Advance Search

1962 Results

Refine by:

Years

2015(361)
2012(23)
2014(484)
2013(84)
2018(217)
2016(301)
2019(265)
2017(215)
0000(12)
Show More >> Show Less >>

Article type

Research Article(1951)
Special Issue(8)
Research Report (1)
Book Review(1)
Editorial Note(1)
Show More >> Show Less >>

Publication title

International Journal of Management and Sustainability(149)
International Journal of Geography and Geology(102)
International Journal of Mathematical Research(49)
International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy(47)
The International Journal of Biotechnology(70)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research(52)
International Journal of Education and Practice(159)
International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research(49)
Review of Information Engineering and Applications(22)
International Journal of Natural Sciences Research(73)
Humanities and Social Sciences Letters(89)
International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research(27)
Journal of Empirical Studies(24)
The Economics and Finance Letters(46)
International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research(68)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management(114)
Journal of Food Technology Research(44)
Journal of Social Economics Research(52)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research(74)
The Asia Journal of Applied Microbiology(22)
International Journal of Advances in Life Science and Technology(11)
Review of Industrial Engineering Letters(19)
Review of Environment and Earth Sciences(27)
Current Research in Agricultural Sciences(68)
International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research(34)
Journal of Tourism Management Research(38)
Review of Knowledge Economy(21)
Review of Energy Technologies and Policy Research(17)
Review of Computer Engineering Research(39)
Review of Advances in Physics Theories and Applications(7)
Journal of Minerals and Materials Research(2)
Asian Journal of Energy Transformation and Conservation(10)
International Research Journal of Insect Sciences(8)
Cancers Review(11)
Journal of Building Construction, Planning and Materials Research(3)
Animal Review(41)
Journal of New Media and Mass Communication(13)
Journal of Future Internet(6)
Journal of Forests(17)
Journal of Nutrients(10)
Journal of Sports Research(41)
Journal of Diagnostics(22)
Review of Catalysts(4)
Journal of Diseases(27)
Review of Plant Studies(11)
Journal of Challenges(6)
Journal of Brain Sciences(5)
Financial Risk and Management Reviews(17)
Games Review(8)
International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research(19)
Journal of Information(16)
Journal of Cells(6)
Quarterly Journal of Econometrics Research(12)
Genes Review(7)
Journal of Atmosphere(6)
World Journal of Molecular Research(2)
International Journal of Hydrology Research(4)
International Journal of Climate Research(7)
International Journal of Business Strategy and Social Sciences(1)
World Journal of Vocational Education and Training(7)
Show More >> Show Less >>
Listing 36 - 20 of 1962 results.

Asset System Design Based on Accrual To Improvement Quality of Financial Information (A Case Study in the City of Pacitan)

Research Article
Author(s): Subekti Djamaluddin, Santoso Tri Hananto, Bandi .
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Accrual-based accounting is implemented in Goverment Accounting standards now (Government Regulation No. 71 of 2010).  In Regulation 71 of 2010 depreciation shall be conducted on all goods belonging to the State/Region. Therefore, asset systems are adequate to accommodate the asset depreciation. In addition, asset system is necessary because asset management of the State/Regional is not optimal according to the Financial Oversight Bodies (BPK). This reasearch aims to create a prototype system of asset system in local government with a case study on the Government Pacitan. This reasearch is able to provide a solution to the problem of assets with an adequate information system.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that asset system is necessary for regional goverment in Indonesia. Asset is one big problem that faces regional goverment in Indonesia.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 10-2014 Issue: 10

Protectionism and Containment in the Twenty-First Century: Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

Research Article
Author(s): Claude V. Chang, Karl Kluegel
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
This paper advances two premises in regard to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): The first is that TPP represents the latest initiative on the protectionism continuum, thus the latest substitute for domestic adjustment. As argued, its primary focus is to facilitate the perceived need to “rebalance global growth” within the existing institutional framework of global capitalism with minimal disruption to the US economy,  hence it is unlikely to succeed in an era of increasing uncertainty surrounding the world economic and political order in a post-Great Recession world.. The second premise is that, as a two-pronged initiative TPP further represents the latest attempt to contain China in its sphere of influence in the region and the wider world, hence it is equally likely to fail in this objective given China’s established geo-economic role in the region and its use of soft power.  
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that the United States seeks to use the process of trade creation and trade diversion as means to effect a rebalance of global trade without incurring the cost of domestic adjustment and to contain China in its ambition as a regional power. 
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 10-2014 Issue: 10

