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Listing 81 - 20 of 1962 results.

Methods of Organizing the Technological Process of Software Development

Research Article
Author(s): Shafagat Mahmudova
Journal: Review of Information Engineering and Applications

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Abstract
The article provides information on the methods of organizing the technological process of software development. The key point is that if information is processed, it must be used for these three elements It explores the interaction of people, technology and process. Types of technological processes and software development models are analyzed. Technological process is the adjusted sequence of interconnected actions, starting from the moment of initial data generation to the preferred result. Technological processes consist of "technological operations", which, in turn, are shaped by "technological transitions." “Technological transitions” are called a finished part of technological operation implemented with the same tools of technological supply. In other words, technological process is a part of production process, which includes purposeful actions for the determination of the state of subject of labor. The subject of labor includes software development. Software development process in its production is a process of grouping the implementations into separate stages to prepare and design software, and to improve product and project management. It is also known as a life cycle of software. The methodology may include predefined certain results and artifacts generating and finishing the project for software development together with team. The implementations during the phases of technological and innovation process are explained. The methods for effective organization of technological process of software development are shown. Disadvantages of technological process are examined. Possible risks for software projects and their solution ways are revealed.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of methods of organizing the technological process of software development. Technological process is the adjusted sequence of inter connected actions, starting from the moment of initial data generation to the preferred result. These study users business areas a variety of software.
Computer Sciences » Review of Information Engineering and Applications » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Differential Responses to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Pharmacotherapy Versus Combined Therapy in Young Adolescents with Depression

Research Article
Author(s): Fereshte Shakibai, Maryam Esmaeili, Nooshin Basiri
Journal: Journal of Diseases

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Abstract
Background: Treatment of patients with major depression involves some problems and, an effective therapy, is still a debatable issue. The goal of this review was to provide a comprehensive survey on comparing three methods of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, pharmacotherapy and combined therapy on treatment of depressed adolescents. Material and methods: this study was a randomized clinical trial with follow- up which was conducted in Isfahan city (2015). The statistical population included 330 middle school students (aged 13- 16 years) who had the criteria of depression disorder. Then 120 girls and boys were selected via cluster sampling. After that, they divided into 4 groups (3 experimental groups and 1 control group). 4 month after finishing the intervention, all groups were followed by the project. The research tool was the children's depression Inventory (CDI). Results: the results showed that all of the 3 experimental groups were significantly effective in the treatment of depression (p<00.1). In the post-test stage, the combination of pharmacotherapy and CBT, pharmacotherapy, CBT respectively were effective (p<00.0). But the findings illustrate that in the follow- up stage cognitive behavioral therapy had a long-term effect in compare to pharmacotherapy. Conclusion: at last the research results show significant efficacy of all three methods, with different priorities effect, at various stages, on improving the criteria for depression in adolescents.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature to clarify the best therapy for depressive mood in adolescents. This study uses a new estimation methodology for comparative studies. This study originates a new formula for two kinds of therapy. This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the differentiated responses to different therapies. The paper contributes the first logical analysis that why these therapies can be different. The paper's primary contribution is finding that in which condition we can use 3 different therapy. This study documents the proven sources in the use of various therapeutic approaches.
Medical Sciences » Journal of Diseases » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

The Effect of Physical Activities on Biological Age Parameters of Females from 17 to 18 Years Old

Research Article
Author(s): Dao Chanh Thuc
Journal: Journal of Sports Research

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Abstract
The effect of weekly physical activity on biological age (BA) parameters, we have conducted a study 215 females from 17 to 18 years old who were divided into the experimental (EG, n=105) and control (CG, n=110) groups. It was established that if at the end of the experiment the BA parameters of the females CG weren’t a significantly different from the average data (p>0.05), then there was a statistically significant decrease in the BA parameters of the females EG. This was confirmed by statistical probability (p<0.01), which suggests the dependence of biological age parameters on the extent of weekly physical activity.
Contribution/ Originality


Physical Sciences » Journal of Sports Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System

