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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

September 2015, Volume 2, 3, pp 90-99

Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Oyediran, W. O.


Omoare, A. M.


Esenwa, A. O.


Omisore, O. A.


Dick T. T.

Oyediran, W. O. 1 ,

Omoare, A. M. 2
Esenwa, A. O. 1 Omisore, O. A. 4
Dick T. T. 5

  1. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria 2

  3. Department of Agricultural Extension and Farm Management, Oyo State College of Agriculture, Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria 4

  4. Rokupr Agriculture Rice Centre (RARC), Sierra Leone Agricultural Research Institute (SLARI) 5

Pages: 90-99

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68/2015.2.3/

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Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak was a major threat to public health in Nigeria and it adversely affected the people’s perception on bush meat as it was revealed that wild animals were host of the virus.  Thus, the study assessed the effects of EVD outbreak on bush meat marketing and consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Multi stage sampling technique was used to select 85 respondents. Data collected with interview guide and analysed using with descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis. The results showed that 58.80% of the respondents were between 40 – 50 years of age and 73% of the respondents were females. Majority (64.70%) of the respondents had been in bush meat business for more than 10 years. Before the EVD outbreak 37.14% of the respondents had more than 50 customers while patronage reduced to less than 25 customers in a day after EVD outbreak. Similarly, 42% of respondents had more than ₦21,000.00 in a day before EVD outbreak as against less than ₦5,000.00 in a day after the outbreak. Chi-square analysis showed a significant relationship between the sources of information on EVD outbreak and bush meat sales at p < 0.05. It can be concluded that EVD caused reduction in the customers’ patronage and income realized from the sales of bush meat after the outbreak. It is hereby recommended that more awareness should be created by government and other stakeholders that Nigeria is free of EVD, and bush meat is safe for public consumption while Agricultural Extension Agents and Community Health Workers should focus on training and capacity building for quality and healthy bush meat business in the study area
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the setback caused by the spread of the news of Ebola virus disease outbreak on bush meat sales and consumption in rural communities where cases of Ebola disease virus were not actually reported.



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  2. M. Hogenboom, "Ebola: Is bush meat behind the outbreak? BBC News." Available [Accessed 18th December, 2014], 2014.
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  4. M. Subramanian, "Zoonotic disease risk and the bush meat trade: Assessing awareness among hunters and traders in Sierra Leone," Eco. Health, vol. 9, pp. 471–482, 2012.
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