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Journal of Food Technology Research

June 2014, Volume 1, 1, pp 27-44

Use of Solar Drier Papapya Lather as a Fat Replacer in Cakes

Anam Ansari


Ali Aghar


Muhammad Shahid


Saira Tanweer

Anam Ansari 1 Ali Aghar 1 Muhammad Shahid 3
Saira Tanweer 1 

  1. National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 1

  2. Department of chemistry and biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 3

Pages: 27-44

DOI: 10.18488/journal.58/2014.1.1/

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Fat is a major constituent of food that softens the food product in addition to provide energy. High fat foods are energy dense foods that produce obesity and also some other major disorders. To reduce the risk of disease fat replacers can be used. Weight conscious people are adopting these fat replacers very quickly. There are three different types of fat replacers i.e. carbohydrate based, protein based and fat based. Solar dried papaya lather is an excellent source of fat replacers.  This fat replacer can be used in baked especially for cakes products instead of shortening and oil. Papaya lather has the same functions as of fats. It has numerous theraputical perspectives and can be used in different drugs preparation. Papaya is a rich source of papain that acts as meat tenderizer. Papaya fruit has rich contents of antioxidant activity hence important to be used in diet owing to different health benefits. 
Contribution/ Originality



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( 80 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 81 ) Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career
( 82 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 83 ) Comparing Post-Partum Growth by Body Weight between Sex and Litter Size of Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) Offspring from Birth to 360 Days Old
( 84 ) Microscopic Detection of Haemoparasites in Muscovy Ducks (Anas Platyrynchos) in Gombe State, Nigeria
( 85 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 86 ) An Assessment of the Market Structure of Sesame among Farmers, Wholesalers and Retailers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 88 ) Stage Specific Life Table of Invasive Pest Mealybug, Phenacoccus Solenopsis (Tinsley) Under Cotton Field Conditions
( 89 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 90 ) Harvesting Date Influences Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield and Quality of Based-Products
( 91 ) Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
( 92 ) Helminths and Protozoa of the Gastrointestinal Tract of Ruminants in Tanzania
( 93 ) Assessment of Government Feeding Programme on Improved Nutritional Health Status of Secondary School Students in Maiduguri, Borno State
( 94 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 95 ) Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)
( 97 ) The Quality of Fried Chips Varies with Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Soaking Regime
( 98 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 99 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 100 ) Competency Assessment of Veterinary Medicine Students Who are Trained in Basra Veterinary Hospital - 2017
( 101 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 102 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 103 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 104 ) The Simulation of Egg Hatching Trend of Aedes Aegypti Associated with Rainfall Distribution
( 105 ) Duration of Freezing Influences Sensory Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Plantain (Musa paradisiaca AAB)
( 106 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 107 ) Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers
( 108 ) Edible Films and Coatings: A Good Idea From Past to Future Technology
( 109 ) Pulsing Preservatives to Prolong Vase Life of Cut Rose Flowers in Bahir Dar, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 110 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 111 ) The Impact of Intensive Utilization of Cultivated Land on Grain Yields: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China
( 112 ) A Pictorial Guidebook on Poultry Diseases; Diagnostic Techniques and their Effective Treatment
( 113 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 114 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 115 ) Pepper Disease Assessment and Identification in Major Growing Districts of West Gojam Zone in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 116 ) Contextual Estimation of Marketable and Marketed Surplus of Selected Seasonal Fruits: A Study Based on Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh
( 117 ) Attitude of Youth to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 118 ) Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach
( 119 ) Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil
( 120 ) Attitude of Youths to Agriculture as Career in Iwo and Aiyedire Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria
( 121 ) Importance of Arginine as Immune Regulator in Animal Nutrition
( 122 ) Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso
( 123 ) Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions
( 124 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 125 ) Ectoparasitosis in Domesticated Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo) in Jere Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 126 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 127 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 128 ) Risk Factors for the Contamination of Wild Stomoxys niger niger Macquart 1851 (Diptera: Muscidae) with the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
( 129 ) Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh
( 130 ) Response of Intraspecific Crosses in F1 and their Deterioration in F2 Generation of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
( 132 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 133 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 134 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 135 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 136 ) Growth and Yield Response of Shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) Varieties to Intra-Row Spacing in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
( 137 ) Vegetable Farmers Knowledge and Safety Practices towards Pesticides: Results from Field Observation in Southeastern DR Congo
( 138 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 140 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 141 ) An Assessment of Food Hygiene Practices among Food Vendors in Some Selected Basic Schools in the Birim Central Municipality
( 142 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 143 ) Carbon Sequestration Assessment of Selected Campus Champion Trees
( 144 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 145 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 146 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 147 ) Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon
( 148 ) Market Participation and Food Security Status of Bio-Fortified Cassava Processors in South Western Nigeria
( 149 ) Trend Analysis of Climatic Variables at Mulde Location of Maharashtra State
( 150 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 151 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 152 ) Processing and Storage Impact on Carotenoid Contents and Functional Properties of Yellow Cassava Traditional Food Products
( 153 ) Quality Attributes of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Flour as Affected by Some Processing Parameters
( 154 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 155 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 156 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 157 ) Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 158 ) The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution
( 159 ) A Survey of Farmers Knowledge and Practice on the Management of Watermelon Diseases in Horticultural Belt of Mt. Kenya Slopes
( 160 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 161 ) A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis of Wheat Production Sustainability in the Semi-Arid Environment of Mashhad, Northeastern Iran
( 162 ) Quality Evaluation of Instant Mosa (A Fried Maize Based Snack) Produced from Fermented Maize and Sorghum Flour
( 163 ) Reduction of Aflatoxins and Microorganisms in the Koura-Koura Produced in Burkina Faso with Spices and Aromatic Leaves
( 164 ) Ovitrap Surveillance of the Dengue Vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Selected Endemic Areas in Sandakan, Sabah
( 165 ) Socio Economic Determinant and Profitability of Bari Mungbean Variety in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 166 ) Antifungal Activities of Selected Plant Extracts in In-Vitro Control of Anthracnose and Root Rot Diseases on Cucumber (Cucumis sativus B.)
( 167 ) Cultivation and Nutritional Quality of Moringa Oleifera Lam. Produced Under Different Substrates in Semi-Arid Region in Northeast Brazil
( 168 ) Classification and Recognition of Urban Tree Defects in a Small Dataset using Convolutional Neural Network, Resnet-50 Architecture, and Data Augmentation
( 170 ) Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis and its Effects on Reproductive Performance in Dairy Cows during the Postpartum Period in Gasabo District, Rwanda