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Listing 74 - 20 of 1932 results.

The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia

Research Article
Author(s): Kepler Sianturi, Manner Tampubolon
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
Work performance requires the integration of ability, efforts and the opportunity gained. This means that work performance is the result of work for a specified period of time and it accentuates more on the result of work completed for a specified period of time. One of the duties personnel department held responsible for in improving teacher job performance is through providing communication, implementing teacher career development program and motivating teachers so as to create work performance. This study sought to determine the influence of communication, career development and work motivation on work performance of elementary school teachers in Medan, Indonesia. The research was conducted on elementary school teachers in Medan. The research is descriptive quantitative research in nature. Upon analyzing the data, it was discovered that there is a positive and significant influence between the variables of communication (X1), work motivation (X2) and career development (X3) collectively on the dependent variable of work achievement (Y) of elementary school teacher in Medan namely 55,998 and the results of adjusted coefficient of determination (R Square) discovered that the variables of communication (X1), work motivation (X2) and career development (X3) collectively influence the dependent variable of work achievement (Y) amounting to 83,9% which means that R Square = 0,70 is strongly related. Thus, it can be concluded that 70,4% of factors influencing work performance stem from communication, work motivation and career development, whereas the remaining 69.2% is influenced by other factors.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution of the study is that it’s finding association between communications, working motivation for career development on the performance of elementary school teachers. It is proven that communication, work motivation and career development are very important and have great potential to improve teacher performance, so as to make new breakthrough on their performance.

Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 6

Value of Radiology Modalities in Diagnosing Benign and Malignant Tumours of Breast: An Observational Study

Research Article
Author(s): Saeed M. Bafaraj
Journal: Journal of Diseases

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Abstract
Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor among women. The objective of this research is to evaluate the specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of BSGI, DC, and WE-MRI in the diagnosis of breast benign and malignant breast tumors. 228 female patients have participated in this observational research. The age was ranged from 31-68 years (mean age 42.37± 8.14 years) with suspicious breast lesions according to physical and imaging examination (mammography and/or ultrasonography). Moreover, women, who have suspected local regional recurrence after resection of malignant breast tumor and who were suspected to have tumor residual following chemotherapy or radiotherapy were also included. All patients underwent breast specific gamma imaging, DW-MRI, and DCE-MRI examination, and the results of breast MRI were compared with the histopathological results that were used as the standard diagnostic method. In this research, 111 women were found to have breast lesion. All breast lesions were undergone histopathological analysis using needle biopsy and/or excisional biopsy. Also, the results of the pathological analysis were correlated and confirmed with ultrasonography and mammography. The pathologic analysis confirmed that 76 (68.5%) of 111 lesions were benign breast lesions and 35 (31.5 %) of 111 were malignant breast lesions. The results proved that BSGI had the best results for the detection of breast lesions (sensitivity 96.7%, specificity 93.6 % and accuracy 94.8%) as compared with DCE-MRI (sensitivity 92.3%, specificity 85.6% and accuracy 88.2%) and diffusion weighted imaging (sensitivity 94.1%, specificity 88.5% and accuracy 91.4%). The research stated that BSGI is the most appropriate diagnostic tool for breast lesions.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents that Breast Specific Gamma Imaging (BSGI) is the most suitable diagnostic tool for benign and malignant breast tumors. Specifically, the study has contributed in identifying the specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of BSGI in the diagnosis of breast lesions and tumors.

