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Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ojiagu, Nkechi Cordelia


Nzewi, Hope Ngozi


Arachie, Augustine Ebuka

Ojiagu, Nkechi Cordelia 1

Nzewi, Hope Ngozi 2 Arachie, Augustine Ebuka 2 ,

  1. Department of Cooperative Economics and Management, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Business Administration, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Nigeria. 2

Pages: 23-33

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.23.33

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Article History:

Received: 24 April, 2020
Revised: 29 April, 2020
Accepted: 05 May, 2020
Published: 13 May, 2020


The manifest mistrust between the government and the governed necessitated this study to examine the relationship between accountability and transparency on nation-building, using covid-19 experience as a yardstick. A survey research design was employed in the study. The population of the study consisted of 1174 employees of 5 ministries in Anambra State and the sample size was 298 using Taro Yamani formula. Questionnaire was used in collecting data. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity and was further tested for internal consistency using Cronbach Alpha and an average result obtained was 0.984. Data were analysed using Regression Analysis at 5% level of significance. Findings showed that there is a statistically significant relationship existing between full disclosure and citizens improved trust (r = .984, R2 = .899, F =1874.010, p-value < 0.05), that there is a statistically significant relationship existing between impact reporting and citizens buy-in (r = .947, R2 = .897, F = 1842.355 p-value < 0.05). Consequently, the study concluded that there would be no trust issues between both parties if full disclosure and impact reporting have been the hallmark of government in the past. Therefore, the study recommended among other things that Anambra State Anti-corruption Strategy (ANSACS) as a provider of holistic framework and foundation for a system-driven approach towards the fight against corruption, accountability and transparency needs to do all it can to encourage various government ministries and agency to engage more in full disclosure and impact reporting.
Contribution/ Originality
This work contributes to existing body of knowledge in the area of accountability and transparency, but it is novel in using accountability and transparency to gauge citizens’ response to government directives and policies to issues such as Covid-19 pandemic ravaging different economies of the world presently.


Accountability, Transparency, Nation building, Covid-19, Full disclosure, Citizens trust, Citizens buy-in.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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