Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

March 2014, Volume 1, 1, pp 21-34

Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Azanaw Abebe


Merkuz Abera

Azanaw Abebe 1
Merkuz Abera 2

  1. Bahir Dar University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Program of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ethiopia 1

  2. Bahir Dar University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Program of Plant Science, Ethiopia 2

on Google Scholar
on PubMed


Gender is a key analytic category for understanding global economic processes and gender mainstreaming is the core strategy to eliminate gender inequalities. Despite the increasing appreciation of gender and gender mainstreaming which is decisive for women and men equal participation in development, the concept of gender mainstreaming is not always understood in the same fashion. Perception of gender mainstreaming by various community members in the agriculture sector is not known. This study was designed to heave light on the perception gender concern in Agricultural sector which include workers and farmers. Two stage sampling procedure was employed to select 4 Peasant Associations (PA’s) out of 27 PA’s in the Woreda and 140 sample households from these 4 PA’s using simple random sampling techniques. In addition, 22 Agriculture and Rural Development workers were selected by using simple random sampling methods irrespective of sex. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were described, interpreted and appreciated. Likert type scales were developed to measure both types of perceptual statements. The findings indicated that lack of clear ideas on the concepts of gender and gender mainstreaming among Agricultural and Rural Development workers. There was a significant difference between farmers and Agricultural and Rural Development workers regarding their perception towards gender and gender mainstreaming, moderately female farmers have higher degree of perception than male farmers in rural areas. Relatively female workers have higher degree of perception than male workers in Agricultural and Rural Development workers. Agricultural and rural development workers and farmers in general should be exposed to intensive gender sensitization and training on improving outreach to female farmers. 
Contribution/ Originality



  1. N. Kabeer, Gender mainstreaming in poverty eradication and the millennium development goals: New gender mainstreaming series on development issues, a handbook for policy-makers and other stakeholders, commonwealth secretariat. Ottawa, on Canada K1G 3H9 (Canada), 2003.
  2. L. Greenshields, Bruce, A. Bellamy, and Margot, Rural development growth and inequity, international association of agricultural economist: Gower Publishing Company Limited, 1983.
  3. M. Rai, "Vision 2025, perspective plan," National Research Centre for Women in Agriculture (NRCWA), Bhubaneswar, New Delhi 110001, India, 2007.
  4. E. J. Gould, "File: Documents: Bio psych: What is perception," 2003.
  5. OPTEM, "Study on integrating gender mainstreaming into employment policies, covering public-authority officials responsible for employment policies and social partners in the 15 member States of the European Union," 2002.
  6. UNDP, "Learning manual and information pack on gender mainstreaming." Available, 2001.
  7. World Bank, Engendering development through gender equality in rights, resources and voice. New York: Oxford University Press (For the World Bank), 2001.
  8. UNDP, "Assessment of gender mainstreaming and empowerment of women in Sub-Saharan Africa," A Review of UNDP Supported Activities UN HQs, New York, 2000.
  9. MOWA, Women watch Ethiopia national action plan for gender equality 2006-2010. Addis Ababa: Final Draft, 2006.
  10. A. Sen, Many faces of gender inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  11. UNIFEM, Progress of the world’s women. New York: UNIFEM, 2000.
  12. FDREPCC, "Summary and statistical report of the 2007 population and housing census, population size by age and sex," Addiss Abeba, Ethiopia2008.
  13. L. J. Crounbach, "Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests," Psychometrika, vol. 16, pp. 297-334, 1951.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Perception of Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension in Fogera Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 2 ) Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career
( 3 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 4 ) Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 5 ) Adoption and Perception of Farmers towards Attributes of Improved Teff (Quncho) Varieties: Evidence from Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia
( 6 ) Rural Population Perceptions on Anti-Silting Managements in Kebili Governorate, South Tunisia
( 7 ) Perception of Ethno-Veterinary Medicine among Poultry Farmers in Oyo State
( 8 ) Coconut Growers Knowledge, Perception and Adoption on Impacts of Climate Change in Gampaha and Puttalam Districts in Sri Lanka: An Index-Based Approach
( 10 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 11 ) Gender Differentials in Labour Market Participation of Rural Households in Non-Farm Activities in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 13 ) Agricultural Dualism, Wage Inequality and Development Policies
( 15 ) Awareness about E-Learning among Agricultural Research Scholars of Banaras Hindu University
( 16 ) Olfactory Response of an Assassin Bug, Rhynocoris Longifrons (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) To the Hexane Extracts of Different Agricultural Insect Pests
( 17 ) Technical Efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Ebonyi South Agricultural Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 19 ) Reduction of the Carbon Footprint in Agricultural Greenhouses
( 20 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 21 ) Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana
( 22 ) Agric Financing and its Impact on Agricultural GDP: An ARDL Approach
( 23 ) The Relationship between Food Production, Agricultural Land, Rice Production, and Rice Price: An Empirical Study on Thailand and Viet Nam
( 24 ) Utilization of Food Processing Technologies by Women Farmers in Umuahia Agricultural Zone, Abia State, Nigeria
( 25 ) The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution
( 26 ) The Effect of Farmers Social Networks on Sustainable Agricultural Practices Adoption: A Scoping Review Protocol
( 28 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 29 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 32 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 34 ) Breeding Objective, Breeding Practices and Selection Criteria of Indigenous Sheep in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 35 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 36 ) The Effect of Varieties and Fungicide Spray Frequencies on Septoria Leaf Blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) Epidemics on Bread Wheat in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 37 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 38 ) Growth and Yield Response of Shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) Varieties to Intra-Row Spacing in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
( 41 ) An Analysis of the Pre and Post Harvest Management Techniques in Rice Production: The Case of Unvda Ndop, North West Region, Cameroon
( 42 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 45 ) Farmer’s Decision To Practice Crop Rotation in Arsi Negelle, Ethiopia: What are the Determinants?
( 46 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 48 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 49 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 51 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 52 ) Production Efficiency of Sesame in Selamago District of South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 53 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 54 ) Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in Hulet Wogedamea Kebele, Northern Ethiopia
( 55 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 56 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 57 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 58 ) Genetic Divergence and Character Association of Kabuli-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietium) Genotype under Rainfed Conditions in Ethiopia
( 59 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 60 ) Village Chicken Production and Marketing in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
( 62 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia