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Journal of Forests

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 109-122

Wood Density of Lower Stratum Trees in a Semi-Deciduous Tropical Forest of Cameroon

Ntonmen Yonkeu Amandine Flore


Zapfack Louis


Chimi Djomo Cedric


Kabelong Banoho Louis-Paul Roger


Barnabas Neba Nfornkah


Tsopmejio Temfack Ingrid


Nanfack Arsel D Estaing


Ngoukwa Guylene


Tchoupou Votio Mireil


Inimbock Sorel Leocadie


Madountsap Tagnang Nadege


Mounmemi Kpoumie Hubert


Tabue Mbobda Roger Bruno

Ntonmen Yonkeu Amandine Flore 1 ,

Inimbock Sorel Leocadie 2 Madountsap Tagnang Nadege 3

Mounmemi Kpoumie Hubert 4 Tabue Mbobda Roger Bruno 5
Zapfack Louis 1 Chimi Djomo Cedric 2 Kabelong Banoho Louis-Paul Roger 8
Barnabas Neba Nfornkah 9
Tsopmejio Temfack Ingrid 4 Nanfack Arsel D Estaing 4 Ngoukwa Guylene 4 Tchoupou Votio Mireil 4 

  1. University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology, Yaounde, Cameroon. 1

  2. Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Bertoua Yaounde, Cameroon. 2

  3. Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, Cameroon. 3

  4. University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology, Yaounde, Cameroon. 4

  5. University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology, Yaounde, Cameroon; IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Co-Vice Chair Commission Mondiale des Aires Protegees-Afrique Centrale (CMAP-UICN); Ministry of Forestry and Wildl 5

  6. University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology, Yaounde, Cameroon; IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Co-Vice Chair Commission Mondiale des Aires Protegees-Afrique Centrale (CMAP-UICN), Cameroon. 8

  7. International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR); Yaounde, Cameroon. 9

Pages: 109-122

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2021.82.109.122

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Article History:

Received: 09 April, 2021
Revised: 12 May, 2021
Accepted: 04 June, 2021
Published: 29 June, 2021


The lower forest stratum is often neglected in trees wood density studies. The aim of this study was to investigate wood density of lower stratum forest in a semi-deciduous rain forest of Cameroon. The data was collected from 30 random squares plots of 100m² and 200m. The wood density was assessed using immersion method. Wood samples were collected at three levels including: the base, the trunk and branches of trees. Measurement variables collected include the diameter, height and crown diameter. These variables were correlated to wood density using the Pearson coefficient. A total of 1498 samples from 136 tree species were collected. The wood density from these samples varied from 0.156³ to 0.914³, with an average of 0.561³. ANOVA test showed that, wood density decreased significantly from 0.609 to 0.571 and then to 0.509³ for the base, trunk and branches respectively. Interspecific analysis showed that wood density was significantly different between species (ANOVA, p?0.001). With respect of biological type, the mean wood density of 27 understory tree species (exclusively) found was 0.562³. Wood density of 56 tropical forest tree species hitherto unknown in the literature were determined. The Pearson correlation between measurement variables and wood density was close to zero; nevertheless, it varied in function of the tree species. This study suggested that more investigations of wood density of tropical forest trees should be conducted, particularly in the Congo Basin forests where an important diversity of medium and lower forest stratum trees is expected.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature concerning wood density of lower stratum forest in semi-deciduous forest of Congo Basin for which limited information are available.


Cameroon, Forest stratum, Semi-deciduous forest, Understory trees, Vertical variation, Wood density.


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Authors express their heartfelt gratitude to Dr. Kringel Robert who provided them financial support for data collection in the field.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Authors thank IDEA WILD who provided material support for the achievement of this study.

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