The Basics of Kenyan Morals and the Professional Practice of Journalism: The Case for Society-Centered Media Decency

Research Article
Author(s): Jonai Wabwire
Journal: Journal of New Media and Mass Communication

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The theme of this paper is that the communal approach should be used in solving moral hitches in journalism. The individualism and divisionism that permeate the practice of journalism in Kenya today should be thrown away since they are not only unKenyan but also professionally unpleasant. The article asserts that Kenyan journalism should have an ingrained self-correcting mechanism that facilitates journalists counseling one another. It is submitted herein that world journalism, equally overwhelmed with divisionist and selfish styles to the practice of ethical journalism, could learn from Kenya the value of journalistic solidarity and common problem-solving. The paper ends with a recommendation that the world needs journalism with a human face.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper’s primary contribution is finding that Kenyan ethical foundations would, if taken seriously into account in the practice of journalism in Kenya, donate to world journalism, contaminated by questionable objectives and practices, a new lease of life that would make journalists deserve the tag ’respectable professionals’ rather than the present one of ’professional liars’.
Social Sciences » Journal of New Media and Mass Communication » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India

Research Article
Author(s): K. C. Dhara, N. Ray, C. Lodh, P.K. Bandopadhyay, A. Goswami
Journal: International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Prevalence as well as intensity of infection of gastro-intestinal parasites in Black Bengal goat under field condition in different season was done to assess the prevalence of gastro-intestinal parasites in Black Bengal goat under field condition to guide farm managers. The Coprological study of faecal samples of apparently healthy Black Bengal goat was conducted in field condition at Nadia district of West Bengal state of India from July 2005 to June 2006 through direct microscopic examination as well as floatation and sedimentation methods. Out of 1147 faecal samples examined, 715 (62.34%) samples were found to be positive for gastrointestinal parasites. Strongyle sp. was the most prevalent (77.48%) parasites followed by Paramphistome sp. (30.63%), Trichuris (14.55%), Moneizia (12.73%) and Fasciola sp. (6.29%). Seasonal prevalence rate and eggs per gram of faeces (EPG) count was highest in monsoon and lowest in summer. Monthly EPG count and prevalence rate was highest in November followed by October and September.The present study might help to decide the deworming schedule and management measures for farmers to increase the productivity of Black Bengal.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy

Research Article
Author(s): Sobhy Abdel-Shafy, Amira H. El Namaky, Hala A. Abou Zeina, Alaa A. Ghazy
Journal: International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus is a three-host tick that feeds primarily on dogs and occasionally on other hosts, including humans. Therefore, this study aimed to describe in details the immature stages (larva and nymph) of R. sanguineus using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and morphometeric analyses. The measurements of nymph and larva structures are relatively close to those of Hyalomma excavatum.  The number and distribution of setae on either the dorsal or ventral surfaces of nymph differ from those of other ixodid ticks. Eyes have an elongated shape in nymph and larva. The position of sternal setae in nymph resembles the position of these setae in H. dromedarii. The shape and position of spurs on coxae in nymph and larva are considered the unique characters that can differentiate this species from other three species of R. sanguineus group (R. camicasi, R. turanicus and R. sulcatus). Palpi in nymph and larva are tending to each other forming triangular shape. The apices of palpi in nymph and larva are tapering. Basis capitulum has hexagonal shape dorsally in nymph and larva. Basis capitulum of nymph has a pair of spur-like ventrally. Further studies are needed in details on the immature stages of other tick species of R. sanguineus group such as R. camicasi, R. turanicus and R. sulcatus using advanced techniques such as SEM or molecular biology. These techniques may provide additional characteristics which may facilitate the identification of the immature stages of R. sanguineus group.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the immature stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus morphologically by scanning electron microscope. 
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp

