Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Curative Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobruchus Maculatus F. Infested Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) Grain in Storage

Dauda Z


M. M. Degri


U. N. Gadzama


M. Hassan

Dauda Z 1 M. M. Degri 1 U. N. Gadzama 3
M. Hassan 4

  1. Department of Crop protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria 3

  3. Department of Crop protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria 4


Farmers, households as well as grain merchants have to contend with infested stored cowpea grain once attacked by Callosobruchus maculatus (F.). They could be compelled to consume, sale at low economic value or find other way of salvaging the grains from total damage and loss. This paper reports the curative effect of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) seed oil (MSO) in mitigating C. maculatus damage and loss to freshly infested cowpea grains in storage. Ten grams cowpea grains of three varieties (Gwalam, Borno brown, and Banjara) were each weighed into a 200 ml bottle in three replicates for un-treated and four levels of MSO treatments (0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 ml). Three pairs of opposite sex adult C. maculatus 0-48 hrs old were used to infest grains in each replicate. Insects were removed five days after infestation and the number of eggs laid on grains in each replicate counted. MSO treatments were carried out at five and eight days after infestation. The number of adults that emerged was counted daily throughout the first filial generation (F1). All data were subjected to analysis of variance at 5% level of probability. Significantly different means were determined using Least Significant Difference. Results indicated statistical significances (P<0.05) between treated and un-treated infested grains of each variety. This implied that MSO is effective in mitigating C. maculatus damage to cowpea grain in storage. Grains infested with 1-8 days old cowpea bruchid eggs could be salvage from total damage and loss. Control was achieved mainly through ovicidal action and / or adverse effect of the oil on early larval instars thereby reducing and / or eliminating the damaging effect of C. maculatus.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the use of moringa seed oil to control C. maculatus in freshly infested stored cowpea. The oil was effective in reducing and / or inhibiting damage and loss in cowpea grains infested with freshly laid eggs. 



