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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

March 2018, Volume 5, 1, pp 6-14

Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production

Jose Carmen Ramirez

,

Ranferi Gutierrez

,

Jose Armando Ulloa

,

Petra Rosas

,

Gerardo Torres

,

Pedro Ulises Bautista

Jose Carmen Ramirez 1 ,

Ranferi Gutierrez 1 

Jose Armando Ulloa 3 Petra Rosas 3 Gerardo Torres 5
Pedro Ulises Bautista 3 

  1. Autonomous University of Nayarit, Academic Unit of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Compostela, Nayarit, Mexico 1

  2. Autonomous University of Nayarit, Food Technology Center, City of Culture Amado Nervo, Los Fresnos,Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico 3

  3. Research Center for Food and Development, CENIT, Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico 5

Pages: 6-14

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.6.14

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Article History:

Received: 04 December, 2017
Revised: 24 January, 2018
Accepted: 29 January, 2018
Published: 01 February, 2018


Abstract:

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utilization of mango and fish wastes in biological silage production. Six treatments containing different levels of fish and mango wastes, sugar cane molasses and corn stover were inoculated with 4 % of Lactobacillus sp. B2 strain and incubated 15 days at 30 °C. The pH values of silages varied from 4.39 to 4.70 and the lactic acid content between 2.96 to 4.42 %. Silages showed the best acidifying at 7 day of fermentation; also they further increased the lactic acid bacteria counts and decreased the coliforms bacteria. Crude protein, ethereal extract and minerals values were higher in treatments with the upper level of fish wastes. The silage with the higher corn stover showed the upper crude fiber value and the lower in vitro dry matter digestibility. Contrary, the high inclusion level of fish wastes resulted in the highest dry matter digestibility. In conclusion, the combination of fish and mango wastes is a good alternative to produce biological fish silage as an ingredient for ruminants feed. The process of production is simple and environmental friendly.
Contribution/ Originality
The present study contributes to knowledge in the use of mango and fish wastes to produce silage. The findings show that silage can be evaluated in ruminants feeds for increase the added value and avoid the environmental impact of waste landfill sites.

Keywords:

Fish, Mango, Wastes, Silage, Ruminants feed.

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Reference:

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Funding:

The authors thank the company Mexifrutas S.A. de C.V. for the financing granted for this research.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The technical assistance of Francisco Arce Romero from Academic Unit of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics of the Autonomous University of Nayarit is greatly appreciated.

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