Research Article
Author(s): Reena K. K., Jobin Thomas, Nirmal Chacko, Lucy Sabu, K. Devada
Journal: International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Two hundred oribatid mites separated from the soil collected from the vicinity of the manure pits of Cattle and Goat farms under the Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Mannuthy using Berlese apparatus. All the mites separated were identified upto family level as Mochlozetidae. On dissection of all the collected mites, one fully developed and an immature cysticercoid could be detected from only one mite.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the role of intermediate host in spreading of cestodiasis. The infection status of intermediate host is the major risk factor for infection in definite host. So it is very important to know the prevalence of infection in intermediate host for taking proper control measures against the disease. Much work has not been done in this field so far. So this is a good initiative and work can be carried forward on a higher level.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Oyediran, Wasiu Oyeleke
Journal: International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Beef is an important animal protein source in Nigerian diet and its quality depends on intrinsic and extrinsic attributes. Hence, this study was carried out to assess veterinary inspection practices on quality of beef produced in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. The findings of this study showed that the butchers were young with mean age of 40.51years and 95.70% were males. All the respondents strongly agreed that facilities such as lighting, carcass carriers, security fence and cooling facilities had never been provided in the study area. The result also showed that 45.70% of the respondents always cleaned the abattoir’s environment once in a week or at month end, and dungs and wastes were dumped around the abattoir. None of the respondents neither hang the beef in the open air nor put it in a deep freezer but always displayed the beef on the table for customers to see. However, all the respondents allowed customers to touch the beef. It was revealed that ante-mortem inspection was always carried out by the Veterinary Officers attached to the abattoirs. The prominent challenges to quality of beef produced are lack of essential infrastructure, training and workshop for the butchers on hygiene practices and use of modern processing equipment. It can be concluded that beef production is a lucrative venture in the study area but the hygiene practices is below Codex Alimentarius recommended standard. It is hereby recommended that the veterinary officers should intensify effort on ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections while health extension workers and other stakeholders should organize a training/workshop on hygiene practices that will improve the quality of beef produced in the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effects of veterinary practices on the quality of beef produced for public consumption in the rural areas. The study identified that the veterinary inspection of the beef was not comprehensive and the hygiene practices of butchers were shortcomings. 
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Blood Picture and Selected Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Dromedary Camels Naturally Infected With Trypanosoma Evansi

Research Article
Author(s): I.M. Eljalii, W.M. EL-Deeb, T.A. Fouda, A.M. Almujalli, S.M. El-Bahr
Journal: International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Additional Biomarkers are required for estimation of the oxidative stress status in camel trypanosomiasis. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine lipid peroxidation, enzymatic antioxidants level and hematological indices in camels naturally infected with Trypanosoma evansi and trypanosome free camels (control). The clinical examinations reveled that all the infected camels showed signs of loss of appetite, diarrhea and loss of weight with poor body condition. Hematological analysis revealed a significant decrease  (P=0.022-0.031) in the values of total erythrocytic count (TEC), hemoglobin (Hb) and Packed cell volume (PCV) in trypansoma infected camels (5.0 ± 0.5 ×1012/L; 5.7 ± 0.5 g/dl; 21.8 ± 1.0%) compared to control group (9.6 ± 0.6 ×1012/L; 10.3 ± 0.5 g/dl; 29.1 ± 1.5%). However, the values of total leucocytic counts (TLC) and differential counts were comparable to the control values except for Eosinophils value which were significantly (P=0.023) increased in trypanosome infected camel (6.0 ± 1.9%) compare to the control (1.8 ± 0.8%). Biochemical analysis indicated that, lipid peroxidation level was significantly (P=0.021) increased in trypansoma infected camels as reflected on higher values of malonaldhyde (MDA; 6.3 ± 0.3µM) as compare to the control (0.07 ± 0.01µM). The activity of glutathione reductase was significantly (P=0.025) increased in trypansoma infected camels (1.3 ± 0.01nmol/ml) compare to the control (0.8 ± 0.2nmol/ml) whereas, the activity of super oxide dismutase (SOD) remained unchanged (P=0.072) in trypansoma infected camels compare to the control healthy animal. The present findings concluded that Trypanosoma evansi infection in camels was associated with lipids peroxidation and oxidative stress. In addition, the present study suggests that glutathione reductase may use as oxidative stress biomarker in Trypanosoma evansi infection in camels.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated lipid peroxidation, enzymatic antioxidants level and hematological indices in camels naturally infected with Trypanosoma evansi.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Classification and Identification of Risk Management Techniques for Mitigating Risks with Factor Analysis Technique in Software Risk Management

