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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

December 2020, Volume 7, 4, pp 304-315

Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)

Otiobo Atibita Esther Nadine


Lukong Anmarie Wirmai


Fotso .


Tita Margaret Awah


Theresia Nkuo-Akenji

Otiobo Atibita Esther Nadine 1 ,

Lukong Anmarie Wirmai 2 Fotso . 2 Tita Margaret Awah 2 Theresia Nkuo-Akenji 1 

  1. University of Bamenda, Faculty of Science, Department of Biological Sciences, Bamenda, Cameroon. 1

  2. University of Bamenda, Higher Teacher Training College, Department of Biology, Bamenda, Cameroon. 2

Pages: 304-315

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.304.315

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Article History:

Received: 23 September, 2020
Revised: 21 October, 2020
Accepted: 06 November, 2020
Published: 26 November, 2020


Experiments were made to evaluate the impact of the flowering insect activity on Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) pod and seed yields. Their foraging and pollination activities were examined in Bambili from September 2019 to February 2020. Treatments included open ?oral access to all visitors (treatment 1) and bagging of ?owers to avoid all visits (treatment 2). Observations were made on 30 ?owers per treatment. The Insect foraging behavior, their rhythm of activity, the fruiting rate and the mean number of seeds per pod were recorded. The results show that three insect species visited A. esculentus flowers. Lipotriches collaris was the most common species with 76.40 %, followed by Apis mellifera (19.10%) and Musca domestica (4.49%). Insects foraged throughout the day light period. Their activity was highest between 9 am and 12 pm Insect species foraged the flowers for pollen and nectar. Comparing the yields of the two treatments, it appeared that insect visits increase the number of fruits per plant, the average number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds by 42.27%, 17.39% and 22.88%. The maintenance of insect nest close to A. esculentus field is recommended to improve the seed production of okra.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that the insect associated with A. esculentus flowers can be exploited in Cameroon agricultural program to increase the agricultural outputs especially in bambili area.


Abelmoschus esculentus, Flowering insects, Pollination, Yield.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study. We are grateful to Dr. Fotsing David for revision of the manuscript.

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( 142 ) Survey on Economical Important Fungal Diseases of Tomato in Sub-Zoba Hamemalo of Eritrea
( 143 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 144 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 145 ) Microbial Degradation of Organic Waste through Vermicomposting
( 146 ) Identification of Cattle Persistently Infected With BVDV (PI) By Ear-Notch Testing In Southeast of Iran
( 147 ) Ingessana Goats Phenotype, Carcass and Wholesale Cuts Characteristics in Fadamia, Bao Locality, Blue Nile State, Sudan
( 148 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 149 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 150 ) Fetal Maceration in Crossbred Holstein Frisian Heifer-A Case Report
( 151 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 152 ) Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
( 153 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 154 ) Blood Picture and Selected Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Dromedary Camels Naturally Infected With Trypanosoma Evansi
( 155 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 156 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 158 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 160 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 161 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 162 ) Effect of Using Different Pre-Storage Warming Times on Hatchability of White Hisex Breeders’ Eggs
( 163 ) Effect of Ethanol and Petroleum Ether Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants on Sclerotiumrolfsii, Causal Agent of Postharvest Rot of Yam (Dioscorea Spp.)
( 164 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 165 ) Combined Microbial Inoculation as a Promising Approach to Enhance Promiscuous Soybean Nodulation and Nitrogen Content in Sudan Savanna
( 167 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 169 ) An Analysis of the Pre and Post Harvest Management Techniques in Rice Production: The Case of Unvda Ndop, North West Region, Cameroon
( 170 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiencies of Smallholder Vegetable Farmers with and Without Credit Access in Swazil and the Case of the Hhohho Region
( 171 ) Cholesterol Content of Bull Spermatozoa Alters Survival at Ultra-Low Temperatures
( 172 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 173 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 174 ) Empirical Study on the Relationship between Market Share, Advertising Density and Ratio of Sales
( 176 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 177 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 178 ) Bioaccumulation of Hydrocarbon, Heavy Metals and Minerals in Tympanotonus Fuscatus from Coastal Region of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
( 179 ) Prevalence and Management of Some Surgical Affection in Cattle and Buffaloes at Qena Governorate in Field Situation
( 180 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 181 ) Genetic Divergence and Character Association of Kabuli-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietium) Genotype under Rainfed Conditions in Ethiopia
( 182 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 183 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 184 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 185 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 186 ) Microbiological Profile, Shelf Stability and Some Physicochemical Properties of Fermented Flour from Different Sweet Potato Cultivars
( 187 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 188 ) Pelvic Floor Fractures in 55 Dogs and 39 Cats: CT and X- Ray Findings
( 189 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 190 ) Characteristic of Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Pampangan at Ogan Komering Ilir, South Sumatera, Indonesia
( 191 ) Exposure of Medium Dose Gamma Rays and Storage Conditions Influenced the Weight Loss and Ripening of Alphonso Mango
( 192 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 194 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 195 ) The Particle Size and Thermal Properties of Flour from three Plantain (Musa Paradisiaca) Cultivars Grown in Nigeria
( 197 ) Apparent Metabolisability of Diets Containing Concentrate, Zostera Noltii or Taraxacum Officinalis in Anas Penelope
( 198 ) Effect of Domestic Cooking on Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Var. Marmande)
( 199 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 200 ) Nutrient Composition, Amylose Content and Pasting Characteristics of Some Elite Accessions of Nerica Rice
( 201 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 202 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 203 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 204 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 205 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 206 ) Determination of Milk Composition, Bacteriology and Selected Blood Parameters of Dairy Goats Under Different Feeding Systems
( 209 ) Assessments of Market Oriented Beef Cattle Fattening System Under Farmer Management Condition in South Omo Zone of Snnpr
( 210 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology
( 211 ) A Brief Discussion on Curdling Technology, Microbiological Risks and Contaminants of Fermented Milk Named Biisim Missiga
( 212 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 213 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 214 ) Effect of a Plant Extract in Several Traits of Plymouth Rock Barred Hens and Pullets Challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium in a Rural Village in Central Mexico
( 215 ) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows
( 216 ) Evaluation of Chemical-Nutritional Characteristics of Rainbow Trout Samples Affected by the
( 217 ) The Effect of the Reduced Dose of GnRH on Conception, Ovulation and Ovarian Structures in Ovsynch Program of Lactating Dairy Cows
( 219 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Social Aspects, Genetic Resources and Conservation of Companion Animal Cats (Felis Catus)
( 220 ) Synthesis of Biodiesel from Tropical Almond (Terminalia Catappa) Seed Oil
( 221 ) Village Chicken Production and Marketing in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
( 222 ) Technical Efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Ebonyi South Agricultural Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 223 ) Monosex Barb (Osteochilus Hasselti ) Culture with Reduction Feed on Economic Efficiency and Cost Reduction at Net Cage in Cirata Reservoir
( 224 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 225 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 226 ) Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)
( 227 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 228 ) Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career
( 229 ) Reduction of the Carbon Footprint in Agricultural Greenhouses
( 230 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 231 ) Occurrence and Anti-Fungal Sensitivity Testing of Candida Species Isolated from Canine Conjunctivitis
( 232 ) Biochemical and Electron Microscopic Changes Induced by Giardia in Experimentally Infected Lambs
( 234 ) Mobile Food Consumption Monitoring Application
( 235 ) Design of Experiment - Optimization of HPLC Analysis of Vitamin A and E in Margarine and Vegetable Oil
( 236 ) The Evaluation of Some Dietary Fiber Rich by-Products in Ice Creams Made from the Traditional Pudding - Kesme Muhallebi
( 237 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 238 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 239 ) Comparing Post-Partum Growth by Body Weight between Sex and Litter Size of Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) Offspring from Birth to 360 Days Old
( 240 ) Evaluation of Selected Botanical Extracts against Mendi Termite Macrotermes subhyalinus (Isoptera: Termitidae), under Laboratory Condition
( 241 ) Breeding Objective, Breeding Practices and Selection Criteria of Indigenous Sheep in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 243 ) Supernumerary Teats in Kalahari Red Goats in the Humid Tropics
( 244 ) Microscopic Detection of Haemoparasites in Muscovy Ducks (Anas Platyrynchos) in Gombe State, Nigeria
( 245 ) An Example of Non-Wood Forest Products in Turkey: Production of Pine Nuts
( 246 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 247 ) Remotion of Hydrogen Sulfide in Absorption Column
( 248 ) The Evaluation of the Agriculture of Hazelhazelnut in Duzce According to Climate Parameters
( 249 ) Status of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) in Southwestern Nigeria
( 252 ) Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana
( 253 ) An Assessment of the Market Structure of Sesame among Farmers, Wholesalers and Retailers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 255 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 256 ) Experimental Model Validation and Control of a Lactic Fermentation Process
( 257 ) Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production
( 258 ) Stage Specific Life Table of Invasive Pest Mealybug, Phenacoccus Solenopsis (Tinsley) Under Cotton Field Conditions
( 260 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 261 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 262 ) A Tobit Analysis of Propensity to Discontinue Adoption of Yam Minisett Technology among Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 263 ) Identification of Soybean Genotypes (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill) Through Genetic Variability Analysis
( 265 ) Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
( 266 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 267 ) Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition
( 268 ) Management of Food Shelf Life and Energy Efficiency with Adaptive Food Preservation System (AFPS) Appliance
( 269 ) Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 270 ) Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions
( 271 ) Establishing Short Bowel Syndrome in Nigerian Dogs
( 272 ) Helminths and Protozoa of the Gastrointestinal Tract of Ruminants in Tanzania
( 273 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 274 ) Assessment of Government Feeding Programme on Improved Nutritional Health Status of Secondary School Students in Maiduguri, Borno State
( 275 ) Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees
( 276 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 277 ) Adaptation Study of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiate) Varieties in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia
( 278 ) Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)
( 279 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 280 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 281 ) Palm Kernel Separation Efficiency and Kernel Quality from Different Methods Used in Some Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria
( 282 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 283 ) The Quality of Fried Chips Varies with Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Soaking Regime
( 284 ) Diversity and Growth Characteristics of Tree Species in the Botanical Gardens, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
( 285 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 286 ) Sooty Mold on Lemon Trees - First Recording from El-Beida City, Libya
( 287 ) Physicochemical and Rheological Characterization of Goat Whey
( 288 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 289 ) Competency Assessment of Veterinary Medicine Students Who are Trained in Basra Veterinary Hospital - 2017
( 290 ) Isolation and Screening of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria from Rhizosphere of Tea (Camellia Sinensis L.) on Andisols
( 291 ) Problems Confronting Shea Butter Industry in Nigeria
( 292 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 294 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 295 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 296 ) The Simulation of Egg Hatching Trend of Aedes Aegypti Associated with Rainfall Distribution
( 297 ) Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus
( 298 ) Duration of Freezing Influences Sensory Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Plantain (Musa paradisiaca AAB)
( 299 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 300 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 301 ) Effect of Body Weight on Reproductive Fitness in Spodoptera Litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
( 302 ) Macroscopic and Microscopic Studies on Sarcocystis Infection in Buffaloes - Public Health Alert
( 303 ) Investigating Constraints to Poultry Management Practices among Smallholder Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 304 ) Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 305 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 306 ) Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers
( 307 ) Climate Variability, Incidences and Mitigation Strategies among Poultry Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria
( 308 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 309 ) Edible Films and Coatings: A Good Idea From Past to Future Technology
( 310 ) The Potential Effect of Zinc Deficiency on Reproductive Profile of Male Rat and its Possible Consequences
( 311 ) Pulsing Preservatives to Prolong Vase Life of Cut Rose Flowers in Bahir Dar, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 312 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 313 ) Report of an Outbreak of Peste Des Petits Ruminants in Iran, Clinical, Epidemiological and Pathological Study
( 314 ) Social, Economical and Environmental Issues of Floriculture Sector Development in Ethiopia
( 316 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 317 ) Gross Morphology and Morphometric Studies of Digestive Tract of Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
( 320 ) Determinants and Extent of Pre- and Postharvest Losses of Fruits in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 321 ) Social, Economical and Environmental Issues of Floriculture Sector Development in Ethiopia
( 322 ) Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose
( 323 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 324 ) Patterns of Plant Community Formation and Vegetation Structure in the Afro- Alpine Vegetation of Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia
( 325 ) Contextual Estimation of Marketable and Marketed Surplus of Selected Seasonal Fruits: A Study Based on Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh
( 326 ) Attitude of Youth to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 329 ) Estimation of Suspended Sediment Load in the Ressoul Watershed, Algeria
( 330 ) Agronomic Practices of Maize and Farm Nutrient Status in Bako Tibe District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia: Lesson from Agronomic Panel Survey
( 331 ) Influence of Biochar and Poultry Manure on Weed Infestation and Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seedlings
( 332 ) Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach
( 333 ) Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil
( 334 ) Attitude of Youths to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 335 ) Importance of Arginine as Immune Regulator in Animal Nutrition
( 338 ) Changes in Certain Agronomic Characteristics of Table Grape Cultivar Alphonse Lavallee’ in Response to Water Deficit under the Different Rootstock Effect
( 339 ) Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso
( 341 ) A Review: Role of Inulin in Animal Nutrition
( 342 ) Adoption and Perception of Farmers towards Attributes of Improved Teff (Quncho) Varieties: Evidence from Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia
( 343 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 344 ) Ectoparasitosis in Domesticated Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo) in Jere Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 345 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 346 ) Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia
( 347 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 348 ) Risk Factors for the Contamination of Wild Stomoxys niger niger Macquart 1851 (Diptera: Muscidae) with the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
( 349 ) Potential Economic Benefit and Producers’ Willingness to Adopt Bt-Brinjal in Bangladesh: An Ex-Ante Analysis
( 351 ) Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh
( 352 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 353 ) Comparative Larvicidal Efficacy of Carica Papaya Leaves and Seed Extract on Mosquito Larval Population in Rice Fields in Bida Metropolis, Niger State
( 355 ) Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province
( 358 ) Morphometrical Traits and Structural Indices of Malle Cattle Reared in the South Omo Zone of Southwest Ethiopia
( 359 ) Traditional Technologies and Probiotic Properties of Bacillus Strains Isolated from Kawal -A Chad Traditional Fermented Food Condiment
( 360 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 361 ) Purple-Blue Pigmentation Production as a Sign of Immune Response by Bleached Corals to Avoid Stress Caused by Elevated Sea Surface Temperature
( 362 ) The Effect of Varieties and Fungicide Spray Frequencies on Septoria Leaf Blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) Epidemics on Bread Wheat in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 363 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 364 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 365 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 366 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 368 ) Sources of Resistance to Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in Improved Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum l.) Varieties of Ethiopia
( 369 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria
( 371 ) Vegetable Farmers Knowledge and Safety Practices towards Pesticides: Results from Field Observation in Southeastern DR Congo
( 373 ) Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance Analysis in Bread Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Genotypes in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 374 ) Chemical Changes Associated with Repetitive Re-Use of Vegetable Oil during Deep Frying of Bean Cake, Plantain and Yam
( 375 ) The Oils Refining Process and Contaminants in Edible Oils: A Review
( 376 ) Phototactic Response of Two Spotted Cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer) to Electric Bulb Light Colours and Types
( 377 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 378 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 379 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 380 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 381 ) Determination of Microbiological Quality of White Cheeses Marketed in Afyonkarahisar
( 382 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 384 ) An Assessment of Food Hygiene Practices among Food Vendors in Some Selected Basic Schools in the Birim Central Municipality
( 385 ) Death in the Mouth: The Current Status of Pesticide Residues in Cured Fish from Selected Markets in Rivers State Nigeria
( 386 ) Estimating Reference Evapotranspiration by Hargreaves and Blaney-Criddle Methods in Humid Subtropical Conditions
( 387 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 388 ) The Relationship between Food Production, Agricultural Land, Rice Production, and Rice Price: An Empirical Study on Thailand and Viet Nam
( 389 ) Understanding Mcdonalds Nutrition Facts using Discriminant Analysis and Neural Network
( 390 ) Estimation of Water Stress in Guinea and Sudano-Sahelian Ecological Zones of Nigeria Under Climate Change and Population Growth
( 391 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 392 ) Youth Participation in Sesame Production in Gwer West Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria
( 393 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 394 ) Evaluating Variation in Seed Quality Attributes in Pinus Patula Clonal Orchards using Cone Cluster Analysis
( 395 ) Quality Attributes of Cheese Produced from Goat’s Milk Supplemented with Coconut Milk
( 396 ) Analytical Evaluation of Four Accessions of Dialium guineense (L.) Leaves
( 397 ) Carbon Sequestration Assessment of Selected Campus Champion Trees
( 398 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 399 ) Rural Population Perceptions on Anti-Silting Managements in Kebili Governorate, South Tunisia
( 400 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 401 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 402 ) Variations in Vitamin Composition of Four Accessions of Dialium guineense (L.) Fruit Pulp
( 403 ) Proximate and Sensory Properties of Moi-Moi Developed from Cowpea and Avocado Pear Seed Flour Blends
( 405 ) Estimation of Natural Variability in Different Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) Sudanese Genotypes
( 406 ) Growth Performance of Kit Rabbits Fed Concentrate Diet Supplemented with Varying Foliage Leaf Meals
( 407 ) Trend Analysis of Climatic Variables at Mulde Location of Maharashtra State
( 408 ) Perception of Ethno-Veterinary Medicine among Poultry Farmers in Oyo State
( 409 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 410 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 412 ) Essential and Toxic Metals Determination in Imported and Fresh Beef Cattle Meat Sold in Erbil Markets
( 413 ) Utilization of Food Processing Technologies by Women Farmers in Umuahia Agricultural Zone, Abia State, Nigeria
( 414 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 415 ) Quality Attributes of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Flour as Affected by Some Processing Parameters
( 416 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 417 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 418 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 419 ) Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters
( 420 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 421 ) Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh