Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation

Subrata Kr. Mandal


Basudeb Bhattacharyya


Somenath Mukherjee


S Karmakar

Subrata Kr. Mandal 1 Basudeb Bhattacharyya 2
Somenath Mukherjee 1 S Karmakar 4

  1. Scientist, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur, India 1

  2. Associate Professor, Bengal Engineering & Science University, Shibpur, Howrah, India 2

  3. Associate Professor, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyala, Mohanpur, India 4


In this paper soil-blade investigation of a rotary tiller in a controlled soil bin is presented. Among the soil cutting agricultural tools currently used, the rotary tiller is one of the most promising equipment, saving operating time and labor. In a rotary tiller working tool is always a blade. For the tillage systems, accurately predicting the required torque and penetration force while cutting of soil with a blade is of prime importance as far as the farming operation is concerned. In the tillage operation almost 50% of total farm power is utilized. Draft require for tillage depend on the soil strength and moisture contents along with compactness. So tillage should be done at such a moisture content and soil strength where minimum power will be consumed. This moisture content and soil strength is the optimized value. It is needed to evaluate optimum values of these two important parameters for every type of soil before tillage operation to decrease the loss of power.  Thus in this paper an investigation with regards to moisture content and soil strength which affects penetration resistance force and toque while soil cutting through a rotary tiller blade and has been presented. 

Contribution/ Originality



  1. ASAE, S., 2002b. S313.2: Soil cone penetrometer. St. Joseph, MI, USA.
  2. ASAE Standards, 2002a. EP542: Procedures for using and reporting data obtained with the soil cone penetrometer. St. Joseph, MI, USA.
  3. Clark, S.J. and J.B. Lliljedall, 1968. Soil bins, artificial soils and scalr –model testing. Trans. Of ASAE, 11(2): 99-104.
  4. Culpin, C., 1981. Farm machinery. 10th Edn., Spain: Granada Technical Books Press.
  5. Durant, D.M., J.V. Perumpral and C.S. Desai, 1979. Soil bin test facility for soil-tillage tool interaction studies. ASAE Paper No. 79-1586, ASAE, St. Joseph, MI 49085.
  6. Gill, W.R. and G.E.V. Berg, 1968. Soil dynamics in tillage and traction. USDA - Agricultural Research Center, 511p (USDA Agricultural handbook, 316).
  7. Godwin, R.J. and G. Kilgour, 1980. The design and operation of a simple low cost soil bin. Journal of Argicultural Engineering Research, 28(2): 99-104.
  8. Hammer, G.L., P.S. Carberry and R. Stone, 2000. Comparing the value of seasonal climate forecasting systems in managing cropping systems. In: Hammer GL, Nicholls N, Mitchell C (Eds.), Applications of seasonal climate forecasting in agricultural and natural ecosystems: The Australian experience. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. pp: 183–195.
  9. Hendrick, J.G. and W.R. Gill, 1971c. Rotary tiller design parameters, part III-Ratio of peripheral and forward velocities. Transactions of the ASAE, 14(4): 679-683.
  10. Mardani, A., K. Shahidi, A. Rahmani, B. Mashoofi and H. Karimmaslak, 2010. Studies on a long soil bin for soil-tool interaction. Agronomic Research in Moldova, 2(142): 5-10.
  11. Naderi-Boldajim, M., R. Alimardani, A. Sharifi and A. Tabatabaeefar, 2009. Economical hand-pushed digital cone penetrometer. Int. Agrophysics, 23(1): 55-60.
  12. Onwualu, A. and R. Watts, 1998. Draught and vertical forces obtained from dynamic soil cutting by plane tillage tools. Soil Tillage Research, 48(4): 239-253.
  13. Onwualu, A.P. and R.C. Watts, 1989. Development of a soil bin test facility. ASAE Paper No. 89-1106. Michigan: ASAE, St. Joseph.
  14. Shibusawa, S., 1993. Reverse-rotational rotary tiller for reduced power requirements in deep tillage. Journal of Terramechanics, 30(3): 205-217.
  15. Siemens, J.C. and J.A. Weber, 1964. Soil bin and model studies on tillage tests and traction devices. Journal of Terramechanics, 1(2): 56- 67.
  16. Srivastava, A.K., C.E. Georing and R.P. Rohrbach, 2006. Engineering principles of agricultural machines. 2nd Edn., Michigan: St. Joseph Press.
  17. Stafford, J.V., 1979. A versatile high speed soil tank for studying soil and implement interaction. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 24(1): 57-60.
  18. Topakci, M., H.K. Celik and D. Yilmaz, 2008. Stress analysis on transmission gears of a rotary tiller using finite element method. Akendiz Ünivresitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi, 21(2): 155-160.
  19. Upadhyaya, S.K., J. Mehkschau, D. Wulfson and J.L. Glancey, 1986. Development of a unique, mobile, single wheel testing device. Trans of the ASAE, 29(5): 1243–1246.
  20. Wismer, R.D., 1984. Soil bin facilities: Characteristics and utilization. In Proc. 8th International Conference, International Society for Terrain- Vehicle Systems. 6 10 August, Cambridge, England, 3: 1201- 1216.
  21. Wood, R.K. and L.G. Wells, 1983. A soil bin to study compaction. ASAE Paper No. 83–1044. MI, USA: ASAE, St. Joseph.
  22. Yatsuk, E.P., I.M. Panov, D.N. Efimov, O.S. Marchenkoc and A.D. Chernenkov, 1981. Rotary soil working machines (Construction, Calculation and Design). 1st Edn., New Delhi: Amerined Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 3 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 4 ) Genotype-Environment Interactions and Yield Stability of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp) in Lomami Province, Central Part of Democratic Republic of Congo
( 7 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 9 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 10 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 11 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 12 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 13 ) Status of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) in Southwestern Nigeria
( 14 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 15 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 16 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 17 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 18 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 19 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 20 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 21 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 22 ) Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition
( 23 ) Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 24 ) Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria
( 25 ) Adaptability of Soil pH through Innovative Microbial Approach
( 26 ) The Effect of Continuous Grazing on Herbaceous Species Composition, Basal Cover and Production on Three Soil Types in the North West Province, South Africa
( 27 ) Effect of Mid-Term Cropping System Adoption on Soil Chemical Properties at Changunarayan Municipality, Bhaktapur, Nepal
( 28 ) Soil Properties and Growth of Maize as Affected by Slope Position and Fertilizer Type on Coastal Plain Sands
( 29 ) Effect of Beneficial Soil Microbes on Growth and Yield of Celery in Volcanic Soil of West Java
( 31 ) Combined Microbial Inoculation as a Promising Approach to Enhance Promiscuous Soybean Nodulation and Nitrogen Content in Sudan Savanna
( 32 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 34 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 35 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 36 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 37 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 38 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 39 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 40 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 41 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 42 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 43 ) Evaluation of Chemical-Nutritional Characteristics of Rainbow Trout Samples Affected by the
( 44 ) The Evaluation of Some Dietary Fiber Rich by-Products in Ice Creams Made from the Traditional Pudding - Kesme Muhallebi
( 45 ) Evaluation of Selected Botanical Extracts against Mendi Termite Macrotermes subhyalinus (Isoptera: Termitidae), under Laboratory Condition
( 46 ) The Evaluation of the Agriculture of Hazelhazelnut in Duzce According to Climate Parameters
( 47 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 48 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 49 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 50 ) Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil
( 51 ) Evaluation of Repellency of Plant-Derived Insecticide against Brinjal and Pepper Pest Populations
( 52 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 53 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 54 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 55 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria