Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

A Model of Strategic Thinking: Islamic and Iranian Perspective

Abbas Monavvarian

Abbas Monavvarian 1

  1. Department of Management, University of Tehran, Iran 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed


Purpose - This research is trying to explore elements of strategic thinking from Islamic – Iranian point of views. 
Design/Methodology/Approach -The research method is qualitative. The main instruments of data and information collection are planned interview and library method. There was no sampling in this research. The researcher selected 17 elites (experts) familiar with the strategic management and strategic thinking.
Findings - The study has found elements of strategic thinking are: Insight and foresight (Proactive), Analytical ability, Systems thinking, Creativity, Learning, Goal oriented Vision and Familiarity with modern science.
Research limitations/implications -There are some limitations evident in this research. First, the researcher is from academic institute, so is not so familiar with Islamic literature. It means, if there is any deficiency in the literature is due to the low knowledge of the researcher. Second, although the sample size was sufficient, a larger sample may have provided better results. 

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the elements and model of strategic thinking from Islamic and Iranian points of view. So, it paves the road for other researches to investigate the equivalent factors in other cultures and other religions.



  1. Acur, N. and L. Englyst, 2006. Assessment of strategy formulation: How to ensure quality in process and outcome. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 26(1): 69-91.
  2. Bonn, I., 2001. Developing strategic thinking as a core competency. Management Decision, 39(1): 63-71.
  3. Bonn, I., 2005. Improving strategic thinking: A multilevel approach. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(5): 336-354.
  4. Camillus, J.C., 1996. Reinventing strategic planning. Planning Review, 24(3): 6-12.
  5. Collins, D.B., J.S. Lowe  and C.R. Arnett, 2000. High-performance leadership at the organization level. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 2(2): 18-46.
  6. Eden, C., 1990. Strategic thinking with computers. Long Range Planning, 23(6): 35-43.
  7. Eton, L., 2005. Strategic thinking: A discussion paper. Ottawa: Research Directorate, Public Service Commission of Canada.
  8. Ghafarian, V. and G.R. Kiani, 2010. New perspective of strategy. Tadbir, 13(2): 28-40.
  9. Goldsmith, A.A., 1996. Strategic thinking in international development: Using management tools to see the big picture. World Development, 24(9): 1431-1439.
  10. Graetz, F., 2002. Strategic thinking versus strategic planning: Towards understanding the complementarities. Management Decision, 40(5): 456-462.
  11. Hamel, G., 1998. Opinion strategy innovation and the quest for value. Sloan Management Review, 39(2): 7-14.
  12. Harper, S.C., 1991. Strategic thinking: Backwards from the future. American Business Review, 9(2): 1-9.
  13. Heracleous, L., 1998. Strategic thinking or strategic planning? Long range Planning, 31(3): 481-487.
  14. Kaufman, R., H. Oakley-Browne, R. Watkins and D. Leigh, 2003. Strategic planning for success: Aligning people, performance, and payoffs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  15. Kilroy, D.B. and M.T. McKinley, 1997. Stop analysing and start thinking:The importance of good thinking skills in a value-managed company. Management Decision, 35(3): 185-193.
  16. Lashkar Boloki, M., 2010. The laws and techniques of strategic thinking. Tehran, Iran: Nath Publication.
  17. Liedtka, J.M., 1998. Strategic thinking: Can it be taught? Long Range Planning, 31(1): 120-129.
  18. Mintzberg, H., 1981. Research notes and communications what is planning anyway? Strategic Management Journal, 2(3): 319-324.
  19. Mintzberg, H., 1994. The rise and fall of strategic planning. UK: Prentice Hall International (UK) Limited.
  20. Monnavarian, A., G. Farmani and H. Yajam, 2011. Strategic thinking in benetton. Business Strategy Series, 12(2): 63-72.
  21. Napier, N.K. and M.S. Albert, 1990. East Asian and American perspectives on thinking strategically: The leopard and his spots. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 28(4): 40-50.
  22. Stacey, R., 1992. Managing the unknowable. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  23. Stumpf, S.A., 1989. Work experiences that stretch managers’ capacities for strategic thinking. Journal of Management Development, 8(5): 31-39.
  24. Williamson, P.J., 1999. Strategy as options on the future. Sloan Management Review, 40(3): 117-126.
  25. Wilson, I., 1994. Strategic planning isn’t dead-it changed. Long Range Planning, 27(4): 12-24.