Research Article
Author(s): Ferhan K. Sabir, Ali Sabir
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

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Abstract
The shortfall in grapevine planting materials urged the researchers to enhance rapid propagation techniques with successfully storing the propagation materials such as rootstock and scion canes. The present study was conducted to assess the effects of different storage conditions (cold storage room at 1 °C plus 80-90% relative humidity and sand medium in open area) on rooting and shooting performance of cuttings of seven grapevine cultivars. For assessments, a hydroponic culture system was established in which the cuttings were rooted. Investigations on the cuttings prepared from the canes sampled at 6th, 7th and 8th months of the storage times showed that cold storage room significantly maintained the quality of canes with better callusing, rooting and shooting features. Storage at cold room can be recommended for long term storage, while dipping the canes in damp sand medium can be considered for a short time around a few months keeping of grapevine canes. Grapevine cultivars exhibited slight variation in response to both storage duration and storage conditions.
Contribution/ Originality
This research is one of very few studies which have investigated the healthy and practical maintenance of propagation materials by comparing the scientific storage room and indigenous farming strategy conditions.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 09-2018 Issue: 3

Revisiting Electricity-Economic Growth Nexus in Sub-Sahara Africa: Perspectives from Nigeria and South Africa

Research Article
Author(s): Iyabo OLANRELE
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

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Abstract
This study considered the effect of electricity consumption on Nigeria and South Africa's economic growth using Linear Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model. Aside from the size of the two economies and the strategic position they hold in Africa, Nigeria, unlike South Africa, in 2013 reformed its power sector to accommodate private participation for improved performance. In spite of this, the empirical results show that electricity consumption has no significant effect on Nigeria's economic growth both in the short and long-run. Contrarily, there was significant short-run electricity consumption effect on economic growth in South Africa. The effect persisted till the long-run though at an insignificant rate. The implication of the findings is that power sector reforms, especially in 2013, has not brought about the desired economic impact in Nigeria. As such, it is pertinent to revisit and correct the anomalies in the recent power sector privatization for economic growth. Evidently, electricity consumption engenders growth in South Africa, even with recent data, but more investment is required in the power sector to sustain long-run effect on the economy.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by considering the short run and long-run effects, as against the causal link, of electricity-economic growth nexus. Also, extending data to recent period is apt, as this has an implication for capturing possible dynamics from the changing structure of the economies.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

Climate Change, Cattle-Rearing and Creation of Ranches to Protect the Environment in Southwest, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Owagbemi, Gabriel Olusola
Journal: Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

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Abstract
This paper investigates the environmental destructions caused by cattle-grazing in Southwest, Nigeria, challenges associated with herding activities and measures to protect the environment from further destruction. For a qualitative analysis, 10 focus group discussions consisting of 6–10 participants and 4 in-depth interviews were conducted with selected farmers, Fulani herdsmen, and traditional rulers. Data collected were analyzed using content analysis. Respondents reported environmental destruction caused by the cattle-grazing activities of the Fulani herdsmen in the Southwest Nigeria, these range from destruction of crops due to the invasion of farmlands by cattle, destruction of green vegetation, destruction of young seedlings and water pollution. They also identified the challenges associated with the cattle-grazing activities of the herdsmen as lack of trust among the ethnic groups/ethnic stereotyping; suspicion; overgrazing on fallow lands; kidnapping/killing. Finally, the participants made the following suggestions on measures to protect the environment: the creation of cattle ranches; provision of hays/foray for cows' consumption; enlightenment on the danger of open grazing and the advantage of cattle ranches. The paper concludes by highlighting some policy options, the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) should sensitize Nigerians on the need for creation of cattle ranches in some parts of the country; the Fulani herders should be educated on how to rear cows without infringing on the right of others; FGN should encourage the provision of hays/foray for cows' consumption and the herdsmen should be compelled to buy this for their cows; and government at all level should enact anti open-grazing law.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the environmental challenges associated with activities of herdsmen in Southwest Nigeria. The paper contributes the first logical analysis that herding activities pose a great danger to agricultural activities, hence, the creation of ranches is necessary.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » Review of Environment and Earth Sciences » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

The Microbial Profile and Contaminants of Bubugn, An Ethiopian House Hould Fermented Beverage

Research Article
Author(s): Getnet Belay, Tigist Minyamer, Getinet Masresha
Journal: The International Journal of Biotechnology

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Abstract
Bubugn is a cereal based traditional fermented Ethiopian low alcoholic beverage. It is one of the traditional fermented beverages used for a drink of holidays, wedding ceremony and also used as a source of income. The aims of this study were to determine the microbiology, microbial contaminants and physicochemical characteristics of Bubugn. Nine Samples of Bubugn were collected from Gondar town in three district areas; Azezo (A), Arada (B) and Kebele 18 (C). Microbial counts and physicochemical analysis were enumerated using standard microbiological methods. The mean value of the pH of the samples was 4.20 + 0.14; and the mean value of moisture content was 45. 79 +1.35. The mean crude fat, ash and ethanol contents of Bubugn were 6.67 + 0.16, 4.47+ 0.40 and 1.79 + 0.13, respectively. The mean number of total mesophilic aerobic bacteria, yeasts and molds and lactic acid bacteria of Bubugn were 3.74×105 cfu/ml, 5.68 ×106 cfu/ml and 7.52×105 cfu/ml respectively. Bubugn samples were contaminated by Shigella species, E. coli and S. aureus which could be due to poor hygienic conditions related to washing of preparation material, use of contaminated water and poor personal and domestic hygiene. The collected Bubugn samples were contaminated by different microorganisms and therefore, there should be the development of an advanced technique to improve quality.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by providing necessary information for other researchers regarding the microbiology, microbial contaminants and physicochemical properties of Bubugn, a traditional fermented Ethiopian beverage.
Biological Sciences » The International Journal of Biotechnology » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Scenario Economic Impact Analysis of Offshore Fishing Tournaments in Ocean City

Research Article
Author(s): Yeong Nain Chi
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This study used scenario analysis to estimate the economic impact of the expenditures of anglers who participated in offshore fishing tournaments in Ocean City, Maryland. The primary purposes of this study were to evaluate impacts on the adjacent areas, to identify potential uses for economic impact information, and to provide justification for investment and support of programs related to the needs of coastal communities and issues related to marine recreational fisheries management. To accomplish this study, the IMPLAN modeling system was employed to calculate the economic impact of offshore fishing tournaments on local and regional economies. Preliminary results using scenario analysis suggested the total economic impact of offshore fishing tournaments in Ocean City could be nearly $2.2 million for Wicomico and Worchester counties. To get this estimate, three different scenarios were considered based on potential expenditure estimate of what each tournament party would spend on lodging, fuel, food, fishing and miscellaneous costs. Using IMPLAN, impact metric categories could be generated including general labor income, job opportunities - employment, and value added. This paper provides the extent to which fishery managers, municipalities, business and private sector stakeholders could benefit from local marine recreational fishing tournaments, and potentially justify investment in infrastructure which supports marine recreational fishing.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses scenario economic impact analysis to estimate the economic impact of offshore fishing tournaments in Ocean City, Maryland. It provides the extent to fishery managers, municipalities, business and private sector stakeholders could benefit from local marine recreational fishing tournaments, and potentially justify investment in infrastructure which supports marine recreational fishing.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 05-2018 Issue: 5

Employee Loyalty and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force

Research Article
Author(s): UNAAM, Akaninyene Okon, ADIM, Chidiebere Victor, ADUBASIM, Ernest Ikechukwu
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

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Abstract
This study examined the relationship between employee loyalty and organizational citizenship behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. The primary source of data was a structured self-administered questionnaire. The population of this study consists of Senior Police officers from the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) and above, and the other ranks made up of Inspectors and Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) working in the twenty-seven (27) Police Divisions distributed in four (4) Local Government Areas of Rivers State, Nigeria which has a total staff strength of 14,886. Due to the large size of the population, the Taro Yamane Sample Size determination techniques were used to determine the sample size of 390 employees, which were selected through stratified random sampling. Internal reliability of the instrument was achieved through the Cronbach Alpha coefficient with items being above 0.70. After data cleaning, only data of 332 respondents were finally used for data analysis. The Pearson's Product Moment Correlation tool was used for hypothesis testing. The study findings revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between employee loyalty and organizational citizenship behaviour. The study thus concluded that employee loyalty bears a positive and significant influence on organizational citizenship. Managers should endeavour to develop a supportive connection with employees in a manner that would enhance employees desire to act or perform beyond their required role.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies to have investigated employee loyalty and organizational citizenship behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of The Nigeria Police Force.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 6

Implementing E-Learning in Far Western Region of Nepal

Research Article
Author(s): Gajendra Sharma, Mahesh Prashad Bhatta
Journal: Review of Knowledge Economy

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Abstract
The rapid developments of internet and communication technologies have materially altered many characteristics and concepts of the learning environment. E-learning is highly beneficial to developing countries and believed to have high potential for governments struggling to meet a growing need of education while facing shortage of expert teachers, shortage of update textbooks and limited teaching materials. The objective of this study is to investigate the vital challenges of implementing e-learning systems in far western region of Nepal. The results of this study provided basic mechanism for improving higher education in developing countries. There are a number of commercial or free e-learning systems in the market. Majority of these e-learning systems provide lot of functions and modules. Some courses are entirely based on e-learning instead of traditional learning model. E-learning system also offers graphs and charts of student's results. This system is based on linear workflow. That means students can see new learning resources and tests only after previous was done. Students can also create their own learning plan by defining dates. System is able to export this plan into general calendar format or remind students via e-mail.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated basic mechanism for improving higher education in developing countries. There are a number of commercial or free e-learning systems in the market. Majority of these e-learning systems provide lot of functions and modules. The paper contributes the first logical analysis on e-learning system that offers effective use of e-learning system. The paper's primary contribution is that students can also create their own learning plan using e-learning mechanism. Furthermore, system is able to export this plan into general calendar format or remind students via e-mail.
Business & Management » Review of Knowledge Economy » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Assessing Competencies of Tourism Students through Poster Presentation: Evidence from Indonesia

Research Article
Author(s): Ilham Junaid
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of poster presentation in assessing the tourism students’ competencies. Three issues were investigated including the students’ responses, strengths and weaknesses and the students’ recommendation for more practical students’ learning. This research employed a case study approach (from July to December 2017) at Makassar Tourism Polytechnic, Indonesia. The study reveals that although students were worried about the implementation of poster presentation, the students were successfully participated in the examination through poster presentation. Three strengths were found including the students understand topics and sub-topics of a subject; link tourism concepts with the real context; and improve their self-confidence. This paper recommends the implementation of poster presentation for two reasons; 1) it supports the students to learn tourism concepts and issues independently; 2) it implements systematic ways including input (lecturer explains it), process (students prepare their poster), and output (students’ competencies).
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that poster presentation has provided the opportunity for students to have intercultural competencies and sense of responsibility on environmental issues. Poster presentation is an option for teachers to assess the students’ competencies. It enables students to create and present poster through critical thinking.
Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Financial Efficiency of India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) Limited: An Empirical Study

Research Article
Author(s): Mohd Taqi, Mohd Ajmal, Mohd. Shamim Ansari
Journal: Journal of Tourism Management Research

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Abstract
Tourism is one of the significant service sectors in India as it contributes about 9.6 per cent in Gross Domestic Production and the third largest foreign exchange earner for the country. The Government of India recognized this sector as an industry in 1986 and it became eligible for several incentives and facilities like tax incentives, subsidies etc. Further, the tourism industry was also declared as a priority sector for foreign investment in 1991. It is an important tool for employment generation, economic development and rural transformation. India is a country of vast geographical diversity which attracts tourists from all over the world throughout the year. A number of different groups, companies and organizations are operating in tourism sector like ITDC, Tata Group, Oberoi Group, ITC Ltd. etc. India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) is the leading public sector corporation and the prime mover in the progressive development, promotion and expansion of tourism in the country. Since, ITDC has been playing a vital role in the growth of tourism activities in the country, financial soundness and efficiency is prerequisite for such type of corporation engaged in development activities. Thus, it is important to investigate the operational activities and financial soundness of this corporation. The present study is an attempt to analyse the financial efficiency of ITDC in the context of its financial performance and operational activities from 2012-13 to 2016-17. The results indicated profitability and operational efficiency of this corporation found satisfactory during the study period. The study also concludes that ITDC is performing well in maintaining and developing tourism infrastructure and provide necessary facilities to the national and international tourist.
Contribution/ Originality


Business & Management » Journal of Tourism Management Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Did Global Warming and Climate Change Cause the Degradation of Lake Chad, Africa's Most Important 'Ecological Catastrophe'?

Research Article
Author(s): Enwere Dike, Ngozi Dike
Journal: Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

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Abstract
This paper explores six hypotheses/theories on Lake Chad’s degradation: i) natural climate variation; ii) anthropogenic climate change compounded the effects of the Sahel drought; iii) unregulated exploitation of Lake Chad’s hydrologic system overdrew the regenerative potential of the lake system; iv) high rates of deforestation in the tropical rain forest belt of West-Central Africa shifted the rain belt Southwards; v) pressure from rapidly expanding human and livestock populations exceeded the carrying potential of the Lake Chad ecosystem; and vi) anthropogenic aerosol emissions in the northern hemisphere shifted the tropical rain-belt southwards. The evidence shows that there is no single-cause explanation for Lake Chad’s degradation; rather the influence of global warming and climate change compounded those from pre-existing drought conditions and non-climate factors e.g unregulated exploitation of Lake Chad’s hydrologic system to degrade the lake.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper contributes to the existing literature by exploring six hypotheses/theories to show that the influence of global warming and climate change on ecosystems can be compounded by non-climate variables. The degradation of Lake Chad illustrates vividly the interaction between the climate factors and non-factors in eco-system degradation.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » Review of Environment and Earth Sciences » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Effect of Institutional Factors on Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Ewubare Dennis Brown, Ekwe Ernest Ibekwe
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

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Abstract
The study investigates the effect of economic, political and social institutions on FDI in Nigeria between 1980 and 2015. The Stock-Watson Dynamic Least Squares (DOLS) is relied upon for analyzing the data extracted from the World Bank WDI. The KPSS stationarity results indicate that all the variables were mixed integrated with FDI and political integration being levels stationary while economic and social factors were first difference stationary. The Johansen cointegration test finds evidence of two cointegrating equations in the model, indicating that long run relationship exists among the variables. The estimated cointegrating regression model showed that economic and social integrations were highly significant in explaining changes in FDI. Political institution factors, on the other hand, have an insignificant positive relationship with FDI. The Wald test showed evidence to support that the coefficients of the regressors were significantly different from zero. The result of the Granger causality test reveals that political and social institution has high predictive power for FDI flows to the Nigerian economy. Based on the findings, this study recommends that Nigeria should adopt a gradual reduction in all economic, political and social constraint to FDI inflows to optimize the benefits of foreign direct investment in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper is one of very few studies which have investigated the role of institutional quality in mobilizing FDI in capital deficient economies. Its measure of institutional quality from social, economic and political dimensions is noteworthy which add significantly to the existing literature.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Importance of Anger Management in Pre-School Childhood

Research Article
Author(s): Munevver Mertoglu
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

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Abstract
Anger, although it is a natural emotion, when it cannot be managed, individuals experience extremely serious problems; at an extreme, they might even engage in criminal behaviors. The behaviours of people have some physical, hormonal, environmental, psychological and social causes that have positive or negative effects on anger. In this respect, it is crucial to understand the reasons for anger in preschools, which are an essential period in the formation of personality. The perfect behaviors of mothers, fathers, caretakers and other members of the family as well as the model behaviors of teachers and school administrators all can have an impact on the child. People dealing with an obstinate child or one throwing a temper tantrum may also become angry. In such cases, adults have an obligation to manage their anger as well as to help the child control his/her anger. The training received and the model samples encountered in the preschool period are significant determinants of the anger behaviors displayed in adulthood. When the fact is considered that there are teenagers or young adults who face serious problems due to instant loss of their tempers and even commit murders, the necessity of anger management training and proper model behaviors in the preschool period becomes more essential.
Contribution/ Originality
Violent behavior in society is the result of uncontrollable anger. Although there are many reasons for uncontrollable anger behaviors, it is also something can be learned. In the pre-school period, where the learning potential is highest. Therefore, this article, however, will contribute to studies on anger management in the pre-school period.
Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 04-2018 Issue: 4

Internal Law Enforcement Challenges in Bangladesh: An Analysis

Research Article
Author(s): Yanwen Tang, Md. Bashir Uddin Khan
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Abstract
Criminality is a familiar concept around the globe. The way by which it can draw the attention of people throughout the world is the severe frequency of it. State considers the committal of such criminality in its territory as internal security challenges. Bangladesh, due to its socio-economic and socio-political issues is harboring significant types of criminal offences. Organizational failure to keep its stakeholders in a controlled environment and the political failure to keep its citizen’s moral characters upheld may have fueled the mushrooming growth of criminal activities within the country. This paper is an analysis based on the secondary information found especially from the official police statistics of Bangladesh, Non-government organizations and other reliable sources. This paper argues that Century-old legacy of laws, lack of public confidence to the law-enforcement agencies and sense of immunity after the commission of crime inspired the potential offenders of the country years after years. Here, less moral or legal education still hinders children’s balanced growing up with proper civic sense. As a result, a great number of crimes in one case provoke fear among people and at a time, it generates an inherent subconscious mind of people for taking these incidents in a usual way. Impact of international terrorism and illicit drugs directed the overall crime situation of this country in an unexpected destination. For bringing a positive change there, a paradigm-shift is essential. The starting is not easy in the existing system but that is indispensable here. Strategic formulation and implementation of proper planning accompanied by exercising moral teachings can improve the situation. Most importantly, the state authority should pay their heed in improving the situation while formulating policies.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature with an analysis regarding the internal security challenges of Bangladesh and its seriousness. This study is one of the very few studies, which have investigated the overall crime situation of Bangladesh on the basis of police statistics.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 09-2018 Issue: 3

Globalization, Social Media and Imperatives in the Promotion of Nigerian Cultural Values

Research Article
Author(s): Charles Effiong
Journal: Journal of New Media and Mass Communication

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Abstract
Social media is undoubtedly one of the factors used in measuring the effect of globalization in the world. As countries of the world strive for sustainable development on account of the fact that the world has become compressed as a global village, communication through the use of social media has been outstanding. The promotion of different cultural values of the world has also been possible in this direction. While some countries rely on the effectiveness of the social media to fit into the globalization grid for sustainable development in terms of culture cum economy, others especially the third world seem to see globalization as an obstruction to their development. This forms the interest of this study to determine the effectiveness of promoting the Nigerian cultural values in the globalization grid through the use of social media. This is a qualitative study that describes the dependence on social media for communication purpose among the population in Calabar, Cross River State of Nigeria, and the extent to which the diffuse information globally. The submission, therefore, is that globalization is a paradigm for sustainable development of countries of the world; and based on the pervasiveness of the social media, Nigeria can positively promote her cultural values globally.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper is one of the few studies which have investigated the positives of cultural cum socio-economic relevance of globalization in developing economies like Nigeria; and has demonstrated how effective the social media can be as a factor in globalization paradigm to promote cultural values.
Social Sciences » Journal of New Media and Mass Communication » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Multi-Shuttle Automated Storage and Retrieval System

Research Article
Author(s): Amirhossein Mostofi, Hamidreza Erfanian
Journal: Review of Industrial Engineering Letters

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Abstract
Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS) are being widely used in the logistics industry. This typical System, Systems are computer controlled storage systems that can automatically store and retrieve loads. Major advantages of AS/RS include high throughput, efficient use of space, high reliability and improvement of safety. There are some different operational modes in typical system. The choice of operational mode depends on the storage location assignment policy. Shared storage approach is one of these policies. In this approach, the empty space created by an act of accumulation throughout recovery can be quickly filled which conduces to save time and money. This paper examines the joint optimization of (AS/RSs) scheduling in multi-shuttle AS/RSs under shared storage in fuzzy and dynamic environment. From the view of analytical model, the advantage of operational mode under shared storage is verified. For optimization multi-shuttle automated storage and retrieval system to minimize travel time, present a zero-one fuzzy mathematical programming model. Use Genetic algorithm (GA) with Matlab software to solve large-sized problems. Various numerical experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm and investigate the impact of different parameters on computational efficiency. The result indicates that in matters where the primary objective is to reduce travel time cycle, shared storage policy is appropriate. Furthermore, the fuzzy sets theory can be an effective tool to model the uncertainties which are available around the real applications.
Contribution/ Originality


Engineering » Review of Industrial Engineering Letters » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Applying Building Information Modelling Plus-the Practice of Shanghai Shipping Service Complex

Research Article
Author(s): Xuefeng Wang, Yibo Wang, Jiawei Ge, Pengcheng Wu, Tianrong Huang
Journal: Review of Industrial Engineering Letters

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Abstract
Taking advantage of Building Information Model (BIM) to integrate multi-dimensional information, such as time and space information can provide robust guidance for design, construction and operation management, which can produce strong technical support for improving project management. Based on the BIM+ theory and the ship lock construction in Shanghai Shipping Service Complex (SSSC), this paper formulates the stages and contents of the application of BIM technology. Through the implementation of BIM in the planning, design, construction and maintenance of ship lock engineering, the management of the whole life cycle of the project are realised. The application of BIM+ theory in SSSC lock engineering is explored effectively by 3D printing technology combined with Internet technology..
Contribution/ Originality
The primary originality of this study is to apply BIM+ theory to ship lock construction in SSSC.
Engineering » Review of Industrial Engineering Letters » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Oral Mucosal Lesions in Patient With Bullous Pemphigoid - A Rare Case and Literature Review

Research Article
Author(s): Deliverska E, Kirilova J, Stefanov L
Journal: Journal of Diseases

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Abstract
Bullous pemphigoid /BP/ is a chronic blistering disorder that can affect oral mucosa very rarely. This autoimmune disease typically has a gradual onset and a chronic progressive course with exacerbations and remissions. Against components located in the epithelial basement membrane are formed autoantibodies. It is important to perform an incisional biopsy to establish a definitive diagnosis. Direct immunofluorescent findings are identical in BMMP and BP. Indirect immunofluorescence shows circulating IgG antibodies against the components of basement membrane in the majority of cases with BP but very rarely in patients with BMMP. There is no correlation between antibody titer and disease severity in BP. The aim is to present a very rare case of bullous pemphygoid of oral mucosa histologically proved with immunostaining. We present a patient with clinically identified oral lesion - bullae with clear fluid content in buccal mucosa of maxilla. After the rupture of bullae it left painful, superficial, ulcerated areas of oral mucosa. Hystopathological examination revealed subepithelial blister formation with clean separation of the full thickness of the epithelium from the underlying connective tissue layer. Direct immunofluorescence revealed a continuous linear band of immunoreactants at the basement membrane area. This immune deposit consist mainly IgG and C3, localized in the basement membrane. Conclusion: The treatment depends on the severity of the disease, tendency of progression and the affected areas. Therefore the clinicians should thoroughly examine all mucosal sites in order to make a proper diagnosis. The chronically characteristic of this autoimmune disease can lead to significant morbidity to patients. The adverse effects from long-term use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressives agents can also contribute to morbidity.
Contribution/ Originality


Medical Sciences » Journal of Diseases » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2