Advance Search

1962 Results

Refine by:

Years

2015(361)
2012(23)
2014(484)
2013(84)
2018(217)
2016(301)
2019(265)
2017(215)
0000(12)
Show More >> Show Less >>

Article type

Research Article(1951)
Special Issue(8)
Research Report (1)
Book Review(1)
Editorial Note(1)
Show More >> Show Less >>

Publication title

International Journal of Management and Sustainability(149)
International Journal of Geography and Geology(102)
International Journal of Mathematical Research(49)
International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy(47)
The International Journal of Biotechnology(70)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research(52)
International Journal of Education and Practice(159)
International Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research(49)
Review of Information Engineering and Applications(22)
International Journal of Natural Sciences Research(73)
Humanities and Social Sciences Letters(89)
International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research(27)
Journal of Empirical Studies(24)
The Economics and Finance Letters(46)
International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research(68)
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management(114)
Journal of Food Technology Research(44)
Journal of Social Economics Research(52)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research(74)
The Asia Journal of Applied Microbiology(22)
International Journal of Advances in Life Science and Technology(11)
Review of Industrial Engineering Letters(19)
Review of Environment and Earth Sciences(27)
Current Research in Agricultural Sciences(68)
International Journal of Public Policy and Administration Research(34)
Journal of Tourism Management Research(38)
Review of Knowledge Economy(21)
Review of Energy Technologies and Policy Research(17)
Review of Computer Engineering Research(39)
Review of Advances in Physics Theories and Applications(7)
Journal of Minerals and Materials Research(2)
Asian Journal of Energy Transformation and Conservation(10)
International Research Journal of Insect Sciences(8)
Cancers Review(11)
Journal of Building Construction, Planning and Materials Research(3)
Animal Review(41)
Journal of New Media and Mass Communication(13)
Journal of Future Internet(6)
Journal of Forests(17)
Journal of Nutrients(10)
Journal of Sports Research(41)
Journal of Diagnostics(22)
Review of Catalysts(4)
Journal of Diseases(27)
Review of Plant Studies(11)
Journal of Challenges(6)
Journal of Brain Sciences(5)
Financial Risk and Management Reviews(17)
Games Review(8)
International Journal of Veterinary Sciences Research(19)
Journal of Information(16)
Journal of Cells(6)
Quarterly Journal of Econometrics Research(12)
Genes Review(7)
Journal of Atmosphere(6)
World Journal of Molecular Research(2)
International Journal of Hydrology Research(4)
International Journal of Climate Research(7)
International Journal of Business Strategy and Social Sciences(1)
World Journal of Vocational Education and Training(7)
Show More >> Show Less >>
Listing 78 - 20 of 1962 results.

Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran

Research Article
Author(s): Babak Besharati Loroun, Xu Ming, Syed Ahtsham Ali
Journal: International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
In this article the Chinese and Iranian SMEs features have been investigated and briefly pointed out some common features and differences. Comparable table has been developed. It is also mentioned that how the Chinese entities started the low price strategies to capture the foreign markets. It has been discussed that how SMEs of China could overcome the challenges and barriers they have encountered. But recently Chinese companies have lot of advantages to go to the market with low price strategy due the elements which influences their cost to be low is getting expensive. On the other side, SMEs of Iran are more risk taker and also interested to be more active in international markets. But due to the lack of interest to develop their initial relationship with overseas companies, political risks, sanctions, lack of banking and finance support of government, fluctuation of exchange rate occurs. So they are not so successful in entering the foreign markets despite of their suitable capacities and possibilities. Chinese SMEs are more cautious and playing a role in stable economic and political environment and having also better access to the market intelligence, fund and wide range of business services render by different providers. By studying the feature of SMEs in both countries we will have a better study on similarity and differences and we will find out the effect of any specific feature in business cooperation of two sides. It could be also helpful how to identify and recognize the ways and methods to make SMEs of two countries to be closer to each other and maintain the stable economic and commercial ties between two nations.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper has been studied for a practical orientation results which enable managers of SMEs from both countries to get familiarity with features and specialty of the other side in order to maintain the best possible ways and approach to be closer and start their collaboration.
Economics » International Journal of Business, Economics and Management » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus

Research Article
Author(s): Mbassi Josiane E. G., Mobou Estelle Y., Ngome Francis A., Sado Kamdem S. L.
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Pleurotus species, commonly known as oyster mushrooms, are edible fungi cultivated worldwide. Pleurotus genus is one of most extensively studied white-rot fungi due to its exceptional ligninolytic properties. These mushrooms have the ability to colonize and degrade a wide variety of lingo-cellulosic wastes with relatively short cycle. The objective of this study was to review published research works on the effect of substrates on nutritional composition and functional property of Pleurotus ostreatus. A literature search was done on the internet and university libraries in this area. It was found that different substrates used in cultivating mushrooms do have effect on the functional, organoleptic and nutritional properties of mushrooms. This review presents a practical checklist of effect of substrates on quality of Pleurotus ostreatus that may help different users.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of type of substrate on nutritional composition and functional property of Pleurotus ostreatus.
Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

The Effect of Work-Life Balance on Accounting Ethics

Research Article
Author(s): Cem Berk, Fatih Gundogmus
Journal: The Economics and Finance Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Accounting professionals work in a stressful environment where their social life might have effect on work performance and unethical behavior. For this study, a survey is conducted for members of Istanbul Chamber of Certified Accountants, Turkey. The number of respondents is 491. The methodology used in the research is a multiple regression. The research questions are whether there is an effect of work-life balance on ethical behavior at work and if the work life balance and accounting ethics differentiate based on demographic factors for the respondents. The main objectives of the research are to test the relationship, and analyze four different independent variables of work life balance to find out whether they contribute to accounting ethics. Other objectives of the research are testing the differentiation of work life balance and accounting ethics based on gender, age, education and marital status. The main hypothesis is that there is a relationship between accounting ethics and work life balance. Based on the results, the main hypothesis is statistically accepted.
Contribution/ Originality
There are many studies that explain ethical behavior but this study is unique to combine work-life balance and accounting ethics by a survey applied to Istanbul Chamber of Certified Accountants. This creates many practical opportunities to rethink the way accountants are employed. The availability of differentiation analysis also helps to focus some potentially problematic cases and take proactive decisions.
Economics » The Economics and Finance Letters » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Duration of Freezing Influences Sensory Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Plantain (Musa paradisiaca AAB)

Research Article
Author(s): Mbassi Josiane E. G., Mapiemfu-Lamare D., Eyenga Eliane F., Ngome A. F.
Journal: Journal of Food Technology Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
In order to reduce post-harvest losses, this work was designed to evaluate the impact of freezing time on the organoleptic and nutritional properties of cassava and green plantain. Peeled fresh cassava (C), fresh plantain without peeling (PWP) and fresh plantain with peeling (PP) were cut into pieces of regular sizes, weighed, bagged in plastic packages and placed in a freezer at -18 °C. Over a period of 30 days, samples were removed from the freezer for sensory and nutritional analysis. Sensory analysis revealed that there was a significant difference (P?0.05) between samples frozen at different time for different sensory attributes. The score for taste decreased from 3.56 to 2.9 for the cassava and 4.55 to 2.60 for the plantain with the increase in the time of freezing. As far as the overall acceptability is concerned, all the cassava samples were rated approximately the same, while for the plantain, there is significant difference between non-frozen and 30 days frozen. In fact, the score for the overall acceptability of non-frozen plantain was the highest (4.00) followed by 3 and 7 days frozen plantain and from 14 days of freezing, the samples had the least mean value (1.85) because they started getting brown and their taste has changed. Regarding the nutritional properties, there is no significant differences both for the cassava and plantain. Freezing time has no significant impact on the cassava while the taste and color of plantain change from the seventh day. Freezing time decrease the organoleptic properties of cassava and plantain but does not affect their nutritional quality.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the influence of freezing duration on physic-chemical and proximate analyses of cassava roots and plantain fruits.
Agricultural Sciences » Journal of Food Technology Research » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 1

Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Maastrichtian and Paleocene Sediments in the Northern Alborz, Iran, Using Foraminifera

Research Article
Author(s): Masoud Asgharian Rostami, Behnaz Balmaki
Journal: International Journal of Geography and Geology

