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Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

June 2016, Volume 4, 2, pp 54-61

Culture and Security Relations on the Basis of Hofstede’s Cultural Perspective

Nizamettin Dogar

Nizamettin Dogar 1

  1. The Turkish Land Forces Command, PhD., Ankara, Turkey 1

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Pages: 54-61

DOI: 10.18488/journal.73/2016.4.2/

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Aim of this paper is to find out answers to the questions; if culture has an effect on security, and the way of relations between personal and national security after 9/11. Hofstede’s cultural perspective is used for the research and individualism-collectivism dimension is applied. Results show that there is a strong relation between culture and security and also there is a transformation in security perception after 9/11, pointing out a direction from personal security to national security.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated culture - security relations from Hofstede’s cultural perspective and effect of 9/11 attacks on security paradigms. By using Hofstede’s individualism-collectivism dimension to search for the relations between culture and security, paper makes an important contribution to literature.


Culture, Security, Hofstede, Individualism-collectivism, 9/11 attacks.



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