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Journal of Social Economics Research

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 66-76

Women in Parliament and Public Health Expenditure: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Gael Fokam


Paloma Mbengono


Guilain Sato


Willy Noumessi


Dessy-Karl Tadadjeu

Gael Fokam 1 ,

Paloma Mbengono 1 Guilain Sato 1 Willy Noumessi 1 Dessy-Karl Tadadjeu 1 
  1. The Dschang School of Economics, University of Dschang, Cameroon. 1

Pages: 66-76

DOI: 10.18488/journal.35.2021.82.66.76

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Article History:

Received: 21 June, 2021
Revised: 26 July, 2021
Accepted: 17 August, 2021
Published: 10 September, 2021


The linkages between women in politics and economic development have received significant attention from policymakers and researchers. There is a consensus in political economy literature that women are more sociable than men and that the higher number of females in parliament is associated with lower levels of corruption, better quality of environment and a higher level of economic growth. This paper investigates the effect of female representation on public health expenditure on a panel of 40 sub-Saharan African countries from 1995 to 2014. The empirical evidence is based on the ordinary least squares (OLS) method and the instrumental variables (IV-2SLS). The results show that a higher number of women in parliament increases the share of public spending devoted to health. Based on these results, several policy implications can be drawn.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing studies by providing one of the first empirical study on the effect of political representation of women on public health expenditure in Sub Saharan Africa.


Women in politics, Public health expenditure, Panel data, SSA.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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