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
In this study, the late-Maastrichtian and early-Paleocene transition at the Ziarat-Kola section has been investigated to recognize the biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental changes. We applied a high-resolution quantitative study by using planktic foraminifera taxa and benthic foraminiferal morphotypes. Sixty-five species belong to twenty-eight genera were identified and seven biozones were differentiated. These biozones are 1. Racemiguembelina fructicosa, 2. Pseudoguembelina hariaensis, 3. Pseudoguembelina palpebra, 4. Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina, 5. Parasubbotina pseudobulloides, 6. Subbotina triloclinoides, 7. Globonomalina compressa-Preamurica inconstans. In the late Maastrichtian, benthic and planktic foraminifera are well mixed of epifauna/infauna morphotypes and diversified suggesting a stable and mesotrophic environment. By contrast, the early Paleocene is marked by high values of epifaunal benthic morphogroups, and extinction of Cretaceous species suggesting highly unstable and variable conditions, partly due to the dramatic collapse of calcareous primary producers. Additionally, four different zones were determined based on the benthic foraminifera morphogroups that show several changes in oxygen and organic matter flux during this time. Also, analysis of planktic foraminifera genera in this section indicating a close similarity with assemblages in Tethyan provinces.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes a new methods to understand the biostratigraphy and ageing the rock samples in late Cretaceous of eastern Tethys. Also, This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the pal ecology and oxygen changes in Campanian-Maastrichtian sediments by using the plank tic and benthic foraminfera that are small microorganism.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Geography and Geology » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

Security Threats and Privacy Issues in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET): Survey and Perspective

Research Article
Author(s): Emmanuel Bamidele Ajulo, Raphael Olufemi Akinyede, Olumide Sunday Adewale
Journal: Journal of Information

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
In Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) Wireless-equipped vehicles are able to communicate with each other as well as Road-Side Units (RSUs) located at strategic places on the road, this enables the formation of self-organized networks connecting the vehicles and RSUs. The (vehicles) nodes are fast mobile causing the network topology to change frequently and unpredictably. Since VANETs do not really rely on any form of central administration or control, nodes in the wireless range dynamically discover each other and establish connection with each other. Due to the pervasive nature of the mobile nodes, it cannot be assumed that VANETs will always be under the control of their owners; nodes could be stolen or tampered with. Each vehicle (node) acts as an independent router and fault detection and network management becomes distributed and more difficult. The shared wireless medium is accessible to both legitimate and illegitimate users; and this has raise formidable research challenges to providing security for this network. This paper take a selective review of the published research work carried out in the security and privacy issue of VANET between 2003 and 2015 and derived a new perspective into the security and privacy attacks in VANET.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated security and privacy issues in VANET. We carried out a selective review of published work on this field between 2003 and 2015; and based on our findings, derived a new perspective, and categorized the security attacks on this type of network.
Computer Sciences » Journal of Information » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

On the Prediction of the Inflation Crises of South Africa Using Markov-Switching Bayesian Vector Autoregressive and Logistic Regression Models

Research Article
Author(s): Katleho Makatjane, Ntebogang Moroke, Diteboho Xaba
Journal: Journal of Social Economics Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The aim of this study is to build an early warning system (EWS) model for inflation rates of South Africa (SA). A logistic regression model (LRM) is used in collaboration with a Markov-switching Bayesian vector autoregressive (MS-BVAR) to produce the estimates. Monte Carlo experimental methods are used to simulate both the inflation rate and repo rate of the SA economy. The procedure simulated 228 observations for the period of January 1999 to December 2017. Preliminary results confirmed the applicability of both models for further analyses. MS (2)-BVAR(1) proved to be the most appropriate model for detecting regime shifts in inflation rates. The results indicate that SA inflation might be in a low inflation regime for the period of 11 years and 4 months. Surprisingly, we discovered that the repo rate is not a good tool to combat the inflation rate in SA i.e a 1% increase in the repo in a month significantly increased inflation rate by about 81%. The findings also confirmed 51% and 53% of in-sample and out-of-sample SA inflation crises forecasts to be correctly classified. This is in accordance with the reported results of Cruz and Mapa (2013) and Makatjane and Xaba (2016). The verdicts of the study are relevant for policy purposes and literature.
Contribution/ Originality
This study uses new estimation methodology to quantify the likelihood of future inflation crises in South Africa.
Economics » Journal of Social Economics Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Oyediran, W. O., Omoare, A. M., Alaka, F. A., Shobowale, A. A., Oladoyinbo, O. B.
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
In the past two decades watermelon production has been a major source of livelihood sustainability in the rural farming system especially among the younger farmers. In recent time however, climate change has threatened and undermined this potential. This study was therefore carried out to assess rural farmers’ coping strategies to effects of climate change on watermelon production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria. Multi stage sampling technique was used to select 150 watermelon farmers as sample size for this study. Descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis were used to analyse the data. The findings showed that there was significant relationship between respondent’s personal characteristics and coping strategies adopted by the watermelon farmers at p < 0.05 level. Also, there was significant relationship between sources of information and coping strategies adopted by the watermelon farmers at p < 0.05 level. It is hereby recommends that effort should be put in place by the government and Seed Council of Nigeria (SCN) to come up with improved, and high drought and disease resistant watermelon seeds to increase productivity and reduce cost of seeds importation in the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that watermelon farmers combined both scientific and indigenous farming strategies to cope with adverse effects of climate change.
Agricultural Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Predictors of the Drop in School Marks in Secondary School: Evidence for Effects of Students’ Socio-Demographic Background

Research Article
Author(s): Florian Klapproth, Romain Martin
Journal: International Journal of Education and Practice

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Referring to the stage environment fit theory (Eccles and Midgley, 1989) we examined whether after the transition from Luxembourgish primary to secondary school students’ school marks would drop. Actually, using latent growth curve modeling it was found that school marks deteriorated in their main school subjects German, French, and mathematics. The drop of school marks was larger in mathematics than in languages. Moreover, the drop of school marks was affected by various socio-demographic variables as the students’ gender, their socio-economic background, and their ethnicity. This finding stimulates the assumption that certain subpopulations of students in Luxembourg receive different support in school, regardless of their academic competences. However, even students’ competences were predictive of the development of their school marks. In the vocational track, high achievers were more likely to drop in school marks than low achievers. We presume that this result indicates a lack of academic challenges in the vocational track, which might eventually hinder better performing students in keeping their initial high achievement level.
Contribution/ Originality


Arts and Education » International Journal of Education and Practice » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 3

Effect of Plasmodium Falciparum on Liver Function Parameters of Children in Akoko Area of Ondo State, Nigeria

Research Article
Author(s): Augustine O. OLUSOLA
Journal: Journal of Diagnostics

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Background: Malaria remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, primarily affecting children under five years of age. The highest death burden occurs in young children who have not yet developed protective immune mechanisms against the parasite. Objective: This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Plasmodium falciparum infection on liver function in malaria patients in Ikare Akoko, Ondo State Nigeria. Methods: Blood samples taken from 101 patients (children between the ages of 6 months – 5years) at the State Specialist Hospital Ikare Akoko Ondo State Nigeria between August to October, 2012 were examined. After screening, the patients were grouped into two. Group 1, the test group (those who tested positive to falciparum malaria) and a total of 101 children were selected into this group while 101 children who tested negative to malaria were selected into group 2 (control group). Changes in the activities of serum enzymes were determined in both groups using normal range values as baseline. Results: In falciparum malaria patients, the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities respectively were 63.10+2.76, 138.46+5.04, 70.50±4.33 and those of the non infected patients respectively were 62.39+2.96, 131.46+4.38 and 65.57 ±2.39. This indicates the serum levels of ALT, AST and ALP in infected patients were significantly (P = 0.05) elevated relative to their non-infected counterparts, an indication of defective liver function. Conclusion: This study suggests that malaria parasites could be responsible for derangement of the liver functions in patients and could therefore contribute to organ damage in affected individuals if not treated.
Contribution/ Originality
This is an original article. It has not been submitted to any other journal for publication. The major contribution to knowledge by this research work is that it suggest malaria parasites could be responsible for derangement of the liver functions in patients and could therefore contribute to organ damage in affected individuals if not treated.
Medical Sciences » Journal of Diagnostics » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes

Research Article
Author(s): M. Noor Salim
Journal: Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Potato production in Indonesia is not yet optimal, other factors are related, knowledge level, job outpouring rate, working capital, production facilities and management. The purpose of research to determine the level of productivity and factors of production that is the number of labor, age, education and length of working of labor use. The study was conducted in Pangalengan District, South Bandung in November 2017 until January 2018. The samples were 30 potato farmers. Work productivity is based on the ratio between the amount of revenue and the amount of income employees. Analysis of data with multiple linear regression. The optimization of labor usage based on production elasticity is the ratio of marginal product price to labor cost. Simultaneously the amount of labor income, age, education and length of real employment for employees who work with the magnitude of the division of 75.5%. In general, the amount of labor has a negative effect on the use of labor, while age, education and duration of employment cannot be used for labor usage. The optimization level of -9.589 <1, indicates that the use of labor in the study site is too much, not optimal. The proposed suggestion is that the use of labor needs to be recalculated in the maximum amount of the farmers' maximum wage energy. Suggestions of analysis in accordance with the stages and networks in farmer groups or between groups of farmers.
Contribution/ Originality


Agricultural Sciences » Current Research in Agricultural Sciences » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

Detection and Prevention of Phishing Attack Using Linkguard Algorithm

Research Article
Author(s): Raphael Olufemi Akinyede, Joseph Adebowale Adelakun
Journal: Journal of Information

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Phishing is another sort of network attack where the attacker creates an imitation of a current site page to trick users into submitting individual, financial related, or password information to what they believe is their service provider's site. The idea is an end-host based anti-phishing algorithm, called the Link Guard, by using the generic attributes of the hyperlinks in phishing attacks. The link Guard algorithm is the idea for finding the phishing electronic messages sent by the phisher to get hold on the data of the end user. Link Guard depends on investigation of the attributes of phishing hyperlinks. Each end user is implemented with Link Guard algorithm. Subsequent to doing as such, the end user perceives the phishing emails and can abstain from responding to such mails. Since Link Guard is qualities based, it can identify and prevent not only known phishing but also obscure ones.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by introducing an idea in an end-host based anti-phishing algorithm, called the Link Guard and it uses generic attributes of the hyperlinks in phishing attacks. This study uses new estimation methodology for finding the phishing electronic messages sent by the phisher to get hold on the data of the end user.
Computer Sciences » Journal of Information » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Ethnobotanic Study of Use of Medicinal Plants Utilized in the Quilombola Community of Chapada Da Natividade, Tocantins, Brazil

Research Article
Author(s): Vanilza Dias Cardoso, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mourão, Fernando Machado Haesbaert, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Pedro Raymundo Argüelles Osorio, Rosângela Ribeiro de Souza, Priscila Fonseca Costa, Eduardo Côrtes Ribeiro Ferreira, Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos
Journal: Journal of Diseases

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The knowledge of medicinal plants utilized by the quilombolas is considered important in the conservation of these plants within the Brazilian biodiversity, and must be preserved and transmitted over the generations. Thus, the objective of this study was to make a survey of the use of medicinal plants utilized by the Quilombola Community of Chapada da Natividade, located in the state of Tocantins, Brazil. The data gathering was carried through informal interviews with listing of the plants and the sampling technique utilized for selection of informers was the “Snow Ball”. There were registered 32 species belonging to 22 distinct families. The families with the higher number of cited species were Fabaceae, Anacardidaceae and Lamiaceae. The predominant medicinal uses are mostly associated to the respiratory and tegumental systems, with the leaves being the most used parts, in teas by decoction and infusion. Also, there was carried the study of the main illnesses, considering the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of them. The results show a vast diversity of vegetal species utilized, and that the role of the medicinal plants is not only as agent in the cure of diseases, but also as cultural form
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the main medicinal plants used by Quilombolas for the treatment of diseases and the different forms of preparation. This contributes with information that can help in the alternative treatment of diseases, as well as a cultural form of preserving the knowledge acquired through the generations.
Medical Sciences » Journal of Diseases » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Organisation Restructuring: The Influence of Interpersonal Conflict, Anomie, and Trust in Management on Counterproductive Work Behaviour

Research Article
Author(s): Shereen Noranee, Alwi Shabudin, Azilah Anis, Abdul Rahman Abdul Rahim, Abdul Kadir Othman
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Employees’ reaction to organization restructuring varies as some react positively towards change but others refuse to accept it. Those who react negatively may engage in counterproductive work behavior. Since the existing studies are scarce in addressing this issue especially during organization restructuring, the present study is meant to investigate the influence of interpersonal conflict, anomie and trust in management on employees’ counterproductive work behavior. Data were collected from 215 non-managerial staff of a company offering maritime related services, which is undergoing restructuring exercise. Using a multiple regression analysis, it was found that trust in management and interpersonal conflicts negatively influence counterproductive work behavior while anomie or feeling helplessness or hopelessness positively influences counterproductive work behavior. The implications of the study are discussed in the paper.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by providing empirical evidence on the role of trust in management, interpersonal conflict and anomie in influencing counterproductive work behavior. These three factors are significant predictors of counterproductive work behavior.
Business & Management » International Journal of Management and Sustainability » Month: 02-2018 Issue: 2

The Relationship Between Low-Carbon Finance and Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Industrial Bank of China

Research Article
Author(s): Wan Muchun, Zhu Wenzhong, Zhang Siqi
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The action plan of China-proposed One Belt One Road initiative play a significant role of sustaining the green and steady growth of Chinese economy. Meanwhile, it also brings tremendous opportunities and challenges for low-carbon economy. Developing low-carbon finance is necessary for developing low-carbon economy in China. Commercial banks' primary objective is to maximize profits, so they inevitably pay attention to the influence of competitiveness and earnings after developing carbon finance. Industrial Bank as China’s first bank joining Equator Principles is the typical example of commercial banks which develop low-carbon finance. This paper analyzes the total assets, non-performing loan ratios and net capital of the bank and concludes that if a commercial bank can do a good internal management, the development of low-carbon finance will promote its sustainable development. In other words, the sustainable development based on low-carbon finance will generate visible benefits to the bank.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that commercial banks can improve its market competitiveness, decrease its operational risk, enhances its profitability and gain support from investors through developing low-carbon economy. The finding in this study sheds light on the sustainable development of Chinese commercial banks.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

The Politics of Fear in the US Political Discourse about Migration: An Argument- Based Approach

Research Article
Author(s): Taher Ben Khalifa
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Nowadays, the politics of fear is frequently visited across the world; such as in Europe (Federici, 2006; Wodak, 2015; Greenhill, 2016). In the US, political figures, and especially presidents, are proved to use fear to justify their denials to welcome refugees (Ben Khalifa, 2017a; 2017b). Being grounded in this course of literature, this paper seeks to determine how Obama and Trump manipulate fear to justify their immigration policies. It focuses on the examination of several speeches that the two presidents delivered on this issue. The critical analysis and evaluation of the arguments they used in these speeches will be based on the use of practical reasoning (Walton, 1996; Fairclough and Fairclough, 2012). To apply this theoretical combination I followed a simple method of research that consists of three successive steps: a) going through the selected speeches to determine the logical components of each argument; b) re-constructing and analyzing the developed arguments; and c) evaluating these arguments and undertaking the logical interpretations. The obtained findings are of two types: theoretical and practical. Theoretically, it is proved that circumstances and values should be considered as essential components in the structure of the fear appeal argument. Practically, it is shown that the speakers used in their rhetoric of fear such discursive strategies like flash-back, narration, meaning-making, and graduation to: persuade the world that the US will not welcome refugees because they harm its home security; convince the Americans that welcoming more refugees will threaten their lives and values; and make their policies the most appropriate choices to save America and its values. So, fear is politically manipulated to serve the speakers’ interests and to justify their public policies.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by elaborating a more developed structure of the fear appeal argument and making connection between the rhetoric of fear and the art of policy justification. Also, it highlights the need for a multi-disciplinary approach to determine the goals behind any manipulation of fear.
Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2

An Observational Study Evaluating the Impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint

Research Article
Author(s): Besalat Hussain, Fatima Mushtaq, Naima Javed, Affa Khan
Journal: International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Over a past few years, a very limited number of studies researched whether the chikungunya virus affects the oral cavity in addition to pronounced symptoms in extremities but on literature review different studies were found to have different conclusions. Thus an Observational Study was conducted evaluating the impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint. This was a cross sectional study having a self-designed questionnaire, descriptive and associative tests were run for Data analysis using SPSS. Out of 527 tested, 204 patients were found seropositive and 135 were selected for data analysis on their consent (N 135). Pain and burning sensation of mouth (71.1%), discomfort in mouth opening (65.9%), Bleeding gums (53.3%), and taste aversion (50.3%) were the most common complaints followed by Inability to chew food (48.1%), Discomfort in swallowing (35.5%), Halitosis (34.8%) and tenderness over TMJ (30.4%). The study significantly recorded pain, discomfort and bleeding gums intraorally. Pain, tenderness and decreased efficiency of temporomandibular joint were also noted.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of Chikungunya virus infection. Interval estimation statistical method is used. It is one of very few studies which have investigated impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint and concluded it to be quite painful and uncomfortable to bear causing burning gums, limiting speech, decreased chewing ability, altering taste perception, TM-joint and muscles tenderness and difficulty in food swallowing.
Medical Sciences » International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Political Economy and Stakeholder Perspectives on Inclusive Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Case of Kenyan Rangelands