Research Article
Author(s): Abdelrafe Elzamly, Burairah Hussin
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Regardless how much effort we put for the success of software projects, many software projects have a very high failure risk rate. The failure risk is not always avoidable, but it could be controllable by using risk management technique through the software development Lifecycle.  The aim of this study is to present the factor analysis techniques to classify and identify the risk management techniques in the software development project. The best thirty risk management techniques were presented to respondents and all risk management techniques are used most of the time, and often. We have chosen three components: Planning and requirement techniques, communication techniques, models and tools for thirty risk management techniques. The study has been conducted on a group of software project managers in software development companies. We will intend to apply these study results on a real-world software project to verify the effectiveness of the risk management techniques on a software project for mitigating risks. Successful identifying of risk management techniques will greatly improve the probability of mitigating software risk.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is to present the factor analysis technique to classify and identify the risk management techniques (controls) in the software development project for mitigating risks.
Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Onwubuya, E.A, Ajani, E.N., Nenna M.G
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The paper examined constraints to brood and sell poultry production among farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria. Structured interview schedule was used to collect data from a sample of fourty (40) respondents. Data was analyzed using frequency, percentage and mean scores. Results of the study showed that the respondents were young, educated and have acquired some experience over the years and were able to finance the poultry enterprise through self-help efforts. The study further revealed a gap in the information service delivery of extension systems and the prospects observed were still below standard for extension expectations of the recent times in some rural areas of Nigeria. The respondents were highly constrained by high cost of feeds and raw materials (85.0%), poor extension agents’ contact (65.0%), inadequate drugs and veterinary services (65.0%), high infestation of diseases (60.0%) and difficulty in procurement of quality stocks (62.5%). It was concluded that Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) should integrate the activities of brood and sell poultry farmers into its programmes by providing the techniques involved to contact farmers. Efforts of government of Enugu State are highly needed in subsidizing farm inputs to farmers in order to ensure optimum productivity.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Income Elasticity of Poverty: Estimates for South Asian Countries

Research Article
Author(s): Rati Ram
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Responsiveness of poverty to growth of income in developing countries is of obvious importance. The responsiveness is usually stated in terms of the magnitude of the so-called growth elasticity of poverty, which has received much attention. Noting that in the vast literature on the topic, there is hardly any study that provides estimates of the elasticity for individual countries, this short paper makes a beginning by reporting the elasticity for six South-Asian countries during the period 1990-2005. Even in this relatively cohesive group, the elasticity shows a huge variability from nearly zero for Bangladesh and 0.35 for India to 4.67 for Pakistan, and illustrates the important point that income growth can translate into poverty reduction at vastly different rates, primary reliance on income growth for poverty reduction does not seem appropriate, and poverty-reducing public policy measures may matter even more than income growth.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper reports income elasticity of poverty in South Asian countries and brings out the enormous diversity in the rate at which income growth translates into poverty reduction even in this small group. One important implication is that direct public policies may be as important as income growth for poverty reduction.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 01-2015 Issue: 1

Affective Humanism: Towards an Ontology for Accountability in Local Government Administration in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Francis Etim
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Among the myriads of problems betting the developmental strive in Nigeria, besides the problem of leadership, is the issue of corruption. The endemic nature of the problem calls for concern because of its moral implications and replying effects. Indeed, no stratum of the society is devoid of its clawing effect to such an extent that it is taken as a la mode. To redress the scenario, many measures have been taken, institutions set up to combat this menace yet to no avail. The failure could be adduced to among other reasons limiting the fight to only empirical dimension with no attention paid to the ontological dimension of the problem. This is the onus of this paper but with particular reference to the Local Government administration because of its strategic nature as a grassroot political institution and its vital role in any developmental effort and discuss in the Nigerian polity.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of philosophy and public affairs.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Oguamalam Masquerade Performance beyond Aesthetics

Research Article
Author(s): Akas Nicholas Chielotam
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Masquerade in its form, style, costume and performance has remained an indispensable art in the African society. At times, people misinterpret masquerade performance to be barbaric, mundane and something to be avoided. This misinformation has raised a lot of unanswered questions on masquerade performance and its essence. This paper, therefore, aims at presenting in an unbiased way, the idea behind masquerade performance in Africa. It will explore how it goes beyond aesthetics and mere entertainment, to motivate people in appreciating their culture and the tradition that brought it into being. In order to actualize the interpretative and communicative potency in masquerade and its performance, qualitative method of analyzing data using content analysis will be used to x-ray Oguamalam Mmanu Performance of Erim community in Imo State.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper finally documents and sustains the mythological belief system imbedded in oguamalam masquerade performance of Erim community.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Sacred Rituals at a Chepni Village in Western Anatolia

