Aim of this paper is to find out answers to the questions; if culture has an effect on security, and the way of relations between personal and national security after 9/11. Hofstede’s cultural perspective is used for the research and individualism-collectivism dimension is applied. Results show that there is a strong relation between culture and security and also there is a transformation in security perception after 9/11, pointing out a direction from personal security to national security.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated culture - security relations from Hofstede’s cultural perspective and effect of 9/11 attacks on security paradigms. By using Hofstede’s individualism-collectivism dimension to search for the relations between culture and security, paper makes an important contribution to literature.
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