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Journal of Forests

June 2021, Volume 8, 1, pp 37-44

Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria

Momoh E.O.


Olotu Y.


Olatunde F.O.


Akharia O.O.


Igiekhume M.J.


Oseni N.

Momoh E.O. 1 Olotu Y. 2

Olatunde F.O. 3
Akharia O.O. 4
Igiekhume M.J. 1 Oseni N. 1 

  1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Agricultural & Bio-Environmental Engineering, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Nigeria. 2

  3. Department Surveying and Geoinformatics, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Nigeria. 3

  4. Department of Architectural Technology, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Nigeria. 4

Pages: 37-44

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2021.81.37.44

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Article History:

Received: 18 January, 2021
Revised: 05 February, 2021
Accepted: 26 February, 2021
Published: 15 March, 2021


Deforestation creates imbalances in weather patterns, making the weather drier and hotter, consequently leading to increased drought and desertification, coastal flooding, crop failures, and dislodging major vegetation regimes. The study evaluates the socio-economic impacts of deforestation in Edo State. The study utilized ArcGis digitizing tool to determine the tree population and downscale the spatial datasets using defined boundary conditions. Signal 2.0 was used to establish the relationship of linearity between the forest and economic loss over the region using R-square. Results revealed that as the rate of deforestation in Edo state rose from 4100ha in the year 1990 to 14100ha in 2016, there was also a gradual increase in economic loss from 0.7 to 10.9 billion nairas in 2016. It was also observed that the relationship of linearity between deforestation and economic loss in Edo State shows a strong relationship at an R-square of 0.97. Therefore, there is an urgent need to take action towards ameliorating new Climate Change CC problems by exploring and protecting the local values of forests in order to improve livelihood sustainability. Lowering CO2 emissions is a central global focus through the International Climate Change Policy. About a 5th of emissions globally are caused primarily by deforestation. Reducing CO2 emissions is highly dependent on the reduction of forest loss which can also contribute significantly to the low-cost mitigation portfolio.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the global impacts of deforestation with particular focus on the socio economic impacts of deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria.


Environmental, Deforestation, CO2, Emission, Concentration, Radiation.


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[2]          S. Sivaramanan, "Deforestation causes, impacts and restoration strategies," Deforest (review),[in English], Sri Lanka, pp. 1-10, 2014. Available at: 10.13140/2.1.4663.9685.

[3]          D. Amor, "Road impact on deforestation and jaguar habitat loss in the Selva Maya," Ph. D.Dissertation. Ecology Department, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, 2008.

[4]          R. E. Dickinson, "Effects of tropical deforestation on climate. In blowing in the wind, deforestation and language implications," Studies in Third World Societies, Publ. No. 14. Dept of Anthropology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg Virginia1981.

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[8]          N. Myers, The primary source: Tropical forests and our future. New York, USA: Norton, 1992.

[9]          J. Dick., "Forest land use, forest use zonation and deforestation in Indonesia: A summary and interpretation of existing information," 1991.

[10]        A. S. Mather, Global forest resources. Nigeria: International Book Distributors, 1991.

[11]        R. Sands, Forestry in a global context. UK: CABI Publishing, 2005.

[12]        D. Amor and A. Pfaff, "Early history of the impact of road investments on deforestation in the Mayan forest," Working Paper, Nicholas School of the Environment and Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA2008.

[13]        Anonymous, "Climate change 2001: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II, III to the 3rd assessment report of the IPCC," IPCC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Anonymous. 2002. Forest2001c.

[14]        A. Angelsen, E. F. K. Shitindi, and J. Aarrestad, "Why do farmers expand their land into forests? Theories and evidence from Tanzania," Environment and Development Economics, vol. 4, pp. 313-331, 1999. Available at:


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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