Medical Sciences » Journal of Diseases » Month: 02-2017 Issue: 2

Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees

Research Article
Author(s): Adrien N. Djomo, Guylene Ngoukwa, Louis Zapfack, Cedric D. Chimi
Journal: Journal of Forests

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Abstract
Measurement of wood density in Congo Basin forests are needed to reduce uncertainties on estimations of carbon stocks. The purpose of this study was to test vertical variation and temperature variation (80 °C, 105 °C) effects on wood density of species in a semi-deciduous forest of eastern Cameroon. Wood samples were collected on felled trees, at the base, middle of the trunk and on the branches in plots of 10 m x 10 m for trees <5 cm diameter, of 20 m x 10 m for trees with diameter between 5 and 10 cm and, of 20 m x 250 m for trees with diameter ? 10 cm. 162 trees with diameter between 1 cm and 146 cm were used. The highest wood density (0.912) was found in Ficus sp. and lowest (0.295) in Enantia chlorantha. Using 80 °C as temperature to estimate wood density increased the value of about 10% when compare to the reference temperature of 105 °C. A significant difference was observed between wood density of the base and the top of trees studied. 10 species did not have wood density reported in the Global Wood Density database. This study recommends further research on wood density to cover as many tree species as possible in the Congo Basin.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Forests » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 2

Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal

Research Article
Author(s): Ajad Dhungana, Rashila Deshar
Journal: Journal of Forests

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Abstract
The mid hill of Nepal is also known as the hub of community forestry and Dhading district alone has 681. Valuating ecosystem goods and services is expected to raise public attention to their importance and may trigger support for a suitable conservation strategy. This paper assesses how the community forest ecosystem functioning connected to human wellbeing and what is their monetary value. To answer these questions Kalika community forest of Dhading district, central Nepal was selected since it was rewarded by DFO as the best CFUG in Dhading in 2014. This study presents the results of an attempt to estimate the economic value of goods and service provided by the community forest. Market price method was used for estimation of provisioning goods, productivity method for supporting services, religious value through donation collection from the temple as cultural services and avoided damage cost for the regulating services and secondary data from the community forestry operational plan provided by DFO was also used for the estimation of provisioning goods. The economic value from the ecosystem functioning of the forest was approximate $441,739 per year with an average of $2265 per hector per year. The value of carbon sequestration was estimated high as $1342 per hector per year and the economic value of the cultural services was very low as compared to other but have a greater role in forest conservation. At last this study discusses the importance of outcome for sustainable forest management strategy and suggests some way forward.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the economic value of the specific community forest of Dhading district, Nepal. The paper documents the important information of the quantified monetary value of community forest resource that is paramount for the sustainable conservation and management of forest.
Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Forests » Month: 03-2019 Issue: 1

Adaptation Study of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiate) Varieties in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

Research Article
Author(s): Teame Gereziher, Ephrem Seid, Lemma Diriba, Getachew Bisrat
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
In order to investigate the adaptability of mung bean varities; a study was carried out at the research field of Mehoni Agricultural Research Center in 2014/15 cropping season. Nine varities were arranged in 3*3 lattice design with three replications in six rows per plot with 2.4 m wide and 4 m long, and with spacing of 40 cm between rows and 10 cm between plants. Days to flowering, Days to maturity, Plant height, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, hundred seed weight and grain yield per hectare was significantly influenced by variety. The highest grain yield (1362.50 kg ha-1) was obtained from Black bean variety; followed by Shewa robit (1225.00 kg ha-1). On the contrary, the lowest grain yield value (242.60 kg ha-1) was obtained at MH BR-1 variety. Thus, both black bean and Shewa robit varities were best adapted in Raya valley.
Contribution/ Originality
This research finding contributes concrete information and attends the issues of best adaptable varieties to the specific agro-ecology (Raya valley) for mung bean producers.

Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 4

Kambang Putih Revitalization: Paving the Way towards Indonesias Global Maritime Fulcrum

Research Article
Author(s): Siti Khotimah, Vowas Gamar Bawanto, Gigich Ilmy Al Bonadi, Mimi Savitri MA
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
Tuban District or formerly known as Kambang Putih is one of the districts in East Java located on the northern coast of Java. Tuban has great potential in marine field and the majority of the population work as fishermen. Historical facts have explained that Tuban once had a port that has a big role in the reverse flow of world civilization, namely the port of Kambang Putih. It should be preserved to this day, to further optimize the heterogeneous economic activity. The port is one of the economic distribution access which is suitable with coastal community or fisherman especially in trade field. Socio-cultural society that has several rides of sea tourism make Tuban has its own attraction for the people to visit it. Authors writing this scientific paper using qualitative research methods with descriptive approach. Data collected in the form of words, both in the form of oral and written in the form of pictures and documents, and the behavior of informants that can be observed. This type of research is used with the intention to provide a description of the issues raised as well as shown to simplify the phenomena found in the study. The analysis of this research uses the theory of Sulivan on revitalization, because this study discusses a concept of regional revitalization that will be done to improve the function of the remaining resources based on historical relics. This study discusses the strategic steps in the concept of development. Because, this idea is formed to enhance the values of society through the integration of natural and human resource development. Thus, the topic of discussion to restore the glory of Kambang Putih: Indonesia's strategic step towards the global maritime fulcrum is important to be done in achieving the national goals of the nation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated ancient port in Indonesia, especially in the royal period to support Indonesia’s Global Maritime Fulcrum. The paper primary contribution was finding proper revitalization concept of the ancient Kambang Putih Port that already transformed to become slum housing area.

Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 09-2017 Issue: 3

Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)

Research Article
Author(s): Michael Maina Macharia, James M. Raude
Journal: International Journal of Hydrology Research

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Abstract
Changes in climatic conditions have greatly affected surface runoff and stream flows both at local and global scale. This has led to adverse effects on surface run off and climatic system as a whole. Research on these hydrological changes at basin scale is of great importance to the water managers for the future planning and management of water resources. In this study, a Hydrological simulation model (HYSIM) was used to simulate runoff and quantify the effects of climate variability on runoff within the area of study. The model was calibrated and validated giving a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.923, an RMSE of 0.56 and a BIAS of 1.697 respectively. The future climate of the catchment is projected to be warmer and, with less confidence, wetter as simulated using the IPCC scenarios. However, stream flow could increase by between 1.2% on the lower case to 4.5% on the higher case under these projections. There is therefore need to prepare for the increased runoff as it would affect the agricultural sector, industry, urban communities, as well as the environment.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the effects of climate variability on run off in Thika river basin and further simulates future possible occurrences using the Hydrological simulation model (HYSIM).

Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Hydrology Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 1

Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa

Research Article
Author(s): TIJANI, Abideen Adekunle, ADEOYE, Abayomi Olarewaju, ALAKA, Nureni Sanusi
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
The study investigates the effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria with special reference to United Bank of Africa (UBA) Plc. The study utilized secondary sources of data, which were sourced from UBA’s annual report. The data sourced, spanned from 1992 – 2014. Data disaggregating into health issue, transportation and education proxies as Corporate Social Responsibility and Return on Equity as financial performance. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) Estimation technique and Granger-causality test were adopted. The findings of the study suggests that there is insignificance relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and financial performance. The paper recommends that management should see Corporate Social Responsibility as a business opportunity that is beneficial in the long run thereby, incorporating credible and well-structured social responsibility policies.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature by using disaggregated measure of Corporate Social Responsibility. The findings of the study are therefore relevant and useful to Corporate Managers and Policy makers as well as academics.

Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 6

Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan

Research Article
Author(s): Elrady E. Bukhari. Holli, Abdelazim. A.M. Nour, Adam Ismail Ahmed
Journal: Journal of Food Technology Research

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Abstract
The aim of this study is to eliminate the alkaloids from Kordala (Maerua  pseudopetalosa) by soaking  process and examine their effect on nutritional value, protein digestibility and anti- nutritional factors. The seeds were soaked in water for seven days with water changed daily. The proximate composition, protein digestibility, minerals composition, anti-nutritional factors and amino acids profile were examined. The results obtained showed that soaking decreased protein content (from 21.67 to 11.64 %), ash (from 2.9 to 0.3%), fat (from 1.78 to 1.05%), polyphenols (from 170.82 to 160 mg/100g), phytic acid (from 743.5 to 588.9 mg/100g), minerals and amino acids content also decreased. The process increased moisture content (from 8.3 to 9.62%), fiber content (from 1.36 to 4.27%), total carbohydrates (from 63.99 to 73.12%) and protein digestibility (from 58.4 to 68.1%) for raw and soaked seeds, respectively. Comparing these values with recommended dietary allowances, the results indicated that Kordala (Maerua  pseudopetalosa) seeds could be a good supplement source for some nutrients.
Contribution/ Originality
The present study is one of the first reports concerning investigations on the nutritional values of Kordala (Maerua pseudopetalosa) and studding the role of  soaking on the removal of bitter taste in Kordala, which used in Sudan as famine food.

Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Food Technology Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 2

Exploring Learning Experience in a Total Enterprise Simulation Based on Means-End Theory

Research Article
Author(s): Fuyume SAI
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
The primary purpose of this study was to obtain empirical evidence and provide a methodological alternative for helping understand how simulation serves to learning. Well-structured system design and unstructured learning implementation bring complexity to dealing with learning in total enterprise simulation, specially, how to investigate learning emanated from the simulation game’s structure and decision-making requirements has studied very few. Due to the multiple aspects of individual learning situation and the inevitable structural design differences in simulations, student authored reports were used as data source to analyze the connections of learning-performance based on means-ends theory and the model was constructed with the components, namely Attributes, Consequences, and Values. With limitations of research, the study provides practical evidence and student insight into logic and structure of the simulated firm experienced, as well as demonstrates the use of means-ends approach for research on the issue of simulation-based learning and performance.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper contributes the first means-ends analysis of the connections of in-class simulation-based learning-performance by using the learning setting and participant-authored reports. Contrasted with previous studies which were essentially oriented in product/service decision-making, this study was built on the efforts to enhance the understanding of how the virtual management practices contribute to generation of personal values, rather than to focus on simulation system’s external validity.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 03-2017 Issue: 3

Determinants of Farmers’ Engagement in Off-Farm (Non-Farm Activities) as Copping Strategies to Climate Change: The Case of Merti, Arsi Zone, Oromiya Regional State, Ethiopia

Research Article
Author(s): Mulugeta Eshete
Journal: International Journal of Climate Research

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Abstract
Climate change is happening at a great speed becoming gradually perceived as most challenging impact of the world that life bearing organisms on earth ever sense. The study identified determinants of farmers’ engagement in non-farm activities as copping strategies to climate change in Merti, Arsi zone, Oromiya Regional state, Ethiopia. The studies also carried out to investigated gender differences in perceiving climate change, assess non-farm activities practiced by farmers in response to climate change and describe the determinant factors that influence farmers’ engagement in off-farm income source in the study area. The study followed a multi-stage sampling procedure. Both purposive and random sampling procedures were used to select sample Kebeles and households, respectively. Data collected from 191 sample households was used in this study. Descriptive statistics were performed to assess farmers perceptions and the types of coping strategies used were small-scale trade activities, handicrafts/craftsmanship and engagement in labor intensive salaried work, while the multinomial logit model (MNL) was used to identify factors influencing farmers coping strategies to climate change whereas age, sex, family size, agro-ecological locations (highland and midland), perception of climate change were the determinant factors favoring or inhibiting the decisions of farming households engagement in non-farm activities as climate change coping strategies.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated determinants of farmers’ engagement in off-farm (non-farm activities) in Merti in undertaking possible climate change response mechanisms at the smallholder farming household level. The research will give baseline information for other researchers, practitioners, development actors, policy makers and research organizations by assessing and assembling existing information about the factors affecting farmers engagement in off-farm based activities as coping strategies in case of unexpected failure in agriculture produces.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Climate Research » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 2

Analysis of the Factors Affecting Changes in Land Cover Patterns in Rural Districts in East of Guilan Province (Iran) for Foresight

Research Article
Author(s): Mostafa Taleshi, Hassan Afrakhteh, Mohammad Ali Rahimipour Sheikhani Nejad
Journal: Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

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Abstract
Foresight is among the key topics in natural resource protection for sustainability of rural settlement system. In foresight of land cover evolutions, identification of factors affecting the evolutions is of paramount importance. In the present research, in order to undertake foresight and sustainable land planning in rural districts in East of Guilan as a special ecologic zone encompassing 744 villages, principle variables were collected via a questionnaire using Delphi method with the help pf experts, followed by calculation of significance factors. A total of 93 variables were found to affect the changes in land cover within the study area at local, regional and national scales. Among these, key variables were identified utilizing MIC-MAC Software. In order to develop scenarios by a 20-member expert panel, 19 key drivers of the changes in land cover were homogenized and 9 primary descriptor were defined. For each descriptor, three variant qualitative component were prepared, which described all possible cases from the most critical case to the most desired one. In the next stage, with the help of cross-impact balance matrix and Monte Carlo simulations in Scenario Wizard Software, a total of three scenarios with 15-year horizons were obtained based on maximum consistency. Finally, based on the maximal effectiveness on protection of natural land cover and continuation of sustainability, the obtained scenarios were designated as balanced ecologic changes, relatively balanced ecologic changes, and imbalanced ecologic changes.
Contribution/ Originality


Energy & Environmental Sciences » Review of Environment and Earth Sciences » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 2

Comprehensive Analysis & Performance Comparison of Clustering Algorithms for Big Data

Research Article
Author(s): Anand Nayyar, Vikram Puri
Journal: Review of Computer Engineering Research

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Abstract
21st Century has marked high velocity of data generation not only in terms of size but also in variety. Analyzing large data sets with different forms is also a challenging task. Data Mining is regarded as efficient method to extract meaningful information as per user requirements. But considering the size of modern data, traditional data mining techniques are failing. Clustering can be regarded as one of the most important technique to mine the data by splitting large data sets into clusters. The paper’s primary contribution is to provide comprehensive analysis of Big Data Clustering algorithms on basis of: Partitioning, Hierarchical, Density, Grid and Model. In addition to this, performance comparison of algorithms is performed on basis of volume, variety and velocity.
Contribution/ Originality


Computer Sciences » Review of Computer Engineering Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 2

Culture as a Parameter in Assessing Students Performance

Research Article
Author(s): Filomachi Spathopoulou, Stavros Papakonstantinidis
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
Culture is not a new concept within the social sciences. In fact, culture has been widely discussed for years to investigate how it has evolved and how it still affects human communication. The aim of this article is to introduce the concept of culture and illustrate its relevance in key theoretical discussions and debates in the social sciences. Also, it aims based on secondary research evidence to highlight how differing cultural factors affect learning and assessing in higher education. The paper concludes that it is essential for assessors to consider the unique cultural characteristics when assessing their students’ performance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the role of culture in education by focusing on assessment. It is one of very few studies which suggests that assessing students’ performance should not take place independent of cultural particularities and sets the ground for designing alternative, culturally responsive assessment tools.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 09-2017 Issue: 3

Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems

Research Article
Author(s): Denton O.A, Alemeru M. S., Fademi I.O., Uthman A. C. O., Oyedele A. O.
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract
This study was undertaken to evaluate the physical and chemical properties of three contrasting soils under four land use systems. The soil types considered were Vertic Cambisol, Haplic Lixisol and Ferric Luvisol while the land use types studied are cocoa plantation (CP), grazing land (GL), fallow land (FL) and cultivated land (CL). Soil samples were collected at 0-15cm and 15-30cm depths respectively from each of the locations. The soil samples were air dried and passed through a 2mm sieve and taken to the laboratory for analysis. The result of the study showed a higher sand content being recorded in Haplic Lixisol (CL) and Ferric Luvisol 2 (FL) followed by that of Vertic Cambisol (CP) and Ferric Luvisol 1 (GL) in the upper 0 to15 cm depth and lower 15-30 cm. The soil pH within the soil types and depths could be categorized as slightly acidic to moderately alkaline. The organic carbon content of the soils was generally low; it varied from 0.18% to 1.29 % for 0 to 15 cm depth with Vertic Cambisol (CP) having the highest value. The mean available P content was not significantly (P?0.05) different among the soil and land use types. The total nitrogen recorded was generally low 1.006 - 1.304% at 0-15cm while at the lower depth it ranged between 0.566 – 0.768%. The exchangeable bases also decreased following cultivation. The result of the study shows that continuous cultivation without adequate management practices causes a decline in the physical and chemical properties of the soil.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper contributes to existing literature that agriculture being the main user of land is constantly being affected by land use changes. It further seeks to assess how the physical and chemical properties of the different soil types are being affected by different land use types.
Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 12-2017 Issue: 4

The Analysis of Entrepreneurship Program Within Higher Education (Institution Case Study of the Management of Business in Telecommunications and Informatics, Telkom University - Indonesia)

Research Article
Author(s): Mariana Yosephine Frima, Astri Ghina
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
The entrepreneurial skills have been regarded as the vital factor for the business sustainability. The previous study confirmed that there was a gap for entrepreneurial skills between several countries. The factor driven countries (such as Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, etc.) are dominated with the wholesale/retail activities, while the innovation driven countries (such as Sweden, Belgium, Norway, etc.) will be more dominated with ICT/Finance or the professional services activities. The wholesale/retail activity is said to be easier to enter since it’s generally require lower skill levels. Entrepreneurship education (EE) is needed to enhance the development of the entrepreneurs in order to fulfill this gap, so it is necessary to evaluate the EE program delivered by the university in shaping the entrepreneurial competencies. This research did an evaluation towards the entrepreneurship education program by identifying the learning process (including the definition and objectives of EE, the course contents, the teaching methods, and community outreach activities), and measuring the impacts (by using entrepreneurial competencies). This research was done in the Management of Business in Telecommunications and Informatics, Faculty of Economics and Business in Telkom University. The result is aimed to improve the learning process within institution. On the other side, this research is expected to help the university to achieve the target to be a Global Entrepreneurial University in 2038, particularly to create the global entrepreneurial graduates. This study is also expected to improve the economic growth by increasing the university’s role in creating the graduate entrepreneurs.
Contribution/ Originality


Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 10-2017 Issue: 10

A Study on the Relationship between Problem Solving Skills and Multiple Intelligences of High School Students

Research Article
Author(s): Hakan Karatas, Mehtap Bademcioglu, Suleyman Celik
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Problem solving is a complex process in which encountered problems are defeated as reaching a target and problem solving skills are developed in school years. And, intelligence is defined as the ability to solve problems or to create products being valued within one or more cultural settings. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between multiple intelligences and problem solving skills. The relational model was used in the current study. The research group included 181 female (48.39 %) and 193 male (51.61 %) students studying at Zubeyde Hanim Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School and Gazi Industrial Vocational High School. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory adapted in Turkish by Ozden (2003) and Problem Solving Inventory developed by Heppner and Peterson (1982) and adapted in Turkish by Sahin et al. (1993) were used as the data collection tool. Data were analyzed using the analysis of Pearson correlation. The findings indicated that there have been found some significant positive and negative correlations between variables.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the relationship between high school students’ problem solving skills and multiple intelligences.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 10-2017 Issue: 10

Communicating Academic Achievement of Schools To Stakeholders: The Use of Weighted Average

Research Article
Author(s): Michael Amakyi
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
This paper examined the statistical approach adopted by schools to communicate their academic achievement to stakeholders. The paper looked at the most frequently adopted method, the use of percentage scores, and discussed the limitations of its usage. The paper also explored the use of the weighted average of scores and compared it to the use of percentage scores. Data from the West Africa Examinations Council and standardised test scores from a selected high school were used for the paper’s analyses and illustrations. The paper demonstrated that the weighted average of scores accounted for quality of grades obtained as well as the number of candidates presented by a school. The paper identified the use of weighted average of scores as a preferred option to percentage scores in communicating academic achievement to stakeholders.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the use of weighted average of scores as the preferable means of communicating student test scores to stakeholders.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 11-2017 Issue: 11

Making Schools More Girl Friendly: Exploring the Effects of Girl Friendly Space on School Attendance of Adolescent Girls

Research Article
Author(s): Elijah Kipchumba, Munshi Sulaiman
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
School enrolment and attendance for adolescent girls is a key priority for education sector in most developing countries. In Somalia, this is even more prominent given the low enrolment rate of girls and the gender specific challenges that the girls face. Girls in Somalia often remain absent from schools during their menstrual periods due to lack of hygiene facilities and the social stigma in using the facility where they exist. Girl Friendly Space (GFS) has been adopted as a means to mitigate these challenges. Despite strong narratives of the effectiveness of the GFS, there is lack of evidence on the impact of GFS on reducing school absenteeism. By using secondary data, this study explores the potential effects of GFS on reducing school absenteeism. The study indicate that having GFS in schools can reduce the likelihood of adolescent girls being absent from school in the past month by about 15 percentage points. Absenteeism due to ‘sickness’ is about 17 percentage points lower in schools with GFS compared to schools without the facility. Although this study cannot fully address the selection bias to claim these as impact estimates, the differences for boys between the two types of schools in absenteeism is much lower indicating possible effects of GFS on girls’ school attendance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies that have sought to demonstrate potential effects of girl friendly spaces in reducing adolescent girls’ school absenteeism in culturally sensitive regions like Somalia. Primarily the study shows equipping and enhancing privacy in girls-only toilets can potentially reduce absenteeism up to 15 percentage points.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 11-2017 Issue: 11

Palm Kernel Separation Efficiency and Kernel Quality from Different Methods Used in Some Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Akusu O.M, Kiin-Kabari D.B, Barber L.I
Journal: Journal of Food Technology Research

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Abstract
The separation efficiency and palm kernel quality of five palm kernel shell separation methods used in selected communities in Rivers State, Nigeria were evaluated. The methods include traditional handpicking, clay-water bath (kaolin), mechanical dry separation, pneumatic and hydrocyclone separations. The weight of recovered palm kernels obtained from each separation method was determined and used in the calculation of separation efficiencies. Free fatty acid (FFA), shell/fibre and moisture content of the palm kernels recovered from each separation method was determined. The results show that the least free fatty acid (FFA) content of (3%) was found in sample separated by the pneumatic method and highest (8%) in the clay-water bath (kaolin) method. High moisture content of 11% was recorded for kernels separated by clay-water bath (kaolin). Pneumatic separation method retained the least percentage of shell/fibre content (2%). Hand picking and clay-water bath (kaolin) methods had shell/fibre retention of 8% and 6%, respectively. However, mechanical, pneumatic and hydrocyclone separation techniques conform to the quality parameters when compared to SON/NIS standard. The mechanical, pneumatic and hydrocyclone separation methods gave higher separation efficiencies of 74, 90 and 96% respectively and palm kernels of superior quality that meets the palm kernel industrial standards. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in separation efficiencies between the traditional hand picking and the clay water bath methods however there was a significant difference (P<0.05) between the above two methods and mechanical, pneumatic and hydrocyclone separation methods.
Contribution/ Originality
This study shows that pneumatic and hydrocyclone separation methods are the most efficient in separating cracked palm kernel mixtures. This study also provide information on the best method of palm kernel recovery that meets quality requirement for Nigerian Industrial standard.
Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Food Technology Research » Month: 06-2017 Issue: 2