricultural GDP: An ARDL Approach

Research Article
Author(s): Ndubuaku Victor C., Okoro Okoro E.U., Bello Kabiru, Alozie Chiaka P.
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
This research investigated the impact of agricultural financing on agricultural sector contribution to GDP in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to determine whether agricultural financing had any significant impact on agricultural contribution to GDP in Nigeria. The dataset covered a 36year period from 1981-2016. Data was sourced from the CBN statistical Bulletin. The dependent variable was the Agricultural GDP (AGDP). The independent variables were government funding {represented by Government Capital Expenditure on Agriculture (GCAG) and Government Recurrent Expenditure on Agriculture (GRAG) }, Agric Credit Guarantee scheme Fund (ACGSF) and Commercial Banks’ Credit, Loans and Advances to the Agricultural Sector (CBCA). Standard analytical tests were used to determine the properties of the data. The Auto Regressive Distributed Lagged regression model (ARDL) was used to estimate the data. The study found that government funding to agriculture and Agric Credit Guarantee scheme Fund (ACGSF) had a non-significant impact on Agricultural Contribution to GDP (AGDP). On the other hand, the study found that Commercial Banks’ Credit, Loans and Advances to the Agricultural Sector (CBCA) had a positively significant impact on AGDP. The study recommended the sustenance of government policy that encouraged consistent injection of funds into agriculture. It advocated that a sizeable portion of Commercial Banks’ credit should be channelled to agricultural production.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the impact of agricultural funding on agricultural GDP. This study uses new estimation methodology which is the ARDL approach. The paper contributes the first logical analysis by conducting a pre-test, estimation and diagnostic analyses. The paper's primary contribution is that government funding of the agricultural sector had no significant impact on agricultural GDP.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Development and Quality Evaluation of Complementary Food Formulated from Sorghum, Soybean and Sesame Flour Blends

Research Article
Author(s): Emmanuel, Omale B.B.
Journal: Journal of Nutrients

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Abstract
Complementary foods are foods that are not breast milk or infant formula introduced to an infant to provide nutrients due to inadequacy of breast milk. The quality of Complementary foods prepared from sorghum, soybean and sesame flour blends was determined in this research. The flours were prepared and blended at different ratios; 70:30:0, 70:20:10, 60:30:10, and 50:40:10. The chemical, sensory and physical properties of the individual flours and the most acceptable complementary food were determined. The results show that the complementary food (50% SORF, 40% SOYF AND 10% SESF) contained 24.1% protein while SORF, SOYF and SESF had 7.8%, 48.4% and 15.1% respectively. The complementary food has higher carbohydrate 48.1% than those of the SOYF (19.4%) and SESF (23.3%). However, the SOYF flour had higher carbohydrate (82.2%) than the other flours. The bulk density of the complementary food was 0.72g/cm3 while those of the flours ranged from 0.53 g/cm3 to 0.81g/cm3. All the flours lacked foaming capacity, values ranging from 0.98 to 6.9%. However, the complementary food had higher water absorption capacity and emulsion capacity than the individual flours. The sensory evaluation result showed that the blend containing 50% SORF, 40% SOYF and 10% SESF received higher scores for taste, flavor, texture, colour and overall acceptability than the other flour blends and the commercial weaning food. The result showed that acceptable complementary food with chemical and physical properties similar to commercial weaning food may well be prepared from sorghum, soybean and sesame flour blends.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies that have investigated the production of complementary foods from local raw materials. The complementary food was produced from low-cost, nutrient dense cereal; legume and oil seed which will help solve the problem of malnutrition as the blend is rich in protein and other nutrients.
Medical Sciences » Journal of Nutrients » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Residents Perception of Impacts toward Tourism Development: The Case of Bandung City, Indonesia

Research Article
Author(s): Yulia Windarti
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
This article examines residents’ perceptions of the impacts of tourism development in Bandung City, Indonesia. The study aims to evaluate the 2009-2013 tourism policy and program’s outcomes. It uses primary data from the qualitative method of interviewing residents. Interviews were conducted in eight Bandung City districts during November 2014 and March 2016. The respondents were chosen based on the understanding that residents often do not represent a homogeneous population (Brunt and Courtney, 1999). Therefore, the respondents were divided into four types. The data analysis is modeled after Ritchie and Spencer (1994)’s framework method. The study found that the citizens’ common perception of a socio-economic impact are business opportunities. The perceived negative socio-cultural impacts was that the use of a local language, Sundanese, was declining due to tourism. The others included vandalism, and the increase of shopping places and culinary places affecting the citizens’ lifestyle via consumerism. Concerning local art and culture, type two, three and four respondents confessed that Bandung City tourism lacked cultural attractions. In contrast, type one of respondent admitted that tourism has the effect of reviving local art and culture and that they had experienced acculturation in traditional music. It shows that the local government efforts of promoting cultural tourism does not affect other residents living in other areas.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few to investigate the four different types of residents’, on their perception of tourism impacts in a city of a developing country. The study found that the understanding of socio-cultural effects is diverse among residents.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Developing a Scale to Measure a Football Players Transfer Score

Research Article
Author(s): Necmi Gursakal, Halil Orbay Cobanoglu, Bulent Batmaz, Sandy Cagliyor, Fırat Melih Yilmaz
Journal: Journal of Sports Research

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Abstract
The aim of this study is to develop a scale that demonstrates the transfer score of a football player, with the help of metrics generated through network science. Six matches played Turkish National Football Team in the 2014 World Cup Qualifiers were analyzed with e-analysis soccer program. To obtain the network of the matches and the measurements of networks we used the open-source program Gephi. By taking into consideration the correlations between 11 network metrics, factor analysis was performed, and factor loadings were obtained. To determine the transfer score, as a measure of centralization: degree, weighted-degree and betweenness-centrality, and as a measure of contravention: eccentricity, 4 variables were defined. As a result of factor analysis, three variables were combined into a single component. The variance explanation value was found to be 90.611%, the internal consistency criterion was 0.66 and the transfer score value was calculated using the squares of factor loadings. The scale we developed will be able to determine the transfer value of a player, as well as the changes in the player's performance over time.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature with a new scale that can be used as a support tool in the existing transfer system. With the development of such scale, the transfer score of soccer players will be determined and the change of their performance over time could be observed.
Physical Sciences » Journal of Sports Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

The Influence of Strength and Power on Rowing, Ski Ergometer Performance

Research Article
Author(s): Andrew Hatchett, Kaitlyn Armstrong, Brittany Hughes, Charlie Tant
Journal: Journal of Sports Research

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Abstract
Ergometers have been developed as off-season or dryland training tools for sports such as rowing and cross-country skiing. These ergometers have recently been staples in the training methods for functional fitness athletes. Purpose: To examine the relationship between athlete strength and power with rowing ergometer and ski ergometer performance. Methods: Eight healthy college-aged participants, age 18-26 years volunteered to go through a series of strength and ergometric exercises while being assessed with a metabolic cart to measure gas exchange. The three strength measures were a maximal effort on bench press, back squat, and deadlift. A watt bike was also used to assess lower body power output. All strength tests were performed following the National Strength and Conditioning Association protocols. The ergometric performances on ski ergometer and rower were performed both using the Concept2 model with the damper settings at 10. Results: A significant relationship exists between strength and ergometer performance at both sprint and mid-distances. Conclusions: Athlete strength is a significant contributor to ski ergometer and rowing ergometer performance at 100-meter and 2000-meter performances. When considering training protocols for rowing and cross-country skiing, athletes and coaches should invest in addressing strength as a meaningful portion of the training effort.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding the relationship athlete strength and power have with ergometer performance.
Physical Sciences » Journal of Sports Research » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1