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Listing 71 - 20 of 1962 results.

The Impact of Cyber-Activity on Human Development

Research Article
Author(s): Marzanna Farnicka
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
The following article focuses on the impact of cyber-activity on individual as a risk’ factor in development. The first part describes cyberspace users according to developmental theories. In the second part, some psychological changes in human mind caused by cyber-activity are presented (socio-psychological and cognitive-emotional consequences). Next, an analysis is carried out taking into consideration certain psychological conditions (attachment, temper, own experience) and motives for undertaking cyber-violence and cyber-bullying by young people. In the conclusion, programmes for mental health protection are presented. This study contributes to the existing literature concerning developmental psychology. This study, originating in a new formula, is a proposal of an analysis of risk among adolescents and as such, it may prove a useful tool in describing young people' cyber-  and other - activity profiles. In the paper, criteria for systemic analysis of the functioning of Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives were presented. Also, a description of individual strategies and their changes in time, space, activity, energy and information were proposed. This paper presents some psychological changes in human mind caused by cyber-activity, together with their socio-psychological and cognitive-emotional consequences. Aditionally, some psychological conditions, such as attachment, temper, own experience, and the motives for undertaking cyber-violence and cyber-bullying by young people were taken into consideration. The Programme Keep It Tame was presented as a way of protection of adolescents' mental health.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature concerning the developmental psychology about consequences of changes in developmental environment. The paper's primary contribution was finding the criteria for systemic analysis of the functioning of Adolescents from the pentabase perspective (time, space, activity, energy and information).

Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 2

Financial Deepening, Interest Rate Spread and Economic Growth: New Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa

Research Article
Author(s): Mohamed Jalloh, Yao Guevera
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This study examines the nexus between financial deepening, interest rate spread and economic growth using data from Sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries. A dynamic panel approach is employed in estimating the parameters of the specified equation using the Sargan test of over-identification restriction in assessing the validity of the instruments used in addressing potential endogeneity problems of the data. The results show that whilst financial deepening positively drives growth, interest rate spread adversely affect growth in countries studied. In terms of relative effects, the results indicate that enhancing financial deepening by10.0 percent induces economic growth on average by a margin of 4.2 percentage points. On the contrary, however, raising interest rate spread by 10.0 percent reduces growth on average by a margin of 3.6 percentage points in countries studied. Based on these findings, there is a strong need for the implementation of policies that promote financial deepening. In particular, there is a strong need for financial authorities supervising the activities of commercial banks to ensure low interest rate spreads with a view to promoting the efficiency of banks in effectively playing their financial intermediation role to boost economic growth for poverty reduction in SSA countries.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 3

Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector

Research Article
Author(s): Jose Satsumi Lopez-Morales, Alejandro Roberto Gonzalez-Barragan, Andres Maldonado-de Luna, Eduardo Antonio Velez-De Alba, Jose Roberto Muller-Jasso
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
In general the study of internationalization process of companies from Latin America is scarce compared with companies from Europe and USA. Likewise the study of state ownership in the region is scarce. In this regard, the main aim of this paper is analyze the internationalization patterns of the main state multilatinas: PEMEX (Mexico), PETROBRAS (Brazil) and PDVSA (Venezuela). Considering the interpretation of the main internationalization theories as: Eclectic paradigm and Uppsala model, a multi-case method was carried out in order to fulfill the purpose of this paper. The main results suggest an integrated operation, combined with innovation and technological development is used by the studied companies. Likewise, the three companies follow similar internationalization patterns as exports, joint ventures and foreign direct investment. The main difference is the place where they go abroad, PEMEX mainly focus its international operations in Europe and USA, PDVSA, go mainly USA and Asia and PETROBRAS go to Latin America and Africa.
Contribution/ Originality
The main contribution of this paper is analyzed the way that the State participates in the internationalization process in Latin America.

Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 04-2017 Issue: 4

Production Processing for the Beneficiation of Waste Polythylene Product

Research Article
Author(s): K. A. Adedeji , A. A. Yussouff, S.A. Adebanjo, W.A. Raji
Journal: International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research

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Abstract
The large amount of post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles/containers and post-consumer sachet water nylon currently generated in Lagos State makes imperative the search for alternative procedures for treating, recycling or reuse of these waste materials. This is because they are not biodegradable and constitute environmental and health threat to the survival of man and other living things. The sustainable approach to municipal solid waste management in Nigeria is being considered. This research work aimed at recycling of post-consumer PET bottles/containers and post-consumer sachet water nylon to produce composite materials for engineering applications and wastes storage bag (wastes bin) respectively. Plastic waste, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles/containers and sachet water nylon coming from the dumpsites in Lagos State in Nigeria were collected, separated, washed, recycled, extruded and characterized. The products obtained were subjected to tests to evaluate their mechanical properties using Introns Tester Model 1122. The results showed that the PET/LDPE blend mechanical properties depend on the processing conditions and apparatus. High processing temperature and high residence times strongly enhance the degradation processes and reduce the mechanical properties, in particular the elongation at break. However, by introducing additives, such as antioxidants, inert fillers and impact modifiers, these mechanical properties are improved and approached those products made from of virgin polyethylene terephthalate. For the recycled sachet water nylon, the results also showed that there was mechanical properties deficiency in the use of recycled resins and that this deficiency could be minimized through adequate blending with virgin resins. In general, provided that optimal reprocessing conditions with suitable additives, the mechanical properties of the recycled resins are near to those of virgin resins.
Contribution/ Originality
This study could be able to address the burden of disposed some of these plastic bottle /nylon litter and block the drainages. Also help in area of employment because many idle hands can engage in picking the waste for recycle.

Engineering » International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research » Month: 04-2017 Issue: 1

Ergonomic Analysis of Worker Postures in Waste Collection Job

Research Article
Author(s): A .A. Yussouff, K.A. Adedej, S.O Ismaila
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
Most environments are characterized with the problem of waste disposal and management. The effect of waste collection method on the musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) has been a challenge. Efforts had been intensified to reduce MSDs of workers through various ergonomic studies. The objective of this work is to undertake an ergonomic analysis of workers’ postures in waste collection job. Twenty five (15) employees of the parking and collection department of Lagos State Waste Management Authority (LAWMA) participated in the study. Their activities were video recorded while working and their postures was analyzed using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) sheet. Nordic questionnaire was also administered on the workers to obtain information on whether they experienced pain on any part of the body and the part of the body that the pain was experienced. The REBA action level classified postures into five levels as negligible risk, low risk, medium risk, high risk and very high risk of MSDs. Result showed that none of the workers were in the negligible risk, and low risk levels of MSDs. Further results showed that 6.66% were at medium risk; 26.7% were at high risk and 66.7% were at very high risk for the workers in the waste industry. The questionnaire revealed that 52% of the workers in both waste companies had pain in their neck and lower back during the last 12 months with the lower back being the most painful part in the body; 69.6% of them had wrist/hand pain; 65.2% had upper back pain which was the most painful part in the body during the last 7 days. It can be concluded that workers in waste collection job are subjected to MSDs as a result of the postures adopted while working.
Contribution/ Originality


Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 3

Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin

Research Article
Author(s): Sylvestre ASSOGBA, Pacome A. NOUMAVO, Gustave DAGBENONBAKIN, Nadege A. AGBODJATO, Corentin AKPODE, Abdel D. KODA, Ricardos M. AGUEGUE, Farid BADE, Adolphe ADJANOHOUN, Alejandro FALCON RODRIGUEZ, Blanca M. de la NOVAL PONS, Lamine BABA- MOUSSA
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The objective of our study was to evaluate the promoted effects of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on maize growth and yield on ferruginous soil in center of Benin.  The maize variety used was EVDT 97 STR C1. The maize seeds were inoculated with each of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus intraradices, Funneliformis mosseae and Rhizophagus cubens) combined with or not to mineral fertilizer dose recommended (50% of NPK). The experimental device was a completely randomized random block of nine treatments with four repetitions. The data collected were related to growth (height, diameter and leaf area), yield (biomass and grain yield), mycorrhization (frequency, intensity and number of spores) and NPK content. The maximum height, best seeds yield and larger leaf surface are obtained with maize plants treated with R. intraradices combined with 50% of NPK respectively surpassing of 17.44%, 38.14%, 45.99% the values obtained with the controls plants. G. cubens combined with 50% of NPK was induced an increase of diameter (6.50%), dry aerial biomass (32.86%) and dry ground biomass (94.73%) compared to the control. G. cubens only has led to the best frequency (41.25%), intensity of mycorrhization (6.07%) and a high number of spore (1.81 spores/g soil). These results show the potential of these arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve the maize productivity on ferruginous soil in center of Benin.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that mycorrhizal inoculation increase maize productivity by reducing the use of mineral fertilizer.

Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2017 Issue: 3

Gender as Determinant of the Effect of Yeast Selenium on CD4 T Cells Count Among HIV 1 Positive Children

Research Article
Author(s): Samwel Boaz Otieno
Journal: Journal of Cells

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Abstract
Background Sex steroid estrogens (E2) have been observed to have synergistic effect on activity of GSH-px on pre-menopausal females taking selenium. GSH-px activity is correlated to CD4 T cell count in HIV positive patients. However no study has been done to determine gender differentiated effect of yeast selenium intake on CD4 T cell count of pre-puberty male and female children. Methods In the study 25 girls and 25 boys  HIV-1 positive on WHO stage three and below were given 50μg yeast selenium and blood samples taken at  zero, three and six months intervals in EDTA vacuutainers. The blood samples were analyzed for CD4 T cell count by ELISA. Results: No significant CD4 T cell count change in the test group = -2.943,p< 0.05 compared to the matched controls t = -1.258 p> 0.05. CD4 T cell count increased among all age groups on test 3-5years (+ 267.1),5-8 years( +200.3)  9-15 years  (+71.2) cells/mm3  and while in matched controls there was a decrease in all age groups 3-5 years(-71),5-8 years (-125) and 9-13years(-10.1)cells/mm3  . No significant difference was observed in CD4 T cell count between boys and Girls {F (df 5, 81) = 1.379 p=0.241} between girls {F ( df 2,32) = 1.531, p= 0.232} and between boys { F ( df 2, 49) = 1.040, p= 0.361} on selenium and between boys and girls {F (df 5, 86) = 1.168, p= 0.332} on control at six months. Conclusion It can be concluded that there was significant increase in CD4 T cell count among the children on selenium, but no significant difference in the effect of selenium on CD4 T cell count between pre-menopausal females and male.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to understanding of the effects of selenium administration to HIV positive children. The yeast selenium provided is commonly available in chemists as nutritional supplements. From this study it is observed that selenium supplementation leads to increase in weight gain and equally increase in CD4 cell count (p< 0.05) between baseline and six month sampling, and delayed progression of the AIDS patients as seen by improvement in WHO clinical staging, and the WAZ-Score.  

Medical Sciences » Journal of Cells » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 1

Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition

Research Article
Author(s): H.M. Gado, A. Khusro, A.Z.M. Salem
Journal: Animal Review

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Abstract
The anaerobic probiotic technology (ZAD) is a patented technique. The products are in two forms either liquid or powder. The powder products are coated so it can handle the pressure and the temperature of the extruders. They are fed as follows; 10 gm/head /day for large animals or 1 kg/ tone of fed (for ZADO). In case of Liquid (ZAD); it is fed 10 ml/head/day for large animals and 1.5 ml liter for poultry and rabbits. It decreases the aflatoxins less than 11% by inclusion rate of 7% of ZAD in 7 hours. They are helping the animals to cope with heat stress. Their ability to decrease the cholesterol and triglycerides are noticed by 21 and 19%, respectively. The birds and animal immunity is elevated too. Animal performances are improved in animals fed either form. Milk production increased in dairy cattle (1.5 kg/animal/day) and dairy buffaloes (1kg/head/day). The same trend was recorded for meat production in cattle, buffaloes, and sheep (220, 180 and 90 gm/head/day, respectively as an average daily gain). For poultry, it helped in decreasing the fattening period by 5 days. In fish, the final weight increased by 18%. For rabbits, it increased the milk production, decreased the mortality rate, increased the average daily gain, and improved all over physiological aspects of rabbits.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the impact of probiotics on the growth performances and nutritional aspects of dairy animals, poultry, rabbit, fish, and beef. The primary contribution of this review article is to analyze the influence of anaerobic probiotic technology on the performances and other physiological aspects of ruminant and non-ruminant animals.

