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Effects of Green Human Resource Management on Employee Green Behavior: Moderating Role of Employee Environmental Knowledge

Kajol Karmoker


Farhana Amin Kona


Amanta Hasnat Oyshi


Kazi Snigdha Yasmin

Kajol Karmoker 1

Farhana Amin Kona 2 Amanta Hasnat Oyshi 2 Kazi Snigdha Yasmin 2 

  1. Assistant Professor, Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Research Student, Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh. 2

Pages: 64-80

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2021.102.64.80

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Article History:

Received: 01 July, 2021
Revised: 28 July, 2021
Accepted: 19 August, 2021
Published: 13 September, 2021


The study was conducted with an objective of measuring the effects of green human resource management (green HRM) practices on employee on-the-job and off-the-job green behavior within the context of garments industry in Bangladesh. Moreover, the study tested the moderating effects of employee environmental knowledge on the relationship between green HRM practices and employee on-the-job and off–the-job green behavior. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in order to collect data from the participants. Two hundred and seventy employees working at the managerial level of garments factories in Bangladesh participated in the survey. Moderated regression analysis was employed to test the proposed research model. The study findings revealed that green HRM practices positively and significantly influenced employee on-the-job and off-the-job green behavior. This findings suggest that employee green behavior displayed both inside and outside the organization stem from the learnings and experiences inside the organization. Employee environmental knowledge was also found to moderate the effects of green HRM practices on employee on-the-job and off-the-job green behavior indicating that green HRM effects are stronger in case of environmentally concerned employees. The study findings provide HR professionals and policy makers with the guidance regarding the promotion of employee green behavior for improving environmental performance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by exploring the effects of green HRM practices on both employee on-the-job and off-the-job green behavior which has not been previously incorporated in other studies of green HRM practices.


Green HRM, On-the-job green behavior, Off-the-job green behavior, Environmental knowledge, Garments industry, Bangladesh.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors would like to express our heartfelt gratitude to the students of Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University, for their active involvement in collecting the data. They are indebted to few of their faculty members who had encouraged us and provided their mental support in conducting the research. Above all, Authors would like to convey their special thanks to the respective HR body of the garments factories, for their assistance in conducting the survey and they believe that all the participants in the survey had truly expressed their opinions. Thanks to all.

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