Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

International Research Journal of Insect Sciences

June 2014, Volume 1, 2, pp 26-35

Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Farzana Perveen


Anzela Khan


Sayed Abdul Rauf

Farzana Perveen 1

Anzela Khan 2
Sayed Abdul Rauf 3

  1. Founder Chairperson and Associate Professor, Departments of Zoology, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University (SBBU), Main Campus, Sheringal, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 1

  2. Beaconhouse School System, Margalla Campus (BMI-G), H-8, Islamabad 2

  3. Departments of Zoology, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University (SBBU), Main Campus, Sheringal, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 3


Dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) are beautiful insects with high species diversity worldwide. These insects are indicators of environmental pollution and are predators of important insect vectors of human pathogens and parasites, especially mosquitoes. The present research was the first record of 318 specimens of dragonflies from district Lower Dir (LD), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan collected during May-July 2011. Among the specimens collected there were 11 species, 7 genera and 3 families. The number of specimens collected in each family were 17 Cordulegasteridae (5.3%), 18 Gomphidae (5.7%), and 283 Libellulidae (89.0%).  All cordulegastrids were the golden ringed, Cordulegaster brevistigmata brevistigmata Selys. All gomphids were Clubtails, Onychogomphus bistrigatus Selys. Libellulids species were: blue or black percher, Diplacodes lefebvrei (Rambur); ground skimmer, D. trivialis Rambur; black tailed skimmer, Orthetrum cancellatum (L); common red skimmer, O. pruinosum neglectum (Rambur); slender skimmer, O. sabina (Drury); triangle skimmer, O. triangulare triangulare (Selys); wandering glider or global skimmer, Pantala flavescens (Fabricius); spine legged redbolt, Rhodthemis rufa (Rambur) and common skimmer, Sympetrum decoloratum Selys. A dichotomous key based on external morphology, coloration and wing venation was prepared to facilitate the identification of the dragonfly fauna of the LD and aid conservation efforts of dragonflies in Pakistan.
Contribution/ Originality



  1. Anonymous, "Statistic section planning and development,," Monthly Report, Department of District Government of Lower Dir, Lower Dir, Pakistan, 1998.
  2. Online, Available:;_ylt=A0PDoV1nhRlS9U0Aa_.JzbkF?p=map+of+kabal+swat+pakistan, 2014.
  3. K. D. B. Dijkstra and R. Lewington, "Field guide to the dragonflies of Britain and Europe," British Wildlife Publishing, vol. 3, pp. 22-29, 2006.
  4. S. Asahina, "The development of odontology in the far East," Odonatologicae, vol. 3, pp. 5-12, 1974.
  5. I. Hardwicke, Put a little dragonfly in your life today letter to editor, Letter to Editor. New York, USA: New York Times, 1990.
  6. D. J. Thompson and P. C. Watts, The structure of the coenagrion mercuriale populations in the new forest. Southern England: In Cordero-Rivera, Forests and Dragonflies, 2006.
  7. A. Ahmad, "Taxonomic studies on anisoptera of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan," MSc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, PAkistan, 1994.
  8. P. S. Corbet, "Dragonflies," Behavior and Ecology of Odonata, vol. 7, pp. 23-33, 2004.
  9. A. Mitra, Dragonfly (Odonata:Insecta) fauna of trashigang Dzongkhag, Eastern Bhutan. In: Environmental and life support systems of the Bhutan Himalaya. (Gyestshen, T. and Sadrudin, A. Eds) vol. I. Kanglung, Bhutan: Sherubtse College, 2002.
  10. F. Perveen, A. Khan, and S. A. Rauf, "Check list of first recorded dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan," Arthropods, vol. 3, pp. 120-126, 2014a.
  11. F. Perveen, A. Khan, and Sikandar, "Characteristics of butterfly (Lepidoptera) fauna from Kabal, Swat, Pakistan," Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, vol. 2, pp. 56-69, 2014b.
  12. F. Perveen, A. Ahmad, and N. Yasmin, "Characterization of butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan," Pakistan Journal of Entomology Karachi, vol. 27, pp. 15-26, 2012.
  13. F. Perveen and A. Ahmad, "Check list of butterfly fauna of Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan," Arthropods, vol. 1, pp. 112-117, 2012a.
  14. F. Perveen and A. Ahmad, "Exploring butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera) of Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan," Signpost Open Access Journal (SOAJ) of Entomological Studies, vol. 1, pp. 94-107, 2012b.
  15. F. Perveen and F. Fazal, "Biology and distribution of butterfly fauna of Hazara university, Garden Campus, Mansehra, Pakistan," Special Issue on Entomology Research: Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS), vol. 3, pp. 28-36, 2013a.
  16. F. Perveen and F. Fazal, "Key for identification of butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Hazara university, garden campus, Mansehra, Pakistan," International Journal of Agricultural Innovation Research, vol. 1, pp. 156-161, 2013b.
  17. F. Perveen and F. Fazal, "Checklist of butterfly fauna of Hazara university, garden campus, Mansehra, Pakistan," Signpost Open Access Journal (SOAJ) of Entomological Studies, vol. 2, pp. 26-33, 2013c.
  18. F. C. Fraser, The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma vol. 5. New Dehli: Today and Tomorrow‘s Printers and Publishers, 1933-1934.
  19. M. T. Chaudhry, "Systematics of dragonflies (Anisoptera: Odonata) of Pakistan," PhD, Thesis, Department of Entomology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 2010.
  20. F. Perveen and A. Khan, "Checklist of butterfly fauna from Kabal, Swat, Pakistan," Journal of Advances in Biology, vol. 02, pp. 115-121, 2013.
  21. F. Perveen and Z. Hussain, "Use of statistical techniques in analysis of biological data," Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review, vol. 1, pp. 01-10, 2012.
  22. F. Perveen, Distribution of butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Agricultural Science Research Journal, vol. 2, pp. 539- 549, 2012.
  23. F. C. Fraser, "New and rare Indian Odonata in the pusa collection," Memories Department of Agriculture India (Ent.Ser.), vol. 7, pp. 1-77, 1922.
  24. M. Yousaf, "Taxonomic studies of anisoptera (Odonata) of Pakistan," PhD Thesis, Department of Entomology, WPAU, Layalpur, Pakistan, 1972.
  25. A. Kumar and M. Parsad, "Field ecology, zoogeography and taxonomy of the Odonata of Western Himalaya, India," Zoological Survey in India, India, vol. 20, pp. 1-118, 1981.
  26. Z. L. Kanth, "Odonata of Azad Jammu and Kashmir," MSc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 1985.
  27. E. Riservato, J. P. Boudot, S. Ferreira, M. Jovi?, V. J. Kalkman, W. Schneider, B. Samraoui, and A. Cuttelod, The status and distribution of dragonflies of the mediterranean basin. Gland, Switzerland and Malaga, Spain: IUCN, 2009.
  28. A. Khaliq, "Taxonomic studies on Zygoptera (Odonata) of Pakistan," PhD Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 1990.
  29. A. Khaliq, A. Hayat, and A. Hussain, "Some dragonflies of district Mansehra (NWFP)," Pakistan Journal of Forestry, vol. 42, pp. 74-77, 1992.
  30. A. Khaliq, M. L. Abbasi, and K. F. Ahmad, "Odonata from Murree hills of Pakistan," Pakistan Journal of Entomology Karachi, vol. 8, pp. 37-40, 1993.
  31. A. Ahmad and M. Yousuf, "New records of anisoptera (Odonata) from NWFP," Pakistan Journal of Entomology, Karachi, vol. 16, pp. 83-84, 1994.
  32. M. Arshad, "Taxonomic studies on Anisoptera of Baluchistan," MSc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 1994.
  33. A. Khaliq, M. Ayub, M. A. Nafees, and F. Maula, "A collection of odonata from Gilgit and Baltistan, Kashmir, with three new species for Pakistan," Notulae Odonatologicae, vol. 4, pp. 68-69, 1994.
  34. A. Rehman, "Taxonomic studies of Anisoptera of Punjab," MSc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 1994.
  35. U. N. Ullah, "Taxonomic studies on anisoptera of Sindh," MSc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 1994.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 2 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Social Aspects, Genetic Resources and Conservation of Companion Animal Cats (Felis Catus)
( 3 ) An Example of Non-Wood Forest Products in Turkey: Production of Pine Nuts
( 4 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 5 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Silkworm (Bombyx Mori, L. 1758) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) Lines and their Conservation
( 6 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 7 ) Ectoparasitosis in Domesticated Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo) in Jere Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 8 ) Monte Carlo Modeling for Aflatoxin B1 Distribution in Pistachio Samples: A Prerequisite for Sampling Plan Validation
( 9 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 10 ) Growing Jatropha Curcas and Jatropha Gossypiifolia as a Interculture with Sunflower for Control of Meloidogyne Javanica in Egypt
( 11 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 12 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 13 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 14 ) Diversity, Use Pattern and Management of Forest Resources in the Eastern Himalaya: A Case Study of Mizoram, India
( 15 ) Urban Area - Review of Protective Forest Management
( 16 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 17 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 18 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 19 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 20 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 22 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 23 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 24 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 25 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 26 ) Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp
( 27 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 28 ) Partial Budgeting Analysis of Different Strategies for Management of Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 29 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 30 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 31 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 32 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 33 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 34 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 35 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 36 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 37 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 38 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 39 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 40 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 41 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 42 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 43 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 44 ) A Suction Trap for Sampling Aphids and Aphidophagous Insects in Pecan Trees
( 45 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 48 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 49 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 50 ) Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 51 ) Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees
( 52 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 53 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 55 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 56 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 57 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 58 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 59 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 60 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 61 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 62 ) Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose
( 63 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 64 ) Patterns of Plant Community Formation and Vegetation Structure in the Afro- Alpine Vegetation of Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia
( 65 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 66 ) Risk Factors for the Contamination of Wild Stomoxys niger niger Macquart 1851 (Diptera: Muscidae) with the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
( 67 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 68 ) Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province
( 69 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 70 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 71 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 72 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 73 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 74 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria
( 75 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 76 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 77 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 78 ) Penman and Thornwait Equations for Estimating Reference Evapotranspiration Under Semi-Arid Environment
( 79 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 80 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 81 ) Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon
( 82 ) Market Participation and Food Security Status of Bio-Fortified Cassava Processors in South Western Nigeria
( 83 ) Growth Performance of Kit Rabbits Fed Concentrate Diet Supplemented with Varying Foliage Leaf Meals
( 84 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 85 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 86 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 87 ) The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution
( 88 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 89 ) Estimation of Ground Water Recharge for Irrigation Water Budget Planning in Kanzenze Swamp
( 90 ) Plant Diversity and Regeneration Potentials in Protected Area Forests of Sierra Leone
( 91 ) Relationship between Human Activities and Deforestation in Karongi District of Rwanda
( 92 ) Temporal Rhythms of Dry Tropical Forest Regeneration under Exploration of Granite-Gnaisse Mining in a Semi-Arid Area
( 93 ) Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria
( 94 ) Impacts of Rural Community on the Forest Estate in Ugbolu, Oshimili North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 95 ) Construction of Sustainable Frugal Innovations Index for the Agriculture Sector
( 96 ) Bacteriological Quality and Cyanide Contents of Different Cassava Products Processed in Benue State for Use as Food for Man or Feedstock for Animals
( 97 ) Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis and its Effects on Reproductive Performance in Dairy Cows during the Postpartum Period in Gasabo District, Rwanda
( 98 ) Ecosystem Services Assessment of Mangrove Forest in a Coastal Island of Bangladesh
( 99 ) Constructed Wetland Effluent Irrigation as a Potential Water and Nutrient Source for Vegetables
( 100 ) Households Demand for Branded Tea in Southwest, Nigeria
( 101 ) Floristic Composition and Woody Species Diversity in National Park of Madhupur Tract Under Tangail North Forest Division, Bangladesh
( 102 ) Wood Density of Lower Stratum Trees in a Semi-Deciduous Tropical Forest of Cameroon
( 103 ) Analysis of Arable Farmers Agroforestry Practices in Bokkos Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria
( 105 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 106 ) Sooty Mold on Lemon Trees - First Recording from El-Beida City, Libya
( 112 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 113 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 114 ) Production Efficiency of Sesame in Selamago District of South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia