This study was conducted to assess processing, utilization and marketing of traditional dairy products produced in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha districts in Northwestern Ethiopia. A single-visit-multiple-subject formal survey was conducted to collect data. A total of 150 households (75 households from each district) were individually interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The major dairy products produced in the study area include butter, ghee, Ayib, Arera (defatted sour milk), Ergo (naturally fermented sour milk), Zure and Metata Ayib. Among these, two of the traditional dairy products, Zure and Metata Ayib, are unique to the area and have never been reported before. The respondents interviewed claim that these products are of high nutritional values and have therapeutic properties. Many aspects of Zure and Metata Ayib such as physico-chemical properties, microbiological and sensory qualities are unknown. Thus, detailed scientific investigation needs to be conducted in order to verify the claimed nutritional and medicinal properties of these products.
Ahmed, M.A.M., S. Ehui and Y. Assefa, 2004. Dairy development in Ethiopia. EPTD Discussion Paper No. 123. Washington DC.: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Beyene, F., 1994. Present situation and future aspects of milk production, milk handling and processing of dairy products in Southern Ethiopia. PhD Thesis, Agricultural University of Norway. Norway.
CSA, 2005. Federal democratic Republic of Ethiopia agricultural sample survey. Livestock and livestock characteristics bulletin. Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 2.
Fita, L., 2004. Assessment of butter quality and butter making efficiency of new churns compared to smallholders’ butter making techniques in East Shoa zone of Oromia, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Alemaya University. Ethiopia.
ILCA, 1990. Livestock systems research manual. International livestock center for Africa (ILCA) Working Paper No 1. ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
O’Connor, C.B., 1993. Traditional cheese making manual, No.1. International Livestock Center for Africa. Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
O’Mahony, F. and E. Bekele, 1985. Traditional butter making in Ethiopia and possible improvements. ILCA Bulletin 22. International Livestock Center for Africa (ILCA), Ethiopia, Addis Ababa. pp: 9-14.
Tola, A., 2002. Traditional milk and milk products handling practices and raw milk quality in Eastern Wollega. MSc Thesis, Alemaya University. Ethiopia.
Yilma, Z. and B. Faye, 2006. Handling and microbial load of cow’s milk and Irgo (fermented milk) collected from different shops and producers in central highlands of Ethiopia. Eth. J. Anim. Prod., 6(2): 67-82.
Yilma, Z. and L. Inger, 2001a. Milk production, processing, marketing and the role of milk and milk products on smallholder farmers’ income in the central highlands of Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP). ESAP, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 24-26 August 2000: pp: 139-154.
Yilma, Z. and L. Inger, 2001b. Efficiency of smallholder butter-making in the Ethiopian central highlands. In: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP). ESAP, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 24-26 August 2000: pp: 192-205.
ZDA, 2005. Annual progress report. West Gojjam Zone Department of Agriculture, Ethiopia.