  26. Wootton, S. and T. Horne, 2010. Strategic thinking: A nine step approach to strategy and leadership for managers and marketers. 3rd Edn., UK: Kogan Page Publishers.
  27. Zabriskie, N.B. and A.B. Huellmantel, 1991. Developing strategic thinking in senior management. Long Range Planning, 24(6): 25-32.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 2 ) The Impact of Human Capital on Economic Growth: Evidence from Tunisia Using Star and Stecm Models
( 3 ) An Inventory Model with Lost Sale is Time Dependent
( 4 ) A Model of Strategic Thinking: Islamic and Iranian Perspective
( 5 ) Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria Employing Vector Error Correction Model Framework
( 6 ) Workplace Bullying: Modelling Construct Validity in an Australian Public Sector Workforce
( 7 ) Estimating Value at Risk for Sukuk Market Using Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models
( 8 ) Dynamic Analysis of Competitive Technology Innovation Diffusion Model
( 9 ) A Review upon the Changes Which Come With the Model upon Turkish Metropolitan Municipality within the Provincial Administrative Boundaries
( 10 ) Confirming the Mediation Effect of A Structural Model By Using Bootstrap Approach: A Case Study of Malaysian 8th Grade Students’ Mathematics Achievement
( 11 ) The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Consumer Prices in Nigeria: Evidence from VECM Model
( 12 ) Examining Long Run Relationship between Household Debt and Household Savings in South Africa – An Error Correction Model and Granger Causality
( 13 ) Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of Coub-Douglas, Real Business Cycle, and Keynsian Growth Models in Determining Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 14 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 15 ) On the Prediction of the Inflation Crises of South Africa Using Markov-Switching Bayesian Vector Autoregressive and Logistic Regression Models
( 16 ) Triple Hurdle Model with Zero Expenditures
( 17 ) Dutch Disease: Myth or Reality? An Analysis of the ARDL Model
( 18 ) Consumers’ Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Banking in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Using an Extension of Technology Acceptance Model: Lessons from Zimbabwe
( 19 ) Evaluating the Model of Demand for Money in Nigeria
( 20 ) Developing a Conceptual Model for Antecedents of Resistance to Change towards Sustainable Construction Practices
( 21 ) Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach
( 22 ) A Process Model for Conformance of Health Information Systems: Towards National Interoperability
( 23 ) Role of Talent Development on Talent Engagement and Self-Efficacy: A Structural Model
( 24 ) Modelling Stock Returns Volatility and Asymmetric News Effect: A Global Perspective
( 25 ) Are the Predictions of the Mundell-Fleming Model Applicable to Mexico?
( 26 ) Fear of Covid-19 and Intentions towards Adopting E-Health Services: Exploring the Technology Acceptance Model in the Scenario of Pandemic
( 27 ) The Optimal Machine Learning Modeling of Brent Crude Oil Price
( 28 ) Modeling and Estimation of Cumulative Abnormal Return using VECM
( 29 ) Likelihood of Insurance Coverage on Damages Due to Level of Insecurity in Nigeria: Logistic Modeling Approach
( 30 ) Strategic Evaluation of Distributed Power Generation Technology: A Sustainable Approach
( 32 ) Attributes Influencing Strategic Alignment in the Service Sector: An Indonesian Banking Sector Case Study
( 33 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 34 ) Managerial Judgement Versus Financial Techniques in Strategic Investment Decisions: An Empirical Study on the Syrian Coastal Region Firms
( 37 ) Measuring the Quality of Islamic Banks Services and Its Impact on Customers Satisfaction A Survey Study on the Islamic Banks Customers in Lattakia-Syria
( 38 ) The Effect of Personal Factors on the Customer Rating of the Quality of Services of the Islamic Banks Operating in the Syrian Coast
( 39 ) Financial Tables Reports Gaps in Jordanian Islamic Banks
( 40 ) Does Gold Price Lead or Lags Islamic Stock Market and Strategy Commodity Price? A Study from Malaysia
( 41 ) Incorporating Islamic Ethic Elements into Marketing Mix Paradigm
( 42 ) Determinants of Banks Profitability & Liquidity and the Role of BASEL III in Islamic & Conventional Banking Sector of Pakistan: A Case Study of NBP
( 43 ) Analysis of Effect of Profitability, Capital, Risk Financing, the Sharia Supervisory Board and Capabilities Zakat in Islamic Perspective with Circular Approach Causastion on Islamic Banks in Indonesia
( 44 ) Determinants of Financial Performance and its Impact on the Growth of Islamic Bank Assets on Indonesia
( 46 ) A Multidimensional Structure of Shopping Centre Visit Objectives - An European Consumers Perspective
( 47 ) The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives
( 49 ) Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective