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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2021, Volume 8, 3, pp 114-121

Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Using Selected Plant Extracts

Aduramigba- Modupe, A. O.


Alawiye, T. T.


Adedire, O. M.

Aduramigba- Modupe, A. O. 1

Alawiye, T. T. 2
Adedire, O. M. 3

  1. Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, South Africa. 2

  3. Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Agriculture, Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3

Pages: 114-121

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2021.83.114.121

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Article History:

Received: 15 February, 2021
Revised: 19 March, 2021
Accepted: 26 April, 2021
Published: 21 May, 2021


Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Snyder and Hansen, is considered the most widespread, prevalent and economically damaging fungal disease of tomato in Nigeria. This study was conducted to isolate and identify fungal pathogens associated with tomato wilt disease, and also evaluate the efficacy of four plant extracts in the management of wilt disease in vitro and in vivo. Two varieties of tomato, Roma VF and UC 80 were used for the biocontrol assay. Four plant extracts, Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides roots, Distemonanthus benthamianus stems, Azadirachta indica seeds and oryza sativa husk were evaluated against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. Three concentrations (0.03, 0.04 and 0.05 g/mL) of each extract were investigated using the agar dilution method for radial growth inhibition assay. Of the four plant extracts evaluated, Oryza sativa husk extract was the most effective in inhibiting the growth of Fusarium oxysporum, both in vitro and in vivo. Rice husk extract (0.05 g/mL) had the highest inhibition rate (100%), followed by A. indica extract (80.32%) at 0.05 g/mL level of concentration, while Z. zanthoxyloides and D. benthamianus had the inhibition rates of 71.83% and 61.41% respectively, at 0.04 g/mL. Tomato plants treated with rice husk extract (0.05 g/mL) had the least wilt severity scores of 1.25 and 1.50 for both UC 80 and Roma VF varieties, respectively. Rice husk extract was the most effective against Fusarium wilt for both varieties and could serve as an alternative to synthetic chemicals in controlling F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.
Contribution/ Originality
The primary contribution of this research investigation is establishing the retention of significant antifungal activities in the aqueous extracts of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides roots, Distemonanthus benthamianus stems, Azadirachta indica seeds and oryza sativa husk, for the biocontrol of tomato-wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.


Fusarium wilt, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp., Lycopersici, Plant extracts, Rice husk, Tomato.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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