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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

September 2016, Volume 3, 3, pp 46-56

Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy

Mbah, E.N


Ezeano, C.I.


Odiaka, E.C.

Mbah, E.N 1 Ezeano, C.I. 2
Odiaka, E.C. 1 

  1. Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 2

Pages: 46-56

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68/2016.3.3/

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The survey analyzed rural youths participation in family farming in Benue State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaire/interview schedule were used in collecting data for the study. Frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation, factor analysis and binary logistic regression model were used for data analysis.  Findings revealed that about 75.00% of the respondents were males, single (63.70%), had formal education (98.90%), having farming as a major occupation (92.40%). Major roles performed by the respondents in family farming include site selection (M = 2.70), harvesting of crops (M = 2.61), applying fertilizer to crops (M = 2.55), clearing of farm land (M = 2.54), soil tillage (M = 2.51), among others.  These were further classified as land preparation, management and technical roles. The study recommends that rural youths should be encouraged to remain in agriculture by ensuring that they are provided with improved technologies for greater productivity. Basic amenities such as electricity, pipe borne water, good roads, etc should be made available in rural areas where they reside to prevent rural-urban youth migration and sustain agriculture.

Contribution/ Originality
This study documents that rural youths are involved in family farming for household food security. They participate actively in family farming playing key roles in land preparation, management and technical areas of crop and livestock production. Efforts of these youths should be sustained for them to remain in family farming.


Rural youths, Participation, Roles, Family, Farming, Nigeria



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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