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Journal of Forests

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 131-140

Phytogeographic of Bromelia L. (Bromeliaceae) in the State Paraiba Brazil

Debora Coelho Moura

,

Maira Suenia Cavalcante de Souza

,

Thais Mara Souza Pereira

,

Ailson de Lima Marques

,

Ricardo Ambrosio de Soares de Pontes

,

Maria de Fatima Araujo Lucena

,

Cassio Ricardo Goncalves da Costa

Debora Coelho Moura 1

Maira Suenia Cavalcante de Souza 2
Thais Mara Souza Pereira 3
Ailson de Lima Marques 4
Ricardo Ambrosio de Soares de Pontes 5
Maria de Fatima Araujo Lucena 6
Cassio Ricardo Goncalves da Costa 7

  1. Department of Geography, Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande, Brazil. 1

  2. Center for Technology and Natural Resources, Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande, Brazil. 2

  3. Department of Geography, Federal University of Pernambuco, CEP, Brazil. 3

  4. Department of Geography, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa Brazil. 4

  5. Biosciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, CEP Brazil. 5

  6. Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande Brazil. 6

  7. Department of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Federal Rural University of the Semi, Arid, Mossoro, Brazil. 7

Pages: 131-140

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2021.82.131.140

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Article History:

Received: 04 May, 2021
Revised: 07 June, 2021
Accepted: 29 June, 2021
Published: 16 July, 2021


Abstract:

The Bromelia (Bromeliaceae) is part of the Poales taxonomic group, distributed in the Neotropical Ecosystems of South America, from sea level to altitudes of 5,000 meters in the Andes. In the Brazilian territory there were two settlements, one directly from the plateau of the Guianas and another across the Andes. The family stands out as one of the main taxa of the Brazilian flora, sheltering about 40% of the species of this family, in which 46 genera are recorded, of these 20 are endemic. In the state of Paraíba, because it has three distinct climatic regions, it originates a different phytogeographic distribution of this Family, so this study aims to perform a phytogeographic analysis of Bromelia L. (Bromeliaceae), to understand the distribution of the genus, registered in the state of Paraíba, eastern portion of the Northeast. Understand the gender distribution, registered in the state of Paraíba, eastern portion of the Northeast. In this study, two species, Bromelia karatas L. and Bromelia laciniosa Mart, were identified for the genus B. Karatas L. was found in the wetlands of Agreste and Litoral and also in the region of Sertão Paraíba state, in specific areas. Whereas, B. laciniosa, only in the regions of the Cariris Velhos, tectonic valley of the Curimataú and Seridó, that are inserted in the field of the Caatinga, but with influence of edaphoclimatic variabilities.
Contribution/ Originality
This is the first research that deals with the phytogeographic distribution of Bromeliaceae in the state of Paraiba. In the context of the Northeast region of Brazil, this research will help to compare these data with those from other states and discuss the distribution whit other climatic and thermal characteristics, in addition, these two species have local environmental and cultural features that encourage knowledge of their spatiality.

Keywords:

Biogeography, Bromeliaceae, Caatinga.

Reference:

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[9]          A. Velloso, E. Sampaio, and F. Pareyn, "Ecoregions: Proposals for the Caatinga biome," presented at the Results of the Caatinga / Aldeia-PE Ecoregional Planning Seminar. Associação Plantas do Nordeste. Institute of Environmental Conservation The Nature Conservancy of Brazil, Recife, 2002.

[10]        C. Costa, V. Fraga, G. Lambais, K. Soares, S. Suddarth, and S. Medeiros, "Chemical and physical quality of the entisol in a natural regeneration area in the semiarid Region of Paraiba," Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, vol. 35, pp. 1-7, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2019/v35i230202.

[11]        C. Costa, M. Silva, R. Cunha, M. Sousa, A. Linhares, S. Silva, A. Marques, D. Moura, R. Batista, and J. Lima, "Richness and diversity of the edaphic macrofauna in a brazilian seasonally dry tropical forest," Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, vol. 42, pp. 80-85, 2020. Available at: https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2020/v42i930589.

[12]        M. Macedo, R. Guests, F. Sousa, and F. Dantas, "Analysis of the standardized precipitation index for the state of Paraíba, Brazil," Environment & Water Magazine-An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science, vol. 5, pp. 1-7, 2010.

[13]        P. Francisco, R. Medeiros, D. Santos, and R. Matos, "Climatic classification of Köppen and Thornthwaite for the State of Paraíba," Brazilian Journal of Physical Geography, vol. 8, pp. 1006-1016, 2015.

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Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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