  1. Adebowale, K.O. and C.O. Adedire, 2006. Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of underutilized jatropha curcas seed oil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(10): 901-906.
  2. Boateng, B.A. and F. Kusi, 2008. Toxicity of jetropha seed oil on callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid, danarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4(8): 945-951.
  3. Dauda, Z., Y.T. Maina and B.I. Richard, 2012a. Insecticidal activity of garlic (Alium Sativum (L.) oil on callosobruchus maculatus (F.) In post-harvest cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp.). Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2(3): 28-35.
  4. Dauda, Z., J.W. Wabekwa and D. M.M., 2012b. Efficacy of sesame (Sesamum Indicum (L.) seed oil  in the management of callosobruchus maculatus (F.) infesting stored cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) walp. International Journal of Crop Science, 4(1): 21-26.
  5. Giga, D.P. and R.H. Smith, 1987. Egg production and development of callosobruchus rhodesianus and C. maculatus on several commodities at different temperatures. Journal of  Stored Product Research, 23: 915 -923.
  6. Ilesanmi, J.O. and D.T. Gungula, 2010. Preservation of cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) walp. Grains against cowpea bruchids (Callosobruchus Maculatus) using Neem and moringa seed oils. International Journal of Agronomy. Available from
  7. Ivbijaro, M.F., C. Ligan and A. Youdeowei, 1985. Control of rice weevils, sitophilus oryzea (L.) in stored maize with vegetable oils. Agricultural Ecosystem and Environment, 14: 237-242.
  8. Lale, N.E.S., 1992. A laboratory assessment of the effectiveness and persistence of powders of four spices on cowpea bruchid and maize weevil in air tight facilities. Samaru Journal of Agricultural Research, 11: 79-84.
  9. Lale, N.E.S., 1995. An overview of the use of plant products in the management of stored product coleoptera in the tropics. Post Harvest News and Information, 6: 69N-75N.
  10. Maina, Y.T., 2006. Evaluating the efficacy of three insecticidal spice oils for the control of callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in stored cowpea in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Journal of Arid Agriculture, 16: 43-47.
  11. Maina, Y.T., Z. Dauda and D.M. Mailafiya, 2012. Efficacy of aging stored neem seed oil and varietal resistance for the management of C. maculatus (F.) infesting stored cowpe (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) walp. In storage. International Journal of Crop Science, 4(1): 79-83.
  12. Maina, Y.T. and N.E.S. Lale, 2005. Influence of duration of storage of insecticidal plant oil after extraction and oil-treated seeds prior to infestation on the efficacy of nee (Azadirachta Indica A. Juss) seed oil in controlling callosobruchus maculatus (F.) infesting stored cowpea. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 22: 54-63.
  13. Okunola, C.O. and T.I. Ofuya, 2007. Effect of some essential plant oils on insect infestation of stored maize and cowpea. Proceedings of African Crop Science, 8: 1003-1007.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Curative Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobruchus Maculatus F. Infested Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) Grain in Storage
( 2 ) Protective Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobrochus Maculatus (F.) Infestation in Stored Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.)
( 6 ) Cultivation and Nutritional Quality of Moringa Oleifera Lam. Produced Under Different Substrates in Semi-Arid Region in Northeast Brazil
( 14 ) Flaxseed Nutritied Meat Balls With High Antioxidant Potential
( 17 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 18 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 19 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 20 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 21 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 22 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 23 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 24 ) Synthesis of Biodiesel from Tropical Almond (Terminalia Catappa) Seed Oil
( 25 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 26 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 27 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 28 ) Influence of Biochar and Poultry Manure on Weed Infestation and Growth of Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) Seedlings
( 29 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 30 ) Comparative Larvicidal Efficacy of Carica Papaya Leaves and Seed Extract on Mosquito Larval Population in Rice Fields in Bida Metropolis, Niger State
( 31 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 32 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 33 ) Evaluating Variation in Seed Quality Attributes in Pinus Patula Clonal Orchards using Cone Cluster Analysis
( 34 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 35 ) Proximate and Sensory Properties of Moi-Moi Developed from Cowpea and Avocado Pear Seed Flour Blends
( 36 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 37 ) Selection of Superior Clones by the Multi-Dimensional Decision-Making Techniques in Scots Pine Seed Orchard
( 38 ) Influence of Cupressus lusitanica Mill. Cones and Seed Characterization on Germination in Kenya
( 39 ) Effect of Desiccation and Storage Environment on Longevity of Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Seeds
( 40 ) Dietary Inclusion of Palm Oil in Bangladeshi Dietensures Better Nutrition with Minimal Cost: An Overview
( 41 ) Quality Characteristics of High-Oleic Sunflower Oil Extracted from Some Hybrids Cultivated Under Egyptian Conditions
( 42 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 43 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 44 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 45 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 48 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 49 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 50 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 51 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 52 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 54 ) Design of Experiment - Optimization of HPLC Analysis of Vitamin A and E in Margarine and Vegetable Oil
( 55 ) Status of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) in Southwestern Nigeria
( 56 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 57 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 58 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 59 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 60 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 61 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 62 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 63 ) Chemical Changes Associated with Repetitive Re-Use of Vegetable Oil during Deep Frying of Bean Cake, Plantain and Yam
( 64 ) The Oils Refining Process and Contaminants in Edible Oils: A Review
( 65 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 66 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 67 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 68 ) Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters
( 70 ) Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition
( 71 ) Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 72 ) Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria
( 73 ) Adaptability of Soil pH through Innovative Microbial Approach
( 74 ) The Effect of Continuous Grazing on Herbaceous Species Composition, Basal Cover and Production on Three Soil Types in the North West Province, South Africa
( 75 ) Effect of Mid-Term Cropping System Adoption on Soil Chemical Properties at Changunarayan Municipality, Bhaktapur, Nepal
( 76 ) Soil Properties and Growth of Maize as Affected by Slope Position and Fertilizer Type on Coastal Plain Sands
( 77 ) Effect of Beneficial Soil Microbes on Growth and Yield of Celery in Volcanic Soil of West Java
( 78 ) Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants
( 79 ) Effect of Some Botanicals against Termites, Macroterms Spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
( 82 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 83 ) Evaluation of Selected Botanical Extracts against Mendi Termite Macrotermes subhyalinus (Isoptera: Termitidae), under Laboratory Condition
( 84 ) Evaluation of Repellency of Plant-Derived Insecticide against Brinjal and Pepper Pest Populations
( 85 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 86 ) Alleviating Climate Change Effect using Environmentally Friendly Process to Preserve Wood against Biodeteriaorating Agent
( 89 ) Two Stubborn Storage Insect Pests, Callosobruchus maculatus and Sitophilus zeamais: Biology, Food Security Problems and Control Strategies
( 92 ) Phototactic Response of Two Spotted Cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer) to Electric Bulb Light Colours and Types
( 97 ) Sources of Resistance to Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in Improved Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum l.) Varieties of Ethiopia
( 101 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 102 ) Genotype-Environment Interactions and Yield Stability of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp) in Lomami Province, Central Part of Democratic Republic of Congo
( 103 ) Insecticide Spraying Regime to Control Insect Pest of Cowpea: Management and Monitored Application of Cypermethrin in Lomami Province, DR Congo
( 104 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 110 ) Adaptation Study of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiate) Varieties in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia
( 112 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 113 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria