International Journal of Management and Sustainability

Online ISSN: 2306-0662
Print ISSN: 2306-9856


  • International Journal of Management and Sustainability (e-ISSN 2306-0662/p-ISSN 2306-9856) is a peer-reviewed journal of business, economic, energy, environmental, management and social sustainability of human beings. It seeks to provide a forum for debates on practical, theoretical and policy implications for sustainable development. IJMS also encourages studies on solutions to improve corporate performance towards sustainability. 

    • First Review: The editor or editorial assistant decides whether the article fits within the journal’s aims and scope. Next a checked for the similarity rate is completed using CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate. Any manuscripts out of the journal’s scope or having plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected without peer reviewed.
    • Publication: Articles are peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors approximately 20 to 30 working days after submission; acceptance to publication is undertaken in 50 to 60  days.
    • DOIs at the Article Level: Each paper published in International Journal of Management and Sustainability  is assigned a DOI number, Click HERE to know what is DOI (Digital Object Identifier).
    • Abstract Video: Abstract videos are available at YouTube channel .
    • High Visibility: International Journal of Management and Sustainability is indexed by the Scopus, Google Scholar,  and other databases.
    • Recognition of Reviewers: Reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports receive vouchers entitling them to a discount on the APC of their next publication in any Conscientia Beam journal, in appreciation of the work done.
    • Conscientia Beam takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Unfortunately, cases of plagiarism, data falsification, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise. Conscientia Beam takes such publishing ethics issues very seriously and our editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero tolerance policy. To verify the originality of content submitted to our journals, we use iThenticate to check submissions against previous publications. Conscientia Beam works with Publons to provide reviewers with credit for their work.
    • Article Processing Charges (APC):  There is no submission fee; however, the author(s) pay the article processing charges (APC) of 1500 USD, after acceptance. If the article requires extensive English language editing, we will charge additional language editing fee, varying and based on with the length of the article.  If your institute is a member of the Conscientia Beam, your APC could be discounted up to 10%.
    • Publication Frequency: The journal is published Quarterly (4 issues per year: March, June, September, December).


Sr. No. Country Authors
1 Malaysia 158
2 Indonesia 114
3 Nigeria 64
4 Viet Nam 42
5 India 37
6 China 31
7 Pakistan 29
8 Taiwan, Province of China 23
9 Ghana 21
10 Iran, Islamic Republic of 19
11 South Africa 19
12 Korea, Republic of 18
13 Bangladesh 17
14 United States 14
15 Turkey 13
16 Kenya 12
17 Thailand 11
18 Sri Lanka 8
19 United Kingdom 8
20 Japan 7
21 Iraq 7
22 Portugal 6
23 Poland 5
24 Zimbabwe 4
25 Mexico 4
26 Australia 4
27 Germany 4
28 France 4
29 Lebanon 4
30 Saudi Arabia 4
31 Nepal 4
32 Colombia 4
33 Greece 3
34 Italy 3
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3
36 Jordan 3
37 Russian Federation 3
38 Egypt 3
39 Ethiopia 3
40 Finland 3
41 Maldives 3
42 Spain 2
43 Sweden 2
44 Ecuador 2
45 Iceland 2
46 Fiji 2
47 Morocco 2
48 Oman 2
49 United Arab Emirates 2
50 Georgia 1
51 Romania 1
52 Tunisia 1
53 New Zealand 1
54 Sudan 1
55 Bahrain 1
56 Hong Kong 1
57 Bulgaria 1
58 Peru 1
59 Lithuania 1
60 Kuwait 1
61 Palestinian Territory, Occupied 1
62 Uganda 1
Dr. Aviral Kumar Tiwari
Indian Institute of Management Bodh Gaya

Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

1. Introduction
2. Research Integrity
3. Editorial Process
4. Peer Review
5. Authorship and Contributorship
6. Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Human Participants in Research
7. Policies Regarding Participant Anonymity
8. Plagiarism
9. Duplicate and Redundant Publication
10. Conflicts of Interest
11. Funding Declaration
12. Libel, Defamation and Freedom of Expression
13. Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern
14. Image Manipulation, Falsification and Fabrication
15. Fraudulent Research and Research Misconduct
16. Versions and Adaptations
17. Transparency
18. Data and Supporting Evidence
19. Integrity of Record
20. Fair Access
21. Copyright and Licensing
22. Marketing Communication
23. Advertising
24. PR / Media
25. Metrics, Usage and Reporting

Publication ethics are core practices comprising policies and regulations for a journal to achieve highest ranks of integrity. Our publication ethics include the following aspects that guide us in our day-to-day activities and support us in the fulfillment of our goals.

1. Introduction

International Journal of Management and Sustainability (IJMS) (E-ISSN: 2306-0662) exerts a special attention to ethical integrity of its academic content and publishing process. For this purpose, IJMS follows the editorial guidelines, publication ethics and malpractices statement as stated in Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, COPE, 2011 and 2018).


Committee on Publication Ethics (2011). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. (Download).

Committee on Publication Ethics (2018). Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. (Download).

In addition, we also follow standards and best practice guidelines set by other relevant industry associations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). Any external guidelines we follow are referred to in the relevant sections below. Our editors, peer reviewers and authors refer to these section guidelines frequently to maintain the integrity of academic content and publishing process.  We hope that these guidelines will be useful to authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

2. Research Integrity

Research Integrity means the use of honest and verifiable methods in conducting research and ensuring scientific and professional integrity of researchers. It also involves adherence to rules, regulations, guidelines, and following commonly accepted professional codes or norms which include

  • Honesty and accountability in conducting research.
  • Demonstrate Rigor, meticulous care and excellence in submissions.
  • Transparency, fairness and open communication.
  • Care and respect for all participants and subjects of research.

The above principles namely honesty, fairness and accountability – are enshrined in our Ethics guidelines.  Anyone who discovers that research published by IJMS violates the above principles of the COPE guidelines should immediately inform our editorial committee on email: Concerns will immediately be addressed as per COPE guidelines and matter will be referred to our Publishing Ethics Committee with due diligence.

3. Editorial Process

There are four major stages of the editorial process before going for production: (i) rewriting or revising the manuscript based on the review (ii) Substantive or Content Editing (iii) Copy editing and (iv) Proofreading. All editorial decisions on articles submitted to our journals are made by external academic editors and based on independent peer review reports. IJMS academic editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. These decisions are based on the paper’s relevance to the journal’s scope and its academic quality as well as potential research innovation, and the research validity. 

An important aspect of editorial process is its confidentiality. IJMS editors and editorial staff guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted papers, which are not disclosed to anyone except the reviewers, editorial committees and the publisher, if necessary. No member of the editorial board or reviewers has any conflict of interest with respect to acceptance or rejection of articles submitted. We adhere to the double-blind review in the peer review process and preserve the anonymity of reviewers. In the end, if errors are detected, we encourage publication of corrections as well as retractions.  In case of any discrepancy found in our publication ethics, please contact us at email: 

4. Peer Review

Our peer review process involves qualified and experienced independent researchers (e.g., university faculty, academicians) in the relevant research areas. These peer reviews assess the submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to the aim and scope of the journal. The peer review process also helps editors to filter out invalid or poorly written articles.
Our expectations from reviewers include:

  • Decisions on submission should be objective, free from all bias and prejudice. 
  • Review comments, suggestions and opinion should be expressed clearly with supporting arguments.
  • Promptness is essential of our review process. We expect that if the reviewer is unable to review the paper or cannot meet the time deadlines, the reviewer should inform us and opt out of the peer review process.
  • Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the submissions, authors, and/or the research funding agencies.
  • Reviewers are also expected to point out latest and relevant published work if not cited in the submitted manuscripts.
  • Confidentiality must be maintained for all articles submitted for review. This included comments, overviews, strengths and weaknesses, decisions regarding acceptability.

These guidelines and policies related to IJMS’s peer review process are clearly presented on the journal website as per COPE guidelines on Peer review process.

5. Authorship and Contributorship

Any individual playing a role in research is eligible to be a contributor. Contributorship includes authorship as well because publication ethics demands that the contribution of each individual author should be specified when research is submitted for publication. There are different norms to define who should be listed as an author, some of which are following:

  • One who makes a substantial contribution to the concept or design of a research work; or has contributed to the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of the research data; and/or
  • One who has drafted the manuscript, or revised it critically and suggested important intellectual content; and
  • One who prepares the final version to be published; and
  • One who is accountable for all aspects of a research work and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In addition, we encourage authors to list names(s) of individual(s) who assisted in the completion of the manuscript in the Acknowledgments section, to recognize their contribution. One of the authors should be the corresponding author who should handle all correspondences related to the manuscript, before, during and after the publication Prior to the publication, the corresponding author should clearly state that s/he is given authority by all co-authors to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript.

