Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Journal of Social Economics Research

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 77-95

Facing the Challenges of Covid-19 in the Egyptian Banking Sector: The Role of Bricoleurs in Achieving Organizational Innovations via Learning through Improvisation

Said Abdo


David Edgar

Said Abdo 1

David Edgar 2

  1. Associate Professor, School of Management, Modern University for Technology & Information (MTI), El-hadaba, El-Wosta, Mokatam, Cairo, Egypt. 1

  2. Professor of Strategy and Business Transformation, Glasgow School for Business and Society, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland. 2

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 77-95

DOI: 10.18488/journal.35.2021.82.77.95

Share :

Article History:

Received: 02 July, 2021
Revised: 06 August, 2021
Accepted: 30 August, 2021
Published: 20 September, 2021


The COVID-19 pandemic posed many challenges for organizational survival across the world. Innovative capability became a key force in meeting such challenges and was most evident in Egypt’s banking sector. This paper explores, through semi-structured in-depth interviews with six general managers of multinational banks operating in Egypt, what innovation competences may enable organizational improvisers, or bricoleurs, to challenge, change, and achieve innovation during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results were analyzed through the lens of Senge’s five disciplines of learning organizations (Senge, 1990), with a particular consideration for the role of improvisation, and found that personal mastery is the dominant principle and is linked to achieving innovation in organizations. Within this element, the analysis also suggests that improvisation emerges from creativity, past experience, intuition, and distinct triggers, and that innovation competences appear as complementary elements of an organization’s behavior, encapsulated as a form of bricolage when challenges arise and resource constraints prevail. The results suggest that a set of practices and strategies could be applied by general managers to meet the challenges they face involving constraints, such as a shortage of human resource, and that improvisation can form one of their key innovation competences.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by advancing the conversation on this topic through introducing the concept of the bricoleur as a vehicle to enhance innovative capability and introduce new and novel thinking to the challenges that banks face, as well as to the underpinning theory around Senge’s learning organizations.


Bricoleurs, Improvisation, COVID-19, Banking, Egypt, Innovation competences.



Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Facing the Challenges of Covid-19 in the Egyptian Banking Sector: The Role of Bricoleurs in Achieving Organizational Innovations via Learning through Improvisation
( 2 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 3 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 4 ) Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges
( 5 ) Challenges and Survival Strategies for Women in Small Scale Catering Business: A Case Study of Siyaso Magaba, Mbare
( 6 ) China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): Analysis of Internal and External Challenges
( 7 ) Participatory Processes in Planning for Self-Help Housing Provision in South Africa: Policies and Challenges
( 8 ) Challenges and Opportunities of Investment to the People of Sebeta Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
( 10 ) Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa
( 11 ) The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy: Emphasis on Poverty Alleviation and Economic Growth
( 12 ) The Effects of The Covid-19 Pandemic on Exploitative and Explorative Strategies of Pharmaceutical Industries in Brazil
( 13 ) Fear of Covid-19 and Intentions towards Adopting E-Health Services: Exploring the Technology Acceptance Model in the Scenario of Pandemic
( 15 ) Human Research Management: Effect of Covid-19 On Workers in the UK Who Have Previously Lost One or Both Arms
( 16 ) The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Stock Market Performance: A Study on Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)
( 17 ) Emotional Workgroup Performance and Group Effectiveness Egyptian Context
( 19 ) Attributes Influencing Strategic Alignment in the Service Sector: An Indonesian Banking Sector Case Study
( 20 ) Market Share and Profitability Relationship: A Study of the Banking Sector in Nigeria
( 21 ) What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries
( 22 ) Electronic Banking Innovations and Selected Banks Performance in Nigeria
( 23 ) Depositors Confidence and Mergers and Acquisitions: The Nigerian Banking Sector Experience
( 24 ) Determinants of Banks Profitability & Liquidity and the Role of BASEL III in Islamic & Conventional Banking Sector of Pakistan: A Case Study of NBP
( 25 ) Consumers’ Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Banking in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Using an Extension of Technology Acceptance Model: Lessons from Zimbabwe
( 26 ) Financial Risks in Turkish Banking Industry: A Panel Data Analaysis on Istanbul Stock Exchange
( 28 ) Influence Internship Learning Effect in Business Service Sector: Using Internship Self-Efficacy as the Mediator Variable
( 31 ) Making Poverty A History in Africa: The Role of the G8
( 32 ) Relationships Between Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness as Perceived by Project Managers in Malaysia
( 33 ) Driving Role of Institutional Investors in the Indian Stock Market in Short and Long-Run – An Empirical Study
( 34 ) The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Socio-Economic Development in Africa
( 35 ) Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature
( 36 ) The Role of Bank Loans in Monetary Policy Transmission in Malaysia
( 37 ) Nigerian Politics, Economic Development, and the Role of Human Rights Organisations on Elections
( 38 ) Role of Foreign Investment and External Debt in Determination of Exchange Rate
( 39 ) Moderating Effects of Project Management Experience, Project Team Size, Project Duration and Project Value Size on the Relationship between Project Manager’s Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness in Malaysia
( 40 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 41 ) The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in Pakistan and its Impact on Economy
( 42 ) Industrialization and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Human Capital in Structural Transformation
( 43 ) The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development
( 44 ) Foreign Direct Investment in Zimbabwe: The Role of Uncertainty, Exports, Cost of Capital, Corruption and Market Size
( 46 ) Rethinking Port Role as Transport Corridor under Symbiosis Theory-Case Study of China-Europe Trade Transportation
( 47 ) The Role of Social Security Program for Enhancing Seniors Longevity
( 48 ) Trade Union Performance and Industrial Relations Climate in the Nigerian Petroleum Sector
( 49 ) Ethical Context of Organization and Turnover Intention of Women Employees: The Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support
( 50 ) The Role of Women in Rural Development in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 51 ) International Business Expansion: The Roles of Affiliation and Ownership
( 52 ) Role of Talent Development on Talent Engagement and Self-Efficacy: A Structural Model
( 53 ) The Role of Social Capital and Social Innovation in Economic Growth
( 54 ) Effects of Green Human Resource Management on Employee Green Behavior: Moderating Role of Employee Environmental Knowledge
( 56 ) The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Project Success, Mediated by the Management of Conflict, Communication and Trust
( 57 ) Do Petroleum Product Pump Prices Influence Economic Growth in Nigeria? An Empirical Analysis
( 59 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 60 ) The Euribor and EONIA Reform: Achieving Regulatory Compliance while Protecting Financial Stability
( 62 ) Organizational Commitment of White Collar Employees in Damansara Heights, Kuala Lumpur
( 64 ) The Mediating Effect of Market Orientation on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions and Organizational Performance: A Study on Banks in Libya
( 65 ) How the Principles of the Sharing Economy Can Improve Organizational Performance of the US Public School System
( 66 ) Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria
( 67 ) Employee Loyalty and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force
( 68 ) Organizational Memory and Employee Performance in Federal Parastatals in Enugu State of Nigeria
( 70 ) The Effect of Disruptive Factors on Inventory Control as a Mediator and Organizational Performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan
( 71 ) The Influence of Organizational Culture, Communication and Work Satisfaction on Organizational Commitments: A Case Study of Lecturers at Yayasan Pendidikan Borobudur
( 73 ) Measuring and Assessing the State of Technological Innovations and the Level of Interaction between Rice Processors and Stakeholders in Rice Processing Industry in Nigeria
( 75 ) Innovations Dissemination Approaches among Government Co-Operative Supporting Organisations in Tanzania