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Innovations Dissemination Approaches among Government Co-Operative Supporting Organisations in Tanzania

Luka S. Njau


Christopher P. Mahonge


Fatihiya A. Massawe

Luka S. Njau 1

Christopher P. Mahonge 2 Fatihiya A. Massawe 2 

  1. Department of Development Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. 1

  2. Department of Policy Planning and Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. 2

Pages: 91-108

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2019.82.91.108

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Article History:

Received: 09 September, 2019
Revised: 14 October, 2019
Accepted: 19 November, 2019
Published: 06 January, 2020


Efficient governments do encourage, support and promote innovations. Such realisation has necessitated some governments to establish strategic organisations to facilitate some of its innovation mandates. Some innovations have been developed by government co-operative supporting organisations (GCSOs) in Tanzania but only a few have been disseminated to end users. This has prompted questioning of the appropriateness of the innovations dissemination approaches used by such GCSOs. Research Method: The case study research design was used whereby five cases were picked. Primary data were collected using key informants’ (KIs) interviews, focus groups discussion (FGDs) and documentary review. A qualitative research approach was adopted. Data were analysed using content analysis. The Atlas.ti computer software facilitated analysis of the data. The results show that albeit the existence of several innovations dissemination approaches, there were no mechanisms to institutionalise the effective ones. Concurrently, the approaches applied largely left out the primary co-operative societies (PCSos) treating them as submissive receivers of innovations. Moreover, numerous setbacks including perceived unwillingness by GCSOs executives to prioritise and allocate available resources for innovations, inadequate incentives and resources deficit were constraining inclusive innovations dissemination efforts. The study covered GCSOs only as they have been receiving direct government resources to support among other things innovation activities unlike other member-based and private organisations operating in Tanzania.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents on the importance of inclusive innovations dissemination approaches among GCSOs and the need for its successful intervention and implementation to enable more innovations dissemination to end users (PCSos).


Approaches, Government co-operative, Supporting organisations, Innovations dissemination, Primary co-operative societies.



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The authors wish to extend their appreciation to the government of Tanzania through the Moshi Co-operative University (MoCU) for funding this study.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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