There exist extensive guidelines of COPE on Authorship and Contributorship, its definition, scope and even disputes related to authorship. Please see Our editors frequently refer to these guidelines whenever any authorship dispute escalates. This integrates us with industry established standards and achieve transparency.

In addition, we follow established and emerging industry standards to increase transparency in authorship (e.g., ORCID). We also support initiatives that enable transparency in authorship and Contributorship, such as CRediT taxonomy. If you wish to report any discrepancy in authorship and Contributorship, please contact us at email:

6. Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Human Participants in Research

IJMS requires all authors to evaluate whether there is any physical or psychological hazard during the conduct of a research which involves human participants, whether patients, volunteers, or healthy individuals. Such research studies may be classified as basic (experimental), clinical, and epidemiological research, prepared as a cohort study, case-control, or cross-sectional. Investigators are required to make a full disclosure about any such risk or hazard that the human participants may be exposed to.  It will be mandatory to obtain informed consent from all such human participants in order to safeguard the welfare and dignity of the participants. Failure to make full disclosure prior to obtaining informed consent might lead to a delay or rejection of the manuscript.   

We do not make any distinction regarding the nature of participation nor categorize participants based on the type of research. The research may be low risk or high risk, but “every” human participant, irrespective of his or her nature of participation, must give the consent of participations prior to the commencement of research. Hence, informed consent shall be required from all human participants and not with any specific type of research or category of participant.

The demographics should also include number, sex, age range and state of health of the human participants. By state of health, we mean that all participants must be in good physical and mental health, capable to take decisions throughout the tenure of the research. This information about participants’ health is required for all studies with human subjects Though payments to healthy volunteers participating in research are allowable, provided that such payment is to reimburse expenses or compensate for time and inconvenience, and is not at a level that would constitute an inducement for people to take part in studies. Such human research should be conducted only with the approval of the institutional ethical committee. The approval of the institutional ethical committee   shall be required for every research submission, irrespective of the participants’ role in the research or whether the participant is paid or not.

United States. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical, & Behavioral Research. (1978). The Belmont report: ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research (Vol. 2). Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. (Download)

National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research 2007 (Updated 2018). The National Health and Medical Research Council, the Australian Research Council and Universities Australia. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. (Download)

Gostin, L. (1991). Ethical principles for the conduct of human subject research: population-based research and ethics. Law, Medicine and Health Care, 19(3-4), 191-201.

Artal, R., & Rubenfeld, S. (2017). Ethical issues in research. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 43, 107-114.

Rice, T. W. (2008). The historical, ethical, and legal background of human-subjects research. Respiratory care, 53(10), 1325-1329.

Childress, J. F., Meslin, E. M., & Shapiro, H. T. (Eds.). (2005). Belmont revisited: Ethical principles for research with human subjects. Georgetown University Press. (Download)

7. Policies Regarding Participant Anonymity

All researches involving human participants and submitted to IJMS must follow the policy related to anonymity and confidentiality. Anonymity refers to collecting data without obtaining any personal, identifying information, a procedure mostly followed in quantitative studies. Confidentiality, very common in qualitative studies, however, refers to separating, removing or modifying any personal, identifying information from the data, to protect the privacy of the human subjects. IJMS makes no distinction between anonymity and confidentiality, as both are ethical practices designed to protect the privacy of human subjects while collecting, analyzing, and reporting data.

Specifically, IJMS strictly requires all researches involving human participants to ensure the adherence to the following policies and guidelines of anonymity and confidentiality:

  • Avoid mentioning the names of interviewees / participants.
  • Replace all specific names by pseudonyms or simply referred to the human participants by characteristics of gender and / or age-range.
  • Remove all specific references to any religion, caste, ethnic and replace them by more general terms.
  • Cut all such textual references from the data that might reveal the personal identity or cultural background of the human participants.
  • Do not directly or specifically refer to minority groups or ethnic minorities that may result in jeopardizing their status.
  • Do not include any such data or description that might compromise with the anonymity of human participants.
  • Make sure that due to the anonymity and confidentiality of human participants, the integrity of the data must not be compromised nor de-contextualization should occur in results, that might lead to ambiguity and misunderstanding by the readers

In short, IJMS expects all authors to protect the privacy of their human participants. This requires that all researchers must properly safeguard sensitive and personal information that human participants would not want to disclose to others or make public.

8. Plagiarism

Plagiarism is defined as unattributed use of large portions of text and/or data or any previously published work without consent, credit, or acknowledgment and fraudulently passing it as one’s own work. It may also include text(s), illustrations, musical quotations, extended mathematical derivations, computer codes, material downloaded from websites or drawn from manuscripts; published and unpublished material, including lectures, presentations etc. An author is alleged of plagiarism if there are act of minor copying of short phrases in discussions; or literal (word–for-word) copying of large parts from a published paper; or reproducing major parts of a previously published paper such as text, tables, and figures; or paraphrasing large texts without verbatim copying the text; or recycling author’s own previously published text, termed as self-plagiarism, without citation of the prior work.  COPE provides clear guidelines on processes (What to do if you suspect plagiarism?) to be followed to check plagiarism when detected before and after publication.

Besides, there are instructions how to check all submissions through appropriate plagiarism checking tools. We use plagiarism-checking software, CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate, for all manuscripts submitted for publication. This assists editors in identifying plagiarism in all submissions.   Submissions containing suspected plagiarism, in whole or part, are rejected. If plagiarism is discovered post-publication, we can retract the article. We expect our readers, reviewers and editors to raise any suspicions of plagiarism, either by contacting the relevant editor or by emailing 

9. Duplicate and Redundant Publication

Submitting a new manuscript containing the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and/or conclusions as a previously published manuscript is called as duplicate publication. This is similar to plagiarism, but instead of copying phrases verbatim, the same data, images, and study hypothesis are replicated in another paper. The COPE classifies duplicate publications into major and minor offences. A major offence is defined as a duplicate publication based on the same dataset with identical findings and/or evidence that authors have sought to hide redundancy, e.g., by changing title or author order or not referring to previous papers. A minor offence, also referred as “salami slicing,” is defined as a duplicate publication with some element of redundancy or legitimate repetition or reanalysis (e.g., subgroup/extended follow-up/repeated methods).

Please refer to COPE’s definition of redundant publication, available at:

We do not support substantial overlap between publications, unless our editors recommend that it will strengthen the academic discourse and contribute to research. We publish only when we have clear approval from the original publisher while citing the original source.  We expect our readers, reviewers and editors to raise any suspicions of duplicate or redundant publication, either by contacting the relevant editor or by emailing Such redundant publications are retracted as per the COPE Flowcharts

10. Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest, also known as competing interests, may be financial, personal, social or other interests that directly or indirectly influence the conduct of the author with respect to the manuscript submitted. Direct conflict of interest occurs when authors are benefited in the form of stocks, patents, employment from the text/ content of the paper. Indirect conflicts of interest are in the form of research grants, funds or honoraria etc. received from the published content. A conflict of interest can also be widely affecting the public if the outcome of a generalized and empirical research leads to only personal advantage. Examples include a conflict between the investigator and co-investigators, between investigators and the trial subjects of research, and such factors that compromise with the integrity of the research domain at large or its trustworthiness. Conflicts may also occur regarding financial or non-financial support received from individuals, institutions, social and economic organizations, political pressure groups, and academic agencies.

IJMS insists on identifying such real or potential conflict of interest at all stages of research ranging from funding applications, recruiting participants and taking their consent, public disclosures, and even post-publication if findings are used for commercialization or seeking patents and copyrights. Unless an agreement or a formal self-declaration needs to be documented with the corresponding author regarding declaring the conflict of interest pre and post publication, a brief written statement at the time of submission of research is required. The corresponding author, however, first summarizes and discloses any competing interests in the cover letter in the form of a self-declaration. The editor will thoroughly examine whether there is a need to amend the research plan by asking the corresponding author to clarify any issues if the research has or might have a conflict of interest pre and post publication.

Subsequently, the editor would also decide whether such competing interests would interfere with the objectivity of research or pose a risk to its integrity after publication. The editor then takes steps transparently to ask the corresponding author to disclose the conflicts of interest norms as a part of the research procedure within the text (if the conflict of interest is of a type and severity that involves the research participants) and unambiguously mention that the same has been revealed to the participants and their consent taken) and/or simultaneously append the conflict of statement at the end of the article (prior to References)  along with other disclosures.

We also expect our readers and reviewers to report any undisclosed conflict of interest for a work published or under consideration in our journal to our editor or email

Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research 2018. National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council and Universities Australia. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra (Download).

11. Funding Declaration

IJMS mandates all authors to append a funding acknowledgement statement as a separate heading under Acknowledgements’ prior to References. This statement will declare all sources of funding received for the research submitted to the journal.  This statement is still required even if there is no funding received. The author may write “The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.” The funding support for the research includes all kinds of support including salaries, equipment, supplies, reimbursement for attending symposia, and other expenses by funding agencies.  The title of the funding agency should be written in full, followed by the grant number and year of receiving the grant. If the research was supported by more than one funding agency, all the names of agencies should be mentioned clearly with respective grant numbers.  If authors feel that such funding information may compromise their anonymity and/ or might affect the peer reviews, they can withhold this information and submit the same with the final accepted manuscript. In case of multiple authors, and if each author has received individual grants, the same must be declared individually in case of Inaccurate information about funding discovered after publication, the journal has a right to make a correction. 

12. Libel, Defamation and Freedom of Expression

Libel and slander are two infamous matters that affect a person’s reputation and termed as defamation. Libel is written defamation, while slander is oral defamation. Some written transcripts or manuscripts submitted for publications also fall under the rubric of libel. When any editorial committee seeks to protect reputation or prevent any defamation to occur, it invariably is seen as infringement on freedom of expression.

Our journal considers freedom of expression as a right of the author but we do not support publication of false statements that can harm the reputation of individuals, groups, or organizations. Our legal team pays special attention on any kind of pre-publication libel reviews, or allegations of libel. We honor authors’ freedom of expression and allow them to express their beliefs, thoughts, ideas, and emotions about different issues free from any censorship, provided they do onto amount to libels or defamation.

13. Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern

IJMS addresses the retractions, corrections or expressions of concern in line with COPE’s Guidelines available here
An article can be retracted if

  • There is a clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of miscalculation or experimental error, or as a result of fabrication or falsification
  • It constitutes plagiarism
  • Its contents are published without proper acknowledgement or disclosure to the editor, permission to republish, or justification
  • Copyright has been infringed 

Regarding corrections, if an error is committed inadvertently by the author, IJMS issues a corrigendum or if the error is due to a member of Editorial committee, we issue an erratum. Our production unit can minor changes of typesetting or proofreading, but any substantive corrections are carried out in line with COPE’s Retraction Guidelines.

IJMS publishes Expressions of Concern if we identify well-founded concerns or suspicions and feel that readers should be made aware of such potentially misleading information. We follow the COPE guidelines to schedule expression of such concerns as stated in COPE’s Retraction Guidelines. All such concerns include citation of the original article and explains the editor’s concerns about its contents. Care is taken not to disturb its indexing and abstracting links and that they are accessible. In the end, if errors are detected, we encourage publication of corrections as well as retractions.  In case of any enquiries, concerns or issues related to retractions, please contact us at email: 


COPE (2019) COPE Retraction guidelines — English. Version 2: November 2019.

14. Image Manipulation, Falsification and Fabrication

Image manipulation occurs when images or their embedded data are modified in such a fashion that images might misrepresent the results obtained from them. Unless there are legitimate reasons for modifying images, we do not expect authors to modify images as it might lead to falsification, fabrication, or misrepresentation of data findings.

Data falsification is the manipulation of research data, method or material, processes, findings and results with the intention of giving a false impression. Data fabrication is the intentional misrepresentation of research data by making-up findings, misreporting results.
IJMS allows image manipulation where appropriate, but with the purpose to rectify images but not to the extent of falsification and fabrication. The authors are expected to declare where manipulations are made; and to supply original images on request. All policies and procedures to address issues related to image manipulation, data falsification and fabrication are dealt with COPE guidelines available here

15. Fraudulent Research and Research Misconduct

Fraudulent research is a violation of the standard code of conduct and publication ethics in scientific research. It is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual, by intentionally falsifying and/or fabricating research data, and misleading reporting of the results.

Research misconduct includes plagiarism, misreporting research results, etc. besides fabrication and falsification of research data and findings.  A negligent deviation from accepted practices and failure to follow established protocols also amounts to Research misconduct.  It also includes intentional and unauthorized disclosure of research findings, materials, writings or devices used in research.

IJMS emphasizes on the integrity of content. We refer to COPE guidelines and regulations on Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and Guidelines on Good Publication Practice to investigate any potential fraudulence or research misconduct. In the event of any inadvertent slip, we immediately retract the published content. 

16. Versions and Adaptations

One of the evidences of complying with COPE guidelines and publishing ethics is that IJMS does not issue any different versions of our published content in different geographical, cultural, linguistics and environmental locations. Our authors are distributed across many geographical regions, languages and cultures, but we do not modify the published content to meet linguistic or ideological requirements of any region. Nor do we compromise with the quality, effectiveness or factual accuracy of the research content nor let it conflict with our Code of Ethics as specified in COPE Guidelines on Good Publication Practice.

17. Transparency

Transparency in research resides in truth and honesty in research publications. We expect authors to be transparent in their research data.  Data transparency means the accessibility of data no matter where it is located or what application created it. Secondly, data transparency also requires the assurance that data is accurate and coming from authentic sources. Transparency in research also enables readers to utilize the data confidently to support their empirical research.

IJMS adheres to COPE’s Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly.

18. Data and Supporting Evidence

In order to ensure trust, honesty and transparency of data, IJMS expects authors to maintain accurate records of supporting evidence such as filled-in questionnaires, interview transcripts, codes, and other research material. At times, such data may be required to verify, and replicate new findings, and to support evidences on reasonable request. If allowed by the appropriate authorities and the funding agency, we encourage authors to submit research data in a suitable repository or a location, for sharing and further use by others; and/ or provide a data availability statement or a source where data can be found.

19. Integrity of Record

IJMS maintains a track record of all our publications along with the metadata consisting of volume, issues and page numbers of each publication. It is our primary objective to first ensure that the metadata is accessible to all within a jurisdiction without violating the law of the land nor modifying the research content to suit the geographical, linguistic or cultural diversity. In the event of retraction or corrections, when we need to alter our publications, we preserve the indexing and accessing information as far possible. Thus, we keep the integrity of our meta records.  

20. Fair Access

IJMS believes in free and fair, low-cost access of all our digital content to researchers across all geographical regions globally. For this purpose, we organize events like seminars, webinars, conferences and participate in global access initiatives to ensure a wider accessibility of our open access published content.  IJMS also waives off APC for the authors belonging to low and middle-income countries who are unable to pay the APC.

21. Copyright and Licensing

In academic research, copyright is a type of intellectual property that protects an author’s original creative work. After online publication of article, the copyright is held by the Conscientia Beam, but the published articles are freely available for download. Conscientia Beam allows readers to read your research without barriers as well as the authors to build upon their work non-commercially. This indicates that the author can share the article/abstract on personal website at any point after publication of article (this includes posting to Facebook, Google groups, and LinkedIn, plus linking from Twitter). The author can submit article in research institutional repository by mentioning the original source of publication. However, If the author wishes to reprint the published article as a chapter in his own book or others, the permission of the copyright holder (Conscientia Beam) will have to be sought.

22. Marketing Communication

IJMS utilize the social media platforms and other electronic media to disseminate our content and engage readers with our publications. We try to reach new readers through quick communication methods like emails, twitter and Facebook. Our Editorial board and reviewers are familiar with social media policies and practices and plan their advertising and marketing activities by adhering to norms and standards of the concerned regulatory body such as Advertising Standards Authority’s Guidance on the Marketing of Publications (or equivalent bodies applicable to our global offices). Such communication for the purpose of marketing and publicity of the journal content is not at the expense of its integrity of content.

23. Advertising

IJMS makes use of very specific, appropriate and only most essential advertising on our online publications. The logos of indexing bodies like Scopus, ERIC, WoS and others are shown to inform the readers of the indexing status of the journal. Such advertising is independent from what we publish and has no connection with contents of the manuscripts or with the with the themes of special issues.

We follow the Research Publishing Ethics Guidelines on Good Publication Practice while we use the required and limited advertising. We also adhere to the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) guidelines for our data protection regulations, Marketing of Publications, and our internal Compliance procedures.

24. PR / Media

The PR/ Media committee of IJMS comprises editorial board members as well as a few authors who promote the journal among their academic colleagues in universities and institutions. For this purpose we follow the Code of Conduct of the concerned regulatory bodies including COPE Guidelines on Good Publication Practice. We strictly observe the norms and standards when we need to issue press releases or other media communications in seminars and conferences. If our PR/Media activities concern our authors, editors or reviewers, we keep them informed about the media activity with their names mentioned. Our editors and peer reviewers who are involved in media or publicity related activities are encouraged to familiarize themselves with and follow the International Public Relations Association’s (IPRA) Code of Conduct 

25. Metrics, Usage and Reporting

IJMS complies with the industry standards and the Code of Ethics  while reporting metrics, statistics and content usage (e.g. citations). We ensure that our reporting of metrics and statistics are correct, accurate and no malicious infringement has been committed and remains compliant with the industry standard and the COUNTER Code of Practice Release 5

We also share our metrics with third parties, including commercial services, who provide users and readers with metrics illustrating our impact factor, and other such metrics. We appreciate the support provided to us by third parties such as Crossref, and other indexing bodies ((through the provision of data, access or fees) that have actively facilitated our work of disseminating our metrics and data statistics. 

Peer Review Policy

Our peer review policy has three main features:

  1. This policy is designed to evaluate the validity and quality of articles prior to publication. This supports the maintenance of the integrity of the knowledge domain to which the articles belongs and filters out irrelevant and poor-quality manuscripts (Eysenbach &Till, 2001).
  2. Our peer reviewers ensure that data is clearly presented and findings and conclusions are adequately supported by data.
  3. We follow the double-blind review process, which means neither authors nor reviewers are aware of each other’s identities or affiliations throughout the review process. Authors are instructed to prepare their manuscripts in such a way that their identities are not revealed. This anonymity prevents bias from either side.

Regarding plagiarism, replication, and duplication, we adhere to the COPE guidelines. In addition, as a Crossref member, International Journal of Management and Sustainability (IJMS) uses similarity checking tools recommended by Crossref. To ensure the originality of content, IJMS uses iThenticate software, a powerful, user-friendly tool, to detect plagiarism.

Additionally, in order to ensure publication ethics are applied throughout the peer review process, IJMS has clear and distinct policies for conflict of interest, human rights, and informed consent (COPE, 2011, 2015). To comply with the guidelines set out by COPE, we require authors to clearly state any conflict of interest regarding financial and non-financial matters. In cases where human subjects are involved, or if any research shows human health intervention, IJMS requires authors to submit their research for approval to their institutional ethics committee or review board. IJMS also ensures that authors have obtained informed consent from the participants, who are permitted to opt out of the research process at any stage. See publication ethical guidelines of IJMS for more details:

Our research articles, therefore, convey scientific validity and compatibility with state-of-the-art knowledge. The articles are not only comprehensible but also offer a valuable contribution to the knowledge domain.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March). Flowcharts on how to handle common ethical problems. Retrieved from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2015, November). Flowcharts on how to handle common ethical problems. Retrieved from Eysenbach G and Till JE (2001). Ethical issues in qualitative research on internet communities. The BMJ, 323: 1103-1105.

Article Processing Charge

The managing editor of the journal will demand article processing charges after acceptance. We will charge the Article Processing Charges to cover the some administrative cost like, formatting, English editing, and archiving, etc. The invoice of Article Processing Charges that will be issued to the submitting author after acceptance. Apart from these Article Process Charges, there are no submission charges, page charges, or color charges. The fees to be paid following the acceptance of an article are indicated in the table below:

Manuscript TypeAPC
Research Article 1500 USD
Review Article1500 USD

After acceptance, if the article requires extensive English language editing, we will charge additional language editing fee, varying and based on with the length of the article.

Waivers or Discounts of APC
  1. For authors publishing in Conscientia Beam journals, Conscientia Beam offers waivers and discounts to authors on unavailability of funds, if the article is well written. 
  2. To ensure that editorial decisions are never influenced by ability to pay, it is Conscientia Beam policy that editors of Conscientia Beam journals are not involved in correspondence with authors regarding payment of Article Publication Charges (APC). 
  3. The granted waiver system will be managed by editorial office.  
Institutional Membership
If your institute is a member of the Conscientia Beam partnership program, your APC could be discounted up to 100%. Please contact us at to find out more information.

Note: There is additional USD 100 will be charged if any author willing to receive the hard copy of the journal after publication.