Agricultural Sciences » Animal Review » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 1

Management of Food Shelf Life and Energy Efficiency with Adaptive Food Preservation System (AFPS) Appliance

Research Article
Author(s): Tsang, H.F. Andrew, Yung, KC
Journal: Journal of Food Technology Research

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Abstract
This paper demonstrates how Adaptive Food Preservation System (AFPS) Appliance reduces the total energy expenditure in food preservation via reduction of food wastage and of thermal gradient between food storage space and the Appliance compartment. It is motivated by the fact that current energy efficiency effort in refrigerators predominantly focuses compressor efficiency, directly or indirectly. However, if foods are wasted before being consumed, the energy consumed along the Cold Chain (manufacturing and logistics) and in household refrigeration will both be wasted. Enhanced by AFPS Packages and Active Thermal Insulation, an AFPS Appliance has two functionalities - Shelf Life Management is responsible for food wastage reduction while Energy Efficiency Management is the responsible for reducing energy consumption through reduction of thermal gradient. The optimal compartment temperature range for the Appliance to reduce thermal gradient is between 10°C and 15°C, which results in a reduction of thermal gradients by 69.6% (between compartment and chiller) and 38.2% (between compartment and freezer), when compared with that of today’s refrigerator. Experimentation on simulated compartment and chiller shows a 50.2% reduction. Sources of deviation and the corresponding rectifications are proposed to bring the reduction up close to 69.6%.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that the Appliance’s energy efficiency can be reduced with active insulation by reducing the thermal gradient (between foods and compartment space). The paper also contributes the first logical analysis of Shelf Life Management by networking with supermarkets, other AFPS Appliances in the neighborhoods, etc.

Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Food Technology Research » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 1

Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy

Research Article
Author(s): Mbah, E.N, Amah, N.E, Onwusika, A.I
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The study was conducted in Benue State, Nigeria to assess prospects of rural youths participation in family farming. Data were collected from a sample of eighty (80) respondents using questionnaire/interview schedule. Frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation and factor analysis were used for analyzing data. Majority (75%) of the respondents were males, not married (63.70%), about 99% had formal education, having a mean age of 24 years. Major activities engaged by rural youths in family farming were clearing of farm lands (M = 2.62), harvesting of crops (M = 2.61), irrigating of farm lands (M = 2.39), staking of crops (M = 2.35), sorting/grading of farm produce (M = 2.35), gathering of fruits (M = 2.34) and applying fertilizer to crops (M = 2.33). Results also indicate prospects of rural youths participation in family farming which include proper farm record keeping (M = 2.66), increase in household food security (M = 2.60), increase in farm labour (M = 2.58), provision of market information for sales of farm produce (M = 2.58), increase in household income (M = 2.55), proper preservation of seeds and seedling/planting materials (M = 2.54), increase on the use of modern farming techniques (M = 2.53), increase in farm yields (M = 2.50, among others. The study thus recommends that rural youths should be supported to remain in family farming through adequate provision of labour-saving technologies and modern farm implements to ease operations and ensure optimum productivity. It also highlights that efforts of service providers are needed in providing youths in rural areas with necessary infrastructure such as electricity in order to discourage them from migrating to urban areas.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature to indicate that rural youths in family farming were mostly engaged in clearing of farm lands, harvesting of crops, irrigating of farm lands, staking of crops, sorting/grading of farm produce, among others. They should be provided with necessary farm inputs for optimum productivity.

Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2017 Issue: 3

Staff Nurses and Physicians Attitudes toward the Use of Electronic Patient Record

