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Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

December 2020, Volume 8, 4, pp 438-449

Higher Education Leadership Competency Framework in Malaysia: A Refinement

Ismie Roha Mohamed Jais


Nordin Yahaya


Erlane K Ghani

Ismie Roha Mohamed Jais 1 Nordin Yahaya 1 Erlane K Ghani 3

  1. Centre of Leadership Profiling, Akademi Kepimpinan Pendidikan Tinggi, Malaysia. 1

  2. Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor, Malaysia. 3

Pages: 438-449

DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2020.84.438.449

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Article History:

Received: 14 September, 2020
Revised: 06 October, 2020
Accepted: 19 October, 2020
Published: 11 November, 2020


This paper proposes a leadership competency framework for higher education institutions in Malaysia. It presents a two-year development process on the leadership competency in order to address the issues in identifying competent leaders in higher education institutions in Malaysia. This study utilizes a qualitative approach to achieve the research objectives. Specifically, an exploratory case study of a small unit under the Ministry of Higher Education in Malaysia is the focus of this paper. The study demonstrates that the existing leadership framework in higher education institutions needs to be refined to accommodate the demand changes. The practical implication of this paper is to provide an understanding on possible alternatives to the existing leadership competency framework in promoting excellence in all spheres of higher education, and academic excellence in particular. This paper provides a refined leadership competency framework specifically for higher education institutions in Malaysia.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on leadership competency frameworks, specifically for higher education institutions in Malaysia. This study provides a refined framework that can be used to assess the abilities of a leader.


Leadership, Competency, Higher education, Talent, Academics, Malaysia.


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The authors would like to express their appreciation to AKEPT for their support and funding of this project.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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