Research Article
Author(s): Angela Mungai, Richard Mulwa, Stephen Anyango
Journal: International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Kenya, among other developing countries, is challenged by low access to clean power, particularly among households located in remote rangelands of the country. This study sought to evaluate the role and perspectives of energy sector actors in the transition of low-carbon off-grid technologies to households in Kenya as an alternative to the national grid for powering isolated low-income communities. To this end a key informant survey was conducted, involving State and non-state energy sector actors to assess the level of capacity, policy inclusiveness, constraints and delivery of clean off-grid energy technologies to rural households. Key findings revealed that County Government and non-state actors are largely excluded from clean energy planning for off-grid communities. In addition, women, within the framework of women’s groups are strong players in this sector and have a high potential to expand clean energy access to off-grid areas. It was also found that despite the Kenyan Government commitment towards a green economy, a change in policy direction would be necessary to ensure a multi-stakeholder planning approach for increased private investment and inclusive access to clean energy.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies investigating stakeholder perspectives and policy gaps constraining clean energy transitions into remote Kenyan rangelands, indicating that key constraints are economic, cultural and under-inclusion of local government and indigenous communities, particularly women, in national off-grid clean energy planning and implementation.
Energy & Environmental Sciences » International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research » Month: 03-2018 Issue: 1

Process Design of Associated Natural Gas to Dimethyl Ether Production Via Direct Synthesis

Research Article
Author(s): Ipeghan J. Otaraku, Chinonso Onyekaonwu
Journal: International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
The flaring of associated natural gas in Nigeria results in environmental degradation and economic wastage. Thus, several routes for monetizing this associated gas, especially Gas to Liquid processes, have been proposed and researched extensively. Amongst these, is the Gas to Dimethyl ether (GTDME) process. Dimethyl ether (DME) is a clean and economical diesel-alternative fuel which has properties that are similar to those of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and therefore, can also be used as a fuel in power generation, home heating, and cooking. This paper evaluates the technical and economic viability of converting stranded and associated gases to Dimethyl ether via direct synthesis using associated gas from the Niger Delta region as feed, to serve as a route for the stoppage of natural gas flaring and underutilization in Nigeria. The multi-function single reactor plant was modeled with Aspen Hysys Process Simulator (version 8.6) and an economic analysis was carried out, using bare module costing, to determine the profitability of the plant, taking note of the Dimethyl ether market and price. The simulated plant produced ready-to-use Dimethyl ether with a molar purity of 97.47% and an annual revenue of $23 million at the current cost price of $0.99 per kg liquid DME; thus, proving the profitability of the Gas-To-Dimethyl ether plant in tackling the gas-flaring problem.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the direct conversion of associated gas to Dimethyl ether, as a way of its utilization, instead of flaring. It is geared toward provision of more components of clean fuel and environmental conservation.
Engineering » International Journal of Chemical and Process Engineering Research » Month: 01-2018 Issue: 1

Implications of Poor Electricity Supply on Nigeria’s National Development

Research Article
Author(s): Zekeri Momoh, Joseph A. Anuga, Anagba, Joseph Obidi
Journal: Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Abstract
Since 2005, the Federal Government of Nigeria has undertaken a long-term structural reform of the power sector to improve the provision of electricity to its citizens. The government has developed the power sector from a single state-owned utility to an unbundled system with private participation and ownership of assets across generation and distribution. This study contributes to the existing literature that unravels the implications on Nigeria's National Development. This study is situated within the output-oriented approach. This study uses new estimation methodology with data obtained from various qualitative and quantitative secondary sources while content analysis and table and pie chat were used in its analysis. Furthermore, the findings show that poor electricity supply has resulted to decay and collapse infrastructure, closure of industries as well as a rapid decline in the availability of social amenities like potable drinking water, improved health care services, etc.
Contribution/ Originality


Social Sciences » Humanities and Social Sciences Letters » Month: 06-2018 Issue: 2