Research Article
Author(s): Sinan Caya
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
This article basically contains some information translated from a (Turkish-originated) French scholar’s ethnographic work. It is about the descendants of previously-nomadic Turkoman tribe of Chepnis, in Western Anatolia. Those people preserved most of their authentic social structure even after becoming sedentary. Their social dynamic impetus itself drives its force from the venerated Anatolian version of Shiism. Since the vast majority of Anatolian soil belongs to the Sunnite interpretation of Islamic tradition; Chepnis and similar closed communities had a hard time throughout the Ottoman history.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which investigate the Qizilbash communities of Anatolia in contemporary times. Such scientific works are indeed not many in number even in Turkish, the language of the mentioned people. It is a fact that the Sunnite majority despised those people or at best ignored their spiritual aspects. No doubt this negative general attitude have dissuaded a tendency to investigate the communities, on the part of social scholars themselves. Word of mouth was widespread ― (usually in a discrediting manner, too― but one can not claim that stuff which had been printed on sheer paper amounts to substantial volumes. The work may be considered a review article based on the book in French: GOKALP (1980). Têtes rouges et bouches noires, une confrérie  tribale de l’ouest Anatolien, Société d’Ethnographie, Paris. A number of auxiliary sources are also employed.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2015 Issue: 2

Profit And Loss Sharing As an Offshoot for Bank Stability: A Comparative Analysis

Research Article
Author(s): Nico P. Swartz, Odirile Otto Itumeleng
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The global crisis in 2007 has revived interest in the Islamic banking and finance industry.  The profit and loss sharing (mudaraba and musharaka) attributes of Islamic banking and finance have shielded Islamic banks from the impact of a crisis.  In other words, the Islamic banking system is stable by virtue of the profit and loss sharing principle.  The relative stability of the Islamic banking model can also be deduced from the fact that the Islamic banking and finance system is effectively under the control of the authority of the central bank, which is not easily influenced by non-policy factors.  This study concludes that a case for the superiority of Islamic banking has been made for example in Tunisia and Iran, where separate Islamic or interest-free counters were opened in all branches of commercial banks along with traditional or westernised interest-based banks. The substitution of western interest-bearing deposits by profit and loss sharing deposits connotes to the stability of the Islamic finance and banking system.  The Islamic profit and loss sharing system does have merit and deserves attention from academics and policy-makers alike, especially in view of the financial crises and rampant bank failures.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the Islamic finance and banking law and the traditional or westernised interest-based banking system.  This study documents that a case for the superiority of Islamic finance and banking has been made for example in Tunisia and Iran.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 3

A Genralist Predator Prey Mathematical Model Analysis on A Cusp Point and Bogdanov-Takens Bifurcation Point

Research Article
Author(s): Temesgen Tibebu Mekonnen
Journal: International Journal of Mathematical Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
This study considers a generalist predator-prey system. We investigate a local bifurcation namely Bogdanov-Takens (co dimension 2) bifurcations and a cusp point on two significant points in the division of parameter space. These points show the place where Bogdanov-Takens point and a cusp point exist. The existence of these bifurcations proved analytically by Normal form derivation. To reach the analysis we first studied the steady state solutions and their dependence on parameters and then investigate a parameter space which is divided into subregions based on the number of equilibrium points. We identified three vital parameters 𝛼 stands for the maximum uptake rate of the generalist predator; 𝜃 stands for half saturation value and 𝜂 such that 𝜇/𝜂 is the conversion efficiency of the generalist predator where 𝜇 is the intrinsic growth rate of the predator.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes new findings in the field of a mathematical model. We investigated two bifurcation points namely Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation point and the cusp point on the generalist predator prey mathematical model by observing and analyzing the change of the behavior of the solutions of the couple of the differential equations if small change appears on the parameters of the considered model by using the normal form of derivation method.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Mathematical Research » Month: 04-2015 Issue: 2

Expanded of Informal Jobs in Iranian Border Cities, Case: Zabol-Iran

Research Article
Author(s): Khodarahm Bazzi
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Informal jobs is the part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government, or included in any gross national product (GNP), unlike the formal economy. The growing popularity of the informal jobs (especially peddler) in cities is to be found in both hidden and obvious mechanisms rooted in unorganized in the formal sector.  What makes issues difference between informal jobs in Zabol rather other cities of Iran are located Zabol in near of Afghanistan borders.   So that the phenomenon of smuggling and illegal enter of Afghans to Iran expanded this problem in Sistan region and Zabol city. With attention to multidimensional of subject, in this paper has been used of analytical- description methods and survey activities to understand of peddlers jobs and distribution of questionnaire in both single and mixed status. Also for access to statistical data’s has been used of Zabol municipality reports. Results show that status border of Sistan region and some related works to it (such as: smuggling and resident of illegal Afghans) led to expanded of informal jobs in Zabol city. 
Contribution/ Originality
This paper is an original research in this field that introduced most types of informal jobs and affective factors with regard to and the most important reasons of tending to informal jobs in borders’ city of Zabol. 
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 3

The Wider Vision of Social Policy: Exploring the Ways of Curbing Violence against Women in Four Wards of Shamva North Constituency (Zimbabwe)

Research Article
Author(s): Tom Tom, Mapuranga Barbra
Journal: International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The researchers sought to discover the forms and depths of violence against women, and to analyse the current responses to the violence in Shamva North constituency in Zimbabwe.  Prevent violence against women through in-depth understanding of such violence and the analysis of the current responses in the 4 wards was the overall aim of the study. This aim emanated from the view that violence against women is enduring despite the existence of national policies, regional and international frameworks and platforms for action against violence on women. Four wards of the constituency were selected for the study. These are Wards 7, 10, 18 and 29. A mixed methods research design was applied because the problem has both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The results of the study indicate that women are the main victims of various forms of violence in the four wards. Violence against women is rooted in the social structures and relations of the wards. The results of the study show that the current responses to violence against women are inadequate in both scope and rigour. There is need therefore to widen the scope and depth of the responses to enhance effectiveness. A successful response to violence against women is a vital instrument of social policy and human development. 
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies on Zimbabwe which analyses the various forms of violence against women on the basis of social policy and its multiple functions. The study contributes to the existing empirical knowledge and literature on how pro-active social policy can be designed and implemented to curb violence against women. 
Economics » International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research » Month: 03-2015 Issue: 1

Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia

Research Article
Author(s): Kifle Belachew, Demelash Teferi, Gabisa Gidisa
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
It is essential to reduce coffee yield losses due to coffee wilt disease (CWD) in the country through the development and use of genetically resistant coffee varieties to increase and consistently supply Arabica coffee to the fast growing coffee industry. The soil-borne nature of the pathogen and perennial character of coffee have made management of coffee wilt disease difficult through the conventional control approach of ‘uproot and burn infected trees at the spot’. Therefore, longer-term prospects of successful management of coffee wilt disease depend principally upon employing resistant coffee cultivars. With this objective laboratory and field evaluations were conducted to screen some coffee genotypes against coffee wilt disease. Disease severity or mean percent seedling death ranged from 0.00 to 89.96 %.  The result showed in lowest seedling death rate, long incubation period and high field survival rate of most accessions indicating resistant reaction to coffee wilt disease. Thus present experiment implied that the potential of obtaining coffee wilt disease resistant coffee variety from these accessions provided that they have other desirable traits like resistance to major coffee diseases, high yield and improved quality.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents coffee genotypes found in coffee gene pool of Ethiopia may hold  key to sustianable survival providing traits needed to cope with new pest outbreak and climate change; this underline the importance of systematic evaluation of coffee accessions and utilization of best performing having  high yielding, good quality.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2015 Issue: 3

The Potential of Rural–Urban Linkages for Sustainable Development and Trade

Research Article
Author(s): Sule Akkoyunlu
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Rural–urban linkages play a crucial role in the generation of income, employment and wealth. Yet, for various reasons the importance of such linkages is not recognized and thus ignored in national economic and trade policies. The present paper investigates infrastructure problems, institutional constraints and trade barriers that tend to discourage linkages between rural and urban regions and thus prevent a process of rural empowerment and economic development. The findings of our review indicate that clustering rural and urban areas into regional planning units may create the necessary enabling environment for extended trade networks and knowledge exchange between the city and the countryside. As such, stronger rural–urban linkages could also play a crucial role in poverty reduction in developing countries.
Contribution/ Originality


Economics » International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy » Month: 04-2015 Issue: 2