Research Article
Author(s): Amal Diab Atalla, Mary Kelada Harmina, Naglaa El Seesy
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
Background: Electronic Patient record (EPR) links consumers, payers and providers across the continuum of care and provides relevant information to them. It is essential that information can be accessed from anywhere in the healthcare delivery system, even in remote locations. Aim: The current study aimed to assess and compare staff nurses' and physicians' attitudes toward EPR. Design: The study used a descriptive survey using self-report questionnaire. Setting: The present study was carried out at a private hospital namely Al Salama New Hospital and it is considered the first and the only hospital in Alexandria governorate at Egypt that implemented the EPR documentation system since 2004. It is equipped with around 100 beds, with a wide range of healthcare services. Subjects: One hundred and twenty five nurses and 90 physicians who were working in the previously mentioned setting. Tool: The data gathering tool staff nurses and physicians' attitudes toward EPR questionnaire. It was developed by the researcher based on Noble James nurses' attitudes toward computerization questionnaire (2002) and the current related literature to determine staff nurses and physicians' attitudes toward the use of EPR. It consists of five main dimensions and 56 sub- dimensions. Results: Around two- third 65.6% of staff nurses had positive attitudes toward the use of EPR. On the other hand, more than three quarters of physicians 75.6% had positive attitudes toward the use of EPR. In addition with no significant difference was found between staff nurses and physicians. The total score percent of the physicians' attitudes (75.6) was higher than the total mean score of the staff nurses' attitudes (65.6). Conclusion: Knowledge, training, and attitude need continual reinforcement to improve implementation for EPR. These results provide valuable information that could be used to encourage the implementation of EPR in Egypt. Recommendations: This study recommended for assuring electronic based documentation as criteria for magnet hospitals on the road of accreditation of healthcare organization. Develop clear policies and guidelines to address issues related to computer based documentation. It should be written and communicated to all healthcare organizations.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated and compare staff nurses' and physicians' attitudes toward EPR. The paper's primary contribution is finding that provide valuable information that could be used to encourage the implementation of EPR in the Egyptian hospitals.

Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 04-2017 Issue: 4

The Influence of Climate Variability on Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands, Yobe State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Anthony Dami, Inuwa Kuchali B, H. K. Ayuba
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

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Abstract
This study assesses the trend and patterns of climate variability on the Hadejia-Nguru Wetland. The major sources of the climatic data were collected from Nguru Meteorological station and Ministry of Agriculture in Nguru, Yobe State. The climatic data include Maximum and Minimum temperature and rainfall for the period of 42 years (1970-2011) was collected. Time series analysis using linear trend model was used to analyze the data. The climatic results revealed changes in the climatic parameters especially in rainfall and maximum and minimum temperatures. It revealed that there was a little per unit increase in the mean annual maximum temperature which increased by 2.40?C when the time is at origin (initial time), and the mean of mean annual maximum temperature was 34.3?C. It also shows the per unit increase in the mean minimum temperature which increased by 4.33?C when the time is at origin (initial time), the mean annual minimum temperature was 19.4?C. Furthermore, it indicated that the per unit increase in years of the mean annual rainfall increased by 1.00mm, when the time is at origin, the mean of mean of annual rainfall was 32.8mm. As a result of decline in rainfall with continued increase in population, there has been more pressure exerted on the wetland resources. The implication of the climatic variation had greatly impacted on the environmental conditions of the region. This study therefore recommends the Management of the Hadejia Jama’are Komadugu Yobe Basin Trust Fund to put in place empowerment strategies for mitigating the current pressure exerted on the wetlands for sustainable livelihood.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literatures and used estimation method for assessment of climate variation. It’s one of the very few studies which investigated the influence of climate variability in the area. The primary contribution has revealed climate variation. It documents mitigation strategies for sustainability livelihood.

Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 05-2017 Issue: 5

Depression in Business: Herbal or Modern Medicine

Research Article
Author(s): Lokanathan M.S. Manikam
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Hypericum for treating tensions in nowadays commonly business chaos. St. John’s Wort and Duloxetine, Cymbalta as both types of medicine are commonly used to treat depression in the business community today. It focused and covered on the possible side effects, chemical compound structure, functionality, background of both medicine. The previous scientific articles, research papers, case studies, patients’ reviews and issues regarding to the practice of these two medicines have been reviewed and taken into account as well. By identifying the previous clinical researches, St. John’s Wort is safe but less effective due to the unclear evidences. Duloxetine could be safe with presence of safety measures and effective with supporting clear evidences. St John’s Wort could only work as alternative medicine for business tensions unless an individual hardly tolerates with Duloxetine. The priority of Duloxetine hence is over St John’s Wort in choosing medicine for depression treatment as Duloxetine could be safe and more effective than St John’s Wort. By looking at various perspective of both type of medicine provided based on supportive evidences, it concluded that Duloxetine was more reliable and effective than St. John’s Wort in treating depression in our modern business community.
Contribution/ Originality
This study makes a comparison between herbal medicine and modern medicine based on the evidences above which also had given rise on personal opinion and thoughts towards the regarding statements and statistics.

Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 04-2017 Issue: 4

Implications of Accountants Unethical Behavior and Corporate Failures

Research Article
Author(s): Udeme Enobong Eshiet
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
Purpose/objective: Emphasis on short term profit and share prices as criteria for the determination of business success have led to attrition of stakeholder trust and unlocked the doors for unethical conducts by professional accountants.   Acceptable ethics and encounters of accountants are very critical in the global market place.  This study was undertaken to advocate high ethical practices by accountants to protect the interest of the stakeholders. Methodology/approach: A literature review of fifteen scholarly peer-reviewed journal articles on corporate scandals caused by unethical behaviors of corporate leaders and accountants. Findings: (1) Unethical practiced by accountants have unintended consequences globally; (2) The accounting profession has suffered severe image damages as a result of unethical behaviors by corrupt accountants; (3) Unethical behaviors by accountants significantly contributed to the global corporate scandals, the Nigerian banking sector reorganization, and the extinction of some global companies from 2002 - 2009; (4) With the right corrective measures, organizations plagued with scandals can survive ethical challenges; (5) Audit committees oversight functions are critical in preventing corporate scandals; (6) (Un) ethical behaviors by professional accountants, organizational leaders is a tenable leadership theory. Implications/research limitations: This study, grounded in conceptual framework of business ethics, addressed the implications of unethical behaviors by accountants. This research examined the penalties of immoral conducts by accountants and organizational leaders citing Tyco International scandal as case study.  Implications are that unethical behaviors by accountants have unintended consequences on stakeholders.  Unethical behaviors by accountants contributed to global corporate scandals, the Nigerian banking sector reorganization, and the extinction of some global companies from 2002 – 2009.  For imminent studies, effort should be made to include other relevant literature into the study.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 04-2017 Issue: 4

Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Joseph Albasu, Jerome Nyameh
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The study examine the perceived impact of corporate social responsibility in the Nigerian commercial banks in order to investigate the two constructs of independent and dependent variable one study objective was formulated as (i) To investigate if internal CSR practices have influence on employees’ performance in the Nigerian banks. A qualitative method was adopted for the study because flexibility in data gathering was essential to understand the internal CSR practices of the banks. The sample population for the interviews was directors and executives of CSR from the main six banks operating in Nigeria based on their per-capital shares and nationwide presence.  The interview questions were opened ended in nature and structured based on the findings of literature on internal CSR and divided into sections. The Nvivo9 software was used to conduct the analysis of the data collected. The finding revealed that ta number of factors could contribute to the level at which internal CSR influence employee’s performance.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 05-2017 Issue: 5

Analysis of the Trends in Temperature and Rainfall in Thika River Basin in Kenya

Research Article
Author(s): Michael Maina Macharia, James Messo Raude
Journal: International Journal of Climate Research

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Abstract
The Thika River catchment is of great importance to Kenya and holds Ndakaini Dam where about 84% of Nairobi’s water supply comes from serving a population of over 3 million residents, whose contribution to Kenya’s Gross Product is 60%. The evidenced climate variability and trends for Thika catchment were assessed for significance using the Man Kendall’s trend test and discussed based on future climate variability scenarios. The results showed that the catchment has become relatively warmer over the past four decades. The annual precipitation and means of daily mean temperatures over the past 30 years has increased by about 7.8 mm (although not statistically significant), and 2.14°C respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the climate variability within the Thika catchment in Kenya. This analysis will be of great help to the water policy experts within the region in terms of future planning.

Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Climate Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 1

A Brief Survey of the House Allocation Problems

Research Article
Author(s): Ipek Gursel Tapki, Elif Akben Selcuk
Journal: Games Review

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Abstract
The objective of this paper is to briefly review house allocation problems. We first give the definition and the aim of the mechanism design theory. Next we discuss its applications to markets with no monetary transfer, such as house allocation, kidney exchange and school choice. We review the literature for (i) house allocation problems, (ii) house allocation problems with existing tenants, and (iii) house allocation problems with existing tenants and newcomers.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is to review important studies about the house allocation problems. It covers three different versions of these problems, standard house allocation problems, with existing tenants, and with existing tenants and newcomers.

