Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

June 2014, Volume 1, 2, pp 53-64

Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations

Abdelraouf R. Eid


Mehana H. Mohamed


Sabreen Kh. Pipars


Bakry A. Bakry

Abdelraouf R. Eid 1 Mehana H. Mohamed 1 Sabreen Kh. Pipars 1 Bakry A. Bakry 4

  1. Department of Water Relations & Field Irrigation, Agriculture and Biological Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt 1

  2. Department of Field Crops Research, Agriculture and Biological Division National Research Center, Egypt 4


Nowadays determining the optimum crop water requirements is considered one of the most important factors affecting plant productions, especially, with scarce water resources. This may be due to the interrelation between the amount of water added and the ability of plant. Two field experiments were carried out during the two growing seasons 2010/2011–2011/2012, at the Research Farm of the National Research Centre in Nubarya region, Egypt, to study the effect of both deficit irrigation and laser land leveling on saving water and increasing yield of wheat crop under Egyptian growing conditions. Studied factors were deficit irrigation (100% Irrigation Requirements "IR", 80%IR, 60%IR and 40%IR) and land leveling techniques (conventional "C" and laser "L"). The following parameters were studied to evaluate the effect of deficit irrigation and laser land leveling; (1) Soil moisture distribution, (2) Growth of wheat plant, (3) Yield of wheat , (4) Irrigation water use efficiency of wheat and (5) Economical parameters of wheat production process. Statistical analysis of the effect of the interaction between land leveling and irrigation on IWUE of wheat indicated that the maximum values were detected at adding 100%IR*L. However, no significant difference was observed between 100%IR*L >80%IR*L >and 60% IR*L, this means that we can save 40% of irrigation water by adding 60% IR with laser land leveling technique to irrigate wheat under sandy soil conditions.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature to improve water use efficiency of wheat under deficit irrigation conditions and rotational irrigation system by using laser land leveling techniques.



  1. L. W. Briggle, Origin and botany of wheat. Basel. Switzerland: Wheat Documenta Ciba-Geigy, 1980.
  2. E. Triboi, P. Martre, and A. Triboi-Blondel, "Environmentally-induced changes in protein composition in developing grains of wheat are related to changes in total protein content," J. Exp. Bot., vol. 54, pp. 1731- 1742, 2003.
  3. M. L. Jat, C. Parvesh, G. Raj, S. K. Sharma, and M. A. Gill, Laser land leveling: A precursor technology for resource conservation. Rice-wheat consortium technical bulletin Series No. 7. New Delhi: Rice-Wheat Consortium for the Indo-Gangetic Plains, 2006.
  4. Conservation Agriculture, "Conservation agriculture: Resource productivity and efficiency," IVth World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, New Delhi, PACA, 1st Floor, NASC Complex, DPS Marg, Pusa, New Delhi - 110 012 INDIA, 2009. Available:, 2009.
  5. C. Kirda, Deficit irrigation scheduling based on plant growth stages showing water stress tolerance. Adana, Turkey: Cukuroya University, 2000.
  6. P. C. Liven and F. C. Van Rooyen, "The effect of discharge rate and intermittent water application by point-source irrigation on the soil moisture distribution pattern," Soil Sci.Amer. J., vol. 43, pp. 8-15, 1979.
  7. L. G. James, Principles of farm irrigation system design: John Willey&sons. Inc.,Washington State University, 1988.
  8. F. C. Stickler, Weaden, and A. W. Pauli, "Leaf area determination in grain sorghum," Agron. J., vol. 53, pp. 187–188, 1961.
  9. G. W. Snedecor and W. G. Cochran, Statistical methods, 7th ed. Iowa, U.S.A.: Iowa State Univ. Press, 1982.
  10. D. B. Duncan, "Multiple range and multiple F tests," Biometrics, vol. 11, pp. 1 - 42, 1955.
  11. E. K. Rizk, "Irrigation scheduling and environmental stress coefficient of kidney bean under some irrigation systems in North Sinai," Egypt. J. of Appl. Sci., vol. 22, pp. 286-296, 2007.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 2 ) Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations
( 3 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 4 ) Assessment of the Impact of Land Use Changes along the Floodplains of River Lamurde, Jalingo Lga, Nigeria
( 5 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 6 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 7 ) The Impact of Intensive Utilization of Cultivated Land on Grain Yields: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China
( 8 ) Agric Financing and its Impact on Agricultural GDP: An ARDL Approach
( 9 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 10 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 11 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 12 ) Processing and Storage Impact on Carotenoid Contents and Functional Properties of Yellow Cassava Traditional Food Products
( 13 ) Exploring the Climate Change Impact on Major Food Crops of Bangladesh - A Time Series Analysis
( 14 ) Insect Activities and their Impact on the Yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L ( Malvaceae) in Bambili ( Mezam - Cameroon)
( 15 ) Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria
( 16 ) Impacts of Rural Community on the Forest Estate in Ugbolu, Oshimili North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 17 ) Coconut Growers Knowledge, Perception and Adoption on Impacts of Climate Change in Gampaha and Puttalam Districts in Sri Lanka: An Index-Based Approach
( 20 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 21 ) Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in Hulet Wogedamea Kebele, Northern Ethiopia
( 23 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 24 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 25 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 26 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 27 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 28 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 29 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 31 ) Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso
( 32 ) Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia
( 33 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 34 ) The Relationship between Food Production, Agricultural Land, Rice Production, and Rice Price: An Empirical Study on Thailand and Viet Nam
( 35 ) The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa
( 36 ) Ecosystem Services Assessment of Mangrove Forest in a Coastal Island of Bangladesh
( 37 ) Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria
( 38 ) Constructed Wetland Effluent Irrigation as a Potential Water and Nutrient Source for Vegetables
( 41 ) Association between Yield Components of Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. (Moench) Under Different Watering Intervals
( 42 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 43 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 44 ) Estimation of Suspended Sediment Load in the Ressoul Watershed, Algeria
( 45 ) Changes in Certain Agronomic Characteristics of Table Grape Cultivar Alphonse Lavallee’ in Response to Water Deficit under the Different Rootstock Effect
( 46 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 47 ) Estimation of Water Stress in Guinea and Sudano-Sahelian Ecological Zones of Nigeria Under Climate Change and Population Growth
( 48 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 49 ) A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes
( 50 ) Estimation of Ground Water Recharge for Irrigation Water Budget Planning in Kanzenze Swamp
( 51 ) Effect of Photoperiod on Estrus Cycle and Reproductive Organs in Female African Giant Rat (Cricetomys Gambianus: Waterhouse)
( 53 ) Challenges of Conserving and Co-Managing Khadimnagar National Park and Ratargul Fresh Water Swamp Forest in Bangladesh
( 56 ) Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh
( 58 ) Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana
( 59 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 60 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 61 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 62 ) Boosting Farm Productivity through Intensification of Soybean Production Technology
( 63 ) Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012
( 64 ) Nutritional, Functional and Sensory Properties of Biscuit Produced from Wheat-Sweet Potato Composite
( 66 ) Characteristics of Bread and Biscuit Made With Wheat and Rice Flour Composites