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Productive Welfare Policy: An Innovative Way in Social Safety Net in Malaysia

Mohd Rozaimy bin Bin Ridzuan


Noor Amira Syazwani Binti Abd Rahman


Ju Soon Yew


Nur Hidayahtul Nabihah Binti Manas


Kong Lai Kuan

Mohd Rozaimy bin Bin Ridzuan 1 ,

Noor Amira Syazwani Binti Abd Rahman 1 Ju Soon Yew 1 Nur Hidayahtul Nabihah Binti Manas 4
Kong Lai Kuan 5

  1. Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pahang, Kampus Raub Pahang, Malaysia. 1

  2. Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Pahang Branch, Malaysia. 4

  3. Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pahang, Kampus Raub Pahang, Malaysia. 5

Pages: 16-22

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.16.22

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Article History:

Received: 17 January, 2020
Revised: 21 February, 2020
Accepted: 30 March, 2020
Published: 13 May, 2020


The Productive Welfare approach has been widely used in western countries to help the poor to be independent without depending on the government’s aid. Malaysia is also among the countries that adopting the approach as it is in line with the government’s aspiration through the National Key Result Areas (NKRA), which is to raise the income level of the low-income group. The Social Welfare Department's statistics show that their monthly beneficiaries are increasing from year to year and indirectly increase the financial implications of the Government's annual financial expenditure. This issue ponders more questions on matters pertaining to the initiatives undertaken by the Malaysian Social Welfare Department (SWD) in mitigating this issue effectively. For this reason, the primary objective of this concept paper is to analyze the effectiveness of the programs embedded in the Malaysian Productive Welfare Policy. Hence, this paper concludes that a thorough understanding of Productive Welfare programs is important for the government and citizens to develop necessary actions precisely for a B40 group of people alongside also strategizing on ways to propel forward to be a prosperous nation by 2030.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effectiveness of the Malaysian Productive Welfare Policy in empowering the vulnerable groups to be independent, less reliant on welfare handouts, and becoming a more successful social entrepreneur.


Productive welfare policy, Poverty, Social safety net, Social welfare department.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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