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Journal of Forests

June 2021, Volume 8, 1, pp 79-87

Comparative Analysis of Thermal Retention Capacity of Ice Chest Wood Cooler Stands Made from Pinus Caribeae and Nauclea Diderichii

Adelusi, E. A

,

Olaoye, K. O

,

Aina, K. S

,

Ajala, O. O

,

Adegoke, O. A

Adelusi, E. A 1 ,

Olaoye, K. O 1 Aina, K. S 3
Ajala, O. O 1 Adegoke, O. A 1 
  1. Department of Wood and Paper Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Forest Products Development and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3

Pages: 79-87

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2021.81.79.87

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Article History:

Received: 20 January, 2021
Revised: 26 February, 2021
Accepted: 30 March, 2021
Published: 28 April, 2021


Abstract:

The efficacy of a cooler or ice chest is measured by its preservative potentials, and how long it can make substance such as food and drinks remain hot/cold. In ensuring that an ice chest meets up to its expectation, this work investigated the construction, thaw rate and heat retention capacity of an ice chest cooler stands made from Pinus caribeae and Nauclea diderichii wood, with a view of improving its ability to maintain hotness/coldness of any substance stored in it for a longer period of time. The wood samples were machined and fabricated into a cooler stand in which plastic coolers were placed. 10kg mass of Ice block (0oC) and hot water (100oC) were used for the two tests considered in this study. Meanwhile, an ordinary cooler was used as a control. Weight reduction and thermometer were used to measure the thaw rate of the ice block and temperature loss of the water. For the ice block test, 6kg (1.8oC), 5kg (0.20oC) and 3kg (0.22oC) of ice block were left after 8 hours, while for the hot water test, water temperatures were 45oC, 25oC and 18oC after 12 hours for ice chest made from N. diderichi, P. caribaea and control respectively. The thaw rate and temperature loss was lowest for ice chest made with N. diderichi, thus implying that N. diderichi wood is a better choice for making wooden cooler stand. This study thus confirms that wood can be used to improve thermal retention capacity of ice chest cooler.
Contribution/ Originality
Thermal retention, Ice chest cooler, Pinus caribeae, Nauclea diderichii, Thaw rate, Temperature loss.

Keywords:


Reference:

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[2]          K. Radmanović, I. Đukić, and S. Pervan, "Specific heat capacity of wood," Wood Industry, vol. 65, pp. 151-157, 2014.

[3]          F. I. Yapici, A. Ozcifci, R. Esen, and S. Kurt, "The effect of grain angle and species on thermal conductivity of some selected wood species," BioResources, vol. 6, pp. 2757-2762, 2011.

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[10]        R. Handry, U. Senia, K. Stella, W. Hildy, and T. Dedie, "Analysis of a cooling system for cabbage," presented at the International Conference on Food, Agriculture and Biology (FAB-2014) Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 2014.

[11]        S. Larinde and O. Olasupo, "Socio-economic importance of fuelwood production in Gambari forest reserve area, Oyo State, Nigeria," Journal of Agriculture and Social Research, vol. 11, pp. 201-210, 2011.

[12]        Prowood, "Outdoor cooler stand. Universal Forest Products," pp. 1-8, 2017.

[13]        J. D. MacLean and W. Madison, "Thermal conductivity of wood," Heating, Piping & Air Conditioning, vol. 13, pp. 380-391, 1941.

[14]        S. William and T. Anton, "Physical properties and moisture relations of wood. forest products laboratory. Wood handbook: Wood as an engineering material. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL–GTR–113," ed Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 1999, p. 463.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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