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Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Umoh F. O.

,

Essien O. A.

,

Ijah C. J.

,

Sunday, A. E.

Umoh F. O. 1 ,

Essien O. A. 1 Ijah C. J. 1 Sunday, A. E. 1 
  1. Department of Soil Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Mkpat Enin, Nigeria. 1

Pages: 105-113

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2021.82.105.113

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Article History:

Received: 20 January, 2021
Revised: 18 February, 2021
Accepted: 22 March, 2021
Published: 12 April, 2021


Abstract:

The study was aimed to determine the fixation capacity of phosphorous from three parent materials (Alluvium, Shale and Sandstone) in Akwa Ibom State. A composite soil samples were collected from three representative locations. A treatment solution containing 0, 20, 40 and 80mgl-1 of P prepared from KH2PO4 were added to 20g of soil samples in a cups and incubated for 1, 7, 30 and 60 days. The design was 3 x 4 factorial experiment (3 soil types and 4 rates of P) were fitted into Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. At a set day, the exchangeable and water soluble P were extracted with Bray P – 1 extractant and P not extracted was considered fixed in the soils. The results revealed that the soils were fertile and moderately acidic and than the amount of phosphorous fixed in shale and alluvium soils, decrease with length of incubation and a significant higher fixation were observed in day 1 (60.6 mgkg-1 shale and 50.6mgkg-1 in alluvium). The amount observed in sandstone increased with the length of incubation and a significant amount fixed was observed in 30 days (54.4mgkg-1). The study also revealed that the concentration of P fixed increased with increasing rates of P added in all the soils. Base on the inherent fertility of the soils, the use of crop rotation and organic manure is recommended to maintain its fertility for high productivity.
Contribution/ Originality
The study was aimed to determine the fixation capacity of phosphorous from three parent materials (Alluvium, Shale and Sandstone) in Akwa Ibom State.

Keywords:

Phosphorus Fixing capacity, Incubation days, Phosphorus rates, Parent Materials, Alluvium, Sandstone, Shale, Soil Properties.

Reference:

Aduayi, E., Chude, V., Adebusuyi, B., & Olayiwola, S. (2002). Fertilizer use and management practices for crops in Nigeria (pp. 63-65). Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Abuja.

Agbede, O. O. (2009). Understanding of soil and plant nutrition (pp. 175 – 179). Nasarawa State: Salman Press.

Brady, N. C., & Weil, R. R. (2002). The nature and properties of soils (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice – Hall.

Gee, G. W., & Or, D. (2002). Particle size, In: Dane, J. H, and Topp, G.C. (eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 4 Physical Methods (pp. 255- 293): Soil Science Society of America Madison, WI, Book Series N0.5 ASA and SSA.

Ibia, T., Effiong, G., Ogban, P., & Obi, J. (2008). Relationships between phosphorus forms and parent materials in soils of Southeastern Nigeria. Acta Agronomica Nigeriana, 8(2), 104-110.

Ibia, T., Udo, E., & Omueti, J. (2009). Fractional recovery of applied phosphorus in soils of Akwa Ibom State, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Environmental Research Journal, 3(1), 1-3.

Murphy, J., & Riley, J. P. (1962). A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta, 27, 31-36.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2670(00)88444-5.

Osodeke, V. (2000). Determination of the residual values of applied phosphorus in some soils of Southeastern Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment, 2(1), 139-143.

Udo, E. J., Ibia, T. O., Ogunwale, J. A., Ano, A. O., & Esu, I. V. (2009). Manual of soil plant and water analysis (pp. 56 - 59). Lagos, Nigeria: Sibon Books Ltd.

Ukpong, I. M., Osodeke, V. E., & Akpan, U. S. (2014). Determination of phosphorous fixing capacities and residual values of soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Merit Research Journals, 2(8), 096 – 103.

Umoh, F. O., Gregory, S. E., & Udo, E. I. (2019). Phosphorous fixation capacity of selected soils under Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L) Wilczek) Cropping System in South Eastern Nigeria. AKSU Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2(1), 216-226.

Umoh, F., & Osodeke, V. (2016). Estimation of phosphorus requirement of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) Wilezek in the acid soils of South Eastern Nigerian using P-sorption isotherm. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, 16(3), 487-493.

Warren, G. P. (1992). Fertilizer phosphorous sorption and residual value in tropical African soils (pp. 89). Chatham: WRI Bulletin 37, UK Natural Resources Institute.

Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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