Economics » Games Review » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 1

Public Sector Size and GDP Growth Nexus: Panel Data Estimation

Research Article
Author(s): Naftaly Gisore Mose
Journal: Quarterly Journal of Econometrics Research

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Abstract
The rationale of this study was to examine empirically how components of public sector size relates to GDP growth in East Africa from 1985-2015. Using balanced panel fixed or random effect model, public sector expenditure was disaggregated to scrutinize its effect of growth. The research tested for panel unit root and found that only two variables, that is, real GDP growth and capital spending - are stationary at level. The finding confirms the conventional view that relative capital spending - advances economic growth while consumption expenditure retards it. Finally, human capital allocation was insignificant. This study suggests that for these countries, the policy of increasing public sector size on investment budget to promote GDP growth will be appropriate, but fewer funds should be directed towards other governmental programs.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature in the field of public sector economics. This study uses panel estimation methodology. This study originates new formula of estimating public sector size.

Economics » Quarterly Journal of Econometrics Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 1

Spatial Appraisal of Problems and Prospects of Fertilizer Use for Agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Chikwendu, L., Jenkwe, E. D., Eleazu, E. I., Ogbonna, C. G.
Journal: Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

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Abstract
This study appraises the spatial problems and prospects of fertilizer use in agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area of Imo State. Structured questionnaires were sampled in  each villages randomly selected from the seven autonomous communities of Amaike-Mbieri, Awo Mbieri, Ezi-Mbieri, Ihitte Isi-Mbieri, Obazu Mbieri, Obi-Mbieri and Umueze-Mbieri for collection of data. The data were analysed using descriptive statistical tools of tables, charts and graphs. The outcome showed that 71.2% of the farmers do not have University Education. All the kinds of fertilizer in use in the study area contain Nitrogen with NPK 20-10-10 the most sought-after. Findings show that 54% of the farmers prefer the application of fertilizer NPK for replenishing lost soil nutrients while, 60% of the Farmers in the study area use surface broadcast method in application of fertilizer NPK on their farms. However, it was observed from this research that majority of this nitrogen compounds are washed down through surface runoffs causing pollution and eutrophication of the Ecosystems and water bodies. Government should set up research centre for Fertilizer use in Agriculture where farmers can be equipped with adequate knowledge of the best way to use fertilizer NPK while sustaining the environment
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the improper use of fertilizer. The study uses new estimation methodology of sampling questionnaire to villages observed to be most involved in Agriculture. This originates new formula that there is unbalanced use of fertilizer for agriculture.

Energy & Environmental Sciences » Review of Environment and Earth Sciences » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 2

Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions

Research Article
Author(s): Hakim Ali Sahito, Waheed Ali Kubar, Tasneem Kousar, Nisar Ahmed Mallah, Faheem Ahmed Jatoi, Wali Muhammad Mangrio, Bilawal uddin Ghumro
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
The date palm, Phoenix dactylifera is one of the main cash crops of Sindh particularly of upper Sindh, district Khairpur. It is main source of nutrients such as; carbohydrates, vitamins etc. It is cultivated on 100,000 acres only in district Khairpur with total production of 293,000 tons, this production is much less as compared to other countries main cause of this low yield is the attack of date palm weevil. About, 3 species of insect pests have been recorded in Pakistan. The feeding behavior of RPW on three verities of date palm, Aseel, Fasly and Karbalian showed that Aseel was most susceptible, weekly observation showed that the given stem piece of Aseel was completely eaten from inside by RPW, while the stem piece of two other varieties partially damaged. Present study revealed that (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) weevils fed voraciously on Aseel in comparison to two other varieties those have eaten 7.58 mean % of given stem of Aseel while 6.54 of Fasly and 7.06 of Karbalian. Thus, the present study indicated that feeding behavior takes an important role towards control strategy due to lack knowledge of feeding behavior it is imperative to manage this pest.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses new estimation methodology of biological parameters b/c this study is one of very few studies which have been investigated from the region, Khairpur, Sindh – Pakistan on this vigorous pest of date palm orchards which would be helpful to manage the pest.

Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 4